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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Scilurdoy, May 27, 1972 THE LFTHBRIDCE HERALD 5 Herald slfiff members A collection of short book reviews Focus on the University "Places Where I've Dflnc Time" by William Saroynn (Pracger Publishers, SC.D5, 182 pages, distributed by Bums anil JWacEacIicrn rpHROUGH the, device or re- lating incidents or impres- sions connected to places, the famous writer William Satoy- an has written a unique auto- biography, The entries in this iKopjaphy run From 1900 to are not chronological- ly arranged and (here are not entries for all years in be- tween. Although some interest- ing insights are given into the life and thought of Saroyan, 1 prefer to read the more con- ventional sequential type of biography. DOUG WALKER. "Fnecesr.fiJ] PuWic Speak- InK" Raymond Hull (Long- man Canada Limited, Sin, 228 "A VERY well planned hook with excellent quality printing which facilitates easy reading. The aulfior, a ireJI- known public speaker in his own right, takes the subject matter from beginning to end and presents it in an interest- Ing manner. The textbook atmosphere of the (opic is taken out by the handling of each section in such a ivay as to make the reader 'yonder what is coming next. The summary at the end of each section allows a brief reminder for the exercises plajincd for practising what lias been a unique bonus tor the reader. For the person who needs lips on public speaking, this in- formative book is a must. RIC SWIHART. "Angel Cove" Will H. Bird (Macmillnn ol Cauada, S6.93, IflDDCAniLY I lite a book of folisy tales but I gave up on this one very early in the going at the end of the first story, as a matter of fact. The dust jacket says the stories are delightful and beautfully writ- ten but I found that first one so tedious I couldn't bear the of persevering. Half a million copies of Will Bird's books have been sold so it could simply be a case of me not being in tune with the au- llior's style. The stories are about people in a Newfound- land village. DOUG WALKER. "P. I. Tchaikovsky's SWAN LAKE" illustrated by Kozo Shimizu (Lougman Canada Limited. 1-1 pages. is aji exquisitely illus- trated book designed to leach music appreciation to children. The story has been adapted hy Eriko Kishida and translated by Ann King Her- ring. The illustrations appear to be watercolor on white and colored paper. The style and the rhythmic delicacy comple- ment the events of (lie story in the many mood variations. The extra good quality of paper not only shows them off to their advantage but is helpful vitli regard to careless little fingers. GERTA PATSON. "Casey of The by Edmund C o s g r o v e f Clarke. Invin zuA Company Limited, 170 pages, A STORY of journalism at its best told as only an experienced journalist could, this book takes a look at the life of a youngster who starts work on a large city paper as a copy boy. It portrays some of the conflict and intrigue of his summer, some of the breaks and luck of "a special person for a special job'1 and al- though it runs a little too much along (he lines of the regular drama of crime defeated by the good, it presents some in- teresting reading. Interspersed throughout the book is information about the terms of the technical end of the business. The book is aimed at the ju- nior to senior high school level and reminds one of [lie old Hardy Boy scries of youths in conflict. RIC "Manhattan North" by Martha Albrand (Longman C a n a d a Sfi.93 223 J'VU been an admirer of Martha Albrand for some, lime but her latest novel an- noyed me because I wasted lime reading it in I ho Iwpe it would eventually amount (o something. It didn't. Set in Manhattan as the, tille Kiiggesl.s, the story deals will) an aping Supreme Court .lustko uho hnp seduced a precocious 15-year-old Rirl. He is murder- ed and the incident is hushed up The young hero, however. lv.lio.ving there is soinel.hing si- ri-lr.r going on digs into the m.! I (or r.nd in a series of .lames Rondish tricks uncovers tho true killer. The hero, al- tracted to tile 12-year-old child, is himself not n "nry attrac- tive type. He can't even bebcvo IhLt there arc still women in (liis sex-oriented world '.vlio can arrive at: the ripe age of 23 and still bo virgins. The author perhapiL has tried to cash in on many of the sup- posedly popular in-things of today drugs, sex, aging love, politics. The whole bit. It's a sordid tale, not recommended to take your mind off your troubles. MARGARET LUCKI-IURST. "Billy Graham Talks Wth David Frost" by David Frost (A. J. Ilolman Company, 94 pages, distributed by Pi- Welch Company Lid.) BOTH participants in t h e s (i conversations show up at tlicir best: David as tiie skillful interviewer and Billy Graham as a major religions spokesman. Tile transcripts of two ninety-minute television in- terviews plus 20 photographs of Billy Graham with various people are included. Sun- jects close to the central con- cerns of Billy Graham are covered forthrightly and with good humor at times. Fans of both men will greatly enjoy this book and even those who might lie inclined to avoid it could find some parts instruc- tive DOUG WALKER "The X Cralt Raid" by Thomas Gallagher (Longman Canada Ltd., S7.50, 170 most feared nava' ves- sel in European waters in Uie Second World War was the German battleship Tirpitz, which lurkexi in the impene- trable strongholds in the fjords of occupied Norway. Her pre- sence was a continued threat to allied shipping, but none of the available craft could catch her. Churchill wanted her tor- pedoed, but the convenlional at- tacks by routine methods fail- ed. He ordered a new weapon to be found and a sort of min- submarme, Uie X-craTt, was de- veloped. The author deals w i t h Uin construction and testing of the new it's trial period and its eventual mission in a very grin- ping and cxciling fashion. Well Trritten, this book should sell especially lo ex-naval types. One can see great possi- bilities in a rattling good movie coming out of this book on the tracking down of the Tirpitz. MARGARET LUCKHURST. "How It Started" by Webb Garrison (Abingflon, S5.2F. 237 pages, distribuled by G. Welch Company, OVER 300 items from games lo ghoulish practices have their origins traced in Ihis book. If is noticeable (hat many things cannot be given a pre- cise beginning so that a pro- bable explanation of origin has to suffice. That means some debates are not going to be set- tled salisfaclorily by resorting to this book as an arbiter. Those who like delving into ob- scurities and having bits of eru- dition lo drop into conversa- tions will want (o have this book. DOUG WALKER "Desert of Darkness" by Rillh IVissman (Grossel and Dunlap. 50.55, 16: pages, dis- tributed by George J. Mc- Lood IN this covef we fire treat- ed to death, mysticism, in- trigue and about that order. II has a fairly good background plot and should have made a fairly good story bill it simply never manages to convince the reader lhat the (situations confronting the her- oine, could have hapjicned. In fact it's an immense disap- pointment and a of time for n reader lo plow Ihrough. MARGAI1KT UlCKHUIvST "Tho liridii's Guide for Youufl Maivirds" hy Rrlly Rolstou nnd (.lir editors nf The Hrldc's Magazine (Gros- sct and Dunlnp, JS.95, .106 patfrs. distributed by (irortfe J. iMcI.cml, Lld.l. that a newly- wed might waul In know abniil managing the practical afffiirs in a niarrhge seems to be available UiL1; book. It mniify mailers, Ihe buy- ing ,'inil iiiaind'iiance 'if furni- ture and the selec- tion and preparation ol food, the acquisition and care uf clothing, and other things. There iiiouid hnvc been a hint or two on lo get husbandn to read books like this since their stupidity and arrogance is Uie rock on which many mar- riages founder. DOI.'G WALKRVI. "Tlic nf Mir I.ym" by Victoria Holt (Collins SO.50, 31H VICTORIA HOLT has writ- ten a number of good ro- mantic-suspense novels (as- sumed to be popular with wom- en) hut this isn't one of them. Set in the Australian outback, this contrived tale of a young girl under the spell nf hrr guardian's lynx-like eyes seems lo be made up as Ihe writer went along. The poor heroine nm'l make up her mind whom Jnve.s L.viu w his KIM. She hurtles from one dan- gerous sit nation to another w i t h such dauntless courage Perils of Pauline look like Mission Band material. Save >our for something read- able, there's lots of it on the market. MARGARET LUCKIIURST. Fortress and for. "The. Conspiracy" by John JI c r s c y (Random House of Canada, 274 pages, A NCIENT Rome, during the period of Nero's reign, is brought to life in this look into one of the most popular and most interesting periods of world history. All the cruelly and color of is evident in this book as John Mersey winds his throucb a plot to as- sassinate the Roman emperor. The Conspiracy, which has more entertainment than his- torical value, begins with tho uncovering of the plot against, Nero's lile and ends with the discovery of the perpetrators. RON CALDWELL. Pliolo by Elwood Ferguson Unusual missionary challenge "The Way of Transcen- dence: Chrislian Failh With- out Belirf in God" hy Ali- stair Kcc (Penguin Books, SI.50, 2-11 ITEW t h c i s 15, strictly speaking, exist in Uie modern world "for the simple reason that il does nol. occur to a large number of people that (.here i? tiling lo dejiy.1' says Scottish theologian Ali- sLaJr Kee. "The majority of people today are atheisls not becairr 'difficulties' prevent from in God, but, becaure there is noth- ing in their experience might, lead them to suspccL that l.hcro is a God." The attempts of such men as Bishop John A. T. Robinson (in Honest to God) lo come to grips with the difficulties so- fiilarily has created for Chris- tian have really got nl the heart cf Ihe problem. Their reformist Ihcolopy nf best, makes it for Chris- tians lo remain Christians in lace of various i'lKvlcd'.ial ('-if- ficullics. Kee doubis if r.ny ncn-hcJicvei's have been cn- ablpd lo come lo faith tliis Those lo (lie Death c> (Joil movement at lea.sl rcccgnirai the fact Dint a groat many people are devoid of any experience of Ihe reality of Cioil. Bui. they also failed to accordinp to Kec, he-cHUM: t h e y addressed (hcm.'rho.s ii> (hose had ont'Q had experience of God and could entertain Llie pos.sihihlv of iU return. It is meaningless to lalk ahnul. Ihe. of I he absence nf God to p c o p I c. have no feeling of Joss. Although imbfliof is wide- spread, an openness to religion as a of life is characteris- tic. Kee proposes that this should bo upon by offering CliviMinniU a (it Mipt'tiur or l.i.inx emii'iil liv- ini; uilhnut. iTquirini: belief in God. ''Tlu'iT is a life viiii'h is nnl.urnl lo in.m. nnd I h c r o is aiiollicr kind of lite for which lie con.u-iously decide, and for which if he decides, lie. niiisl. si rive wild all liis dcler- mination.'1 This oilier life, this (raii.scendonl life, is best rcp- iT.snnlrd by JTMI.S Cbrif-L and people should he challenged to in thai In view of I ho. fact, that Bish- op Robinson's mild attempt to redefine God created some- thing of a slorm, it could be expected that Kee's proposal would result in a hurricane. 1 doubt if this will happen, how- ever. Few books ever pet tho attention Robinson's book was given and Kee's book does not seem destined to be one cf them. The writing is that ot a theologian addressing other theologians and thus 3 limited audience is very apt to be at- tracted. However, it is certain- ly far fiom being incompre- hensible. The central proposition of Ihis book deserves a better fata t h a n to be ignored or dismiss- ed with sarcasm. It may bo true that the vast majority of people still profess to be- live in God as some will ba quick to point out to Kee but thai such belief is "an effective clement of contemporary liv- ing'1 may be doubled. And that is fho situation which Uie au- thor ivanls lakcn seriously and for TrJiJcli he issues an es- sentially missionary challenge. DOUG WALKER. Living arrangement "A right grand girl" br Mary Howard (Collins, S5.95, 191 QF the several light novels I've read this spring this one holds Hie most prom- ise. This is a story of conflict between ycslerdr.y's conven- tions and today's moves and difficulty of bridging (he Doreen Lister, the young her- oine, is a middle-class English lass carefully reared and schooled to be cvcrj thing her parcnLs hope for. She docs well in school, later enters her fath- er's prosperous business and becomes engaged to a fine lad her parents admire and re- spect. Everything is j u s I. ]y, but Uorccn herself feels a restlessness she can't accounl for. About a month prior lo her wedding she and a friend go lo Spam on a holiday where she hopes to resolve her inner conflicts. But here she runs into her fiancee's fascinaling ne'er-do-well brother who has left the family hearlh and for- tune lo lead an unorthodox, hippie Ivpe lifo. They fall in love and shr.ck up together viilhout a rejecting the famines' protests and their "wcll-hrou-hl. traditions. This type of arrangement, has its repercussions nd emotional pitfalls, and as Ihe slory un- folds everyone in both families becomes involved. It is ;t modern look at Jo- dry's growing living arrange- ments wiiich young people ac- repl. hut ohler ]vople find too casual. Irs an imtisiialiy well written book and 1 endorse it heartily. MA'ROARRT Ten proves to be one "Ten Versions of America" by (irrald It. (.Alfred A. Knopf bonk from Itandnm House of (an.'ul.i Ltd. IMtfrs. MPHK lillr of this hook cesLs Hint (More nro ton versions of America, bui Ger- ald Nelson really prcsrnls one version: Ihnl the American Dream is (load In America t od H y, 'grvxT means money; 'success' menus the anility to fool others; 'hravo' mean.s '.sincere- ly' ITUVIIP the author concludes. This hook Is not. rocommcnd- rd lor (tic general reader he- eaiiM1 il i n d u I g c s in literary jargon. Broken si'iilenccs are mud loo often, m.ikmg il diffi- cult for the reader to fnllou One version conspicuously absent from tins criticism is Ihe good version of America. Is America really hoix'lcss? Is il fair to project all Americans as Mr. a foreigner can see "our cniinlry wilh eyes fresher th.'ai any American's." .As an American writer, lie (nils exaclly in Ihis. lint who won'IV JOK MX By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND Why (J of U I inltnl, ol Uiw column will lo initiate an explanation of some of the concepts lhat affirm the beliefs of many people The University of Lclb- bridgc who fed there is a very definite advantage lo he gained in attending this "small" jn compari- son lo many ol Hie multiversities with which we are familiar. To sol Ihe context, il must certainly be realized that the university's efforts are directed by two faculties, arts and science and education. The latter provides Ihe degree Bachelor of Education and Ihe for- mer the Bachelor of Ails, (lie Bachelor of Fine Arts and the Bachelor of Mu- sic degrees. In addition, arts and science makes available the first one or two years of a variety of transfer programs in agree- ment wilh other universities in Canada (i.e. pre-enginccring first year Irans- fer lo U of A; prc-houschoM economics- first to U of A; pre-vcl- erinary two fer lo University of Saskatchewan: and so on to a total of ten pre-professional ar- Considering Ihe context, the comparisons and analyses to be made here are only in regard to similar programs offered by oth- er institutions, in general. Obviously there isn't much credibility in talking about a program of oceanography at Tbe Univer- sity of Lethbridge we simply don't have, one. The base therefore is education, arts and science, and pre-professional study programs. Of prime import Is the variety of ways in winch people can be admitted lo degree programs, whether they are right out ol Iiigh school or if Ihey happened lo have finished or have dropped out of secondary schooling some time ago. Naturally, the uaivcrsity has a ".tlan- dard" admission which requires four of the 30-level grade XII suhjscls, complemented by a fifth course which can either bo another 30-level or one of the live credit grade XII courses (i.e. economics, music, The only compulsory course is En- glish 30 and Ihe average for the first four must be 60 per cent. The word compulsory is not evident in many other places Ihroughout the university's academic regu- lations, as you mil see. Without intending to insult Ihe majority group, the matriculants, il is at this point the real flexibihty of The University of Lethbridge begins. For example, should a graduating grade XII student end up a mark statement in Julv which indicates he or 5be in one course short o[ the pre- viously explained matriculation standard, she or he can apply for admission under Ihe matriculation deficiency program. Thfi student would then be allowed lo register in three or four regular university courses (Ihe normal load is five per semester) as well as Ihe appropriate IKMcvel course at the universily (or 30-level at the college; which would, upon successful completion, fill Ihe particular admission requirements. After one s e m e s t e r Uie student's work would be evaluated and successful work in the "deficiency" course would mean con- tinuance towards the degree, providing of course the university courses were also completed. On the other hand, if Ihe stu- dent manages to pars the courses but is obvbudy himg on the he may well be allowed to proceed toward the degree, providing the lack of the particular course will not af- fect specific academic undertakings in the future. Consider also the mature student ?-d- missions program which provides Ihe op- portunily of a universily education to per- sons 19 years of age and over who have been out of school for at least one year. More than 700 persons have been admitted to Ihe university on this basis since iis we? and LIMK, are now eu on Ihe way towards degrees. In fact :5 ol the recent graduating class of 334 were originally admitted without matriculation. Statistics also show lhat as a group ilia mature students have performed with slightly higher averages lhan have the en- tire matriculated group. It is also of some significance in note lhat these "older" stu- dents (and this is certainly a dangerous kind of reference) have played a signifi- cant role in the growth of the governmen- tal structure of tin's haj been a very positive contribution lo effec- tively complement lhat of their malncu- lated counterparts. To conclude this episode sequentially, one must realize that when admitted to the university each individual is not re- stricted to entering a specific program in September and only September. Tha total semester system employed here enables commencement of a degree program in September, January, May, or July and it permils each person lo determine the rate, (courses per year) at which they wiD pur- sue a degree. There are certainly a good number of reasons why the semester sys- tem should be a major factor in any de- cision about which university ona might choose to atlend. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORIEY International development crisis Impressive body of representa- tives to the Sare-the-Children Fund conference In Banff uere sombre. Gone are Uie glamor days when interna- tional development scorned an easy and romantic journey into prosperity and brotherhood. The rich are getting richer and the poor gelling poorer. The over-all annual growth rate of (.he developing coun- tries has decreased while the gap between per capita income in (he developing coun- tries and Uie developed countries has wi- dened. One in eight, people, somewhere be- tween three hundred and five hundred mil- lion, normally suffer from hunger, while one in two. or sixteen hundred million peo- ple are under-nourished wMch moans Mck- ing protein in diet. Such chronic starva- tion means physical and mental lethargy, a susceplibilify lo diseases like kwashior- kor, early semlily and death, and irrever- sible damage lo all organs of the human body. In Ihe light of human need the resources of Save-lhe-Children Fund scorn an inef- fective drop in Hie bucket. The Pearson report, Partners in which emphasized the absoluk' necessity of jus- lice in trade and the necessity cf creating a framework for free and equitable inter- national trade, seems unrealistic in the of Ihe burgeoning nationalism and the new high American tariffs. Disillusion- ment with foreign aid has caused a severe decline in American participation, a de- cline which will have a profound effect on American industry inasmuch as a mini- mum of iM per cent had lo be spent in Uxi United Stales. Tlus meant (hat frequently Ihe. aid-receiving counlry had to spend more than il receiving in aid. Giving credits lo developing countries has meant that, frequently Ihe country has iKirrowcd more lhan il can properly scr. vice, India for example having the burden of four hundred and fifty million dollar; in annual interest. The Pearson report con- demned Ihe lying of aid lo purchases in donor countries which imposed direct and indirect costs on aid-receivers and distorted the channels of world I rale. The rcporl recommended a sequence of steps leading lo progressive untying and also pcrmillmfi aid-receivers lo use funds for purchases in other developing countries. Much aid was wasted in foolish and unsuitable ventures. Large qiianlilic.s ivcnl imdisi.rihuled. Much nf Ihe aid by privale companies resulted in Uie dumping of unsuilable. machinery and goods on developing countries and was clearly exploitative. There was much dis- couragement in private investment when companies in some countries were taken over and nationalized. When Shell, Esso Standard, and Texaco refineries were seized by the Cubans without compensa- tion, new United States petroleum invest- ments in developing countries fell from a hundred and ninety six million dollars in 1553 to ninety-six million in I9CO. N e w Canadian investment in developing coun- tries fell sharply with the 1S67 expropria- tion of a Sao Paulo subsidiary of Brazilian Light and Power Company Limited of To- ronto. All experts emphasize the importance of slowing the growth of population. The growth rates were highest in the countries uitli the leasl production of consumer goods and foodstuffs. France and other Common Market countries have a popula- tion growth of less lljau per cent per year while Mexico a growth rr.te of a per cent ,-nd Venezuela 4 which means that the I'UjJiiJclion would double in 15 years. Tins problem of popula- tion growth is a disillusioning faclor in it- self because il moans thai the saving of human life increases the problem. Such a reaction however would be inhuman. A primary motive in international develop- ment must be human compassion. Xor is il merely a mailer of giving a handout, and of charily hut of basic social justice and Ihe acknowledgement of the solidarity of Ihe human race. Also a dominant mo'.ne. must be enlightened self-inleresl. For ex- ample Ihe tariffs imposed by the United Slates hurt Ihe mass of Americans and rrealc condiiions for cnolher ivorld war. Moreover the world is one and diseases spread. Nor can there be any sharp dis- tinction between development in Canada and world development. The all'ludcs in one area will be Hie attitudes in the other, in any event no thoughtful man doubts lhat Ihis is a time of crisis of Ihe utmost, cravily when Ihe world is gripped by col- ossal famine and appalling human need. In (Jie of (he mounling misery in a poverty stricken world affluent peoples re- main in a stale of indifference, ignorance, or casual disregard. S.ive-lhe-Cliil rf re n Fund therefore prerforms a most valuable service in bringing tho experts together and with dramatic methods demonslralinp lo the mosl lazy and unaware dial t h a world is in Flames. ;