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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 28, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDQi HERALD May 1974 An eye for an eye Iran's bid to become a major world power continues unabated according to Shah Mohammed Reza Panlevi's Since the beginning of leaders of many of the world's non- aligned countries have beat a path to his door seeking oil. financial more trade or just which can encompass these three items and more. in return tor oil and capital will send doctors and technicians to Iran. Turkey wants to become an avenue for Iranian exports to Europe. Morocco wants increased trade and friendlier relations. Even Syria and who have strong ties with Iran's only acknowledged enemy in the are sending cabinet ministers to Tehran. In his bid to establish his country as the major power between the Mediterranean and the Indian the an authoritarian has several times disparaged what he terms ''western and ''western and indicated that in industrializing his country he would not tall into this trap His attitude may tmd momentary sympathy among westerners who also deplore what they consider decadence and permissiveness in western society and who may wish to return to the recognized morality of a past decade II so. are apt to be brought up short by the Shah's latest anti-hoarding law which allows the death penalty for hoarding consumer goods and which to more like a return to the morality of another century. It in just another example of the harshness of justice in the Middle East and recalls Martin Luther King's comment that the law of an eye tor an eye leaves everyone blind. In addition to the Shah's inability to distinguish between decadence and compassion and his willingness to confuse the concepts of democracy and he is discovering that the laws of economics know neither east nor w est and areas immutable as the one which demands an eye for an eye. The industrialized west is suffering from inliation in which a major contributing factor has been the sharp increase in the cost of oil. Iran led the way in setting these price increases. It is one ot the nicest examples of irony on the world as well as a demonstration of an economic that Iran is also sulfering from inflation and brought about in this case by increased oil revenues and increased demand. In urban areas of Iran nothing statistical is known of the rest of the the cost of living increased 13.4 per cent in the past year according to the Bank of Iran. And western decadence has nothing to do with it. Separatism in the U.S.S.R. A mysterious news release arrived some time ago via telex from the press office ot the U.S.S.R. embassy in Ottawa. It contained an account oil the imprisonment of one Valentin Moroz. a Ukraruan history and was an apparent attempt to answer No having reached this part ot Canada concerning the initial reaction was to wonder why. A Canadian Press story out of Toronto has now cleared up the mystery. The 'lalse are being purveyed by a lormei mmale in the same prison containing Mnroz. who is now on a speaking tour of Canada. Analoly Radygm. who spent 10 years in prison tor having tried to escape from Russia and who t-miftraled to Israel in charges that Muroy is being subjected to brutal Ire.-jl incut. The topic is of inteiest tor three reasons In the first place. Canadians of Ukraman descent lorrn a significant per cent nt the population In the second the activities which resulted in as outlined in Ihe embassy press 'seem very similar to activities of separatists in Quebec which are permitted in a democratic .system and which actually contribute to the good health of the svilein. And in the third the speaking tour is still another indication that those familiar with the Soviet system of justice teel that publicity in the western world i.s thoir best safeguard. The embassy dismisses the charge that has been beaten up by other prisoners by reporting at his own he has been in solitary confinement since August. 1972. Since Radygm left Russia that year he is obviously speaking ot events that happened before then. The embassy rebuts the charge of poor health by quoting prison records to the effect that the prisoner asked only three times in the past year and a half to see a doctor. The news release also states that the decision to imprison the historian met with the approval of the public in the Ukraine according to reports carried in the Ukranian press None of this is reassuring proof According to the Moroz' in his own was that he dislubuted anti-Soviet literature to his students anri others and spoke to them ol the need toi the Ukraine to secede from the U S S R and become a bourgeois state. He is further although the press release does not quote any admission from him to this of justifying terrorism and stirring up nationalistic strife.- Under the penal code of the Ukraine it is illegal to agitate or propagandize a view to undermining the Soviet system and for spreading slander vilifying Whether his activities were like those of the Parti which openly advocates separatism and is a part of the political structure of or like those ot the revolutionary FLQ which advocates terrorism and seems Id have disappeared is not clear it is clear that the Soviet system would take a dim view of any calls tor which arise in every election in Quebec. And doubts about the penal system in Russia continue to haunt the conscience ERIC NICOL Democratic systems The trouble with democracy- is that the people get the kind ot government they deserve. Richard Nixon demonstrates the fatal to perfection He is the duly elected representative of the moral decline of America. Because the president of the United States is directly elected by the of the people and for the the focus of the image of degraded values is much sharper than in. say. whose head of government represents only one riding in the electoral process. The Americans have been shocked to find that the chief of state privately talks and acts as they namely with the single-minded purpose of regardless of the moral status of the means and the graceless language of the conniver. It could hardly be in a country whose Number One sport is football a game of hinging on the eleven men scheming to deceive the opposition Even the turf is artificial. That Nixon was an avid football fan was well known to the yet it re-elected as though his first love was cricket In contrast. Prime Minister Trudeau has been criticized for being remote from the a reflection of none but his own moral values. Now we ask ourselves- Is that bad' We have no reason to believe that as a are any less frayed in moral fibre than our neighbors to the south. The age of permissiveness lies over the continent like a whore's bedsheet. Given a different system of representative government. Canadians would almost certainly elevate to power a man from whom they would hesitate to buy a used car. But as things it i.s quite conceivable government will be Robert Stanfield. Stanfield's name has never been linked with football or any other sport based on trickery He comes from a part of Canada symbolized by no athletic activity less straight-forward than choking a herring. This is the triumph and the glory of the parliamentary system of as compared with the venues of power in the States. If all Canadians had a chance to vote forStanfield rather than for the candidate in their own his chances would be damaged by an honesty too transparent to reflect the nation's morals. We just know that a transcript of Stanfield's tape-recorded conversations with his aides would require no deletions whatever to qualify as approved reading in a seminary. Sometimes our system does break and the party leader's personal qualities affect the outcome of an election. John Diefenbaker had an aura. Pierre charisma. But they were admired for qualities they didn't share with the rather than as the epitome of the national ethic. Nixon was its quintessence. The tragedy of the American presidency is that the significance of corruption and abuse of power cannot be effaced simply by chucking the rascal out. The scruff of the neck and the seat of the pants that the Americans grab are their own. The crowd lands in the mud with its star quarterback. Americans may well envy the people of who can rejoice at the overthrow of their government because a dictatorship does not define the populace. But the Americans look desperately as Nixon sinks into the trying to find someone to represent them without typifying them. Canadians are more fortunate. We get the kind of government we deserve but not Recession in America By Dian syndicated commentator MONTREAL It's a tossup whether we'll get through the next six months without the beginnings of a good-sized recession showing up. Apparently bankrupt economic theory and generally weak political leadership around the world add an ominous overtone to otherwise grim business indicators. In broad the grim business statistics have not yet shown up in Canada. Unemployment is not yet up one can hardly call 53 per cent jobless Consumers still have money to spend Expansion oi construction of new buildings continues to reach new highs. No so in the United States signs of recession are visible Not only that. The United States seems to have in the absence of new economic theory to deal with that it will fall back on the old tried-and failed method to cope with rising prices. in its tail-to- dog. relationship with the U.S. would do well to ready its defences Economists and their theories about how to keep the economy on an even keel are HI a state ot disarray Only a few short years ago. the were so sure of the science that they talked confidently ot the not only gross alterations like the Great Depression ot 1929 things of the runaway inflations such as those in China. Hungary and Germany couldn't happen under modern banking practices. Economists sincerely believed they could keep employment and income rising steadily simply by touching the fine control buttons of government spending and and the small levers of the money supply and interest rates. it hasn't worked out that way. Inflation has continued to defy the the and even the forecasts. Unemployment has not gone though the theory is that as prices joblessness falls. The one thing economists seem to agree on these days is that inflation can be stopped if politicians are willing to create another depression. Politicians may not be but they may inadvertently create it anyway like so many other industrialised does not have strong government leadership. Weak leadership and an absence ol clearcut cause and effect economic policies enhances the tendency to Mde off in all directions in search ol a policy that will appear to solve at least one if not actually solve it Weak government or Canada's future is inexorably twined with that of the United States. The A m o r i a n Nixon and Watergate is one ol the strongest in the world. Kighi now it looks as though the Americans are out to break inflation by squeezing credit Treasury Secretary William Simon and Federal Reserve Board boss Arthur Burns are apparently going back to the theory that if you squeeze excess spending out of the price rises will abate. The prime lending rate in the U.S. is now just under 12 per cent double what it was a year and 50 per cent higher than it was the last time they tried to fight inflation this way The sad fact is that nowhere in economic or in the history of economic policy is there any evidence to support the notion that high interest so long as they remain in can stabilize prices In the the stabilization of prices has occurred only after a recession has been and an easy money policy re- instated Coupled with this ominous turn in American credit policy is the threat ot retaliatory trade policies which will necessarily lead to a reduction in trade and further unemployment Italy has already restricted imports m an effort to save money to pay for oil. Even though no other country made a similar government officials talk despondently of the imminent death oi the GATT talks on trade scheduled for this fall. Many both inside and out ot arc still convinced that concerted international co-operation could result in the accommodation of world if not their immediate solution But. a curious mypoia seems to cloud over all but the most depressing scenario Jamaica demands fair price Bv Carl syndicated commentator WASHINGTON If you love justice and admire old- fashioned join me in a tip of the cap to Jamaica. This little Caribbean country has bristled its back and said to the behemoth aluminum companies of North No longer can you take our bauxite for pennies and make fortunes by turning it into beer aluminum siding for pots and pans for the American housewife After weeks of fruitless the Michael Manley government in Jamaica has turned to pure grit. It has told the companies long-term cheap contracts heavier taxes and royalties will be imposed to the extent that Jamaica will get almost million this year instead of S25 million Prime Minister Manley announced. Jamaica will begin a new phase of negotiations aimed at regaining control of land that holds 1.5 billion tons of and Jamaica wants to become part owner of the bauxite mining operations into which U.S. companies say they have invested JfiOO million. The companies are screaming about sanctity of as though they expect to hold Jamaica to agreements which would turn the little island nation into a sweltering poorhouse. Jamaican officials concede that they were in the when they negotiated contracts with vast the result being that three out C C _ companies have not paid corporate taxes in Jamaica. They shifted income into subsidiaries so that the profits were realized someplace else. While 25 per cent of Jamaicans are jobless and the country faces bankruptcy because of the even of the price of the aluminum companies have enjoyed vast increases in profits. Jamaica deserves applause because her leaders did not resort to a Castro-type or to nationalizing the facilities ot the aluminum companies. Manley and his colleagues sat down like men and said 30 peaceful years we have provided at ridiculously cheap prices 60 per cent of the bauxite that was critically needed by the United States. But the day has come when a simple concern for the well- being of Jamaicans forces us to demand a fair share of the money you get for a pound of aluminum extracted from our bauxite. You get 31.5 cents a pound now. and we want 2.36 cents of or 7.5 per cent. In 1975 we want 8 per or 2.52 cents per pound. The companies said to the in so many understand your financial problems. Tell us how much you need and we'll try to provide They were dealing with a new breed of Jamaicans who but we are not beggars What our bauxite is worth is all we and we'll take care of Jamaica out of The companies figured Jamaicans million a no paltry increase from the Jamaicans figured then- bauxite was million a year This is a serious gamble for which gets 40.4 per cent of her foreign earnings from bauxite or double her earnings from tourism. The aluminum companies have not too they may turn to Haiti. Guyana or some other country that hopefully will undercut Jamaica. Jamaica is in a strong however. Only Australia produces more of the powdery metal each year million tons as against Jamaica's 15.4 and Australia uses most of what she produces not to ignore the fact that it would cost five times as much for American companies to ship bauxite from Australia as it does from Jamaica. Beyond most countries are likely to want to raise prices themselves instead of undercutting Jamaica. If Jamaica can demand a fair price for bauxite without being crushed by angry multinational just watch the repercussions throughout the hemisphere. It could be the dawning of a long- overdue relationship of decency between this nation and our neighbors to the vnnth Letters Greed or survival Some of the questions Mr. Solberg's letter raised in The Herald I have asked the Israeli government and well informed citizens myself during visits since 1967. Here are a few of the answers I elicited from many an interview on the issue of what constitutes defensible a hotly debated subject both within and outside of Israel Few critics deny the strategic defence value of the Golan the Dead Sea and the but what about the West Bank of the River Jordan which although negotiable in a peace settlement was occupied for a very valid reason. a look at a map of Israel prior to I was you'll see Israel's shape was that of an egg- timer or hour-glass that could easily be cut in half at its slender and vulnerable That brought the interviews round to the highly emotional issue of Jerusalem. Set deep in a crevice of that West Bank Jerusalem used to have only one access road on the Israeli side and you have to travel through that tortuously climbing mountain pass to appreciate the physical danger to all who had to go or the Holy cily From its precipitous vehicles and convoys used to be shot at and destroyed by Arabs in years of guerilla warfare now forgotten Settlements in that area were attacked and the Jewish population of Jerusalem isolated and deprived of their life-line of supplies. Another point often overlooked in the clamor tor international control ot the city is that this has already been tried in Israel's failed miserably After Britain's Jerusalem did come under the protection of the United Nations and what happened7 The Arabs cut the approach roads to the Hebrew university and the famous Hadassah hospital. No Jews had access to their holiest site the remnants of their ancient temple the Wailing Wall. Jewish cemeteries were desecrated and destroyed. What makes Israelis so bitter and determined not to give up Jerusalem ever again is the tact that there were if outcries in the outside world over atrocities committed against their religion. Few Christians and Mohammedans insisted then that the holy places must be equally accessible to all Israelis now it is under their care and wide open to every pilgrim in the world without hindrance or restrictions and the sacred places of all religions are equally safe and the world demands international control in Israel's opinion would simply mean retrogression and a return to exclusion of her rights. This fear may not now be justified in world the Israelis stand may indicate to some people a greed for possession but to the Jews it means nothing more or less than a question of physical and religious survival after centuries of almost successful attempts to exterminate all traces of Jewish existence As an two misunderstandings of my letter may need clarification. In the case of the settlements on the and are synonymous since the to be constructive rather than turned them into agricultural villages governed by general assembly which is all the word implies. The second point may arise from a typographical error with her open backing of terrorists from her own and Lebanese territory etc is the correct version The was omitted giving the false impression that Svria owns Lebanese land. EVA BRKWSTER Washing dirty linen Misunderstandings easily occur Let me clear up two points which have been raised about my recent writing. on the Irish let me say that when f disparage British barbarism 1 do not at all disparage the English as such 1 refer to the system and the history of the system which governs Britain My own i.s and since he is a good my a Belfast married him G K C h e s I e r t o n was quintesisentially and 1 love the writer and the man. He always thought the British Empire a menace and loved Ireland as well as his own country He would that great qualities of dedication and talent were brought into the service of the good men and women mistakenly thought it was noble I do not have any time for racialism of any nor do I approve of terrorism. But I do believe in the necessity of a return to communal identities. I am glad to see Wales and Scotland heading in that direction after centuries of domination by Westminster. The trouble with England is that the people whose ancestors won their wealth and power by plundering the poor and despoiling the country have ruled behind a mere facade of f admire and cherish many English and have numerous relatives in England. And while I regard the monarchy as largely a puppet of vested I do not disrespect the person of the Queen herself I admire the Anglican church for many things. My other main point is to do with family-life sex instruction. I have been severely criticized in the for dirty linen in public Apart from I he fact that the dirty linen ought to be my reply is to ask this the authorities have called all these meetings of parents if 1 hail not written in the first The Answer is Pressure was brought to bear it was only after innumerable exercises in futility that T resorted to this means. One's duty is to tell the truth if harm to be done by not telling it As a parent as a as a as a 1 will continue to attack bureauci acies and elitist clubs which try to dictate to the little 'folk everywhere. And in this I have friends and allies across Canada. Correspon- dence and articles on these precise questions is very vigorous in Manitoba and Ontario. The new Catholic 'journal Challenge and the Toronto Catholic both have vigorous criticism of family-life courses at the present time We must soon come to the of this and the wheel does come full-circle PETER HUNT Lethbndge I suppose you can't have it both ways his car much worse than ours. The Uthbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbndge. Alberta LETMBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 CLEO Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R OORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;