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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 1HE LEIHBRIDGE HERAID Moy 27, 1970- Joseph Kraft SAMS In Suez Reports by Newsweek magazine that the Soviet Union has "taken over" Egypt's defences are gaining substance. Aviation Week, another U.S. publication, says that the Rus- sians are constructing 15 concrete missile site shelters at seven and a half mile intervals along the length of the Suez canal. It also says that Moscow has delivered 80 launchers for SAM-3 "Goa" anti-aricraft mis- siles and 160 of the missiles. It may seem unlikely that the Rus- sians are anxious to take a step that would involve their own military pilots and personnel in direct con- frontation with the Israelis. But it seems equally unlikely that the sophis- ticated SAM-3 could be manned by Egyptians, or that Egyptian pilots are capable of defending the sites. Still, the evidence is very strong that the missile sites are indeed under construction and that the missiles and the means to send' them on their way are available for emplacement. President Nasser says that "no Soviet military units' are in Egypt for the purpose of attacking Israel." The Israelis don't believe him. Their past experience and their present situation have made them wary of Nasser's regard for the facts. Israel's defence depends heavily on air supremacy in the canal zone. If Egyptian artillery is protected by the SAM-3 or by Russians flying a soph- isticated interceptor aircraft, or both, it could result in disaster for Israeli troops in the Sinai, because it would set up conditions favorable to a mass assault by the Egyptians aeross the Suez canal. This is why Israel is so desperate for more aircraft. Nasser says that if it were possible to improve relations with Egypt and the U.S., (implying by that "if" that it is impossible) then Egypt would loosen its ties with the U.S.S.R. But, he continues, if the U.S. were to supply more Phantoms and Sky- hawks to Israel, Egypt will be forced to take "countermeasures." Israelis intend to defend them- selves at any cost, whether attacking planes or missiles are manned by Russians or Egyptians. They believe that the Arabs are bent on total elim- ination of Israel. They have been given no firm reason to think other- wise. The situation grows worse every day. As the Israeli raids increase, so does the determination of the Soviet Union to defend Egypt. As the military involvement of the Soviets brings high hopes of success to the Egyptians, the determination of the Israelis to resist becomes iron clad. Unless the Russians show signs of reluctance to accelerate the military build up in the Mediterranean, which is highly unlikely, a full scale war could erupt almost any time. The only possible answer must come through a last minute negotiated truce which might lead to peace but that answer seems a very long way off now. Bears vs. Bulls A persistent apprehension, a cli- mate of gloom concerning .future economic, social and political stabil- ity, particularly in the United States has had a disastrous effect on the stock market. A bear market in the U.S. means a bear market in Can- ada, an unpalatable but inescapable fact of our close association with our American neighbors. Economic analysts have given all Hnds of reasons for the decline war in Vietnam, the threatened dash in the Middle East, the failure to check Inflation, student unrest, un- employment etcetera. Encouraging statements from President Nixon and Ms top economic advisers have been echoed in Canada, By the third quarter, they say, things will be much better, the bulls will take over, there will be an upsurge. There is really no reason to doubt it, they reiterate. The plain fact is that the public does doubt. In spite of reassurances to the contrary, investors are not investing heavily in common stocks, or any other kind of stocks. The wisest general comment probably came from a Wall Street broker who remarked last month, that what the stock market needs is some good news in the headlines, some sign that international tensions are be- ginning to ease, that racial tensions have lessened, that the Cambodian venture has proven a success, that unemployment figures are down, and the cost of living levelling off. Public confidence needs a stiff shot in the arm. It has hardly felt a tickle in the past few months. Buchwald WASHINGTON There are zeveral groups lobbying against the building erf the SST, otherwise known as the super- sonic airplaine. One of the most active groups is known as PSST! which stands for "please stop sonic booms." I pointed out to Hadley V. Baxendale, the president of the organization, that the first letters of "please stop sonic booms" did not spell PSST! He wrote it out on a slip of paper and then, said, "By George, you're right." "Will you change the name of the I asked. "It's too late; we h a v e all our bumper (tickers printed." "What do they He showed me one, "Speed Kills." "In opposing the SST, what tack are you going to I asked. "Our campgian will be based on the fact that SST is really a Communist plot." "How's I asked. "We have data, confirmed from CIA sources, that sonic booms from test flights of Russia's SST have caused total deafness in 70 per cent of all listeners of Radio Free Europe and The Voice of America. Of course the American SST sonic boom would be much greater than the Russian one, and we could have a nation of deaf people one year after our first plane was built." "That would be I said. "We wouldn't be able to hear our leaders" "One of the reasons American sup- porters often give for building the SST is that it would link East and West. We are pointing out tq our congressmen that there is nothing ihe Communists would welcome more than an opportunity to fly their saboteurs from Washington to Mos- cow in under three hours." Baxendale continued: "The entire SST program smacks of pinko socialism. Ac- cording to the latest reports, nine-tenths of the cost of buiMing the first SST pro- gram would destroy the initiative of General Electric and Boeing Aircraft directors. If the handout is granted, these men will be groveling for more financial support each year, just like so many of our shiftless welfare recipenU." Baxendale said that FSST! had a com- puter working on the economics of the plane. "Before one rivet has been welded, the program has been announced as cost- ing billion more than anticipated. We believe that President Nixon could make hay with these figures. He could say that if be cancelled the SST program last year he would have saved the country only billion. But by waiting 15 months he can now save us billion." I protested, "despite the costs, the United States needs the SST for pres- tige reasons." "We're aware of tlu's and we're not hardheaded about it. If we have to have a supersonic plane for prestige reasons, then we suggest it be built by the same com- pany that built the TFX. In that way, we'd have a very good chance that the SST would never fly." "You're pretty persuasive in your argu- I admitted. "Do you have any other thoughts on the Bsxendale said, "If God had intended us to fly faster than sound, he would have given each of pounds of thrust." (Toronto Tclgram News Service) Gauche Get-Up By Doug Walker QUE church had a Cub and Scout tea recently. Paul was slated for a serv> ing job so his mother recruited another lady to go with her at the time of his assignment. I was drafted to drive them all over to the tea. Just as we were ready to set forth Paul elected to ride his bike for some seem- ingly inexplicable reason. So I had the pleasure of Elspeth's awl Doris Bessie's company only. On the way they discussed the awful plight they found themselves in because they had white gloves, white shoes, white earrings and BROWN hand-bags! It was very sad and I nearly wept for them. This gauche get-up is probably the rea- son Paul went ahead on his he wouldn't have to be seen with them. Kids today pay a lot more attention to tilings like that than their fatbers-eb, Don? Cambodia: Communist Stand Stiffens 1JARIS Crazy a it may seem in Washington, the American actions in Cambodia have stirred a wild elation on the other side. Paris represent- atives of the insurgent move- ments in South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia are suddenly talking up the Chinese theory of winning a "total victory" over the United States. A few leaders in North Viet- nam, backed by Russia, con- tinue to push for a political settlement. But in heady atmosphere engendered by the Cambodian foray, they are hav- ing hard going. The Chinese theory of "total victory" over the United States is old stuff. The basic idea is that American forces can be lured into extended ground com- bat on the Asian mainland. These forces will spready tern- selves thin holding onto oc- cupied cities. Eventually as Mao Tse-tung's designated suc- cessor, Marshal Lin Piao, put it "the country mil over- come the cities." The transfusion of that idea to the guerrilla movements operating in South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia took place at the Indochinese Peoples' Con- ference of April 24 and 25. The meeting was held in China a couple of hundred miles south1 west of Canton. It brought to- gether the chief Vietnamese in- surgent leaders Chairman Nguyen Huu Tbo for the revo- lutionary government of South Vietnam, Prince Norodom Si- hanouk, the recently deposed ruler in Phnom Penh, for Cam- bodia, and Prince Souphanou- vong for the Pathet Lao. Premier Chou En-lai of China came to the meeting for the final banquet. But the Chinese have made almost no use of the fact in their propaganda. Peking does not want to seem to be influencing the Indochin- ese insurgents who are, all by themselves, pushing the Chinese thesis. For example, Prince Si- hanouk in his speech to the conference stressed the line of never coming to terms with the United States. He said that "diplomacy, negotiations, con- ferences, and even friendly neu- trality represent a mortal dan- ger" and that only "armed com- bat could annihilate this dan- ger." Chau Seng, Sihanouk's repre- sentative here in Paris and a colleague at the conference, goes even further in pushing the Chinese line. "If the United States want to clean out the Viet Cong be said the other day, "tlicy will find these sancutaries every- where even as far away as Peking." And when I asked him whether thte Cambodian guerillas planned to retake Phnom Penh for Prince Sihan- ouk, he replied: "Why, so you Americans can bomb Though the Viet Cong, or provisional government South Vietnam, are supposed is fa Washington to be the purest puppets of Hanoi, their repre- sentatives are also working the Chinese theme. The other day, Nguyen Van Eien, ttia number two man in their delegation to the peace talks there, observed: "You couldn't win fighting in South Vietnam. What makes' you think you can win by spreading yourself thin over a much wider area? That just opens up holes for us behind your lines." Maybe this is all bravado and propaganada, put on for an American journalist. But those North Vietnmaese known to be interested in keeping negotia- tions alive don't act that way. On the they are be- stirring themselves to prevent the foreclosing of the negotiat- ing option. The presence of Premier Pham Van Dong at the con- ference in China is indicative. Normally Hanoi should have sent a party figure not a man from the government. But the available party leader was Trouong Churn, a well-known partisan of the Chinese ap- proach. Presumably Pham Van Dong, a leader with Moscow ties, was sent to prevent tip- ping tire balance all the way in tlie Chinese direction. In that connection, it is not- able that Hanoi, not Pelting, broke the news that the con- ference took place in China' in the presence of Chou En-lai. For Hanoi's interest is to em- phasize that the new, bellicose line is not indigenous to the insurgents but more a product of Chinese influence. The same pouit emerges from the recent long stay of Le Duan, the first secretary of the North Vietnamese party, in Moscow. Le Duan, another leader with Moscow ties, is1 also thought to be a partisan of a negotiated settlement. Almost- certainly, he was trying to work out with the Russians a joint strategy for holding the nego- tiating possibility open against the Chinese pressure to go to protracted warfare. In that con- nection it may be that the cur- ious statment made by Sie Soviet ambassador to the United Nations, Jacob Malik, on behalf of another Geneva conference, was really an ef- fort to break up the push of the Asian Communists to seal off the negotiating possibility. Right now, the outcome of this manoeuvring on the other side seems to be in doubt. The three chief North Vietnamese talks politburo member Lo Due Thb, Ambassador Xuan Thy, and Col. Ha Van Lau are all back in Hanoi for con- sultation. Almost certainly there is a question as to whether the Paris talks should be con- tinued. Whatever me outcome of these discussions, there is at' least available now a much better picture of the line-up on the other side as regards nego- tiations. There are important partisans for political settle- ment in Hanoi. They are not soft-liners. They insist that American troops withdraw en- tirely from Vietnam, and1 on changes in the Saigon govern- ment to include figures known to favor political settlement. However, Uiey still think they can achieve these goals through jawing as well as warring. But there are also important partisans of the fight to the finish in China and among the various guerrilla move- ments. They are deeply 'suspicious of negotiations as an American trick designed to weaken their morale and slow down their military operation. And the more it expands the war and supports the present regime of Saigon, the more it strengthens me hand of those on the other side who believe they can achieve their.goals only in pro- tracted war. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) David Humphreys NATO: Inefficiency And Waste Of Resources T ONDON NATO may have to take a hard look at its resources and eliminate a lot of waste and inefficiency. This is the main point of an evaluation of the present un- happy state of Western Euro- pean defence by Francois Du- chene, director of the London- based1 Institute for Strategic Studies. Mr. Duchene's analysis and a complementary article by British Conservative MP Jock Bruce-Gardyne pack a strong one-two punch in the magazine European Community, publish- ed monthly here in the inter- ests of European problems in general and the Common Mar- ket in particular. Mr. Duchene accepts the inevitability of change for the worse in NATO. He sees it as a continuation of the rot that set in when Britain abolished conscription 13 years ago, fol- lowed by the French with- drawal, the Canadian reduc- tion and by the likelihood of American reductions after 1971. The trend is accentuated by pressure for lower defence budgets at a time of higher prices for defence hardware. But while NATO's response has been a more sophisticated" system, of n u c 1 e a r response, Mr. Duchene, without deny- ing the indispensability of the American nuclear deterrent, suggests also some house- cleaning. "So far, NATO's use of its immense resources has been inefficient and wasteful, Mr. Duchene says, "and qualita- tive improvements could more than make up for quantitative cuts." The waste applies particular- ly to the Europeans, who to- gether have two million men under arms with combined de- fence budgets totalling more than billion. Greater im- pact has eluded tbem because the effort has been too dis- persed. "The French and Italians are, at present, virtually ir- relevant to the crucial central front in Germany; Britain has only one-eighth of its forces there. It is not surprising that, despite great over-all re- sources, NATO, including the Americans, has com- bat and direct support troops in peacetime on its central and north European fronts while the Warsaw Pact musters 000 (of which are So- If Mr. Duchene's 'premises are correct, then all the Euro- peans have to do is to integrate their non-nuclear defence ef- forts for great savings. The possibility of an independent European nuclear force is as remote as the European presi- dent who would press the but- ton, Mr. Duchene concedes. Neither can the impediments to conventional integration be minimized. Mr. Duchene rests his hopes on British member- ship in the Common Market and, apparently, the necessary climate of anxiety flowing from a realization of potential military inferiority vis-a-vis the Soviets. Britain cannot join the Mar- ket before 1973 at the earliest, and then must face a period of transition. Defence has not been a direct concern of the members as an institutional community since the collapse of the European Defence Com- munity (which Britain declined to pin) in 1954. Any catalyst ef- fort of membership from work- ing together towards positive results in other fields is there- fore a long way off. Just now, the French have voted solidly against Britain taking part in a European con- ference on defence policy under t h e auspices of (he Western European Union (the Six and refusing to broaden .the field of discussion until Britain has paid the price of admission. Any feelings of anxiety about military inferiority now stop well short of the thorough stock-taking that would be ne- cessary, Denis Healy, Brit- ain's defence minister is a lead- er pf European defence inte- gration but also a leading ex- ponent and defender of the new graduated nuclear esponse guidelines for tactical weap- ons. Mr. Healey believes there is a chance for detente in Eu- rope "in which the fear of ag- gression would no longer dom- inate policy or the pattern of public expenditure." And dur- ing the defence debate he said Conservative policies would mean conscription, as if it were a fearful bogey. He must have been surprised, when a national poll found that 64 per cent fa- vored conscription, and even in the 16 to Z4 age group 43 per cent approved. Nevertheless, all the politicians are looking to detente, not conscription. Mr. Duchene's argument Is similar to the one advanced by British political economists 'Crazy Capers' John Finder and Roy Pryce In their somewhat visionary book, Europe after de Gaulle, pub- lished here last fall. They, too, argue strongly for an inte- grated defence system. They make the further point that Western Europe's economic strength, co-ordinated, could be a useful instrument of detente. Fortunately the Community magazine brings us back down to death with Mr. Bnice-Gar- dyne's proposals for a European arms procurement agency with complete freedom to standard- ize equipment, to place mili- tary orders wherever they are more efficiently filled, and for an integrated command struc- ture. Even these specifics are fraught with problems of na- tional politics.and rivalry. But here a start lias been made. Closer co-operation, although a long way from an agency with teeth, has been accepted by the British government and the Six, with varying reserva- tions. An Anglo-French mili- tary helicopter is on the draw- ing boards. The French and Germans are working on multi-role combat aircraft. Just as politics will now take over from theory in deciding the future of the Common Mar- ket, so politics will determine the shape. of defence integra- tion. But sayings make good political sense among all cpun- triets involved as Mr. Healy is demonstrating in this country. (Herald London Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THKOUGH THE HERALD 1920 President Wilson's proposal for an American man- date over Armenia was disap- proved today by the senate for- eign relations committee. A. P. Con. No. 1 well, Red Coulee Field, was drilled into production today. Although only the sand has been opened up, it looks to be the most promising of all welli in the field. Belgian army rendered to Germany today on orders of King Leopold III, leaving the armies of Britain and France in an ominously weaker position to resist the Nazi drive toward the English Channel. MM Alberta oH hois com- parable in value now to the present output of all Canadian gold mines, according to The Financial Post. armed forces took over the country in a bloodless coup d'etat this mor- ning, promising to hold election! and turn power over to the winner. "B'or goodness' sake put more 'expression into it I can't tell Little Ecu Hood from .tie. wolf I" The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1109 U54, by Hoc. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CIMi HU1 Itfliuallm Number 001] Mtttber Hit Canadian Fnv tod tht Canadian Dailj Mewapttw FvbUafeers' AMOcinttm tin Andll Bureau 01 CLEO W. HOWIM, BHW and PrtlUher TUOMAS ADAMS. General Manner JOE WILLIAM BAY Manafini Editor Associate Editor HOY y. MILES POUOLAS K. WAI.KKI MTKIMU Muwr WitoeUI Pu.Ii.ta THE HtHAlB URVIS THE SOUTH' ;