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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 28, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta ivm i U. S. anti-racist law changed little By Carl lyndicated commentator WASHINGTON Twenty fears ago I was a young reporter overflowing with jptimism because the United States Supreme Court had outlawed racial segregation in public. a lot older and little I watch with more cynicism than optimism as my journalistic colleagues pour forth millions of words about the impact of what some consider the most important court ruling of this century. It seems to me they skirt around the only two questions that 1. Did Brown v. Board of Education alter this society to the extent that it no longer can be characterized as 2. Did that unanimous written by Chief Jus- tice Earl really deliver justice to the black plaintiffs of or even to their The basic answer to both questions is a saddening In the most of the infuriating surface evidences of racism are the Jim WASHINGTON Unmitigated disaster seems at first glance the right verdict to pronounce in marking the 20th anniversary of the Supreme Court decision against school segregation. The experience of the past two decades has been the reverse of a success story. the decision was right in the sense that a decision the other way a decision for segregation would have sinned against the light. As it despite all the the American people remain resilient enough to rediscover a road toward the solution of the country's most acute social problem That the road has been lost in the past 20 years seems to be beyond doubt Virtually every assumption implicit in the 1954 decision is now subject to challenge BERRY'S WORLD Crow signs on in railroad waiting on water fountains. theatre and restaurant segregation are mostly shameful relics of the past. But the South has merely lifted itself to the level of the surreptitious and sleazy racism so long practiced in the North and now much more pronounced in the North since desegregation movement attacked de facto school segregation in Detroit and scores of other cities. White fright and flight have become so dominating that in 16 of our largest cities black pupils now make up a substantial majority of the public school enrollment. Even in cities where blacks make up a minority of the school we find large percentages of the blacks in schools that are predominantly black. Jim Crow still As for some of the litigants in that 1954 decision never saw a day of desegregated education. They saw massive resistance and a generation of litigation. In and Prince Edward the foes of racial equality are as recalcitrant today as they were 20 years ago. There of other ways of measuring the amount of justice meted out to blacks. When the court ruled 20 years the median annual income for the black family was or 56 per cent of the income of the white family. The repercussions of the Brown decision surely had something to do with the fact that blacks have held their own in family income since then. Blacks even rose to a level where the normal family was earning 61 per cent of the income of a white family in the years of the Johnson administration. They have since slipped back to 59 per cent. About 35 per cent of blacks had finished high school when the Brown decision was handed the comparable figure now is about 57 per cent. About half a million blacks are in college and that's eight times the number receiving higher education in 1954. Black Americans face fewer outright but that is not quite the same aft saying they possess greater dignity. Being able to stay at a Holiday Inn in Mississippi or sit in the first floor of a movie in Birmingham does represent a new level of respect for black people as human beings. But aren't movies and motels trifling things compared with the level at which a man is able to pursue a living or the freedom with which a family can choose Job discrimination is still rampant in this society. As for we are more ghettoized than 20 years with our cities virtual black prisons ringed by hostile white suburbs. But what about black political someone asks. It would be absurd to By Joseph syndicated commentator Most of all the value of education itself. The fundamental belief in the decision known as Brown v. Board of Education was the supreme value of education as a solvent of social tension. the court said in one of those striking claims lhat only later seemed so the very foundation of good Upon that the court reared the doctrine that racially separate education was intrinsically dismmmatory The theory was that separale schools inculcated in black children a feeling of inferiority may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone In virtually all serious studies now raise questions about the role of education in shaping the citizen. James Coleman at Johns Hopkins and Christopher Jencks at in have shown that far from remaking individuals and tends to reinforce patterns of behavior already formed in the home. What white scholars have put in their blacks have felt in their guts The move toward community schools and black studies and compensatory education the proud use of the term black itself testify to a growing feeling among blacks that the road to salvation does not lie in going to school with whites. but is the slogan to which blacks now hearken. While the gain to be achieved by desegregating schools has come to seem the pain of the effort has come home to all us. The desegregation of schools by force of law has intensitied racial feelings throughout the and especially in the North. White resistance to integration has in effect worked to circumvent court in practice In most major the prospect of integrated schooling has Book reviews enormously accelerated a white flight to the suburbs. As a result resegregation has been set in motion. Sixteen major cities including Washington with 95 per Atlanta with 77 per New Orleans with 75 per Newark with 72 per cent now have a black majority in public schools. In many residential patterns still oblige the overwhelming majority of blacks to go to highly segregated schools. In San nearly 95 per cent of the blacks go to schools where racial minorities are in the majority. In Los the figure is 92 per in Houston 91 per in New York 83 per cent. Not only has racial segregation been but in the process there has grown up an ugly racial politics which has been carefully nursed by unscrupulous men. Racial politics played a part in Hiohard Nixon's rise to the presidency It has made and probably still makes George Wallace the arbiter of Democratic party politics. The Supreme Court has been forced onto the centre stage of racial politics. As pretend that black Americans have not benefited from the Voting Rights Democratic party reforms and other changes in our political system since 1954. The existence of more than 100 black mayors as against almost none 20 years is surely a symbol of progress. Just how much progress considering the woes of our cities is debatable. So let me sum up. If we had to do it all over I'd still wish for that 1954 decision. Disappointing as the results may Brown still set a new legal standard for this society. The people's response has been sometimes but the legal and moral standards are still challenging the best and the worst of us. Isn't there a lesson in the fact while this nation's resistance to that 1954 decree may have held blacks our social and Watergate woes suggest that this lapse in morality also has held the whole nation part of a blatant racist a majority of the court has been changed. The calibre of our noblest government institution has declined. The Congress has hardly fared better. The phony fights over busing and racially animated crime and drug laws regularly disfigure every including the present session. One of the few bad marks against Vice President Gerald Ford is that he supported that monster the constitutional amendment against busing. Perhaps the best that can be said now is that the worst is over. Naive prescriptions for solving the country's racial problems have gone out of fashion. My impression though I can't prove it is that race tension is down. Consciousness of the problem remains That is not nothing. A country which has been able to absorb the racial strife of the past two decades and Vietnam and Watergate shows an immense vitality and resilience Without exactly knowing why or it is still possible to have faith that this in its own is going to solve the problem which is still a on its good name Research of civil war in Spain 19'a boys and got out your electronic calculators it's time for Concise History of the Spanish Civil by Gabriel Jackson 192 distributed by Oxford University king is long live the didn't hold true for Spain in 1930. The king was very much alive and fleeing the Awhile the monarchy was dying. The republic was going to be born. The having become distrustful of government by over-manipulation in the felt little allegiance towards the and were at heart still monarchists. There was plenty of but only a few to own it. Land reforms had been in tho offing for 30 years but never most people had been waiting for a change and where it manifested nobody wanted it. The church kept away from worldly the political parties didn't know how to practice them. A military clique saw the opportunity of further change and power. And the people were MORE from the Cl MOTOR GRADER OPERATOR COURSE Learn to operate a There's a demand for qualified operators of heavy duty equip- ment in Industry and con- struction. learn the skill of operating a motor grader-grade straight lines build and lose windrow- put the crown in the middle of the road build ditches and curves. June 3 to July 12 Monday thru Friday a.m. to p.m. Enrolment is Limited Financial aiaiatanca ia available qmaiilying I THE SCHOOL OF CONTINUING EDUCATION j LithhridH CMUHuftitf Ctlliei 327-2141 221 All art guaranteed employment by the road builders' Association and no better in their lot. Unions became provinces rose in arms. Outsiders shrewdly offered their tested their their soldiers and tried to gam influence. And they all meddled and spiced the stew until it got stale and the rightful republican government was doomed by military defeat. The victorious fascists served the stew to the governed and they are still vomiting 40 years perturbed but not wiser. For the little changed and faith took over once more. The church kept all its the rich landowners were the people still poorly educated and fearful. To add spice to Don Carlos waits patiently for Franco's to hopefully grace the people with one more champion they can do without. Gabriel Jackson's treatment of the Spanish war is indeed. He refrains from philosophizing about the aims and pretenses of the political groups and rather restrains himself to writing it the way it happened It's painstakingly researched and complimented by 156 illustrations that transmit vividly the years of of pain and never-ending sorrow. HANS SCHAUFL Books in brief of the Boston Tea by Mary Kay and 113 pages. Historical figures adopt a realness in this easily readable tale of the events leading up to and including the Boston Tea Party. It's a great way to learn history. GARRY ALLISON Justice at what By Eva freelance writer The Quebec Bar Association is fighting as the creation of small claim courts which keep lawyers out and permit people to fight their legal battles at a price they can afford. People have a right to be say the lawyers. This statement would have validity except that the people are apparently very happy to leave their problems at a cost of only a few dollars in the capable hands of clerks who decide whether they have a justified grievance and judges who hear and question both parties and then render their decision in writing. A British Columbia recognizing the difficulty for the less wealthy to obtain has written a number of comprehensible do it yourself law books which are becoming best sellers much to the dismay of the legal fraternity In law students have set up citizens' free advice all of which goes to show the dire need for reform. To illustrate this let's -see what can happen to the ordinary citizen with a complaint against a more powerful uody. Has your city or for been sitting on you Have you sustained losses or reduction of property values due to negligence on the part of your who now refuse to admit due to no fault of your you find yourself some in the red as a you may well be tempted to put the whole sordid affair into the hands of a lawyer. you are convinced your rights have been infringed upon and you present your legal counsellor with a detailed account of your woes. He then tells you whether you have a case and what action he would suggest. So far so but now comes the rub. If he accepts the validity of your he'll write a polite letter on your behalf which will cost you anything from upwards and presuming you learned to write at you could have composed as well or better yourself. five months and a few costly consultations you have not even had the courtesy of a reply from your you may ask your lawyer to rephrase your request a little more forcefully need for he might talk to Dick or Harry insurance adjuster or at a cocktail party next week. Much more effective than writing a strong this lawyer is honest. He didn't have to tell you that much of our legal business is conducted in this way if you don't take the at least employ a lawyer from another city who doesn't know the other party too intimately and is unlikely to spoil cordial relations on your behalf. Whoever represents you will eventually inform you he is getting nowhere and that you now have to present your adversary with a statement of claim. What he is probably not going to tell you is that this legal form is obtainable in a stationer's two for and that you can quite easily complete and forward it yourself. He may let you know that after this last effort your only recourse is to take your opponent to but that you have every chance of winning your case before a judge. Should you have stuck up for your rights so don't forget in the first euphoria of a satisfactory solution appearing mirage like on your horizon to ask what this little exercise in justice will cost you. Contrary to British where the guilty party in such a dispute will bear the entire it appears Canadian law apportions only the claim and a small part of costs to the defendant found at fault. You may discover that being granted your may cost you in legal expenses and you'll begin to understand why your administration or insurance didn't bother to reply from the start. They know full well that few ordinary citizens would take them to court if it costs them twice as much as they have already paid out There might be a few Don Quixotes for the sake of a principle will fight yet there are too many precedents where those in power have won out because they could afford with your own to carry on a court battle until their foe has bankrupted himself in the regardless whether he has or a million in his bank account such bad news travels fast good news doesn't There may well be cases in Canada where justice has won the day even against government and I mean to find out whether the ordinary citizen will forever be defeated by prohibitive legal tees and so permit the powerful to heap on him insult added to injury Impressions of Canada From The Financial Post U.S. Ambassador William J. Porter was posted to Ottawa two months ago. In his first public appearance since to a university audience in he outlined some of his initial impressions ol Canada In the belief that it's always instructive to see ourselves through others' and since this is also our first look at the new here arc some of his comments On the the least interesting aspect is their preoccupation with us who live south of the border A great deal of American news is carried in the larger dailies and by radio and TV Sensitivity to American views is pronounced and expressions of annoyance are uninhibited when our or laws appear to impinge on Canadian interests. back over six developments in the field ot bilateral trade seem to have generated the mosl action Matters involving locomotives for oil capital haddock cross-border big league energy and U.S. ballet dancers have arisen On possible cutbacks of Canadian oil exports to the supplies the U.S. with close to a million barrels of crude oil but that figure will probably be smaller when the eastern provinces are linked to the western oil fields by perhaps in two years and eventually will be eliminated entirely either as a result. Book review of the success of Project Independence or the needs ot Canada itself I feel quite sure that when the Canadian who know us very well heard the president announce Project Independence on Nov. 7. they understood that it signaled the start of a whole new ball game as far as energy matters were concerned On foreign U.S. and Canada are also two of the world's largest foreign investors In 1972. tor the book value of our direct investments in Canada totalled nearly or for every woman and child in tho U.S Canadian direct investments in the U.S. were valued at almost million and the comparison us as on a per capita each Canadian has invested in the U.vS one Iliird more than we invest there It's that not only as we are watching the development Canadian policy in the face of its new foreign investment screening they are also following hearings in our Senate regarding possible restrictions on foreign investments in the On foreign policy- entire U.S Canadian relationship in the domain of foreign affairs is based on confidence that neither wishes to create difficulties nor embarrass the other In we practise a good neighbor policy made pleasant by the ease with which our compatriots mingle and associate with each Discussing Indian affairs among the by Max Gros- Louls House Ltd. 152 18 Max Chief of the has written this touching autobiography in collaboration with his Marcel Bellier. While the purpose of the book is to discuss Indian it is worth reading for the simply but haunting story behind it. It presents a version of Canadian history you'll not find in any textbook it seems more convincing and logical than anything we are taught at school. Most of us pride ourselves in our preparedness to listen to both sides of every argument For that reason this autobiography is worth reading and if you can accept Gros-Louis' account at its face it is high time for deeper research and a very belated re-writing of our history books. Making restitution for Indians' lost rights and hunting grounds in the form of grants and social reforms would not be enough were he proved correct. until such time as truth and justice might the least we can do is to read this book and ask how would we and our children like to be called and to be ridiculed for our ethnic and religious customs0 How would we react if encouhtered had to prove ourselves and fight for recognition by being better than anybody else every day of our lives9 Max Gros-Louis has overcome many obstacles from the time as a little boy he believed in divine justice and a rather mystical Catholic faith to his present leadership in the native people's effort to halt the James Bay project. He has dedicated his life to his goal of leading his people towards a just and peaceful solution of their problems without having to resort to violence. Given the understanding and hearing his cause he might go far towards his aspiration of sharing his Canada with his brothers EVA BREWSTER Missing church By Doug Walker I was one of those crazy guys that played in the Chinook classic golf tournament on the Victoria Day weekend. It rquired a commitment that took me out for hours in the wind and cold. I even lore myself away from church on Sunday to fulfil my obligation. As I was waiting to get called to the tec on Sunday morning I encountered Thorlacius and remarked that I wondered if we would be missed at church. He was sure we would be and was also confident that I would hear about it. I don't know why he thought I would especially be singled out he's an elder in the congregation and I'm nothing ;