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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, May 27, 1972 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 Herald slfifi members A collection of short book reviews Focus on the University "Places Where I've Done Time" by William Saroyan (Pracger Publishers, SG.95, 182 pages, distributed by Burns and IMacEacbcrn rpHROUGH Uie device cl re- lating incidents or impres- sions connected to places, the famous writer William Saoy- an has written a unique auto- biography. The entries in this biography run from 1908 to 1969 hut are not chronological- ly arranged and there are not entries for all years in be- tween. Although some interest- ing insights are given into the life and thought of Saroyan, I prefer to read the more con- ventional sequential tj'pe ol biography. DOUG WALKER. "Successful Tul'Iic Speak- ing" by Raymond Hull (Long- man Canada Limited, S10, 228 "A VERY well planned book with excellent quality printing which facilitates easy reading. The author, a well- known public speaker in his own right, takes the subject matter from beginning to end and presents it in an interest- Ing manner. The textbook atmosphere of the topic is taken out by the handling of each section in sucli a way as to make the reader wonder what is coming next. The summary at the end of each section allows a brief reminder for the exercises planned for practising what has been a unique bonus for the reader. For the person who needs tips on public speaking, this in- formative book is a must. RIC SWIHART. "Angel Cove" by will H. Bird (Macmiilan of Canada, S6.85, 230 1HDCCA1ULY I like a book of folksy tales but I gave up on this one very early in the going at the end of the first story, as a matter of fact. The dust jacket says the stories are delightful and beautfully writ- ten but I found that first one so tedious I couldn't bear the of persevering. Half a million copies of Will Bird's books have been sold so it could simply be a case of me not being in tune with the au- thor's style. The stories are about people in a Newfound- land village. DOUG WALKER, traded to Uie 12-year-old child, is himself not a wry attrac- tive type. He can't even believe thtt there are still women in this sex-oriented world who can arrive at the ripe age of 23 and still be virgins. The author perhapi has tried to cash in on many of Uie sup- posedly popular iii-things of today drugs, sex, aging love, politics. The whole bit. It's a sordid tale, not recommended to take your mind off your troubles. MARGARET LUCKHURST. "Billy Graham Talks With David Frost" by David Frost (A. J. Ilolmau Company, S3.10, 94 pages, distributed by R. Welch Company Ltd.) BOTH participants in these conversations show up at their best: David as the skillful interviewer and Biliy Graham as a major religious spokesman. The transcripts of two ninety-minute television in- terviews plus 20 photographs of Billy Graham with various p e o p 1 e are included. Sun- jects close to the central con- cerns of Billy Graham are covered forthrightly and with good humor at times. Fans of both men will greatly enjoy this book and even those who might be inclined to avoid it could find some parts instruc- tive DOUG WALKER about managing the practical affairs in a marriage seems to be available till'-; bank. It covers ninney matters, (he buy- ing ;unl maintenance 'if furni- ture and equipment, the selec- tion and preparation of food, Uie acquisition and care of clothing, and other things. There should have been a hint or two on how lo get husbands to read books like this since their .stupidity and arrogance is Uie rock on which many mar- riages founder. DOUG WALKER. "The Shadow of (lie by Victoria Holt (Collins, Sli.50, 318 HOLT has wril- ten a number of good ro- mantic-suspense novels (as- sumed to be popular with wom- en) but this isn't one of them. Set in the Australian outback, this contrived tale of a young girl under the spell of her guardian's lynx-like eyes seems lo lie made up as the writer -nt along. The poor heroine n't make up her mind whom loves more, Lynx or his a. She hurtles from one dan- -rous situation lo another w i I h such dauntless courage the Perils of Pauline look like Mission Band material. Save your for something read- able, there's lots of il on Hie market. MARGARET LUCKHURST. Fortress and for. "P. I. Tchaikovsky's SWAN LAKE" illustrated by Kozo Shimizu (Longman Canada Limited, 14 pages. rpHIS is an exquisitely illus- trated book designed to teach music appreciation to children. The story has been adapted by Eriko Kishida and translated by Ann King Her- ring. The illustrations appear to be watercolor on white and colored paper. The style and the rhythmic delicacy comple- ment the events of the story in the many mood variations. The extra good quality of paper not only shows them off to their best advantage but is helpful with regard to careless little fingers. GERTA PATSON. "The Conspiracy" by John II e r s e y (Random House of Canada, 274 pages, ANCIENT Rome, during the period of Nero's reign, is brought to life in this look into one of the most popular and most interesting periods of world history. All the corruptness, crucify and color of Nero is evident in this book as John Mersey winds his way through a plot to as- sassinate the Roman emperor. The Conspiracy, which has more entertainment than his- torical value, begins with tho uncovering of the plot against. Nero's life and ends with tha discovery of the perpetrators. RON CALDWELL. "Casey of The by Edmund C o s g r o v e (Clarke, Irwin and Company Limited, 170 pages, A STORY of journalism at its b e s t told as only an experienced journalist could, this book lakes a look at the life of a youngster who starts work on a large city paper as a copy boy. It portrays some of the conflict and intrigue of his summer, some of the breaks and luck of "a special person for a special job'1 and al- though it runs a little too much along the lines of the regular drama of crime defeated by the good, it presents some in- teresting reading. Interspersed throughout the book is information about the terms of the technical end of the business. The book is aimed at the ju- nior to senior high school level and reminds one of Uie old Hardy Boy series of youths in conflict. RIC SWIHART. "Manhattan NT o r t h" by Martha Alnrand (Longman Canada Ltd., Sli.93 223 T'VE been an admirer of MarUia Albrand for some lime but her latest novel an- noyed me because 1 wasted time reading it in the hope, it would eventually amount lo something. It didn't. Set in Manhattan as Uie, Utle suggests, the story deals willi an aging Supreme Court .lustjco who has seduced a precocious 12-year-old girl. He is murder- c'l and the incident is hushed up The young hero, however, believing there is something si- rrtc.r going on digs into the m.iltcr raid in a series of James Bondish tricks uncovers the true killer. The, at- "The X Craft Raid" by Thomas Gallagher (Longman Canada Ltd., S7.50, 170 rjvHE most feared nava1 ves- sel in European waters in ths Second World War was the German battleship Tirpitz, which lurked in the impene- trable strongholds in the fjords of occupied Norway. Her pre- sence was a continued threat to allied shipping, but none ot the available craft could catch her. Churchill wanted her tor- pedoed, but Uie conventional at- tacks by routine methods fail- ed. He ordered a new weapon to be found and a sort of min- submaruie, the X-craft, was de- veloped. The author deals w i t h Uis construction and testing of the new sub, it's trial period and its eventual mission in a very grip- ping and exciting fashion. Well written, this book should sell especially to ex-naval types. One can see great possi- bilities in a rattling good movie coming out of this book on the tracking down of the Tirpitz. MARGARET LUCKHURST. "How It Started" by Webb Garrison (Abingdon, S5.25, 237 pages, distributed by G. Welch Company, OVER 300 items from games to ghoulish practices have (heir origins traced in Ihis book. It is noticeable that many things cannot be given a pre- cise beginning so that a pro- bable explanation of origin has to suffice. That means some debates are not going to be set- tled satisfactorily by resorting to this book as an arbiter. Those who like delving into ob- scurilies and having bits of eru- dition to drop into conversa- tions will want to have this book. DOUG WALKER "Desert of Darkness" by Ruth Wissman (Grosset and Dunlap. SO.95, IG2 pages, dis- tributed by George J. Me- Lcod TN this ravel we are trcal- ed to death, mysticism, in- trigue and about that order. It has a fairly good background plot and should have made a fairly good story but it simply never manages to convince the reader Ihat the situations confronting the her- oine, could have happened. In fact it's an immense disap- pointment and a waste of lime for a reader lo plow through. MARGARET U1CKHUKST "The Bride's Guide for Young Maivicds" by Belly Rolslon and the editors of The Bride's Magazine (Gros- set and Dunlap, JS.95, and pages, distributed by George J. McLrnd, EVERYTHING that a newly- wed might want In know Photo by Elwood Ferguson Unusual missionary challenge "The Way of Transcen- dence: Christian Faith With- out Belief in Gotl" by All- stair Kee (Penguin Books, S1.50, 241 "PEW atheists, strictly speaking, exist in the modern world "for the simple reason that it does not. occur to a large number of people that there is anything lo deny." says Scottish theologian Ali- Etair Kee. "The majority of people today are atheists not because certain 'difficulties' prevent them from believing in Gotl. but became there is noth- ing in their experience which might lead them to suspect that there is a God." The attempts of such men as Bishop John A. T. Robinson (in Honest to God i Ip come to grips with the difficulties so- cularity has created for Chris- tian faith have not really got at the heart cf Uie problem. Their reformist theology at, best makes it possible for Chris- tians to remain Christians in face of various intellectual dif- ficulties. Kee doubts if any ncn-bclicvcrs have been en- abled to crane to faith this way. Those who belonged to the Death ci God movement at least recognized the fact that a g r e a t many people are devoid of any experience of the reality of God. But, they also failed' to satisfy, according to Kcc, because Hi e y addressed theniEchcs really lo those who had once had experience of God and could entertain the possibility of its return. It is meaningless to talk about the experience of the absence of God to people who have no feeling of loss. Although unbelief is wide- spread, an openness to religion as a of life is characteris- tic. Kcc proposes that this should be capitalized upon by offering Christianity as a way lo sini'rior or fniiiM'cmloiit liv- ing without requiring belief in God. ''There, is a life which is natural lo man, and I b c r c is another kind of life for which be must con.u-iously decide, and for which if he derides, he must strive with all his deter- mination." This oilier life, this transcendent life, is best rcp- resented by ,lesus Christ and people be challenged to follow in thai way. Ill view of the. fact Iliat Bish- op Robinson's inild attempt, to redefine God created some- thing of a storm, it could be expected that Kee's proposal would result in a hurricane. 1 doubt if Uiis will happen, how- ever. Few books ever get the attention Robinson's book was given and Kee's book does not seem destined to be one cf them. The writing is that of a theologian addressing other theologians and thus a limited audience is very apt to be at- tracted. However, it is certain- ly far from being incompre- hensible. The central proposition of Uiis book deserves a better fate t h a n to be ignored or dismiss- ed with sarcasm. It may bo true that the vast majority of people still profess to be- ]ive in God as some will ba quick to point out. to Kee but that sucli belief is "an effective element of contemporary liv- ing'1 may be doubted. And that is the situation which Uie au- thor wants taken seriously and for w h i c h he issues an es- sentially missionary challenge. DOUG WALKER. Living arrangement "A right grand girl" oy Mary Howard (Collins, the several light novels I've read tins spring this one holds the most, prom- ise. This is a story of conflict between yesterday's conven- tions and' today's moves and ll-.c difficulty of bridging the chr.nm. Doreen Lister, the young her- oine, is a middle-class English lass carefully reared and schooled to be everything her parents hope for. She does well in school, later enters her fath- er's prosperous business and becomes engaged to a fine lad her parents admire and re- spect. Everything is j u s t. ly, but Dorccn herself feels a restlessness she can't account for. About a month prior to her wedding she and a friend go Ten proves to be one "Ten Versions of America" by Gerald II. Nelson. (Alfred A. Knopf book from Random House of (anad.-i Ltd. 200 pages. 'PHK title of this book sug- gests thai there are ten versions of America, but Ger- ald Nelson really presenls one version: Ihat the American Dream is dead. In America t o d a y, 'good' means money: 'success' means the ability to fool others: 'brave' means dead: 'sincere- ly' means Ihe author concludes. Tliis hook Is not. recommend- By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND Why U of U 1 rrHE specific intent, of this column will be to initiate an explanation of some of the concepts (hat affirm the beliefs of many people at The University of Lcth- bridge who fed there is a very definite advantage lo be gained in attending this "Email" institution small in compari- son to many of the multiversities with which we are familiar. To set the context, it must certainly be realized that the university's efforts are directed by two faculties, arts and science and education. The latter provides the degree Bachelor of Education and the for- mer the Bachelor of Ails, the Bachelor of Fine Arts and the Bachelor of Mu- sic degrees. In addition, arts and science makes available the first one or years of a variety of transfer programs in agree- ment with other universities in Canada (i.e. pre-engineering first year trans- fer to U of A; pro-household economics- first lo U of A; pre-vct- erinary two fer to University of Saskatchewan; and so on to a total of ten pre-professional ar- Considering the context, the comparisons and analyses lo be made here are only in regard to similar programs offered by oth- er instilulions, in Obviously there isn't much credibility in talking about a program of oceanography at The Univer- sity of Lethbridge we simply don't have one. The base therefore is education, arts and science, and pre-professional study programs. Of prime import is the variety of ways in which people can be admitted to degree programs, whether they are right out of high school or if they happened to have finished or have dropped out of secondary schooling some Ume ago. Naturally, the university has a ".'tan- dard" admission which requires four of the SO-level grade XII subjects, complemented by a fifth course which can either bo another 30-level or one of the five credit grade XII courses (i.e. economics, music, The only compulsory course is En- glish M and the average for the first, four must be 60 per cent. The word compulsory is not evident in many other places throughout the university's academic regu- lations, as you will see. Without intending to insult the majority group, the matriculants, it is at this point the real flexibibty of The University of Lethbridge begins. For example, should a graduating grade XII student end up with a mark statement in July which indicates to Spain on a holiday where she hopes to resolve her inner conflicts. But here she runs into her fiancee's fascinating ne'er-do-well brother who has left the family hearth and for- tune to lead an unorthodox, hippie type life. They fall in love and shack up together without a quaim. rejecting tr.e famines' protests and their "well-brousht up" traditions. This type of arrangement, has its repercussions nd emotional pitfalls, and as the story un- folds everyone in both families becomes involved. It is a modern look at to- dry's growing living arrange- ment which young people ac- cept, but older iXKiple find too casual. It's an unusually well written hook and I endorse it heartily. MARGARET LUCKHURST. i'd for Uie general reader be- cause it i n d H 1 g c s in literary jargon. Broken srnleiiccs are used loo often, milking it diffi- cult for Uie reader to follow- On? version conspicuously absent from this criticism is the good version of America. Is America really hopeless? Is il fair lo project ;ill Americans ,-is trancdirs1.' Mr. Nelson says a foreigner can see "our country with eyes fresher than any American's." As an American writer, lie (nils exactly in this. Hut who won't? JOE MA. he or she is one course short of the pre- viously explained matriculation standard, she or he can apply for admission under the matriculaUon deficiency program. Thn student would then be allowed to register in three or four regular university courses (I ha normal load is five per semester) as well as Uie appropriate 100-level course at the university (or 30-level at the college) which would, upon successful completion, fill the particular admission requirements. After one semester Uie student's work would be evaluated and successful work in the ''deficiency" course would mean con- tinuance towards Uie degree, providing of course the university courses were also completed. On the oUier hand, if the stu- dent manages to pars the imivcn.i'y courses but is obviously hinig up on the he may well be allowed to proceed toward Ihe degree, providing the lack of the particular course will nol af- fecl specific academic undertakings in the future. Consider also the mature studer.l ?-d- missions program which provides the op- portunely of a university education to per- sons 19 years of age and over who have been out of school for at least one year. More than 700 persons have been admitted to (lie university on this basis since its firM year 19G7 and most are now v ell on the way towards degrees. In fact 25 ol the recent graduating class of 334 were originally admilted without matriculation. Statistics also show that as a group the mature students have performed with slightly higher averages than have the en- Ure matriculated group. It is also of some significance In nole that these "older" stu- dents (and this is certainly a dangerous kind of reference) have played a signifi- cant role in the growth of the governmen- tal structure of Uiis has been a very positive contribution to effec- tively complement that of their mcilncu- laled counterparts. To conclude Uiis episode sequentially, one must realize that when admitted to the university each individual is not re- stricted to entering a specific program in September and only September. The total semester system employed here enables commencement of a degree program in September, January, May, or July and it permits each person to determine the rate, (courses per year) at which they will pur- sue a degree. There are certainly a good number of reasons why the semester sys- tem should be a major factor in any de- cision about which university one might choose lo attend. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORIEY International development crisis impressive body of representa- lives to the Save-the-Children Fund conference in Banff were sombre. Gone are the glamor days when interna- tional development seemed an easy and romantic journey into prosperity and world brotherhood. The rich are gelling richer and the poor gelling poorer. The over-all annual growth rate of the developing coun- tries has decreased while the gap between per capita income in the developing coun- tries and the developed countries has wi- dened. One in eight, people, somewhere be- tween three hundred and five hundred mil- lion, normally suffer from hunger, while one in two. or sixteen hundred million peo- ple are under-nourished which means lack- ing protein in diet. Such chronic starva- tion means physical and mental lethargy, a susceptibility to diseases like kwashior- kor, early senility and death, and irrever- sible damage to all organs of the human body. In the light of human need the resources of Save-the-Children Fund seem an inef- fective drop in the bucket. The Pearson report, Partners in Development, which emphasized Ihe absolute necessity of jus- Uce in trade and the necessity of creating a framework for free and equitable inter- national trade, seems unrealistic in the light of the burgeoning nationalism and tiie new high American tariffs. Disillusion- ment with foreign aid has caused a severe decline in American participation, a de- cline which will have a profound effect, on American industry inasmuch as a mini- mum of 94 per cent had to be spent in the United Stales. Tins meant that, frequently Ihe. aid-receiving country had to spend more than it was receiving in aid. Giving credits lo developing countries lias mcanl that frequently the country has borrowed more than it can properly ser- vice, India for example having the of four hundred and fifty million dollar-; in annual interest. The Pearson report con- demned the lying of aid to purchases in donor countries which imposed dircrl and indirect costs on aid-receivers and distorted the channels of world trade. The report recommended a sequence of steps leading lo progressive untying and also permitting aid-receivers lo use funds for purchases in other developing countries. Much aid was wasted in foolish and unsuitable ventures. Large quantities went undistributed. Much nf the aid by private companies resulted in Uie dumping of unsuitable machinery and goods on developing countries and was clearly exploitative. There was much dis- couragement in private investment when companies in some countries were taken over and nationalized. When Shell, Esso Standard, and Texaco refineries were seized by the Cubans without compensa- tion, new United States petroleum invest- ments in developing countries fell from a hundred and ninety-six million dollars in 1939 to ninety-six million in 1960. N e w Canadian investment in developing coun- tries fell sharply with the 1967 expropria- tion of a Sao Paulo subsidiary of Brazilian Light and Power Company Limited of To- ronto. All experts emphasize the importance of slowing the growth of population. The growth rates were highest in the countries with the least production ot consumer goods and foodstuffs. France and other Common Market countries have a popula- tion growth of less than one per cent per year while Mexico lias a growth rate of 3 a per cent End Venezuela 4 rer ccr.t. which means that the population would double in 15 years. This problem of popula- tion growth is a disillusioning factor in it- self because it means that Uie saving of human life increases the problem. Such a reaction however would be inhuman. A primary motive in international develop- ment must be human compassion. Nor is it merely a matter of giving a handout and of charity but of basic social justice and the acknowledgement of the solidarity of the human race. Also a dominant motive must be enlightened self-interest. For ex- ample the tariffs imposed by the United States hurt the mass of Americans and create conditions for another world w-ar. Moreover the world is one and diseases spread. Nor can there be any sharp dis- tinction between development in Canada and world development. The attitudes in one area will be Ihe attitudes in Uie other. In any event no thoughtful man doubts that this is a time of crisis of the utmost, gnuily when Uie world is gripped by col- ossal famine and appalling human need. In the face of the mounting misery in a poverty stricken world affluent peoples re- main in a state of indifference, ignorance, or casual disregard. Save-lhe-Children Fund therefore prerforms a most valuable- service in bringing the experts together and with dramatic methods dcmonslrating to the most lazy and unaware that the world is in flames. ;