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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THt lETHBRIDGf HERAID Thursday, May 28, 1970 Tim Traynor Convert Not Close Rumors persist that the Suffield Experimental Station may be closed. Tills would be a shame because the establishment could be put to a crea- tive use in the critical struggle to save the environment. No matter how sympathetic some people might be to the philosophy of military preparedness few can get enthused about research in connec- tion with chemical and biological warfare. It has been difficult for Ca- nadian authorities to convince the people in this country that the work being done at Suffield is acceptable. Despite the fact that the research may be largely for defensive pur- poses, there is the problem of being able really to separate defence from offence. Use of chemical and biolo- gical agents in warfare is a tricky business. They cannot be employed unless the employer has effective an- tidotes. This is not solely because the enemy might retaliate with the same agents but because the gases and germs might return to plague the user. Thus the discovery of the antidotes reduces the hesitancy in employing the agents and become perhaps a prod toward offence. The threatened end of life through pollution makes the study of ways to save a portion of mankind in case of another major war seem an irrele- vance. If the present suicidal pro- cesses are not reversed the saving of a segment of society in a .war would only mean saving them for death by poisoning or suffocation any- way. When there is such a great urgency about finding ways to keep the earth habitable there is surely a good case for employing the brains and physi- cal facilities at Suffield to this end. Most Canadians would not have qualms about supporting that kind of enterprise. The demonstration to be held this weekend may be chiefly character- ized as opposition to continued re- search in connection with chemical and biological warfare. But the ap- peal to have the station converted to other kinds of investigation is a nat- ural corollary and one that can be supported even by those who dis- like demonstrations. Cricket And Politics There are a lot of Canadians around who can't tell a cricket bat from a canoe paddle, but the game still draws huge crowds in England. One of the thorniest issues in the upcom- ing election surrounds the cricket pitch. The basis of the controversy con- cerns race relations, the rights of the majority, riot control and a few side issues as well. The South African cricket team was scheduled to go on tour in June with the blessing of the Cricket Council. But no black South Africans could, under any circum- stances, be included on the team. Black is black, white is white, and never the twain shall meet in Vors- ter country. Protests against the tour grew from murmurs to roars, although it was admitted that the large major- ity of Englishmen were in favor of it. The Conservative party came .out in favor. After all, they said, the pro- tests emanated from a n o i sy min- ority, not from the majority of crick- et fans. Home Secretary James Callaghan said the Springbok tour would cause ugly race riots, impose a heavy burden on the police and would also result in the refusal of Pakistan and African countries to participate in the upcoming Commonwealth games in Edinburgh. The decision was up to the Cricket Council, a small "c" conservative group. The Council opted for contin- uing with the tour, but it backed down after heavy pressure from Mr. Callaghan, who is reported to have told council members that if the in- vitation was not cancelled, the gov- ernment would step in and cancel it for them. It seemed to settle things down. But Mr. Callaghan has perhaps dis- counted the ingenuity of his Tory op- ponents. They now are telling him that a vocal threatening minority has been given its way because the gov- ernment is running scared. Mr. Cal- laghan did in fact, admit as much. As the London Economist puts it, "Mr. Callaghan has handed the Pow- ellites a cause on a plate." 'Success9 And Stanine Scores By Ed Ryan and R. Pnrdy, Kate Andrews High School, Coaldale Two teachers from Coaldale'j Kate An- drews High School recently completed t study of the relationships between staniiw scores obtained by students on Grade 9 departmental examinatlons and later "success" in high school. "Success" waa defined as the achievement within three years of either an Alberta High School Diploma or Senior Matriculation (univer- sity entrance Ed Ryan, the school's Guidance Counsellor, and Rnss Purdy, Social Studies instructor, also compared their results with that of a sim- ilar study conducted by the Alberta Dept. of Education in the late 1950's. stanine is one which has been used by the Alberta Department of Education to indicate student performancs in the Grade 9 examinations. It is a scale which uses numbers ranging from 1 to 9. The lowest possible score a student may obtain Is 1, while the highest level of. achievement is indicated by a 9. A stanine score of 5 indicates average performance. In each of the six examinations that a stu- dent writes, he receives one of these sta- nine scores. The average of all six stanine scores is known as an "aggregate stanine" score, and it is these scores which were used in the study. The authors related the Grade 9 aggre- gate stanine scores of some 100 students to their subsequent performance during three high school years at Kate Andrews High School. In general, the study showed that Kate Andrews students experienced a much higher degree of success in earning diplo- mas and entrance to university (senior ma- triculation) than did counterparts in the earlier provincial study. While it is not possible to determine the exact reasons for these results, we suggest a number of possible explanations. Among these are the following: (a) the trend to centralized schools which has allowed students a wider range of course offerings, and permitted teachers to specialize. (b) a.more highly qualified teaching force (95 per cent of the teachers at Kate Andrews hold at least one university de- (c) increased exposure of students to modern mass communications media. (d) increased pressure from, home, school and society for students to complete high school. (e) changes in the requirements for a senior matriculation standing. The most important findings of the study we in the area of guidelines1 for those who are responsible for educational guidance and counselling. Admittedly, students with low aggregate stanine scores in Grade 9 are less likely to experience "success" at the high' school level, in terms of earning a high school diploma or meeting the re- quirements for university entrance. How- ever, the study indicated that many low- achieving students are capable of succeed- ing in a high school program of studies. Of the students with an aggregate stanine of 2, fully half (50 per cent) earned a di- ploma in three years, while others were less than Uiree courses short of doing so. The provincial study, by comparison, re- vealed no students with similar aggregate stanine scores earned a diploma. In many instances, the Kate Andrews study indicated that average or below average students had successfully completed advanced ma- triculation courses at the Grade and even the Grade 12 level. We feel thai complete discouragement of the low achiever from taking some ma- triculation courses is unwarranted, for many of these students1 have a fair chance of success in them. In addition, it should be noted that many post secondary insti- tutions and some trades make at least a few of these courses prerequisites for ad- mission. Thus, "schools which inflexibly di- vert all students below a certain stanine level into non matriculation patterns may well be depriving them of the opportun- ity to enrich their programs, and limiting their post-high school prospects1." Anyone who wishes a copy of the com- plete Kate Andrews High1 School study may obtain one by writing Mr, E. J. Ryan, Box J120, Kale Andrews High School, Coaldale, Alberta. Well He Might Ask By Dong Walker infrequent intervals I manage to get our boys to the barber shop. Since I do not really know how they want their hair done I have ceased to accompany them, leaving it to Bob and Ches to figure it out. Recently when the ordeal was over for the boys and the barbers I was given a playback of how Paul had fared. The barber who drew him apparently asked how Paul combed his hair a good question! Keith said he had wanted to interject with the comment: "He doesn't" but thought it was unnecessary. Older brothers can be so honest. Reverberations From Continental Discord WASHINGTON: Sounds of discord between the U.S. and Canada reverberate loudly here. Attention is focussed on the U.S. Canadian auto agree- ment as well as Mr. Trudeau's disputed Arctic claims, '.he con- troversial U.S. oil import quo- tas and proposals for an en- ergy agreement. An altogether unpromising drift has set in following Pres- ident Nixon's March announce- ment of 'temporary quota limi- tations on imports of Western Canadian crude oil. 'Die Cana- dian government's initial reac- tion was restrained, in accor- dance with the fact that the quota was temporary termin- ating at the end of the and allowed for a fairly high average level of imports over the year. (Though the ceiling was considerably below the peak inflow which was being experienced at the But the tune changed as it came to be widely believed, rightly or that the U.S. had cut back on imports in order lo pressure Canada into a wider agreement on en- ergy. There were indications of a more prickly' Canadian atti- tude, and then Energy Minis- ter J. J. Greene came forward with his May 12 speech to the Independent Petroleum Associ- ation in Denver. Complaining energetically about the quotas, he spoke "grave political problems" which made it difficult to pro- ceed with talks on the energy agreement. In a comment which has been widely inter- preted-as a threat to withhold supplies, he advised the U.S. not to look to Canada to fill Us natural gas needs unless the market for oil was opened up. The minister then launched into a lecture on Canadian na- tionalism, which he linked -to "the sudden and tragic disap- pearance of the American Dream." He proclaimed Can- ada's determination to move away from the U.S. and to curb American penetration not only in the field of investment "At least it would stop the Old Man complaining about my high grocery bills Waller Schivarz Israel Worried About Foreign Image Israelis are worried about their im- age. Politicians of all parties make speeches about it, news- papers editorialize, people grumble about the information services, and the government is in the process of reorganiz- ing its handling of foreign juor- nalists. "Tell a serious Israeli journalist wanted to know "why is it '.hat the Fatah gets so much more coverage in Bri- tain and the United States than we do and why is our case treated with skepticism While the Fatah's absurd boasts are He might as well havs asked if I had stopped beating my wife, because his premise was wrong. The Israeli case still has an edge over the Arab in most European and American media. In fact, Israel's informal to n services, at horns and .abroad, are excellent, while those of the Arabs, especially Egyptian ones, are awful. A reporter in Cairo might wait a week with- out seeing anyone in the gov- ernment except the spokesman. In Israel his visit gets thhe en- thusiastic planning of a mili- tary operation. Worry about the image does not lack foundation. From being small and beleaguered, Israel has become large and obvious- ly strong and an occupying Power. Worse still the political dictates of keeping a broad- based coalition together have prevented the government from stating categorically that in ex- change for peace it will with- draw from most, if not all, the conquered lands. Ministers of the dominant La- bor Party, especially the For- eign Minister, Mr. Abba Eban, make it" clear enough that for their part they are. ready for substantial withdrawal ex- cept from Jerusalem, the Golan heights in the north, and Sharm. es Sheikh in the south if there are peace talks. But ministers of the expan- sionist "Gahal" grouping, also represented in the C a B i n e I. make it equally clear that they will resign if any such inten- tion is given the dignity of gov- ernment policy. Naturally, it is are quoted in the Arab Press. And the silence of the govern- ment about its intentions is deafening to many people in- the hawks, not the doves, who side Israel as well as outside. Restiveness among Israel's in- ternal "doves" has been brought into the open by the affair 'of Dr. N a ii 11 m Goldmann. the World Jewish Congress presi- dent, who was refused the Is- raeli en d o r s e- ment of an apparent invitation to go to Cairo. Almost every- one including Dr. Goldmann himself agrees- that if he had gone to Cairo it would not have made much difference to the basic issues of peace and war. At the same time, even rela- tive "hawks" agree that by re- fusing Goldmann permission, the government blundered and inflicted further damage to Is- rael's image. That this damage has been- done at home as well as abroad was brought home to Mrs. Meir, the Prime Minister in what she herself acknowledged was a dis- turbing and painful way. She got a letter from a group of secondary school children who told her they were less than happy at the imminent prospect of doing their military service in occupied areas about which their government's future inten- tions were so ambiguous. Mrs. 'Heir's own reaction to criticism and pressure has been to call a special meeting of her party's secretariat to dis- cuss the country's stance to- wards peace. It soon became clear '.hat the Labor Party, which controls half the seats in Parliament and dominates the Cabinet, prefers peace to ter- ritories. Many speakers betray- ed annoyance (hat this fact was not getting through to the world because of the dictates of coal- ition politics. Mr. Eban, who is known to be on the "doveish" side of the Cabinet, suggested that more could be done for Israel's for- eign image if the Labor Party were at least to make its own Letter To The Editor views known as a party. This could serve as a signal (o the world that if peace ever became close enough to being a practical possibility, and if an argument over terms finally broke up the coalition, there could be no doubt which way the dominant group would go, and which way a new govern- ment would go. There was not much response to Mr. Eban's idea at the meet- ing, but he has lost no time in putting it into practice. Within days, he was declaring that in peace negotiations, Israel would make concessions "that would startle the world." When a member of the National Reli- gious Party protested, he re- torted that he was free? to state his opinions. As a one man peace band, Mr. Eban will not do much for Israel's image. Mrs. Meir and other ministers keep on repeat- ing what they see as the fun- damental obstacle to any fur- ther Israeli peace moves. It is that Arab leaders do not accept Israel's existence, but only pre- tend to do so because they want the world to pressurize. Israel into giving up the terri- tories. "The argument is not over this or that General Dayan declared recently "but over the territory of Israel." HE has pointed to President Nas- ser's May Day speeches the latest evidence: Nasser was de- manding complete withdrawal and "justice" for the Palestin- ians. That, said Dayan, meant a return to tho vulnerable non- peace of pre 1967 days, plus other concessions such as tak- ing back the refugees, that would spell "suicide" for Is- rael To strengthen the point, Mrs. has lately been remind- ing people that there never has been a territorial dispute with to wiiom Israel re- turned border villages after the 1948 war, yet Lebanon had also declined to make peace. But her' central point, every time, is simply that "before 1967 we occupied no territories and we knew no peace. What reason have we to believe that if we withdraw once more we shall avoid returning to the same sit- uation that produced the So the dilemma over Israel's image is that while there is no sign of a real thaw on the Arab side, the government sees no point in breaking Israel's do- mestic unity by making a ges- ture that would bring peace no nearer. Unfortunately, however, gestures are what public rela- tions demand. Besides the cri- tics want to know what, in the absence of a tempting and con-'- vincing offer from Israel will ever make the Arabs change their minds about Israel. Until that vicious circle is broken, there will be no peace and prob- ably not much improvement in Israel's image. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) and the control of businesses and resources, but also on such matters as the National Hockey League and broadcasting. Official Washington has not been slow to react. The admin- istration is obviously reconsid- ering the whole question of an "energy agreement, which is, in turn, the key to the nation's oil import policy. Horn's Dole, assistant secre- tary of the interior in charge of minerals, has termed the speech "strongly nationalistic" and has said it indicates the U.S. is going to have problems negotiating an energy agree- ment. Mr. Dole has said had thought the negotiations were "going great" until Mr. Greene's speech. In comments to the National Press Club, Interior Secretory Walter Hickel was less blunt, but there was little doubt' his words reflected the same feel- ing. North America needed, an energy agreement, and though it was a bit idealistic, there were "plusses" for both coun- tries in talking about it. But, he said, "I don't think we'll ever get it if we just talk about the things they want." Reaching agreement, he added, "will take many years of com- munication." At the Senate meeting where Mr. Dole testi- fied, the talk was of mobilizing to meet the gathering U.S. fuel supply crisis Mr. Dole called it "one of the greatest facing the nation." The eyes of the committee were turned inwards from the insecurity of world Mr. Dole's comments on Canada rein- forced the inclination. Concurring in crit i c 1 s m of 'over dependence on foreign oil "even from our very good neighbor to the as one senator put it Mr. Dole and other senior officials argued for development of synthetic :oil sources particularly the oil entrapped in shale deposits in Wyoming, Utah and Colorado. Tentative plans to develop the stale deposits whose re- serves may equal those of tha Middle East have been de- layed by environmental consid- erations, and the present ex- pectation is that a beginning of production is ten years away. In the light of the pressure on fuel resources, however, Mr. Dole and his associates have raised the possibility of accel- erating development tax and royalty adjustments which would increase incen- tives. What effect there might be for Canadian oil remains to be calculated. With the U.S. balance of pay- ments deteriorating and the economy sagging, there is in- creasing pr.essu.re for the dis- mantling of provisions in the auto agreement which restrict U.S. auto access to Canada as an aid to Canadian production. Canada has argued for the re- tention of its privilege's-----the U.S. regards them as transi- tional and it has been -wide- ly assumed some compromise will be reached which will in some degree accommodate the U.3. attitude. In the overwrought atmo- sphere created by the Arctic and energy disputes, however, there is heightened apprehen- sion about the outcome of the tough bargaining in which the countries have been engaged for many months. There has been speculation that re-work- ing will produce a new agree- ment and, at the other ex- treme, that the U.S. is prepared to contemplate the breakdown of the agreement if its de- mands are not met. With dubious foundation, there is a readiness to believe that modifications will be such as to make possible direct im- ports to Canada of U.S. ve- hicles. At the moment, manu- facturers have special import- ing privileges and the price dif- ferential remains. (Herald Washington Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD Tennis Facilities I was disappointed although not surprised, when I drove past Henderson Lake, to see the area formerly occupied by the Lakeside Motel being put into flower gardens. This area has for many years been des- ignated for new tennis court facilities. Tennis facilities in Leth- bridge are very inadequate. We have only four city-owned courts at the Civic Centre op- erated under lease by the Leth- bridge Tennis Club. New facili- ties at Henderson Lake have been proposed for nearly fif- teen years, but each year these plans have been set back. Many times the people using the present facilities have been assured that construction on the new courts would start the next year. When Civic Cetitrt Centre and Curling Rink was built, the land used for it. was occupied by five tennis courts and a club house. These were built and operated by the Leth- bridge Tennis Club, on land leased fi'om the city. At that time the city made a verbal promise to the Lethbridge Ten- nis Club that they would give the club back the same facili- ties as they took for the curling facilities. Neither the tennis club nor the private people that had put considerable money and labor into these facilities nave ever received remunera- tion as promised. When they do not abide by their commitments is it any wonder that so many people are not satisfied with our city administration? TENNIS FAN. Lelhbridge. THROUGH THE HERALP 1920 Water reached the Canada Land And Irrigation Company's Western district at noon today. If all goes accord- ing to plan, the new irrigation district between the Oldman and Bow Rivers could become one of the richest farming stretches in Alberta. was announced today that President and Mrs. Hoover will visit Waterton National Park during a visit to Glacier National Park this summer. It will be the second time an Am- erican president has visited Canada during his term of of- fice. 1940 The Dionne .quintuplets celebrated their sixth birthday today at the Dafoe nursery. The quints' guardians announced1 a special present of worth of Canadian war stamps in honor of the occasion. 1930 Lethbridge lias contri- buted almost to the Mani- toba Flood Relief Campaign, aa part of a national campaign to raise money and supplies for Victims of Manitoba floods. F. Kennedy, 34, married only 10 years and al- ready father of seven children, was named America's "Father of the Year." The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Had Registration Number 0012 Member of Tha Canadian Press and tha Canadian Daily Ncwinuw Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLF.O W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS U. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BAI.LA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Asiociato Editor ROY' F. MILES IWltOLAS K. WALKEJ AdvtnlUni Managtr EditorlU tun UlUr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;