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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Lethlnidge Herald Third Section Lethbriclgc, Alberta, Thursday, May 25, 1972 Pages 27-32 India leads the miy_ 40 million children forced to wor STICKY BUT GOOD Thomas Deegan, 4, just could not eat his soft vanill cream cone fast enough to beat the more tian 80 degree Montreal sunshine, but man- aged to get It and all over him as wsll. By MAX London Observer SrrvitT GENEVA There are more than 43 million child laborers in the world, according to a re- port by the Intern a f i o n a 1 Labor Office in Geneva. These represent 3.9 per cent of hoys aged 14 or less and 2.7 per cent in America and thc Middle East, the report asserts, chil- dren are to be found in small workshops, cottage industries and handicraft undertakings. There, and in parts of northern and .southern Europe as well, children do home work, includ- ing weaving, spinning, sewing, embroiderv. metalwork. leath- More than 90 per cent of the total in 1970 were found in the I v f' developing regions of the world, )u on'' In the Philippines they number- j on" ed over in Iran over! .STKEM.'OL'S WORK in Thialand over one The training they get is often million, in Indonesia over minimal, tha work strenuous, in Pakistan over their treatment that of ser- 000, and, in India over 14 mil-1 vants, and the pay far below lion. I standard. Lightincr. ventilation Children are now rarely em- and sanitary conditions in such ployed in the larger and more i workplaces are generally poor, modern industrial undertakings, i Safety precautions are ncglig- but child labor in factories has j 'Me and children can he seen not altogether disappeared. The operating acetylene weld i n tries. In Brazil children have heavy jobs .such as ploughing, the planting of cotton, rice and sugar cane, and harvesting these crops. In the United States the re- port asserts, children of any age can work legally in agricul- ture at certain times in most states. Until the Federal Fair Lsbor Standards ton- lained no provisions whatever regulating child labor in agri- culture outside school hours, and even now dees so only in respect of hazardous occupa- tions, while few lau.s cer- tain such provisions. The fol- lowing year the number of chil- dren under the age of ifi de- tected working during school hours in violation of federal law i was Of these, were aged between 10 and 13 and 861 were nine or younger. Contrary to traditional ideas modern agriculture c x p u s e s workers to at leasl as much physical risk as most other sec- tors. In the r.tale of New York alone official statistics show that during the period 47 children aged between five and 14 years old died as the re- sult No matter where she performs British folk singer Joy llyman doesn't worry about, language barriers. Miss Hyman, who teaches music teachers in England. sings in 33 languages. She has a repertoire of international songs which range from the 12th to 20th centuries. It was only 10 years ago that she started singing seriously. She had been a teacher and a child-welfare officer before she decided to take singing lessons. "I had always wanted to sing, so I she says. "I started with classical songs and learned to play the guitar. Miss Hyman says she believes the guitar is a valuable instru- ment in the classroom. She con- siders it a friendlier mstmmenl than the piano. Although she's no longer ac- tively involved in teaching chil- dren, Miss Hyman still manages to give young singers advice. During a to Regina. she i was commentator for special j music sessions held in the city's separate schools. "I was thrilled with (lie stand- ard of singing and variety of songs presented. After they had finished, I gave them advice and talked to them about sing- ing and presentation.'' Children, says the mezzo-so- prano, should he taught to use their teeth, lips and the tips of their tongues when singing. This helped the audience to under- stand clearly what was being sung. Enthusiasm by the teacher was an important aspect in teaching children to sing. "In any music teaching I am i convinced the enjoyment, enthu- i siasm, commitment and in- I volvement of the teacher will bp communicated to the children. j "And, the results in the chil- i dren's work will be directly pro- 1 portionate to this." Miss Hyman has toured Can- ada twice and has made several Canadian television perform- ances. Ceylon slaixknls wages, hours anil physical working condit ions are maintained, most produc- tion comes from small private hops and. especially, home work. Conditions in such workshops are generally ex- tremely poor and the employ- ment of very young girls is nor- mal. Throughout most of Asia, Lat- in America, the Middle East and parts of southern Europe boys below the legal minimum age work on building sites as casual unregistered laborers, clearing debris, carrying equip- ment and doing other odd jobs serious risk of accident and in- "Whole family groups were I jury lit, badly ventilated and insan- j at low wages, often involvini itary premises. groups were j ju Domestic service for very young children, mainly of girls, in Central America, the Middle East and some parts of Asia, is often practically indistinguish- able from slavery. Thev are commonly at work, with a par- ent or other older relative alone being listed on wage rolls and receiving payment for the en tire group. In a cigaretlc fac- tory children were being hired as by adult work- i brought to cities from rural ers who gave them only a frac- areas by their parents, or pur- tion of what they had actually ported parents, and virtually earned or paid them piece sold into domestic service. Thty j rates." are usually unpaid and the prac- Another survey, limited to i lice is frequently described eu- I Thailand textile factories and phemislically as "adoption." workshops, revealed thai near- i Bui mast working children in ly half the working children every region, the report main- Teletype helps student writing TORONTO (CP) A Cana- dian Press teletype news ticker became a for 180 Uncle r Mudu I ds pi I ui a mi nth loiit. c t imuit t a sub urban high school. COLOMBO, Ceylon (AP) A peasant with urgent news carefully counts his rupees at the telegraph window. The clerk returns a receipt and then dumps the telegram in a regular mailbox. That scene shows what crip- ples civilization: Ceylon's in- frastructure, like its East Ger- man telegraph equipment, has largely broken down. The country, like the pea- sant, is scraping the last of its resources. And the govern- ment, like its telegraph de- partment, keeps up the facade, while doing what it can to get by. Last year's gross national j product fell to minus 1.1 per Cl I cent in official figures. It is Students in the six Grade 12 Hkciy to dmp even furuier this [classes at York Memorial colic- i vear ns ,he forcign posi- jgiale institute rewrote the news worsens ond "exports con- stones, composed headlines and tjmic (0 suffer j then compared (heir efforts uith problems started long be- Ine articles as they appeared in forc prescnt government Toronto daily newspapers. took offirc, and nave I The experiment was a sue-! heightened during the last 14 cess, said M. E. Hamilton, head months by a disastrous rcbel- of the school's English depart- lion, a drought and n series of mcnt. plant blights. under 16 had never been t o school. Throughout Asia, Africa, Lat- tains, are employed in agricul- ture, particularly in India and Pakistan, and other Asian coun- j VANCOUVER i CP t -Mayor Tom Campbell said today he [expects the strike of civic out- side and inside w o r k c r s against four area immcipali- ties last at least another month. Mr. Campbell said in an in- terview he opposes a non-bind- ing, third-party proposed by the unions be- cause the public would expect the municipalities lo accept aiiy recommendation above the present offer of a 9.5.1 per cent increase in wages and fringe benefits. He said the unions involved would disregard any non-bind- j ing recommendation not to their liking. I About employees are on j strike in Vancouver. New West- minster. Burnaby and Delta- some since April 25. Cily hall operations have been curtailed and parks maintenance, street cleaning and garbage disposal services are at a standstill. The municipal labor relations bureau met Tuesday with one of the unions involved the municipal and regional employ- ees union representing inside workers to discuss the pro- posal for an independent med- iator. The unions have rejected the MLRB's demand that the strikers return to work before mediation begins, and that any i settlement be binding on both parlies. The LCRB went belore I he I B.C. mediation commission i Tuesday to present its case. i But union officials, including i the Canadian union of public I employees representing outside workers, have .said they will nnt attend the commission j hearing. j Meantime. Mayor Campbul i commented on a resululion on civic strikes which was pro- I posed at (he just ended con- vention in Quebec City of the Canadian Federation of Mayors and Municipalities, which hp j attended. The resolution called for a ban on strikes by civic work- ers. but Mr. Campbell said I every city employee ".should be entitled to the same rights as evcrj- other working pcr- son." liowevcr. he added, such es- suntial services as police, fire fighting and hospitals cannot i be allowed to be closed down I by strikes. Deputy Mayor Marianne Lin- ncll said supervisory health dc- part mcnt staff were satisfied there is still no problem with sanitary conditions in the city. j "The one possibility of alarm 1 might be eventually the res- uuiranls hut sn far they are satisfied Ihat health conditions there are good." Mrs. Linncll credit ed the health department's education- al program for the lack of a crisis in sanitation. Rather than enforcing health regula- tions through lines, the depart- ment goes into restaurants and teach stall about hygiene. Mrs. Linncll added that most restaurants use plastic garbage bags and that many are having private companies haul away refuse. Jiuljje orders new inquest VANCOUVER (CP) Chief justice J. 0. Wilson of the Brit- ish Columbia Supreme Court yesterday ord'.Teti ;i new in- quest into the death of Cliiicotin Indian Fred Quill. 55. ChiUiwack lawyer David Hinds, representing Ihe attor- ney-geiH'ral's department, said he expects the inquest to open in Kamloops July 4. Quilt's wife. Christine, had alleged liuit he was kicked and beaten by one of two RCMP officer? who IKK! pulled him from the family's pickup truck near Alexis Creek two days be- fore his death. DIMS ocil Piiv nrilnin's pool lanroiitr, din! in London. A formor professor (if poetry nl Oxford I'liivorMly, IIP iKimrtl pnof liuirrnlo on Jan. I, The teletype "has been the' most successful motivator for writing we've ever Miss Hamilton said. "We've been thrilled with the interest level. The amount of writing lias been really exciting too. It's not easy lo get sludcnts lo wrilc spontaneously." HEIGHTENS INTEUKST the possibility of ax leapt six more years in office, .Mrs. Sirimavo Bnndaranaike's left leaning government is holding thc bag. TIMES WERE EASY wealthy and lea prices were so good that Ihe government bccan direct handouts. Event- Student Norman Miller. IS. got. free food, said: "It was a lot more, inter- mcd'icine and education, csling than what we were doing essays and a regular literature course." And Scan Moore, 17, added: 'It was nice lo find out what's going on before you read il in the papers." Canadian Pacific Telecom- munications installed the tele- printer in a broom closet at thc school for a monthly rental of nnd a circuit charge of Successive leaders were elected by promising more than Ihe next party and they in office liy keeping promises. One prime minister trimmed thc rice ration was out almost, overnight. Thc crrrenl budget provides about million for all social service expenses and food sub- sidies. nearly half of total es- timaled revenue. The govern- The Canadian Tress, thc na- j menl owes about SlWfl million tionnl news agency, then fed in I (o foreign creditors and may its Ontario news wire-lho same have lo spend more than per news that goes to most of On- cent of the year's export carn- tario's daily newspapers. ings on repayment, and debt Teacher Harriet n for- j servicing. mcr free-lance writer, said .she Added lo these burdens, thc lo prepare the students planters report a poor lea crop for critical evaluation cf news- because of frost in the high- papers and "to lei them see Ihe j lands and drought in the low- problems of selectivity and ob- lands. Disease has affected the jcctivily." I rubber and coconuts. smiunG CULL FOR IHBHTrS BLUE' Labatts ;