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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 29, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta Volume xi. LETUBRIDGE. ALBERTA, WHDMCSPAY, MAY 2!), J!)18 MMi}i-:u 1 12 HUGE HUN DRIVE IS ALMOST CHECKED iVi 1 IS DUEt TO THE DEATH WITH THE French Retire to Soissons, and Are Valiantly Resisting Attacks GERMANS'ARE FIGHTING /MERELY FOR A MORAL VICTORY OVER ALLIES Paris. May 29.-The French troopa havo fallen back lu tlio eastern out-Bltlrts of Solsson!?, where the battle continucB jvlth bltlcrnoas, the Kreuch Wiir Offlco iinnounced today. Franco-}}rftish troops, the .stiiteniont adds, liiivo fallen back to the heights south unil southeast of St. Tliiorry. wkero Ihey are hoUlliiR positions between the Vosle unil the Alsno'Cnnal. A I aiotcworthy point in connection wjitli the present grt^at battle,/is the freedom allowGil the military critics in their articles. Henri nonrti, for In-Htanco,' Is allowed to say In-tlie Journal thl.-i luornlnK tliat it was "certainly dlstresalng that the enemy succcert-od in capturing in one day our con-rpieBts of 1917." an admission which it la considered virtually-certain the )>reviou8 censorshlj) would not have passed. M. Uidou who has eHtubllshed liini-Belt as one of the soundest and most ronservatvlo military writers In Kranco, InBist.M, however, tliat the only true point of view in the present clrcumstanceR is one taking a general wide outlook and his article insirii'es lonfidonco In the final result which Ife forocHHt.R will ho a rc|)Otition of that Incident to Cicrmany'e ' two treat efforts. Duel to the Death ylMie" Gefmans giicceas, thls"wrlter declares, 1b duo to tho enemy'.s ability to manoeuvre his reserves within the Arc of tho front in a way wliich i\d-, 'Hilts of a crushing mass to be suddenly thrown against any weak point. Hut the enemy'.'? object, ho points out, is not to recapture territopy but to obtain such a victory as will end the v/ar. The Germans, SI. Hidou recalls, round their violent effort in Picarily checked after they bad engaged lU dl^slons, while their second effort in Flanders cost the services of fifty : ^ ? : ? >>> : ? were badly burhbd, one of whom afterward died. \ > � : -s^*  ? �� ? Italians at Great Mountain Heights Carry Out Operation Against Austrians ARE HARASSING THE . AUSTRIAN FORCES TO GREAT EXTENT NOW Italian Army Headciuarters, May 28. -One of the brilliant mountain operation* of the war was carried out by the Italians in the Tonale region, northwest of Trent, early Ihig week, particulars regarding which are now b^ing received. The basin of Presna Ivake was csyjturnd by Italian Alplnl after forty hours of fierce fighting against strperlor numbers. The Austrians were well entrenched, having at their disposal strong fortificntlona built before the beginning of the war, and greatly 6tregth-ened since then. The great Presna Mountain was readied by tho Alplnl after attacking tour times under a heavy tire." The enemy was finally overwhelmed by a bayonet charge. The figlit was rendered more difficult by the condition of the ground wliich was hard and slippery with late spring snow. The Italians advanced up steep ascents, down precipitous cliffs and over glaciers. At Huge Hefnht. Rome, May 2S.-The brilliant victory of the Italians In the Tonale region was won by fighting on ground about ]:;,0()il loot above the sea, ainltl melting i-mows and everlasting glaciers. The battle was rciuarkable on account of iho highly specialized troops engaged and the mechanical devices appliod. The va.Rt waves of Tonale Jlountain, doniinuLlng the Canionlca Plateau and tlie approaches to Paradise Pass had been"" neglected by both sides as a field for otrcnaive oparatlons, but now bficomcH more important. Among tho results of the Italian attack w.ere the. blowing up by artillery fire ot an important Austrian munitions depot and the capture ot two telegraph lines wliich run through Paradise Pass. The Italians were assisted greatly by a violent artillery fire. . It required heroic efforts by tlia, Alplnl to carry the guns to the mountain tops. NEW SHELLS USED PARIS BOMBARDMENT Paris, May 39.-lixamlnatlon ot the ahells discharged by the Germans.In tHe long range bonihardmoiit of Parla which began again on Monday Indicates that now guns are being used. Larger sheila are beingemployed than formerly, the calibre of the guns being 24 centimetres (9% inches) instead of^ 21. The powder charge is greater and tho detonation louder, ',but',ftie force of the explosion does not seca to littvo increased. A sliell exploded yeflterday only a dozen yards from u man seated on a bench aud did not injure him. Sun. "WE CONTINUE OUR ADVANCE." Berlin report. Cartoon in Pittsburgh German Advance on the Aisne Nearly Checked; Americans Take Town Wiiole Force ot German Fighting Machine Has Been Tlirust at the Allied Line on the Aisne Front-Allies Have Retreated But Line Has Not Been Broken. OPPOSE ALOEDilEm Idea Doe* Not Receive Much Support in Xewspapers of Business Men Evidently Quite Satisfied With the Present PoHce Conditions RETIJRNED IVIEN. A Canatnan Atlantic Port, May :J9.- A British Bteamor_ having on board DUO elvlllnns and one hundred officers, N.CQ.'s and men of tho Canadian l!!xpedltlonar_y force arrived hero this morning from Kngland. Among Iho civilian iliaBAougova on board Is air .lohn Gibson, forinor lieutenant governoivof Ontario .Tudglng from the oplnloos oxpresB-ed by thoso business mpn' of. the city who voiced thnir thoughts at tho gen-ornl meotliig oi: thn board dttrarto last night, tho'business,section of the cily J� satiiifiei with the Bottloment of the Sicelton controversy on the gvound of , be a (lucstion wUothor the ijethbrldge Herald or tho city council is going to run the city. I make tho dollborato Btnteniont thot Moscow, rimnrdav.- (By lha .^ssn-riated Vress,)-The pre.s3 is giving a ijreat deal of aiteution to tho (SUggBS-llon ot aliieil intervention in Uussia, the i3ourgooiHi' as wcMI as nolahovlki newspaper.-! are unanimous in expressing opposltlfin. They say the occupation of pan of Siberia would not be diaadvaiUiiKeous tor tlie Germans and might turn out badly for Russia. � The Svnhodii Kosal, a constitutional democratic newspaper, reiterates Its declaration of some time ago tliat Intervention is undesirable and that foreign assistance for Russia in Ihis form wouldTiin counter to the normal national senne. It adds: "We are still opposed !u principle to foreign intervontion and all that it would be bound to involve, just as we are opposed to intervention by tho Germans." Other newspapers speak in similar tone, The Zaria Rossi, also constitutional democratic, says in discussing the military agreement between Jaiian and China: "It would bo short sighted not to see that hero are new dangers for us nnd It would be''tailing to perform our duty to the country to pass by those dangers in silence." .s. Walnut Airplanes Bought Up Before U. S. Entered The War not teii per cent of what the HoralcHment already have travelled througli has said about mo in tho piust six months is true. The Herald has gone, out of Its way to drag Into this- controversy tho Bogregated area question. The subject of the 8egregated_jireft wart not mentioned by "Bio to the .Veterans. "It the Herald hud not butted we could have made an amicable �ettle. ment with Captain Skolton. But The Herald had to give absolute publlca tloa to ovarythlqg which would better have been loft unsaid. ' "The whole quustion resolved itB^It Into this: Can the citr afford to ull(f up Ifli.OOO more to police tho city.-.-un-: dor SliQlton? I am using Mr. Skelto|i'�, own tjguros. We tried to make .an Now York, .M,ay 29.-German agents prior to the entry of the United States into Iho war, spent time and money througliout the east, lu buying up black walnut trees, such as aro needed for airplane manufacture, ac-qordlng to Wm. Guggenheim, chairman of tho Army aud Naval Conimit-too ot tho American Ddfenso Society. Mr. OugRonheim said last niglit that hojjitid touurt this to bo so after personal-efforts made on Long Islainl to Induce property owners to offer their blaok waluut trees to tho government, "Ono ot tho men I have interviewed," said Mr. Guggenheim said, "is u prominent lumhor douUir. lie iuCorms jjio.that ngonts of tho Gorman govern the North Shore Long Island towns, buying up every avallatne black walnut tree,. This dealer says that the Oornipn ngonts paid vei'yMilgh prices and were glad to get even a single troa. Some ot the trees that wore bought by thoso agents, according to my informant were many miles from a railroad, and tho coat 6t hauling then! to the cars waa accordingly great. Needless to aay, these pur-c^aaeg by Geripan agents were made befpre the United States entered the war." OGEAREAINCR N GREAI BRITAIN (Greatest in History of Empire-Crop Conditions Promising Loudon, May 2M.--(Via Reuters Ottawa Agency)-T'o present condition of crop in the'irnited Kingdom is very promising, speaking generally, and gives reasonahUi hope of at least an average year's yield, according to a report published by. tlio- diroctor-goiieral of food production today. ' It is indicated the total tillage area in tlie United Kinsdom for the year" 1917-lS will be well over four million acres with the highest acreage under wheat, barley and oats over recorded in the history ot British agriculture. The, acreage under potatoes will be tho greatest siuco 1S72. Assuming that after deducting feed and light corn, tho entire wheat and barley crop, ono fifth ot tlio oats crop and one tiuartor of tho potato crop could be made available for bread flour in case of need, these figures mean that the harvest ot tho United Kingdom in 3918 could provide a forty weeks supply for the entire population at tho present scalo of consumption and on tho existing bases ot milling." Reckoned in tonnage the not saving in shipping resulting from increased production ot corn and potatoes in England and Wales alone should amount in the coming' year to 1,500,000 tons. ' * IJuring tlio year llHS-1!) the United Kingdom, it Is added will be self-supporting in bread stuffs for four fifths ot the year us compared , with ono quarter of the year in 1!)17-]'S and only onn-tiftli of tho year in 1910-17. SCHEl EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS London, May 29.-(Via Reuters Ottawa Agency)-Replying in tho liouso ot commons to a question regarding tho bombing of hospitals on the wos't-eru front, Andrew Uonar Law. "Iian-cellor of tho exchequer stated that the raidpt May I'J had boon tit Et.-tpioa where thoro are . a largo nunibo;- of liosiiitals. A full report hud been a.=iU-ed for. Replying to another question, Mr. Bouur Law confirmed the report tiiat thn government hud already entered into negotiations with a view to ur-rnuKlng a wide scheme for tho ox-change' ot prisoners, brqadly, following tlie recent I'l-anco-Oerman ugroo-mentb. The negotiations wera unlimited and would Include clviUtuia as well as prisoners ot war, but ha .-.ould not say whether the question of prfti-onerti intferned in neutral ??ountrlea would be raised. WEATHEIt High 66 39 40 KILLED IN A MUNITION EXPLOSION Moscow, Monday, May 27.--(By the Aaaoolatod Prena.)-Forty persons were killed or "iiijurod and damage uniountine to thirty nlilllon roubles 'waa done through an exploaion and tire on a muultlpn tvalu at Kassan station in the Volga region, recently. CROWN PRINCE^FAILS TO WIN VICTORY HE EXPECTED-HUN DRIVE IS SLACKENING DOWN NOW-AMERICANS' BRILLIANT FEAt with the French Army in France, May 28.-The German of-fenaive made only slight progress today. Seeing the heavy masses opposed to them, the allies gave way in the centre and In some places the enemy crossed both the Aisne and the Vesle. ^ SITUATION IN HAND. Paris, May. 29.-General Foch has now the situation well in hand and French troops are beginning to gain on the Germans advanced forces In a contest of speed. No important line of communication Is yet threatened by the advance of the German crown prince. Those on the scene declare It is not toojjiuch to say that another 48 hours will see the German drive definitely stopped. High praise is given the French reserves for the perfect order in which they are coming into the fighting line. Not the least encouraging news yesterday v/as the brilliant success of the Americans in the Mont Didier sector which all the newspapers feature. It was the first important action carried out alone by them. All reports agree that they behaved like veterans. This is pronounced the,, Liest augury for the early future when American help will weigh heavily in the balance. WERE REPULSED. - . London, May 29. - German troops who counter attacked last night ntiainst the American troops who captured Cantigny, west of Mont Didier, were repulsed with heavy losses, reports Reu-ter's correspondent at the British headquarters today. No Danger of Break Loudon, Jlay 29.-In many respects tlio German attack on the Aisne and-lir, results bear a striking similarity to the opening oj! their offensive in March. The present movement however, differs in a most vital point, namely, that on tills ocoasion there never has been, as was the cuse in u REGISTER HERE That there will be between 5000 aud 6000 Lothbrldgo people to register on Registration Day, June 22nd Is the ea-tlraato of those in cliai-go ot tho work hero. The matter was discussed last night at tho board ot trndq mooting on 11 requout from Capt. George P. Ponor asking for the help ot tlie board on. this important businoas. The board Is opun to accept"suggeBtions a.\ any time from any citizen who has anything to offer in tho way ot help to make the work of reglatration i'un amootlily, and tho siiggeBtlons will be placed before'Capt. Porter^ Tho I, O. 0. K. and the Board ot Trnde have already enlisted tlieir services us voluntary woi-kers tor Inking the registration. The schools ad the Groat \Yar Veterans club have boon secured us booths, but many other places will bo required tor that purpose. �It la thought about 120 will be able to register at ouch booth during the day, so that at least 50 booths will probably be required. HOPE TO SETTLE Ottawa, May 29.-Au adjualment ot the differences between the striking employeca In tho Pacific Coast shipyards and the employers, is auggeated In a telegram reueived by the mmiater ot labor from Senator Robertson. Sena^pr Robertson, who proceeded \to the coast after the strike in Winnipeg wa.H settled wires, the ralulater that he had a confereuce with the employers and workmen yesterday. FurlheK confereucoa, he.statoa, will be hold today at whiBh he lippea the basis o( an adjuatraent will bo arrived at. .March, danger of the allied lino being liroken. On the contrary, as soon as it was found the allie.-f wore unablo to iiold tho crci't orders were given for the retirement to the Aisne anil tlip Anglo-French force made an orderly retreat lu perfect unity. Points of similarity are that lha Germans discovered a weak point in the uUiod line and attacked In a sup-i eriority of five to one. Gas' also again played an important part, tho alliert forces being compelled to wear . gas masks for hours at a stretch, Thn brunt ot tho German onslaught was home liy iho Sixth French army under General Meiat. Necessity for Withdrawal WItii tho Frencii Army in Franco,, May 28,-Tim allied command per- ' (�eived when the Gurman offensive he-, gan tiiat resistance on tho lines then held would be impracticable and ef-tec;lod a withdrawal toward stronger posllious In order to give the voaervoH time to cume up. The enemy found' both flanks were holding, however. Tlie GcrmuuR pushed forward as quickly as� possible .with all tho troops at their dlspoial. Tho allies gave way. figliting hard. Both the li'reiuli and British troops on the flanks ' fought with , extraordinary . courage and succeeded'in holding'on, notwithstanding tlio great odds ag-' " Ihem. in some places they woro outnumbered ton to one. Tho enomy now has thn Aisne at Ills hack and may find himself in an' awkward position when tho allied re-Sfivos romo info action. Allies Give Ground. London, May 28.-The great German military inaciiiue is in full motion along the "Twenty-mile front in the .Aisne River .soctor between Vail-ly and llerry-Au-13ac, and greatly outnumbered, the British and Fi-ench everywhere are giving ground. According to the German otflciol communications, numerous towns and villages in the fighting zone have been taken by the enemy and I'l.OOO allied troops already hav� beeu made prisoner. At last accounts the Germans wero endeavoring to press back tlie defenders upon tlie Vesle River, whicii runs parallel with the Aisne, and al: several points hud reached positions dominating Ihe Vesle Valley. Tho offensive is being carried out with the greatest rapidity, for the German high command evidently Is well avfare ot tho tact that General Foch's reserves have been reported to bo coming up rapidly to reinforce tlio liard pressed British and French, who are fighting valiantly against terrible odds, and. making wave upon wavo ot the enemy pay dearly in casualties tor every foot ot ground t(iey obtain. American Success. Tuesday's fighting 1" the vicinity of Mont TJldler will mark an epoch.' In tho war so far as the American troops are concerned. 'Here In an at' tack thy caplurud their first village- Cuntlgny, which lies a short dlstanco northwwt o� Mont IJidler. They also took several other objectives and held all of Ibeni In the face of .counter at-j tacks. The Germans suffered severe losses lu men killed or wounded and, in addition, left behind thorn 200i,men made prisoners, among them two officers. The American caijualtlos woro -ruiativciy sinall. Tho German official report announces the taking ot American prlaoners. Tlie report from Ainer-. lean lioadquarters, however, shows ' only two Amorlcans missing, one in Plcardy, and the other lu the Luu* viHe sector. Brave DefenM Paris, May 29.-In the centre, continues the War Office announcement, fighting is going on with varying suc-coa's on the holgU.ta ot the southern bank ot tho Vealo'Hiver'wlierc tho French troop.s are bravely and udmlr-ably defomlvug their positions. On Flanders Front. London, May 29.-The German artillery is active north of Albert and In tho IHanders riaiiont, oast of Ro-becq the War Office announces; The enemy's fire Increased locally oast ot Arras and south ot Lens, New American Line With tho American Army In Franco, May 28.-Tiie American "yne now run's 150 to '.iOO yards east ot\^antlKny,> as a result of the succoasful attacks. , 'I'he Germans, it has been found, had many outposts and machine sun em-; placements In Cahtlgny. Tho Americans' first olfenalve: blow waa 8truck< in a mlat. The French tanks apparently did not.hayQj,,., much to do as the American artillery V/ already had prepared the way. A! bright sun came out as the Americans . dug In their ,now poaltioui. ?1232?79 ;