Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Labor court nears new milestone By CV FOX LONDON (CD With Llio deadline (or Lhc re- ceipt of union-member votes on Britain's protracted railway dispute now set for Saturday night, a new in- Klilulion established by the country's Conservative gov- ernment is nearing another milestone in its already- eventful life. More than employees of the publicly-owned British Railways are being asked to vote on whether they favor I he idea of fwilier protest action following recent pay offers hy liie managcmcnl. An order providing for Lhc ballot was one of HIP more spectacular initial sets of the National Industrial Relations Court, which has begun to make a serious impact on Britain's tense labor-relations scene only in the last month. The impression given by Opposition representatives Is thai the new court is pail of a vast Conservative plot to bring the country's unions firmly lo heel. Prime Minister Heath, on the other band, insist: thai Hie Industrial Relations Court and other aspects of Conservative policy on unions in strike-wean7 Brit- am is purl of a general effort to find new ways of reach- ing sensible settlement in (he country's chronic wage disputes. Acted fast For ils part, the Industrial Relations Court under its first president, Sir Jolin Donaldson, acted speedily when aslted lo decide whether a ivork-to-mle protest hy mem- bers of the three major railway unions was a funda- mental hreach nf employment agreements. Sir John said there had hecn "a breach of the fun- damental obligation of every employee to behave fair- ly lo his employer and to do a fair day's work." The end result of the court's over-all sessions wat, first, the ordering of a "cooling-off period" in the pro- tracted work-to-rule crisis no settlement achieved in that two-week length of ultimate decision in favor of a secret ballot covering the real unions' membership. Ail this was new lo British labor relations. But Opposition elements contend Uiat newness in this in- jl-rajige spells "reaction" rather than social innovation. The decision of the Industrial Relations Court in Ihe rail laken to the Appeals Court hy the indignant not, however, the beginning of the labor tribunal's history as a novel in- ctiluLioi) in British life, Impose big fine Coinciding with f'ne rail crisis earlier this spring was Ihe spectacular fine of imposed by Ihe court on the gianL Transport and General Work- ers for contempt in an anti-container movement that flared along (.lie chronically-troubled docks of Liver- pool. Since then the transport union, [or a lime hesitant about paying Ihe big fine, has been seeking (o have the Trades Union Congress, a federal-style body of which it is an affiliate, draw on nationwide worker funds lo help meet Ihc financial penalty. "It is a long lime since the British public has had Ihe experience of seeing the law being shaped under its very eyes." s.ijtl one weekly magazine in London in a comment on the labor court's undertakings. This risible shaping if Urn law "is happening wilh i> vengeanrr: Ihr. School system under attack PAHIS (Am By lT.adil.ion. French children go lo school mi Saturdays and ha.vo Thursdays off. The sys- trm is earning under idea "lc weekend." romparnlively new in Franco, has caught up with schooling. More and moie parcnU want their children free lo spend Saturday and Sunday I hem as they like. A sampling of opinion Involving 4.200 families in Saint-Mnur. a Paris suburb, showed that 75 per cent of the parents were in favor of Monday lo Friday schooling. An experiment in .Viort "the English week" Kis been iroll received. (loinc: in wilful nn Satin in Kurope is no novel- ty kids dn in Germany, the Soviet Union, Ilaly and Yugoslavia. un'.h'-uiil asptvl nf Iho FrnH'h filiation is Celling Thuriiliiy UN. 'I the opposition comes in. II ino.-t powerfully from Ihe Human Cath- olic Ciiuivli, but oLliL-rs sec dangers in ending the Thurs- day system. Church involved The. church is involved because Thursday has Iwcn Ihr rby for nlechism class or oilier rcli- inslnuilimi. An iiHk'pciulcul poll .showed C per cent, of Lhc .French Uiiuk thai is "useful." The. church is Rcnc-nlly believed lo feel that the calccliifin will not survive free Saturdays, if only he- cause, pricr.ls arc loo hiisy then with other duties. A Calholic: I'cHlcaliull IVrn.iwI (inm-rvm Iliiil clwiifiiuu; Ihc school risked "caii-sins; Klupcfyinc; work jiud Mien ;in 'animal' explosion of leisure." A prnnp of 49 physic-inns v-TOle n report expressing concern Ihal children's health could suffer from to class five days in ,1 "A full day off in Ihe middle of I ho week nllnws a loiii; sleep, (jivniR back lo Ihc children t.he rest they miss on class the. paper said. Mosl teachers, said one survey, are apninst chanp- Ine; the sysleni, ami cite their own falipio as well as fi'.-irs Ihal. Ihe. slmleiils' rijiiilihriiim ciiuld !x> troiiMcd. French educalion system i.i lotnlly prohahly baso il.q thinkinp oil culhinil do- of this ronnliy. us part of (he consullntivt; process of pnvornmenl. MemhRrs are. to be named in tho near future. The announcement pnr- jipprnprinle for Winni- it cily "which long IxH-n n modnl of inulliculluriil rooprrnlion and harmony." Atr. Trudonu said nn strain has been placed on rail facilities by record volumes of grain and ''fresh steps are re- quired lo meet the challenge of delivering these unprecedented quantities." Discussions are under way with railways on use of the hop- per cars, which arc capable of carrying 100 Ions of grain, com- pared wil.li GO tons lor a normal boxcar. "I wish to emphasize lhat the farmers of Canada will not bear all or any part of the cost ot acquisition of these cars." treaty, a document more bcrsome to amend. With the strategic arms limi- tation, agreemenl-s wrapped up, Nixon paused in his summit ne- gotiations today lo fly to Iho scenic former capital of Lenin- grad, known as St. Petersburg in Ihe days oJ Ihc czars, for eight hours of sightseeing. Such international issues as Vietnam and the Middle Easl still are almost certainly won't be resolved fit the summit. The arms accords contain. these major provisions. countries will hava only two anti-ballistic missile sites, with no more than 100 dc- fenMve missile launchers each. One U.S. site will be the one under construction near Grand Forks, N.D. The other will he near Washington. D.C. One So- viet site will be the one in placo around Moscow. The other will be at least 730 miles away from the Russian capital. Neither country will be allowed to start construction of additional fixed, land-based inter-conUnenlal bal- listic missile launchers afler July 1. The United Stales now has JCBM launchers: the Russians have 1.613. However, U.S. officials said the two coun- tries remain at rough parity in over-all nuclear punch. The United vStafcs has a 34o-l edge in the of offensive mis- sile warheads, although the Russians have roughly a 3-to-l edge in total megatons. officials said the agree- ments provide for no on-site inspection lo verify compliance with the limits. But they ex- pressed confidence adequate is possible with spy satellites. United Slates may hava no more Mian 710 submarine- based 1 o n p -r a n g c niissila now has no more than 44 modem ballis- tic missile-firing submarines. It now has 42 such submarines. Soviets may have no more than 950 long-range sub- marine-based missile launchers now has about no more Minn 62 modem missile- firing submarines. It now has 25 sneh submarines in service and another 13 under construction. a complo. formula, U.S. olficinls say Iho Soviets can reach their maximum al- lowable, submarine-based forco only hy giving up 210 land-based inter-con tinenfal ballistic mis- siles, cutting the land-based strength lo EXPECTS OK Henry Kissinger, Nixon's as. sistanl for national security afi fairs, predicted Ihe Ircaty curb- ing deployment of defensive missiles will sail through the U.S. Senate with an overwhelming margin. In tlie treaty's preface, both countries declared their inten- tion "lo achieve at the earliest possible date Ihe cessation of the nuclear arms race and to take effective measures toward reductions in strategic arms, nuclear disarmament, and gen- eral and complete disarma- ment" Nixon, through spokesman Tionald Zicglcr, said both coun- tries will continue their discus- sions on aims limit aliens and seek "to make new agree- ments." SALT PACT FINALIZED Nixon, Brezhnev shake hands Army by IRA IJAVII1 ROGERS BELFAST i Renter I A gun- man shot a Brilish Army doclor early today as he was treating a soldier injured in a bomb blast in this Northern Ireland capital, an army spokesman said. The spokesman said the doc- lor was shct in the stomach as he attended Die soldier, who was suffering from concussion Two civilians in a crowd which gathered after the bomb went off in a shop in the city's Old Park area also were wounded when the gunman opened fire. In separate incidents, two other civilians were hit hy shots fired from a car in another part of the city. The gunman who shot the doc- tor fired a total of seven shots and the army returned Ihc fire, Ihc spcikcsmnn said. The army said it hit him. BODY FOUND The body of a man with gun- shot wounds was later found and it was thought that he could have been involved in the inci- dent. The Prolcstanl Lister Defence Association lias warned lhat it will put up more barricades in Surviving 08 on Siiiichiy MONTREAL i CD The three sunning Dionnc quintu- plets vilt have a quieL evening with friends to celebrate tlieir 38t.h birthday Sunday. Germain Allard, husband of Annette, said I winy: "As usual, they're not, doing anything vfry special.'' arc attending a party al the home of some friends to- night and Cecils and Yvonne should be there.'' Annette lias (liroc children and lives in suburban St. Brunco ncnr Cecile. who is sep- arated and has four children. Yvonne is single and lives in nearby Eclncil. The quintuplets v.Trc born in Callander. Out., near North Bay. May 21. Emilie died of suffocation dur- ing an cpileplic seizure in ]Ri4 and Marie died of a blood clot last year. r gunman Belfast this weekend in proles! against Ihe British government refusal to send troops into somo Roman Catholic areas which arc in Ihe hands of the outlawed Irish Republican Army. 'We shall continue setting up road blocks until William White- law (Northern Ireland secretary of slate) imposes law and order in Catholic no-go an Ulster Defence AsociatioD spokesman said. closes highway HOPE. B.C. Tlobby Unsor and his rorord- sninshinn Knglo wen1 by mcchnnical (rouble ('M..y .'.ficr lie led the first T.'t iy.ili> of Ihp Indy TiOO-milo mito raco nt record ?pccd.