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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HIRALD May 1974 Quebec language bill.draws criticism Loyal to The crippling strike in Northern threatening to precipitate rioting and perhaps civil has been foisted on the region by people variously described as Protestants and loyalists. They do not deserve such respectable they are more appropriately called extremists. Long ago it became obvious that the actions of these extremists and of their counter parts of the Irish Republican Army are far removed from anything easily identified as religious. That they are Protestants and Roman Catholics is merely incidental and largely meaningless. Yet to call them loyalists is troubling too. What are they being loyal to by this fanatic display of opposition to a plan to include all elements of society in the government of the region and to establish a council to deal with problems affecting the whole It is not loyalty to the British government. The strike and the accompanying violence is directed against an initiative taken by that government to restore peace to a troubled land. It cannot be loyalty to Ulster either. Ulster and its people are being made to suffer for no conceivable beneficial goal. The obvious conclusion is that the loyalty is to privilege and prejudice. Sharing governing powers in' the province and meeting on common ground with the republicans requires too much yielding of privilege and too much surrender of prejudice. of cannot be assigned solely to one side. Undoubtedly the prolonged application of terrorist tactics by the IRA has contributed to the intransigent spirit now being displayed by the extremists who call themselves Protestants and loyalists. A solution does not appear to be in sight. The worst fears of a blood bath may yet be realized. When that has abated will the air have been It is extremely doubtful. The war goes on Within a two members of the International Commission for Control and Supervision in Vietnam threatened to withdraw. Indonesia was the first to threaten followed soon after by Iran. These threats remind the in case it has that peace has not come to Vietnam. The fact is that war has continued since the signing of the Paris peace agreement 15 months ago and has intensified. International interest in the war has waned since the Americans withdrew but it is as destructive as ever at a conservative people have been killed since the January 1973 ceasefire and over have been wounded or are missing. Members of the ICCS cannot fail to suspect that a serious intent to live up to the peace agreement is lacking on all sides. Talks of a sort between the North and South Vietnamese and the Vietcong WEEKEND MEDITATION had been going on but now they have broken off completely. Thus even if the ICCS was not hampered by its own peculiar internal tensions it would not have much hope of achieving anything in the present situation. The frustration which has led to two members threatening to withdraw is why Indonesia and Iran have not acted on their threats is a mystery. In the light of this any lingering doubts that Canadians may have had about the wisdom and rightness ol their government's decision to quit the ICCS early in its existence should be dispelled. Lending a cloak of respectability to a charade would have been distasteful and wrong. Any serious attempt to end the fighting in Vietnam must include the cessation of arms supplies by the major powers. Peace in Vietnam requires an agreement by the hidden participants. The faith of a doctor Sir Thomas Browne was a medical doctor who lived in in the seventeenth century. Curiously he was knighted by that wretched creature. Charles and two more unlike men would be hard to imagine. Browne loved people and Charles II was a monster of selfishness. Browne was a man of profound faith and Charles had no faith worthy the name. Browne was a humble and Charles was a supreme egoist. Browne was a tolerant but Charles had a streak of cruelty and intolerance in him. Sir Thomas belonged to that blessed and select body of who still exist in this age of impersonal who remain human beings rather than medical mechanics. In his famous Relgio he writes that he prays for sick and in general for under whose care and at the entrance into the house of the to The peace and mercy of God be in this place'. he believed deeply in prayer and tells how much it meant to him in constant use. He knew that the problems of the mind and spirit were often more difficult to cure than physical ailments. 'I can cure the gout or stone in some sooner than or avarice in others. I can cure vices by physic when they remain incurable by So the good doctor believed in mixing life and medicine and religion. Like all honest men. he did not have two sides to his he was no hypocrite. What he professed he practiced. While he was a true scientist who loved the laboratory and scientific he would run against the dogmas of the church when he felt that they contradicted despite his great loyalty to the church. As C. H. Herford said of reason and faith could not be kept in water-tight compartments but had valves and sluices and the sustaining water readily flows to and Browne had little use for bigotry. he was a bad way to plant religion. He thought that who confine the Church of either to particular churches or have made it far narrower than our Saviour ever meant Churches and sects that the gates of and turn the key against each are risking their own salvation and damaging the salvation of others. He knew the intolerance and cruelty of writers and men who claimed to be scholars. are men of they bear no but their tongues are sharper than Actius' their pens carry farther and give a louder report than I had rather stand the shock of a than the cury of a merciless Browne lived continually with the thought of death. He urged this as part of life's deepest wisdom. Death taught men to appreciate the day they had and to enjoy friendship because it was the most blessed of God's gifts. To be was the supreme aim of life. So cultivatte those friendships which keep you from foulness of Cultivate the love of music since here you are led to the harmony of all life and the of the first Those who are hostile to and religion Sir Thomas counts as fools. What could be better than to live with the serenity and warm-hearted sympathy of this scholar and me in this life with but peace of my command of my affections the love of Thyself and my dearest and I shall be happy enough to pity Caesar. These 0 the humble desires of my most reasonable ambition and all I dare call happiness on wherein I set no rule or limit to Thy hand of dispose of me according to the wisdom of They pleasure. Thy will be done though in my own Thomas F.S.M. WOW ABOUT A BLINDFOLD AMD A By Rob Herald Quebec commentator QUEBEC It is a common practice to introduce legislation with a full of words like to establish the context of the- bill and Quebec's proposed language legislation is no exception. it French language is a national heritage which the body politic is in duty. bound to and it is incumbent upon the government of the province of Quebec to employ every means in its power to ensure the pre-eminence of 'that language and to promote its vigor and the French language should be the ordinary language of communication in the public administration Her with the advice and consent of the National Assembly of enacts as follows is the official language of For many French- Canadians here the reaction is about As Guy Cormier wrote in an editorial in La have to at least agree on a minimum. And in my the article decreeing that French is the official language should have unanimous The law states that official provincial government texts and documents must be drawn up in but may be accompanied by an English that provincial agencies must communicate in French with other provinces and the federeal government as well as private companies within that internal communication within the Quebec government administration must be conducted in French and that nobody shall be admitted or promoted administrative office in the public administration unless he has an appropriate knowledge of Mr. Cormier sense of the decree is clear. It p Two sides to India's nuclear program By W. A. Montreal Star commentator Canada has just reacted very strongly to the Indian nuclear suspending our program of atomic assistance and bringing into review some other aspects oi aid. There is no reason why Canadian tax payers should help finance Indian nuclear explosions so that is a sensible course of action. We would do to avoid over- simplifying an extremely complex situation simply be- cause we have made our own nuclear acommodations. It is easy for a Canadian to argue that Mrs. Gandhi's gov- ernment has used resources that ought to have been applied to other problems. It may well be that India will pay a price for its decision greater than any advantages it secures. remains to be seen it is a long way from being a self- evident truth. In the first the criti- cism ignores the difficulty in both under developed and partly developed countries of LETTER transferring vital technological resources. Work in the nuclear field has been one of the Indian success stories of the post- independence period. A high level of technological skill and scientific knowledge has been built up. This industry is a marked contrast steel or heavy machinery where India still has major production difficulties. The difference seems to be that one is based upon a relatively elite group and the other involves mass work forces in which it takes a long time to inculcate' the attitudes that make for industrial efficiency. If it had been possible for India to use the energies and resources involved in the nuclear explosion to improve the pro- duction of Hindustan steel one would say there was no choice which should have had priority. But that is not the sort of transfer that proves possible. Since we reside more or less happily under an American nuclear with our own nuclear weapons acquired on the cheap from the United it is easy enough to say that the Indians ought not to be getting into the field of nuclear explosions. They are concerned with the same strategic situation as we are. The East-West relationship which preoccupied us is now relatively stable. The Indian relationship with the nuclear power that concerns New is not. It cannot be until the inevitable change of leadership has taken place in Peking and the world has had a chance to see what happens then. It is for exactly the same reason that foreign ministries the world over view Soviet- Chinese tension as a serious danger to peace possibility of seeing how it will be resolved does not yet exist. Western criticisms of some Indian like so many others of the former colonial ignore one- of the worst of the collection of bad Thank you Lethbridge Writers Too rebutting local writers read only the obvious in the mildly enflaming papers submitted by Lethbridge Trapped by their own political and religious stirred up by the printed passions of said they then unleash their own passions in print. Far from being a bad it is actually a good one most necessary for the survival of the democratic process. We all owe The Lethbridge Writers a vote of they provide a Zentrum of conversation for attitudes and emotions seldom publicly vented otherwise. Given that I may disagree with righ't-of-centre I cannot discount such views as immaterial or irrelevant. They reflect the philosophy that man requires an imposed set of controls lest he sink beneath the waves of his own too-personal needs and wants. Various governments in fact operate from this all impute man as incapable of governing himself without the and moralizing offices of I may disagree with the sppcifics of the but not with the observable fact that man is nowhere free of restraint. Man invariably seeks restraints by permitting a philosophy to provide him a sense of predictability and continuation. Given I may disagree with the curious mixture of religious orthodoxy and rebellion against that I must admit that the most entrenched fathers of the Church were often St. St. St. Albertus all faithfully served the Church while incorporating into dogma previously foreign concepts. In local the virtues of the old and traditional includes are 'extolled while contemporary Church authority is condemned for their lack of historical vision. This is neither paradox nor society embraces both the conservative and the iconoclast. the former is praised and the latter only tolerated but society needs one to insure the other to prevent stagnation. Given 1 may disagree with the impassioned plea to the Celts from the of the given I may disagree with the notion that the monarchy is corrupt office is only office-holders are I do agree that the passions of group differences are far from North vs. East vs. Black vs. ad nauseum. These notions are their right they provide a safety valve for those lost in a sea of uniform human porridge. Something almost atavistic demands they stand and are of a unique regardless of the inaccuracy. So up Lethbridge may they always interest anger and authorize our own prejudices. HOWIE PUCKETT Lethbridge. legacies left behind by the imperial era. Other people notoriously find Indians sensitive and easily yet ignore the great damage to national pride of two centuries of enforced subjugation to a foreign power. Things done to restore damaged pride may not make sense to other men but it is rash to denounce them too quickly. To any outsider who studies the Sukarno period was an era of impractical madness that seriously set back the development of that potentially very rich country. The priorities seem with energies and resources so obviously a spent in ways that contributed little to the Indonesian people. There is a fatal in that view of Sukarno. It ignores the fact that he left the Indonesian people with a strong sense of that is vital if those scattered islands are to be a modern country. In an analagous the things that India must do to undo the effects of the colonial period may be easily criticized outside that country. They may also be to the unfolding of Indian develop- the latest stage of that people's long history. It is easy to make a catalogue of reasons why it would be better if India had not exploded a nuclear device. It is a good deal harder to explain why it is worse for India to have done so than the United the Soviet China or than for Canada to have nu- clear weapons. The Manhattan in which we took opened a door. We cannot pretend to have closed it within our area of we the government of recognize French as the only official language within our territory. the immediate it will probably either change nothing or merely confirm certain Quebec realities. But in the long such an that is to governmental position can have a considerable driving effect. Parti Quebecois leader Rene Levesque feels the bill is too soft and too merely adding to the existing confusion. lie said in a statement Wednesday. French will be no more official than it is now. It will merely be equal with English. Some English-speaking Liberal members of the national assembly have noted however that there is no undertaking by the province to communicate with English- speaking individuals in their own language and many have remarked on the reluctance of some provincial bureaucrats to deal with members of the English-speaking public. The number of English- speaking Quebecers in the provincial civil service is quite small. There are better salaries to be made in private business in Montral and less of a need to speak the languge most people in the province use. Victor the province's municipal- affairs said in an interview. people who want to have the rights of the English defended must understand that the right not to participate in French in the life of this province is a right which cannot be defended. the English- speaking community cannot isolate itself and just live in English. It was able to until recently but it can't do it The language bill is a draft proposal. It has been criticized for trying to do too much in one for leaving too many details to be worked out by cabinet for taking away English rights and for strengthening them. There are some anomalies. One of the stricter readings of the legislation would require McGill a provincial public to communicate with the Montreal a private in despite the fact that both are English- speaking institutions. But at its present stage the bill is simply a government proposal. For the next three weeks Quebecers will study it and then present briefs to the government. Then the bill will go through second reading where both the Parti Quebecois and some back- bench. Liberal members of the national assembly have promised a detailed fight. Education Minister Francois Cloutier has said it may take from six months to a year before the bill becomes law. Even some measures included in the legislation should not come into full effect until 1980. This province's adjustment to 'its unique linguistic situation will continue to have an impact on the rest of the country. But for the time being it is up to English or of all political to work things out for themselves. Mr. Bourassa's government does not seem ready to challenge the constitutional guarantees of his People here will still have the right to be tried in the courts in English or to speak in the provincial legislature in to be educated in Protestant or Roman Catholic schools. The end result of this debate may even be a fuller participation by Quebecers of all backgrounds in the life of the province if they can work things out. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration NO. 0012 CLEO Editor and Publishei DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager HOY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;