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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 26, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, Mny 26, 1970 Joseph Kraft Avoiding A Strike Canadians got through a postal workers' strike in 1968 and could probably do so again. Mail delivery is not an essential service; there are other means of communication. Yet most people would be happy to have the threatened strike averted. This does not mean they would want the government negotiators to simply capitulate to all the desires of the union. Nothing would set back Ottawa's efforts to combat inflation more than to grant the wage increase requested. A pattern would then be set for other public employees whose agreements are coming up for re- negotiation. If the senior government were to abandon its policy of re- straint, there would be little hope of holding the line at other levels of government. It is to be hoped that a compromise can be readied. The union might be persuaded to give some ground on its requested wage increase in ex- change for concessions on other issues. There does not seem to be any compelling reason why the govern- ment could not guarantee jobs for members of the present work force. Automation does not need to affect those already employed. A conciliatory altitude should char- acterize both sides. The government needs to do something magnanimous to restore the morale of those in the postal service. Whatever may be said in defence of policies introduced by Postmaster-General Eric Kierans the fact is that they have deeply disturbed the employees of the sys- tem. At the same time the union nego- tiators would do well to bear in mind that the membership is not exactly anxious to go on strike. The figure of 74 per cent being in support of strike action does not fool anybody. In actuality only 57 per cent of those eligible to vote cast a ballot in favor of striking, despite the fact that every ballot carried the words, "We strongly urge you to vote YES." Everyone stands to lose f r om another postal strike. A compromise to avoid one would be welcome. The tone of the negotiation meetings seems to give cause for cautious optimism. Nobody Wants It The nerve gas the United States Army wants to move from Okinawa is unwanted anywhere. It has to be moved from Okinawa because the Japanese people do not want it there. So great was the protest of peo- ple in Oregon and Washington states that plans to transport the gas from Bangor, Wash, to Umatilla, Ore. have been cancelled. Now the people of Kodiak, Alaska are organizing to protest the proposal to deposit the cache nearby. There is good reason to be nervous about the presence of the nerve gas. Exposure to a tiny drop means agon- izing death. Nerve gases kill by poisoning critical enzymes in the body. A victim suffers abdominal cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, sweat- ing, tremors, and the lungs become full of mucus. Death comes as a result of paralysis and inability to breathe. An accident in the testing of nerve gas at the Dugway, Utah, testing grounds in 1968 killed sheep 30 miles away. Since this incident has been given wide publicity it is only natural that people should worry about the possibility of other acci- dents in the transporting and storing of the dread substances. Refusal to detoxify the gases and save all the furore and expense of moving them to a new depot on U.S. territory indicates that chemical war- fare must place rather high in the thinking of the military experts. Such a suspicion arose when President Richard Nixon ordered a ban on bio- logical agents without including the chemical ones. Tliis may suggest that stockpiling of chemical warfare weapons by other countries such as the U.S.S.R. and the People's Republic of China is extensive. The U.S. Administra- tion may feel that national security requires the retention of its supply of gases as a consequence. AVhat is obvious is that the U.S. authorities are not succeeding in con- vincing the people that the threat of enemy attack with chemical agents is sufficiently great to warrant tol- erating the threat posed by posses- sion of such substances on their own soil. Here may be another of many instances in which governments are out of touch with the people. Hero From Canada From Joyce Basse [OHEA The Korean government paid its highest tribute to Canadian missionary, Dr. Frank Schofield this month, by giving him a state funeral. Two years ago they awarded him the Order of Medal (the nation's highest and gave him the Key to Seoul, the na- tion's capital. In 1963 hs received an hon- orary doctorate of veterinary medicine from one the country's leading universi- ties. The following year, an honorary doc- tor of law degree was conferred on him, and this spring, the National University in Korea came to his hospital bedside to pre- sent him with yet another honorary doc- torate degree. In these, and so many other ways, the citizens of this republic were saying thank you, and thank you again to the little Cana- dian who fought so valiantly for the lib- eration of Korea from Japanese control in the second and third decades of this cen- tury. Dr. Schofield, a graduate of the Uni- versity of Toronto's Veterinary College, first came to Korea in 1916 to serve as in exchange professor at Severance Medi- cal College in Seoul. Within three years he was taken up in the sufferings of Korea, seething under the colonial oppression of Japan. By joining hands with other inde- pendence fighters, he became a part of one of Korea's most daring uprisings the Independence Movement of 1919. Thirty- three patriots signed the March 31 Inde- pendence Declaration and one foreigner. For his action Dr. Schofield was expelled from the country by Japanese authorites, when the battle failed. However, before he retired in 1955, the doctor was able to give another twenty years of service to the country he so loved. The Koreans' were proud of the man whom they called "Tiger Grandfather." At a time when their country was but a dot on the map somewhere in the far-off Orient, this one man was championing their cause before a world audience. He tod been to the jails to encourage those who suffered the barbarous tortures of the colonial police. He made their story public. Even after Korea won her independence, he did not stop his campaign for justice. When the Syngman Hhee government be- came dictatorial, he spoke his mind and the people listened. He chided officials who dared to rest on the pretext that they did not have enough budget to do some- thing because Korea was poor. He told them directly what he thought of the game of "saving face" that is so much accepted as a way of life here. Beyond fiery speech and heated news- paper articles, Dr. Schofield gave of him- self wherever he could. He seldom had more than one suit of clothes to his name someone else needed them more than he. He finanaced the families of freedom fighters when the breadwinner of the fam- ily was imprisoned. He set up scholarship funds for promising young students, adopted a son and a daughter, and inspired the nation with the fact that someone did care. He was 81 when he died. He returned to Korea a year ago to die where his heart was. May he now rest in peace. Who Needs A Fence? By Doug Walker recently painted the side of Louis Svrecek's fence that faces on our place. It was a terrible way to waste a Saturday afternoon that could have been spent in reading or golfing. But it had to be Louis' fence might not last for- ever without a preservative! Louis took a real interest in the painting he came around to our side a couple of times during the afternoon. He may have been smirking over having forced me into working but I suspect he was just auditioning for that job of sidewalk super- intendent when the fence is built at our place. Well, there isn't going to be a fence built this year. I have insisted all along that I can live without one. Elspeth, how- ever, seems to feel the need for some sort of enclosure so she bought some green sticks and string and has marked out the boundaries of our holdings. The cost was negligible and might nave been even less had we known Bill Luckhurst brought so much string with him when he moved from Winnipeg! War And The Declining Stock Market WASHINGTON The bad news from Wall Street provides a logic for the feeling many people have in their bones about the connection be- tween the economy and the war. For the falling market indi- cates that economic conditions are going to get much worse for much longer than pre- viously expected. And a central element in tha market collapse is a general lack of confidence brought on by the president's handling of the war. The relation between the market decline and the econo- my in general 'is twofold. For one thing, the market is a for- ward indicator an advance barometer of what the econo- my as a whole may be doing several months hence. Tire massive size of the pre- sent decline, moreover, means that this time the market Fischetti 'The Coin' Down's Easy It's The Gettin' Up That's Tough Joyce Egginlon Yale Mobilizes Against Nixon ]VTEW HAVEN, Conneclicut- The next graduation cere- mony at Yale University will be an unconventional affair, de- void of traditional academic trappings. Instead of caps and gowns, most, if not all, of the students will wear the motley kind of dress in which they usu- ally Show up for classes. The money which they would have spent on academic garb will have gone instead to a political action fund, set up in' protest against President Nixon's inva- sion of Cambodia. Students across the country are being encouraged by Yale to do like- wise. This latest action of Yale stu- dents is part of a quiet revolu- tion which has been taking place over recent months. It is unique in that the university's president, administration, fac- ulty and students are all equal- ly involved not in the kind of violent protest which has been happening in colleges around the country, but in direct non- violent action in support of all kinds of immediate causes, both local and national. Such unity is just beginning to take place at many colleges over the Cambodian invasion, but at Yale it has been going on for some tune. The Yale campus lies in- the heart of New Haven, Connecti- cut's second busiest industrial town. The population is pre- dominantly working class, with a vociferous black minority. Al- though the city government has long been liberal and progres- sive, there have been one or two serious racial clashes in re- cent years. One of the leaven- ing forces in the town has un- doubtedly been the university, for behind the quiet revolution at Yale is the profound belief that all those who have the privileges of a university educa- tion and background should share a personal involvement with the surrounding commun- ity. The extent of Yale's involve- ment was shown just before the Cambodian affair and was swiftly overwhelmed by it. It was also widely misunderstood, particularly by the R'ixon ad- ministration. The point at issue was the forthcoming trial in New Haven of eight Black Pan- thers, including the Panthers' national chairman, Bobby Scale, on charges of conspiring to murder a fellow Panther whose mutilated body was found in a field not far from the town. During the pre-trial hearings many Yale students and faculty members felt that the court was already showing prejudice against the P a n t h ers, and Yale's president, Kin g m a n Brewster, added his concern with the comment (since wide- ly "I am sceptical of the ability ci black revolution- aries to get a fair trial any- where in the United States." Immediately Vice President Agnew launched into one of his frequent attacks upon liberal thinkers, demanding that Mr. Brewster be ousted in favor of "a more mature and responsi- ble person." And, assuming that Yale had thrown out traditions, dignity and commonsense, the Nixon Administration moved some troops into New Haven in anticipation of mas- sive violence at a huge open- air rally in support of the im- prisoned Panthers. This rally was not organized by the stu- dents, although many of them supported it. Largely thanks to the Yale students, who offered hospital- ity to the demonstrators at the Sprouting Potatoes From The Ottawa Jonrnal I T was not too long ago that potatoes were a standard item three times day. A solid farmer wanted fried potatoes for breakfast along with ham and eggs, toast, strawberry jam, coffee and a gingersnap or two as a tamper-downer. A boy knew the potato cycle the "planting, hoeing, hilling and digging. He sorted them over in the fall arcd cooked the sro'all ones for the pigs, along with cornmeal. And he also knew that in April, he would have the job of sprouting them. A potato feels the urge of the new season and sends forth 'Crazy Capers' long, pale-grey tendrils. Sorting over potatoes means picking up each one and rubbing off the tendrils. The potatoes will then keep better for eating until the new crop is ready. It was a cold, damp, monot- onous job to sit on a box in the earth-floor cellar and go over the spuds by the light of a kerosene lantern. A lad wasn't happy when father an- nounced the Saturday morning task, but it was a routine job that had to bo done. A 14-year- old could appreciate that pota- toes were an imporatnt item in the family food program. Fur- thermore, he knew that the sooner he finished the task, the more likely he would hear, "Son, that's a good job out of the way. Why don't you go down to the brook and see if you can get us a mess of trout for same time as exerting all their influence to keep the demon- stration non-violent, there were no casualties and very little danger. At the same time, Yale continued to express its in- volvement with the Panther- case by directing most of its studies to issues surrounding the trial. There were lectures on racism, law and the history of minority protest. Although widely described outside the university as a stu- dent strike, what happened at Yale was, in the words of a professor there "a moratorium on business as usual in order to deal with unusual business." The point was repeatedly made by students and faculty and repeatedly lost that Yale did not necessarily agree with what the Panthers represented, but it was deeply concerned with their civil rights and with the continued discrimination against the black populace of New Haven. "We see the Pan- thers, not as champions of jus- tice, but as victims of injus- one of their supporters at Yale explained. Yale's chaplain, the Eev. William Sloane Coffin, com- mented: "What has. happened at Yale is unique. There has not. been any violence or any college buildings taken over. One day there was small rally outside the president's of- fice, but that was to cheer Mm.' There is a great deal of unity among students, faculty and ad- ministration, and a great deal of concern about injustice with- in the University and far be- yond it." Although the concern about the Panthers continues, it has now broadened to even greater concern about the expansion of the Vietnam war into Cambo- dia. As Yale students prepare to fan out over the country, or- ganizing "teach-ins" on war is- sues among American people in remote and conservative communities, Yale professors are organizing delegations to Washington to lobby Congress- men to oppose the war ac- tively. Yale students will also join those of many other uni- versities in taking time out from studies before the Novem- ber congressional elections in or'der to campaign for "peace" candidates. Beyond the university there is much criticism that young people should not go to college to protest; they should go for an education. But the academic community at Yale and in- creasingly at other traditional and progresive universities has become convinced that ed- ucation, in these troubled times, cannot be confined to lecture rooms and that col- leges should be actively in- volved in the issues of the day. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD If thf worst comes to worst 1 can always icll buiincisE THROUGH THE HERALD Canada's reparation claim of against Germany for losses sustained by the country during the war, has been forwarded to Britain for presentation at a British Empire conference. .1930 Queen Mary cele- brated her 63rd birthday today at Buckingham Palace with her children and grandchil- dren. Among those present was Princess Elizabeth of York. 1010 Conservative mem- bers, speaking in the general discussion of the war appropriations bill urged the House of Commons that al- lowances paid mothers of men of the fighting forces be uni-. form. 1950 Phillip Noel Baker, Britain's fuel minister an- nounced the abolishing of pe- trol rationing, a major step in the gradual easing of Britain's wartime controls. 1960 A Swiss expedition has conquered Dhaulagiri mountain, in the Himalayas, the highest un- climbed mountain in the world. serves as more than a wcalh- ervane. About billion in wealth has been lost on the New York Stock Exchange alone over the past 16 months. That has to make a dent even on the wealthy persons ar.d institutions which are the big losers. As the empty spaces in the fancy restaurants and the availability of flossy homes and apartments and the slow sale of luxury cars all indicate, the rich are now cutting back on purchases. The exact impact of the mar- ket decline on the economy as a whole is far from clear. No- body knows precisely how much unemployment and for how long is signalled by the present fall in stock values. But the outlook wasn't that good to begin with. Administrat i o n economists had forecast a slight dip in the first. quarter of tie year, fol- lowed by a tur.avouml in the second quarter, with the econo-, my moving into a mild upbeat in the last half. On that as- sumption, they had hopes of holding unemployment at an average of 4.3 psr cent over tile year. Now these mild hopes are being dashed. Unemployment rose last monlh from 4.4 per cent to 4.8 per cent. .In the months ahead, the jobless- rate is almost certain to go above tha 5 per cent mark. And the resultant cut in income is bound to have a depressive im- pact on the whole economy. The mini recession, in other words, is stretching out. But why? How come the careful hopes of Mr. Nixon's economic advisers are being falsified? Part of the answer, no doubt, lies in falling corpo- rate profits. Part lies in con- tinuing inflation, high interest rates, the housing crisis, and that sort of thing. But all these factors were present and ac- counted for in the calculations Letters To The Editor of the president's advisers last winter. Today's troubles spring from something new some- thing, as the Wall Street Jour- nal said the other day, that "won't be found by following the financial pages." The place to look is the front pages. They tell of an admin- istration widening the war in an atmosphere of confusion and disarray. They tell of an administration caught .off guard by swelling protests in the universities. They tell of a president out of touch with much of the country and sound- ing as though he needed to prove himself because he didn't make the team at Whit- tier. In these circumstances, thoughtful men cannot be con- fident that the administration knows what it is doing. So in- vestois hedge bets and post- pone decisions. And the result is downturn on Wall Street and a gloomier outlook for the eco- nomy. Major depression, to be sure, is still not a likelihood. Inven- tories are not excessive. Pre- sumably the heavy spending on plant arid equipment is based on rational appraisals of the long-term future not on wishful thinking likely to back- fire. And to give the economy a little lift in the near future, there will be an increase in so- cial security payments, a fed- eral payrise, and the end of the surtax on income tax. But if depression is not In sight, neither is a healthy.and prosperous economy. The eco- nomy cannot get right until the Vietnam war and the accom- panying dissent are clearly on the way to being over. As Prof. Paul Samuelson, perhaps tha leading American economist, put it last week: "How can you have a society lorn apart and Wall Street zipping along at'a happy (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Facts On Educational Policies I am extremely concerned about recent editorial com- ments that have appeared in your paper of late which seem to indicate, a rather marked departure from your usually well-informed, responsible edi- torial policy regarding educa- tion. As a regular reader I can excuse the ignorance of Mr. Burke in his article, "The Edu- cation Overburden." Mr. Burke, I am sure, feels he has a space to fill in your paper and the fact that he has noth- ing to say is of little concern to h i m, but it should be of con- cern to you as editor. The "Dis- gruntled" letter writer, I would suggest, is a sore looser with an injured ego and beyond this I don't feel any comment is necessary. Your editorial on "Policy and Morale" is not so easily explained. It is not my intention to de- fend Dr. Larson and the school board. They are more than ca- pable of doing that for them- selves if given the opportunity. What I would like to do is point out some of the areas that you as editor should have explored before mounting the bandwagon of ignorance that seems to be developing. Your editorial and your paper as a vehicle of misinformation have done more to lower" the morale of the teaching profession than anything that has come out of the central office -of the Leth- bridge School District. How about checking a few facts in the Mowing areas: One: How many principal- ships and vice-principalships have been filled since Dr. Larson came on the scene? I think you will find that there were four and only one "outsider" was appointed. I don't see any reason for con- cern over these statistics. Two: You expressed some concern that the recently ap- pointed co-ordinators would have to be "visibly much su- perior." Had you taken the time I am sure you would have seen, like most teach- ers, that they were superior by virtue of the fact that all are completing Doctoral pro- grams and have a wealth of experience that makes them standouts in the field of edu- cation. Your concern over their ability is not shared by the majority of teachers. Three: How many local educators applied for the co- ordinators positions? I don't have these figures but I would suggest that they are available and I believe you will find that there were very few local applications and I am confident that all were given careful consideration. It should also be pointed out that one of the appointments was a local educator. This is a fact which you and every- one else seems to have ig- nored. Four: With regard to this dreaded policy that you make reference to and which you imply is bringing our" educational system to ruin. How many local educators and neophyte administrators returned to university to study administration because of this policy? I would sug- gest there were quite a few which augurs well for the poi- cy and the internal growth and stability of our educa- tinal system. We have long since passed the point in edu- cation where length of ser- vice is-the only prerequisite for leadership. Five: As Editor of The Herald have you seen the policy of which you speak with such authority? I think not. Let Mr. Burke and "friends" play the role of Chicken Little if you must but as the editor of a respected newspaper we have ajj right to expect more from you. DISGUSTED. Lethbridge. Spring Is Lovely! Spring is such a lovely time of year. Time to fish in polluted streams and lakes. Time for fresh country air mingling with the smell of pine smoke, flow- ers and smog to refresh the lungs. Time for flowers covered with soot to brighten up lawns, gardens and homes. Time for birds to sing above the'roar of cars letting off noxious gasses into our pollution saturated air. Time to re-paint the house again because it is covered with a sticky gray grease since it was painted last year. Time to cut the greasy grass and plug the lawnmower again. Spring is such a wonderful time, too bad it has to be wasted on pollu- tion. P. E. HUMPHREYS. Raymond. The Lethlnidgc Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration Number 0012 Member of Tito Canadian Press ?.r.rf ine Canadian Daily NewspftM Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY P. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKK1 Advertising Manager Editorial "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;