Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Fiidciy, Mtiy 26, Aschfrson. The great gamble Onii of Hie anachronisms of the NI.TOH MM! In .Moscow is it is torcing the cirdi enemies, Hussiii and China inlo some kind of get-to- gctlH'r, no one knows quite what nor tor how in order lo offset the cffei'ls ot the minin" of Haiphong harbor and the consequent massive cutoff, ot war material lo the North Vietnamese. .Statistics dilier as to the amount of war supplies provided by China and Russia to North Vietnam. But the nearest estimate is that Russia sends about In per cent of it and Ihe Chinese provide most of the rest. per cent of the Sovitt .sup- plies come by sea and llic remainder are carried by rail overland through China. The Chinese contribution is inainlv in small arms, ammunition and aid in kind food, clothing and so on. The U.S.S.R. sends tanks artillery and missiles, none of which are adapted lo rail transportation. Reports from diplomatic sources indicate that even before the mining of the harbor, (lie Chinese and the Russians, anticipating such an emer- gency, had agreed to gear up the Chinese railways in an attempt to offset the lack of shipments coining by sea. Freight was diverted and the Chinese agreed to carry every- thing in the form war supplies from the U.S.S.R. that they could possibly load. Peking also promised lo increase its aid to North Vietnam substantially. This would add to Ihe burden of a railway system already groaning with overload involving something like five times the former tonnage carried, Once across Ihe border into Norlh Vietnam, supply trains would be sup- Itvt l'i heavy bombing. I'niil now Peking has allowed Rus- sian supplies to go by rail from Vladivostok with reluctance. Pre- mier Chun En-Iai's refusal, even under present circumstances, to allow Russian shipping into Chinese ports, consistent with his long-time policy of refusing "united action" with the .Soviet "revisionists" in support of Hanoi. What the Chinese really want is a reversion to a protracted war in accordance with Maoist principles, rather than the Giap strategy of a supported massive thrust to the South. Peking had hoped that the (iiap offensive coupled wilh the har- bor minings would prevent the Mos- cow talks.. lint the meetings continue and al- ready something in (he way of Amer- ican Russian agreement on arms limitation and technological co-oper- ation has been achieved. The question the world is asking, is what the Rus- sians and Americans had to say lo one another on the subject of Viet- nam. Whatever the answer is if there is one it is certain to have enor- mous influence on the future conduct of the war, on the people of. Indo- china, and on Richard Nixon's hid for another term in office. Can he prevent vital Russian war supplies reaching their destination or will tha harbor minings force a genuine all- out effort by Russia and China to save North Vietnam? If the answer is "yes'' to Ihe second question, Mr. Nixon has lost his gamble and prob- ably the presidency. IRA backlash Catholic women In Londonderry's Creggan area, known as an IRA hideout, outraged at the shooting of William Best, a young Irishman sen-- ing with the British army in West Germany, who came home on leave, announced that "if there is another shooting like this, we will tell the British authorities that the British army can come in and clear the IRA oul." There has been much evidence in past weeks that Catholic residents want the secretary of stale for North- em Ireland, Mr. Whitelaw, to act against the IRA, which is now pushed into tightly controlled pockets of the Bogside and Creggan. Mr. Whitelaw resists such action, feeling that it plunge Northern Ireland into civil war. The only cheering news to come out of Ireland these days conies from Ihe south, where the Republic's Pre- mier Jack Lynch has announced that his government will do all in its power lo crush the guerrilla outlaws who have been operating from bases in Soulhem Ireland. Fresh from a resounding victory in the ref- erendum over the question of Ire- land's participation in the Common Market. Mr. Lynch has the ball in his court now. if he means what ha says, he has it in his power lo help .stop (lie bombing by effectively con- trolling the How of arms from the South and refusing to provide sanc- tuary for terrorists. But iUr. Lynch's measures will take time lo become effective. Wheth- er discipline among enraged Protes- tanls can be maintained long enough (o pi-event ail explosive mass con- frontation'with IRA enclaves, which would almost inevitably lead to in- volvement of innocent Catholic resi- dents, is now the vital question. The longer the answer is delayed, the belter. ART BUCHWALD Handguns for everyone WASHINGTON There are now 90 million haiidgiuis in Lhe United States, excluding the two that taken from Arthur Bremer last This means that there arc still 110 million men, women and children in this country who tIon't own a hand gun. These people are being deprived of the pleasure of shooling targets and fans, as well as defending Ihcmsclvcs against, intruders, hjppies and Communists, Unless everyone In America owns n liandgun there never be peace in this counlry. The prohlcm wilh supplying everyone with a handgun is money. -Many people would rather spend Iheir salaries on such luxury items as food, clothing ;md hous- ing. They fail lo see Hint a handgun is a necessity and essential to the siilely and woll-hoing of the American Family. By making the ownership of a handgun op- lional, Mic government is leaving 110 mil- lion persons unarmed and at the mercy ot llic !W million persons do liand- Thn only solution this prohlrm is Tor fVniRTrsa lo pnss a law making il, manda- Itiiy for everyone in Ihc United States to own a gun. There may he cries from the lolthy Uiat by forcing people lo hand- guns Congress is trying lo infringe on Mm rig his or the elei'lonilc. There will be other Ihal -ire cxpensivo and many people cunnol, afford them, I'.ul Ihrsr nre red herrings which vjll not hold up under examination. You mn liny a handgun in I his counlry for as lill.lo ns Ammunilirm Icsn thnn n penny n bi'llct. No counlry In Ihn offers its nli- yf'iis ;i giTalrv rlmice of pins I linn tho Tailed SI ales. There an; snub nosed guns thai, crm fit In a v.'om.'ufs h.-indhag, jcs Iliaf fin; at a him1 hit make holes as large as a fist and very light .22s that a G-year-old can fire. We are blessed because anyone in Amer- ica can have the gun of his choice at a price he can afford. For those who are on relief and unem- ployed the government could supply sur- plus weapons from the armed forces al Die same lime they give oul food stamps and unemployment checks. There is absolutely no reason why everyone in this country could not be arm- ed by 1973. The opponents of handguns will argue H" everyone owns a gun there will be an increase in crime. This is balderdash. Even-one knows that guns don't kill people kill people. You don't eliminate crime by keeping guns oui of (he hands of law-abiding citizens in Ibis country. It's time to stop talking about handguns and do something about them. Tn addition to a law making owning a gun mandatory, niu.st Ji.-ive an cducaliona) campaign pointing oul. Ihc good things about guns. N'ol. only Miry give pleasure, to pnopln, hul they also contribute heavily to our eco- nomy. The handgun manufacturing industry provides jobs for hundreds of thousands of people including steelmakers, ammuni- tion suppliers, distributors and sporling goods slope owners, nol. lo mention the lobbyists for l.ho National Hiflo As.su. Amoiif can-s Ihe economy of Mir counhv knows he conlrln'l survivp rronoininilh without linmlguns. ff you nltniil frredom, if r.ii'H nbnul Inrgrt. shooting, If you rare about, n thriving mm industry, wrilfi your congress- man IfMhiv ;nid a.sk him In p.T-s n vluch v ill make il os.icntial fur every of this groat nation In havn a hand- gun he can call Ins oun. Until Congress arl-i ur v.ill never have a sago anil sane fin .1 More treaty trouble in store for Brandt l-JOiVN H might have been a noble hour in West Gcr- niiin history, but it was not. Last week's clebalc in the Bun- tlt'stng vrJiit'Jj cmlcil with the ratification of Ihe treaties with Poland and the Soviet Union was a flat, sad affair. Looking down from fire galleries it was hard lo realize the profound significance of this moment, when the Federal Republic at last recognized the verdict of the Second World War and ac- cepted Ihe existing frontiers in Europe. Three fierce weeks of parlia- mentary wrangling had brought the parlies to the verge of total exhaustion. The debate was only the conclusion of Ihe plen- ary session which brolte off a ucck before, u'ilh the opposi- tion Christian Democrats un- ahle lo agree on the text of a joint Bundestag declnralion, supposed to give a voice to their objections lo the treaties and allow ibein to vote fur their ratification. But by Wednesday, the oppo- siiion was even more seriously divided. Dr. Rainer Barzel, the Christian Democrat leader, begged his followers to accept both the treaties and Lhe de- claration. Jlis whig, anil the Bavarian deputies led by Franz-Josef Strauss, declared that they would never vole for agreements which "sold out" German interests. So on Wed- nesday morning the opposition came to the rather-absurd com- promise of arranging to voln for agreements wliich "sold out" German interesls. So on Wednesday morning the oppo- sition came to the rather- absurd compromise of arrang- ing to vote for the joint declar- ation but lo abstain on the treaties themselves. By the time that (he debate reopened, at two o'clock, every- one knew of tliis decision. A wooden speeches were made on either side Only Klaus Schuetz, Mayor of Weil Berlin, argued powerfully that it was above all the Bcrliners so much the tra- ditional concern of Ihe Christian who would suffer If Ihe Irealies did not pass. But his speech, like the otlici-s, could hardly he heard over C'C buzz of conversation in the Chamber. The Speaker several times rang his bell for silennj. There was no tension in Ihe Bundestag, and the fatnl votes on treaties and declaration taken in a casual, even jocular mood. Chancellor Willy Brandt sat expressionless and bolt upright on the govemmenl bench, his wife. Ruth, watching him from a gallery. His disappointment was clear. The treaties, as the acts of reconciliation with West Germany's eastern neighbors are the main aclu'evement of his life. To bring them to a good majority be had spent weeks cajoling the Opposition into an agreed test for the joint declar- ation on German miily. Now, al the last moment, he had been cheated. Christian Dcmocial members who had sworn dial they would defy their parly and vole lor the treaties had all let him down. The opposition as a whole had simply refused lo take nny responsibility for these treaties, cither for their acceptance or their rejection, Although lliey arc the mosl ini- pix'lanl lineaments in IVcsJ man history since Ihe Paris Accords of 1951, admitting the Federal Republic inlo Hie fam- ily of Western nations. Brandt's future is at present a dark one. The voting in the Bundestag, with the opposition precisely balancing the Social Democrat-Free Democrat coal- ition government, confirmed once again Uiat Brandt no longer has a majority. Elec- tions, difficult to arrange, may he a long way off. The Opposi- tion, though so bndly split in- ternally, is crowing Uiat the joint declaration shews Ihal in effect they are governing Ice. The declaration is one of those rather irritating Bunde- stag resolutions recurrent over Ihe years, which assert Uiat nothing has really cliangcd, even if (he government is fnl- lowing an apparently new poli- cy. One particularly tactless phrase says (hat the treaties (B "n br NU, Utu "Listen, my friend, if you don't pul your I'll hijack this planet" think, next time, I'll fly first chu! "provide no legal basis for the present this is al- ready raising the fury of the nalionalist hard-liners in Po- lantl. old followers General Moczar who stilt plot against leadership of Edward Gierek. The day after ralification the foreign minister, Dr. Walter Schcel, said West Germany will press on towards similar treaties with Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and Hungary. This may not be as simple as it sounds: East European suspi- cions have been aroused by the boast of the Christian Demo- crat executive Ihal "il has been shown lo East and West '.bat everyone need? the Christian Democrats il they wanl to do politics wilJi Ihe Federal Republic." If this is so, the treaty with Czechoslovakia may run inlo trouble. The danger factors (hrce. [he Czechs want (he West Germans to declare as null and void from the bc- ginnirg llic Munich Treaty cf Jl'3y. in' which jNazi Germany took Ihe Sudelenland from Czechoslovakia. Secondly, the Sudeten Ger- man refugees, who number nearly two million and are led by right-wing extremists who include several prominent ex- Nazis, stand to lose their rights lo compensation if it is agreed that the Sndclenland was never part of Germany. Thirdly, the bulk of the Sude- [en Germans Jive in Bavaria, and arc closely linked with the Christian Social Union, the Ba- varian winp of the Christian Democrats led by Ilerr Strauss. Given tho stalemate in tliu Bundestag, and given the CSU's behavior in the last week, when it quite clearly emerged as the implacable opponent of the treaties, these three factors converge. Tho Social Demo- crats, after years of heart- searching on this particular point are now prepared to de- clare that Munich was never valid at all. But Strauss and (lie Ban'arians, willingly driven on by I lie Sudeten German leagues, may force the whole opposition inlo blocking any al- tempt lo disavow the Munich treaty. It is a depressing scen- flrio. fnr Tlic Herald and Tlie Observer, London) Colin Leg The Vatican makes peace with Zaire's Mobutu in Sim s Sr.rvirp) A DANGEROUS conflict be- tween slate and church in Zaire (the former Congo Demo- cratic Republic I appears to have been eased by successful Vatican diplomacy, which has resulted in President Mobutu agreeing to the return of Hie black Archbishop of Kinshasa, Cardinal Malula. Zaire is one of the most powerful strongholds of Catho- licism in Africa. More than a quarter of its 21 million inhabi- tants are Catholics, and as (he head of the Catholic Church the H year-old Cardinal Malula was one of Ihe most influential men in the country. Until two years ago he could hope to ex- ercise a considerable measura of influence over the 41-year- nlrl president, himself a Catho- lic. But president and cardinal clashed in 1971. Although Mo- bulu insisted this was not a fight against the church, the nature of his attacks on the cardinal (and the church's sup- port for its leader) made it dif- ficult lo separate (he two. With the church facing a deep crisis, and with the threat of a political trial banging over his head, the Vatican quietly with- drew Malula Lo Rome four months ago, then launched inlo some quiet but spectacularly vigorous diplomacy some of it in Switzerland where Mobutu was undergoing medical treat- ment. But Mobutu always an un- predictable man was hard lo deal with because be suspected Uiat Malula wns engaged in un- dermining his policy of "Afri- can authcnlicily." Although there were differ- ences between Mobutu and Mal- ula over Ihe former's handling of student il I verMlics, tin1 conflict between the Ivvn men burst into llic open nflcr nil u had suddenly cm barked on Si (Mtiher la.sl on a radical policy nl "rlc- in order flrhievr "African alillionlifjly." fl. MMA (hen MI-T'. ho rh.'inged Ihn name lo changed all (owns, streets and olhcr places of hisloric interest named aflcr I'luropoans like tho explorer II. M. Stanley and clc Gaulle, lie d'isrard- H! hi.s names l.lnseph Desirei for those lo him al liir, birth, lie. boranio Scsc (Ihe earth) Seko (the war- rior who dares and cannot know defeat because of his endur- ance) Kuku-N'gbendu (hot pep- per) Wa-Za-Banga (the all- powerful warrior who leaves fire in his wake and goes from conquest to conquest.) These names, in a curious way, describe fairly accurately the career and somelliing of the personality of Mobulu. A paymaster-sergeant in Lhe Congolese army before indepen- dence from Belgium, he has in- deed gone from "conquest lo conquesl" since joining Lhe per- sonal staff of Patrice Lumum- ba, the Congolese marlyr-hcro and first prime minister. Not only did he supplant Lumumba and the first Congo president, Joseph Kasavubu, bui he also outmanoeuvred and finally de- feated Moise Tshombe, defeated Ihe Simba rebellion fire in his and recently dclcaled the influenlial group of polilicians known as the Binza group (most of whom, like the former Foreign Minister Justin Boniboko and fhe former secur- ity chief, Victor Kendaka, are now in Mobulu was never one to brook serious opposition, and his survival was partly due lo his excessively suspicious na- ture, which enabled him lo smell oul potential sources of danger. By 1S71 Cardinal Malula was the only major figure in Ihe country w-lio could in any way rival him in influence, and one group was strong enough lo resist his ruling parly Ihe Catholic hierarchy. His suspicions of them were aroused by an anonymous com- nienl which appeared in Ihe Catholic journal Afrique h r e I i c n n I a few monlhs after he had launched his "Afri- can anlbenlicily" campaign. "This llic arli- i'lc, "is much more complex I him it seems at first sight. Do He wanl to dig up once again llic dark pasl of mi original African philosophy ivhlrh had value only for that past? Are. we not wasting our time dis- cussing fin out-of-tlale ncgri- Mobulu nl: once suspecled (hat (he cardinal's hand was behind Ihi: iirliclc flcspilc Malula's emphatic denial. Nev- rrtlicles.i, Im proceeded lo sus- pend Lhe Catholic journal demanded thai the cardinal .should return the Order of the Leopard, ordered him to leave his residence within 48 hours and announced that be would no longer go lo church in Ihe archbishop's diocese but would travel CO kilometers to atlend mass. He insisted that all West- ern names were to be changed. 'They no longer have any meaning since saints wlu'cli have been honored for many centuries have been removed from the calendar of the church." But Ihe final blow to his plans came when the Catholic church refused lo allow Ihe setting up of cells of his ruling party in Ihe seminaries. He closed down (he Jolm XXfff Seminary and denounced the priests in Kinshasa as "a nest of traitors." He threatened lo put the cardinal on trial. The ironic fact is (hat the cardinal is one of the most radical of all the black princes of the church in Africa. He is basically in lime with Mobutu's desire lo de-Westernize Ihe church and to give it a truer black authenticity. This is a cause to which he had devoled himself energetically within the Letter To TVie Editor 1 have been commisioned by my publishers, Macmillan and Co., lo prepare a narrative nc- rmml of Hie great Spanish in- fluenza epidemic of 1918-19, and in Iliis connection I should Im mosl for your help, lio.scaroli lo dale has shown HiaL your province was very hard liil, and for (lie historical record I inn anxious lo cslnh- lish conlad anyone who has memories of Iliis doolors, nurses, health visitors, sufferers or Iheir descendant, whether Ihey have a tale lo Icll nr have preserved le.llers, diar- ies, documents or photographs of llic period. Headers may eonlnet mo care of Mrs. Ci. Ci. S. Dutlon, Newton Wynd. Vancouver 11, ll.C. HlCIIAJlf) COLLIlill. Calholic hierarchy for some time. National identity and national he has written, must bo based on the culture and civili- zation of developing societies. "The message of Christ must be cast in Ihe mould of Ihe local culture.'1 The cardinal had also Inili- afed a program, lo reform the church and lo remove the large numbers of Western priesls and missionaries. "To guarantee our development (as African be said, "we must be completely African, but without destroying the colonial inheri- tance. To do so would be an anachronism and reveal a lack of creativity." These sentiments were nol very differenl from for although Ihe president is commillcd lo radical Africani- zation he, too. has been care- ful not to destroy what was of value in the "colonial inheri- tance." Thus, while nationaliz- ing Llic valuable Katanga copper-mines, be was careful lo create an organization which would guarantee ils expansion. Bui. clearly, in Mobulu's eyes the cardinal had to be cut down lo size, and the Calholic hier- archy had lo bow before Caesar in rendering unto him whal was his demand. The demand that parly should have Ihe righl to form cells in the seminaries appears lo have been conceded as part of (he agreement nego- lialcd between Ihe Vatican and Ihe presidcnl. What else might be involved has not yet been re- vealed. Whal Ihe fulure will be of Lho cardinal, now Ihal he is return- ing lo Kinshasa slill remains to be seen. But. for the moment the conflict between Ibc Vati- can and Zaire seems to be over. fur The Iloralil and The Observer, London Looking backward Through The Herald On and May 23lh accord- ing Lo a resolution moved chairman Terril, and carried, all dancing and card parlies under the auspices of the pu- pil.s of the schools under the nf I do Lelhbridpe Public Srhonl Jiomd arc forbid- dm. A research scientist lias found a way lo keep starlight in cold storage. From 10 lo 12 lu'luwn I hi1 ages of Hi and ill nre required immediately for the drum and band of the 20lh ba'.lery of Hie P.CA. Approval has been received from J. D. Ilipginson, supervi- sor of race (rack belling for the federal dopnrlnicnl of agricul- ture to hold pariimituel belling in connection wilh tire three (lays rif harness racing being held al Ihe exhibition Ibis year. Preparations arc underway for Ihe seventh annual prpscnlation of ni "livening of Dance" to be held June in Ihe The- alre. fealurini! slndcnls of the .lolliffe Academy of Dancing and .sponsored by the Leth- bridge Hallct Auxiliary. The Lethbtidgc Herald 504 7lh St. R., I-cllihridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Tnhlisheri Published 1905-195-1, hy Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Spcnnrl Clms Mai) Reglslrntl-in Nn 0017 Mcmlirr of The Cnn.irlinn Prris nnd tnr Cfinniluin Driily Nfwsnnnar Publishers' Assoclniion and Tho Audit of circuiniloni CLEO W MOWFRS, Rrilior nnrl Puh'hhir THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnajicr DON PILI.IWG Wfl irt-y HAY F till (IT A'.'nt iilln Tdilrr MOV f MULCTS I.VUC.I A.s i: Mrm.vjT biJilu i-il I'mc Cclilor "IHE HERALD iERVES THE SOUTH"