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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Diversity Key In Years Ahead By J. G. CALPAS, P.Ag., Regional Agriculturist Alberta Dept.' of Agriculture, Lethbridge last week we reported a 25 percent to 30 per cent increase in winter program actdvites on the part of our Extension staff in the Southern Alberta region. Most of the additional activity was the direct result of re- quests from farmers and farm groups who are responding to rather major enterprise adjust- ments and seeking alternatives to grains in their operations. Interest has been highest in the critical appraisal of wheat sit- uation but s i m u 11 a n eo usly many new inquiries have1 come in regarding alternative oppor- tunities to shift to beef-feeding, cow calf operations, hogs, oil- seed crops and a host of others such as seed peas, grain asm, buckwheat, lentils, sunflowers and safflower. We also suggested that if the recent Task Force Report guidelines are a blueprint for agriculture in the seventies, that our present base in Alber- ta should lend us a head start. A series of events and trends in southern Alberta over the past six months lends a note of optimism to an otherwise gloomy agricultural situation. Following are some of the key developments: The declaration of the southern region under, the He- gional Economic Expansion Act has already made possible federal capital grants to sec- ondary agricultural industry fa excess of 1.5 million dollars and include. Kainai Industries Vauxhall Foods, Newell Vege- table Growers at Brooks, anc Swifts and Canada Packers at Lethbridge. These industries will inten- sify our agriculture with the shift to livestock and row crops end will also create more off- farm job opportunities in the rural areas. The 'bouyant prices for beef and pork along with low- er feedcosts are stirmilatinj more commercial feedlots anc establishment of new hog bams with the view to permanent vpl ume production. TWs winter, 60 per cent of all the Alberta cat tie on feed are in southern Al berta. Holdbacks of female stock point to expansion in cow calf operations. Presently some U.S. cattle are also on feed or grazing under bond for return shipment. A strong Hog Grow ers Association has been or ganized in the south and this group engineered now increas ing shipments of live hogs to Jontana and Washingron there- >y strengthening the whole Al- berta market. e Indications are there will be about a 30 per cent reduc- tion in wheat 'acreage for 1970 in southern Alberta. While the jIFT program may be some ncentive, it is a known fact that many dryland fanners made a substantial adjustmenl o other crops a year ago anc iirther reduction this year would have resulted without jIFT program.. Strong rapeseed prices xmit to a near tripling of this a-op acreage in the south this year. While this situation has definitely increased the cost of raw material to local proces sors, ultimately more of it wl )e available closer at hand. e While there has been some cut-back in sugar beet and can ning crop acreage, this has been more than off-set by in creases in potatoes, provincial ly about 20 per cent, but high- er in the Taber Vauxhall area where acreage now exceeds 11, 000. Other crops which are on the move upward are carrots onions, turnips and parsnips. An Alberta Corn Council has been established for co-or dinated testing of hybrids aw general promotion of the corn crop in the south. Some acres have been seeded this year for grain com. If the grow ing proves economic, ther appears to be a potential mar ket for some acres o corn. e Several other crops being tried such as sunflowers, lentils azuki beans, buckwheat, anc others may find potential mar kets in Japan or Europe if w can market them competitivel; and if price levels are suffi cient to return the growers profit. The accelerated effort of the Provincial Department of Agr culture in management, mar keting and product promotion combined with the ingenuity o our research and agri-busines agencies should help progres sive Alberta farmers make the necessary adjustment. If so hopefully, in ten years we ma be looking back at the eurren wheat crisis as .NEWS NOTES A supplementary rye quota authorized by the Canadian Wheat Board, has raised the quota to 13 bushels per seeded acre. This rye quota expires June 30th. ARABIAN IMPORT Frank Johnson, Lethbridge, is shown with Zarife's Gazari, an 11-year-old part bred Arabian mare, and her three quarter Arabian foal. Sodden Storm. The mare was, imported from Idaho three years ogo, and has since won the western pleasure championship award, six halter awards in the U.S., and has placed in both Calgary and Red Deer Ara- bian shows. Southern Alberta Insects By STEVE BAREHAM Herald Farm Writer The dry weather southern Al- berta has been experiencing over the over me last iwo numma spell trouble in the form of in- lafe sects for farmers in the area. n length. Cutworms are gener- ally a slate grey in color. The best action against cut- is prevention. This may 3e achieved by leaving a crust of fields over and early fall. If cts or armers in e not practicai, may The usual insect pests that be used in late spring, but stub- fest farm land in southern Al- ye should not be fed to live- mien ituiii ictuvi oie SIHHUU mju "e leu tu uvt? berta are the following: Wire- stock following this action, worms, Cutworms, Wheat Stem Scientists at the Lethbridge He- Sawfly and the grasshopper. search Station are now work- Wireworms are classified into mg on sex attractants in cut- two main categories, Praine Grain and Sugar Beet Wire- worms. They are actually the larvae of the "Click and are yellowish in color and from one half inch to one inch long. Wireworms mainly infest wheat, with the only means of practical prevention being seed treatment (one half ounce of al- drin or beptachlor per-bushel of Seed should only be freated against wireworm if there has been signs of infesta- tion in the previous year's crop, or in newly broken land. Wirewo r m s were responsible for worth of seed treat- ment in past years. Cutworms are classed into three main categories, Army, Red Back and Pale Western. They are soft bodied, and from one and one half to two inches worms which they hope lead to better control of this oest. (Sex attractants are rela- tively new to research 4work, whereby female sensors are used in a specially controlled area to attract large masses of Wheat Stem Saw-fly, are hard to control and very de- structive pest. The best means again is prevention, mainly in the form of resistant varieties such as Cyprus. (Cyprus wheat is effective because it has solid stems, and does not allow the female fly to deposit eggs in the The larvae of the saw-fly are white and about one half inch in length. They have been esti- mated to "cause million dol- lars worth of damage annually in Alberta and Saskatchewan. GO FIRST CLASS! GO TRAVELALL! TOTAL NEW DESIGN NEW FASHION! Lower on the outside, softer and more luxurious on trie inside. Wood grained pan- elled sides are optional and you have four sparkling contemporary colors lo choose from with interiors color-keyed 10 exteriorsl NEW ACTION I Outpulls any wagon on the road. Pick the power train you a husky six to a 235 hp V-8 linked with automatic trans- mission, 2-wheel drive or 4-wheeI drive. Sturdy "frame fights sway, even with i 30-foot skiff on the hitchl PRICfS START AS LOW AS IONALB SEE YOU AT THE... TODAY AND TOMORROW International Harvester Sales and Service 304 Stafford Drive, Lethbridge Phone 327-3125 Grasshoppers have different.species characteristics and some species are much more harmful than others. For the best part general surface spraying when the hoppers are in the young nymph stage is the most effective. During peak years, -grasshop- pers have been .accredited with million worth of damage to grain crops. One dollar's worth of Insecti- cide saves worth of damage. TOBACCO MISSION A Canadian tobacco trade mission sponsored1 by the De- partment of Industry, and Commerce recently visited markets in Japan, Great Brit- ain, Germany and Australia College Mercury Appointment STEVE DAKU Mr. Glen Richardson, General Sales Manager of College Mercury is pleased to announce the appoint- ment of Mr. Steve Daku as tales representative. Steve is a married man and has over 12 years in the Auto- motive field. welcomes all his many friends and customers to drop into Col- leg Mercury and see him for your auto Calendar Of Farm Events June 2 Milk River Operation Lift Workshop (Procedure for Completion of Various forms) June S Mountain View Pocket Gopher Control Demon- stration (Burrow Builder Machine) June 3 Barons Operation Lift Workshop June 4-6 Red Deer Annual Convention Alta Institute of Agrologists "Food for the Seventies" theme June 4 Lethbridge Unif aim District 14 Convention June 6 Claresholm 4-H Beef Show and Sale June 6 Bassano 4-H Beef Show and Sale June 6 Edmonton University of Alberta Feeders' Day June 8-10 Banff Cattle Marketing Workshop June .10 .Brooks Southern Alta Poultry Council Tour (Mortensen Farms and Prov. Hort Station) June 10 Picture Butte-Taber Manpower Sugar .Beet Labor and Housing Tour Friday, May 29, 1970 THI UTHBRIDCE HEUAIB n LETHBRIDCE RESEARCH STATION Complex Aphid Problems DR. .A. M. HARPER Entomologist Farmers and gardeners sometimes use insecticides un- necessarily. Treating to control aphids in various crops is fre- quently an example ot such un- necessary use. Aphids occur on most cereal, orage, and vegetable crops and on many trees, flowers, and shrubs. At the Lethbridge Research Station we have iden- ified over 125 aphid species tat occur in Alberta, but only a few are serious pests. Aphids damage plants by sucking their juices. A severe aphid infestation will reduce he vigor and yield of the crop and plants may even be killed. Aphids also contaminate edible jarts of plants and are capable )f transmitting destructive vi- rus diseases of plants. Weather is the main factor controlling the rise and fall of aphid populations but a popula- tion also may be checked by predators such as ladybird beetles, syrphid fly larvae, or lace wing larvae. There are also several parasites and dis- eases that keep the aphids under control. Of the crops that aphids at- tack, alfalfa is probably the most seriously affected. In one a r e a, of Alberta, alfalfa fields infested with the pea aphid were sprayed with insecticides. In many of these fields we found1 that the insecticide kill- ed the beneficial insects that had been controlling the aphids. In some fields, thrips, another pest of alfalfa, in- creased in numbers probably as a result of the insecticide killing the insects that had kept the thrips under control. Some farmers in the same area noted a small infestation of pea aphids in their alfalfa fields and sprayed the fields with in- secticide to prevent the aphids from moving to adjacent flax crops. Their efforts were trait- ed however, as in- fest alfalfa do not attack flax. The decision as to whether to spray an alfalfa crop for aphid control is not reached simply, ilany questions must first answered. Is the field heavily popu- ated'with aphids? Unless plants are very heavily Infest- ed most alfalfa crops can with- stand aphid feeding without se- rious damage. Watch for build- up of the population. Do the plants wilt and fall to recover after being irri- ated? Wilt also can be caused Dy diseases such as bacterial wilt or crown bud rot. If the crop does not recover and the plants are otherwise healthy, spraying is probably necessary. Can the crop be harvest- ed before aphid damage be- comes excessive? Some fields are treated only a few days be- fore they could be normally harvested. Treating these fields is a waste of money and ef- fort and could create problems with insecticide residue in the crop and kill many beneficial insects. If spraying is thought to be necessary, can lightly in- fested parts of the field be left unsprayed to allow the buildup of parasites and predators? Is the crop being used by bees for producing honey or be- ing pollinated by leafcutter bees? If it is, any spraying that is considered necessary should be done when the bees are not in the field. Use an in- secticide having a low toxicitr to bees. What insecticide should be used? Recommendations change frequently. Consult your District Agriculturist for the latest recommendation. Care- fully follow the cautions and directions printed on the label. Bunny Rocketing across the East Side of the Lethbridge Pilsner label is the hottest Huprriobile in town. That's them. The original Bunny and Clyde. And they've got trouble, see? 'Cause there's a shotgun-totin1 sheriff in that stagecoach. And if he doesn't nail them, the Mad Bomber in the biplane will. Unless Crazy Horse and the Seven Nations get there first. It's a razzamatazz old world on our label, Happily though, things are much quieter inside the bottle. There you'll find Alberta's original Pil brewed the slow, natural way for honest flavour's sake. No one can steal that. AFTER THE FAMOUS FORMULA OF THE HOME OF LETHBRIDOE ;