Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 25, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Mondoy, May 25, 1970- Joseph Kraft Emotion vs. Reason A referendum to be held in Swit- zerland on June 8 pits emotion against reason. On that day Swiss voters will express themselves on a measure that would reduce the num- ber of foreigners to 10 per cent in all of the 25 cantons except Geneva. This would result in the expulsion of some people in the next four years. The richer nations of Europe have all experienced an influx of people from the poorer countries. These peo- ple are chiefly laborers of whom there are seven million in eight coun- tries. They have been an indispen- sable ingredient in the expanding economies of their host nations. Switzerland needs the foreign work- ers if its economy is not to suffer. There simply are not enough Swiss to satisfy the labor market. The country suffers from a chronic labor shortage, particularly in the construc- tion and catering industries. If the referendum should support the pro- posed measure many industries would have to close down. Obviously it is an irrational pro- posal and it is being opposed by the Government, the Church, the bankers, the industrialists and almost every other respectable group in the coun- try. But the sponsor of the measure, Dr.' James Edward Schwarzenbach, was able to collect more than enough signatures to force the referendum without benefit of a publicity cam- paign. The indications are that it it may be a close vote. If the limitation on foreigners is given a majority vote it will be a black eye for Switzerland. Switzer- land has had a reputation for being kind to immigrants. Not only has it looked after the needs of the world's tax dodgers but it has provided a refuge for philosophers and theolo- gians hounded by their native coun- tries. The new measure would give Switzerland the reputation of having the most reactionary immigration pol- icy in Europe. Those who have been able to retain a confidence in the power of reason to prevail will be shaken by this picture of Switzerland, the very epi- tome of reason, being rocked by an emotional issue. Human emotions, which do not need much cause for eruption, can still prevail two cen- turies after the supposed arrival of the era of reason. This may be dem- onstrated on June 8 by the Swiss voters. Willy vs. Willi Meetings between the leaders of East and West Germany in Kassel, West Germany last week ended in a stalemate. No one, not even the ebul- lient Chancellor Willy Brandt, expect- ed that the impasse would be broken. Prior to the meeting Chairman Wal- ter Ulbricht and other East German leaders had paid a surprise visit to Moscow, undoubtedly to sound out the Russians about how their talks with the West Germans on a non- aggression treaty were proceeding The answer was, not too well. Egon Bahr, the West German special envoy has reported that he is not optimistic about the result and that either the two sides will have a common ground for continuing the "exploratory" con- versations or they may lie broken off or postponed indefinitely. This must have been encouraging to East Germany's Premier Willi Stoph, who insists on full diplomatic recognition of East Germany, by West Germany before the two states can tackle other mutual problems. Herr Brandt refuses full diplomatic recognition to East Germany, be- cause, he insists, it is not a foreign state and could not have diplomatic relations in the normal international legal understanding of the term. Premier Stoph has always been concerned that Moscow would be will- ing to settle for less than the East Germans would. His fears were prob- ably allayed following Chairman Ul- bricht's return from Moscow. It looks now as if Moscow is taking a decidedly tougher stand towards West Ger- many than it has in recent months. It spells a headache for Willi Brandt who is having trouble with the young mili- tants in his own Social Democratic party. They have been pressuring him to loosen the ties with the West, and in all likelihood will step up their efforts. Saving Nixon And His Advisors WASHINGTON No respon- sible person can be al- together easy about Hie pro- posals generated in the Senate to arrest the Cambodian ven- ture and the Vietnamese war. The suggested amendments diminish a presidential prero- gative that has stood the world in good stead for most of the post-War era. They smack of the isolationist impulse. But the fault does not lie in the Senate. It lies with the offi- cials of the White House, the Pentagon, and the state depart- ment who pretend to manage American foreign policy. For they have set in motion an en- gine of expanding commitment that can only be switched off by drastic action in the Con- gress. A striking example of the en- gine in action is even now ap- parent in the Cambodian af- fair. The president has been at great pains to, emphasize the limited nature of Uie American involvement. That is why he pledged American troops would be out by June 30 and would only penetrate 30 kilo- meters inside Cambodia. Mr. Nixon also tried to hold South Vietnamese forces on the same leash. He told his press conference of May 8: "I would expect that the South Viet- namese would come out at ap- proximately the same time WR do because our logistical and air support also come out." But on meeting the press two days later, Ambassador Ells- worth Bunker said: "I wouldn't think we would withdraw logis- tical support" from Hie South Vietnamese troops in Cambo- dia. A couple of days after that, Secretary of State Wil- liam Rogers asserted Ameri- can pilots would continue to fly support missions for the South Vietnamese force in Cambodia. And when asked how long the South Vietnamese would stay on Cambodian soil, Mr. Rogers replied: "I think there's a limit to what we should say about what South Vietnamese are go- ing to do." By that time the South Viet- namese were to say themselves in a press conference held, in Cambodia by Vice President Nugyen Cao Ky. "We can stay here and take care of our- Marshal Ky said. And he indicated the stay would last until "the day the Cambodians feel they are strong ciough to fight the North Vietnamese Communists." In plain English that means the South Vietnamese are pro- tecting, the present Cambodian regiire of Gen. Lon task that could last for years. They are pushing the United States to extend to Phnom Penh the commitment it has already made to Saigon. Many high American officials are going along. So even now, the presi- dent is having the greatest dif- ficulty holding American en- gagement within prescrib- ed limits. Not because American offi- cials are imperialists. Few, if "The amount of walking they do, you'd think they'd go on a sitdown strike instead of a any, American political lead- ers, diplomats, and generals itch to plant the flag on for- eign soil for the greater glory of Coca-Cola and the Chase Manhattan Bank. No, the ani- mating engine of expanding the post-war American foreign pol- icy fashioned by Dean Acheson and John Foster Dulles. That policy features the use of American power to help friendly countries resist the Communists. It provides that Congress and public opinion be taken into the act through bi- partisan resolutions giving ad- vance authority to the presi- dent for discretionary use of American power. And as long as it was applied to regimes that would and could help themselves, the policy worked well. But this basic post-war ap- .proach has no switch-off me- chanism. It cannot be applied to governments that seek only more and more and more Am- erican help. On the contrary, as experience with the Saigon regime shows, such govern- ments have the capacity, by their very weakness, to move' the United States step by step into engagements far deeper than ever contemplated in Washington. It is in these desperate cir- cumstances that there has been developed in the Senate the de- vice of denying funds for use of American troops in specific situations. One amendment, of- fered by John Sherman Cooper of Kentucky and Frank Church of Idaho, would require the president to come specially to Congress for money to under- take any new military opera- tions in Cambodia after June 30. Another, sponsored by George McGovern of South Dakota and Mark Hatfield of Oregon, would cut off funds for combat operations in Vietnam after 1971. These measures are un- doubtedly drastic. They pro- claim areas in which an enemy can have a free hand. They could easily be applied else- where in the world with di- sastrous results. Still it is hard to see how else the engine of expanding commitments can be turned off. It is not a question of pit- ting legislative power against executive authority. It is a question of saving Mr. Nixon and the Pentagon anf '-ha state department from themselves. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Art Buchwald Shaun Herron Israel: An Urgent Need For Practical Help BASHING-TON One of tte things that constantly impresses people in Wash- ington is the accuracy of the body counts in Indochina. No part of the war has been handled with as much scientific accuracy as enemy body counting, and we know to the last Commie aggressor how many Viet Cong have been killed each day. The Office of Enemy Body Counts is lo- cated at the Pentagon and has a staff of people. The director of OEBC is a civilian named Hammersmith Moody, who could safely be called the "father of enemy, body counting." "When the war first Moody said, "body counting was a hit or miss proposition. Our boys would go into an area, shoot up the place, burn down the village and then phone in a figure of enemy killed to Saigon. This figure was arrived at by questioning each GI who was in on the operation and asking him, 'How many gooks did you "Now almost every outfit in Vietnam had soldiers from Texas in it, and no matter what the other GIs said, the Texans would insist they got more. So everyone kept escalating the figures and pretty soon there was some question as to how accurate the count was. To further complicate mat- ters, the South Vienamese troops found out the easiest way to please the American high command in Saigon was to hand in high enemy body counts. "The more enemy the ARVN command- er could report dead, Uie more equip- ment, medals and promotions he could get for himself and his outfit, and pretty soon South Vietnamese officers were flooding Saigon will) exaggerated body count sta- listics." "T h e r e doesn't seem anything wrong with I said. "After all, no one got hurt." Moody said. "The complication arose, though, when these figures were re- ported to the Pentagon and released to the public. At the rate we were reporting enemy deaths, we would have run out of anyone to kill in the first 16 months of the war. How could we justify our stay- ing in Vietnam after we had reported that everyone in North Vietnam was al- ready "It isn't I admitted. "So I was asked to develop a new body count system which would make it pos- sible to prove that we are beating the Communists, at the same time guarantee- ing there were enough left to make us keep our commitment." "How did you do "We took all the counts submitted by the various units and divided by six. "But even this figure was too high to announce every day, so we set up what could be called an enemy body count bank. Now when things are going bad and the press and public are getting restless, we release figures from the bank which wil prove how well we're doing in Viet- nam." "Are you doing the same thing hi Cam- I asked. "The emphasis in Cambodia has been on supplies rather than bodies, but we're still getting very high reports from the field. If can report 10 enemy dead for every ton of rice seized, we'll be very satisfied." "Don't you have a recognition problem in Cambodia? How do you know when you see a Cambodian or North Vietnamese body that it belonged to the Moody replied, "Through dental charts." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Ferns For Sale By Dong 'piE LAWN, newly planted last fall at our place, lived through the winter. There is a nice stand of grass and some other stuff. Our neighbor, Hugh MacAulay, whose lack of knowledge about gardening is on a par with my own, came over to converse about' these 'matters. He noted the wealth of non-grass plants in the lawn and said they looked like ferns. Gardening enthusi- asts, he said, paid money for ferns so I should put an ad in the Walker make enough to hire a carpcnier !o make a fence. That very evening a lady with much gar- dening experience was a visitor at our place. Eunice Watkinson said the fern was a wretched even had a name for it. What is more, she said it usually isn't discouraged by mowing and will like- ly have lo be hand picked. I should have given Hugh Ihe rights lo Ihe ferns. He might have been able to sell then: to some other dumb guys like our- selves. "CTOW far does a man's wear- mess contribute error to one's interpretations of what he says? I saw Abba Eban the other day and had an opportunity to watch him, listen to him and talk with him about Israel whose foreign minster he is. He was obviously very tired. I think if he had had a choice he would have lain down and slept. Underneath his usually gracious manner there was a layer of irritation that had, it seemed to me, nothing to do 'with the dreary necessities of public relations, but had a lot to do with simple exhaustion. Thai is where the business of interpretation came in. Was it weariness or something else on top of weariness? Or am I reading what I think about the news into what I saw in Abba Abba Eban is on some sort of goodwill tour. He has seen the Canadian government and, it appears, will see the govern- ment of the United States. He is speaking to Jewish audi- ences across the country and spoke to one in Winnipeg. What he said was impressive and moving. It was in a way nat- ural that it was delivered to a Jewish audience. It would at this moment in history have been even more useful if il had Been delivered lo a much larg- er and a far wider audience. But when it comes to ans- wering questions, the prob- lems of communication are different. One chooses what one will talk about in a speech, and confines oneself to that. Question askers choose the questions and what is not said in the answer is not less im- portant than what is said. When I ask the Israeli for- eign minister, "Who are your allies he knows what I mean, and the kind of allies I Food-From-Sea Myth From The Ottawa Journal nPHE phrases have become almost commonplace: "farming the "har- vesting the seas." Whenever man runs short of food, the theory goes, all he need do is to put his ingenuity to work to draw upon the supposedly inex- haustible potential of the ocean. If the prospect has had a Jules Verne or psuedo-scientif- ic ring, too much of Jules Verne has come to pass to dis- miss the concept out-of-hand. It has also been too comforting a notion for anyone to want to doubt it. But an article in a recent Saturday Review calls the whole notion of man being saved by the "immeasurable riches" of the sea a "persua- sive myth." an "illusion pro- moled by the uninformed." Paul R. Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich bring forth enough evi- dence to make a powerful case against the myth." The layman is not able to make final judgment when sci- entists disagree. Yet ihosc who waiit lo believe thai the oceans are an almost limitless source ot food should consider the words of the marine biologist J. H. Ryther: "The open sea 90 per cent of the ocean and near three-fourths of the world's surface is essentially a bio- logical desert. It produces a negligible fraction of the world's fish catch at present and has little or no more po- tential for yielding more hi the future." According to the impressive scientific opinion the Ehrlichs bring forth, the most fish yield the sea could produce would be somewhat less lhan twice the 1967 fish harvest of some metric tons, not enough to be cf much help to an over- populated world. Instead of dreaming science- fiction dreams of sea harvest, it would make much more sense if man did more about ending Ihe present over-fishing and the pollution of the seas. "The race lo loot the sea of its protein is .now in full swing." the Saturday Review article re- ports. Yet Canada and other nations seem unable to do any- thing except wring their hands and watch the looters threaten Hie existence of whole fish species. mean, and the kind of situation I mean. When he says in reply that Israel's allies are the peo- ple of 100 countries, he has said, to me at least that he has none. When he is asked a question about the Russian presence in Egypt and says there must be a world wide popular disapproval of it, I begin to suspect that, however well he knows, say, that the British and Canadian and Am- erican governments disapprove of the Russian presence in Egypt, measures to counter the Soviets may not be taken un- less there is a massive public pressure on the British, Cana- dian and American govern- ments. And it was underneath Mr. Eban's answers to questions like this that I felt what I took to be a greater concern about the Middle East situation than any Israeli statesman has be- trayed before.- It would be easy to say that listening to him and watching him, his anxieties about the Arabs were slight from a military point of view but that gnawing at his vitals was a grave fear of what the Soviet presence in Egypt might mean for his country unless the Western powers shake themselves. And it might be assumed from the foregoing that he has little expectation of them doing enough, in time unless they are prodded into it by their own people. Why this tour at this time? The prime minister is away. When was the tour arranged? Mr. Trudeau would surely not have taken off for Asia, know- ing in good time that Mr. Eban was coming? Presumably in the circumstances the tour was arranged long after Mr. Tru- deau's Asian arrangements were settled, and perhaps quite recently? But in spite of Ihe prime minister's absence, Mr. Eban cine anyway. I should assume that he therefore judged the time lo be most op- portune, or even necessary, for a goodwill "our in North Am- erica. Js one entitled lo conclude from this that a propaganda assaull on Ihe minds of North Americans is deemed to be ur- gent now? I should have thought so myself. That is why I say one may be reading in'.o P'r. Eban what one is fhinM.ns about Ihe news. And the news from the Middle East has never been worse. The survival of the sta'e of Israel in spite of the postures of a few Cana- dian churchmen, has never been a more urgent obligation on the consciences of the West- ern community of nations. If Mr. Eban and his col- leagues in Israel are really anxious about the turn of events in the Middle East, are they also anxious about the dreadful burden laid on Israel's economy by Ihe eroding per- sistence of Arab hostilily and the open sponsoring of that hos- tility by the Soviets? Are the Israelis worried very wor- ried about the strains on their economy? Mr. Eban spoke of the great expansion of the Israeli economy, but he also said that this expansion is swallowed up by the demands of defence. If that is the case then surely the Israelis are grimly righl to be worried and the nations of the West should share their urgent anxiety? One would like to think that the energy thai.goes into frus- trating and obstrucling Rich- ard Nixon's efforts to get out of Vietnam might very profit- ably, and for the sake of the small and weak nations of the world about which endless passion has been poured out be lurned now to a movement that would spur the govern- ments of the West to make known to the S'oviel Union, by diplomatic and also by practi- cal means, the urgency of re- slraining the Arabs and bring- ing Ihem to the peace table. America is officially com- mitted to the survival of Israel. So is Britain. There is a mo- ment beyond which efforts to secure the survival of anything are always too late. The sur- vival of Czechoslovakia is an accusing example. The issue for Israel may be closer than anyone except the Israelis want to think. Whether I am right or wrong, Mr. Eban gave me the impression that in spite of brave words which he undoubt- edly meant and which Israel has every intension of backing, the situation is nonetheless grim and Ihe need for practical help urgent. Urgent, it should be said, not just for Israel but for ourselves. And what we are too indifferent to do for Israel perhaps we might have the sense to rouse our governments to do for ourselves? We can hardly want political history to move back to 1914. (Herald Special Service) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Adolfo de la Huberto was named President of Mexi- co by the Mexican congress in a vote of 224 votes lo 28. 1530 Randall Thomas Da- vidson, Archbishop of Canler- bury foi' over a quarter of a centuiy, died in his sleep this morning. He was 82 years old. Ridge, the scene of Canada's greatest victory in the First World War, was claimed today by the German high command. 1950 A freight-rate in- crease of 3.4 per cent, amount- ing to about a year, was awarded to Ihe railways loday by Ihe board of trans- port commissioners. tidal waves lashed Chilean shores today in Ihe w a k e of continuing earth- quakes in southern Chile. Sev- en erupting volcanoes left over people missing or dead. The Lctlibndnc Herald 504 7th 51. SM Lothbcidge, Alberta LETHBKIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published'1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mat) Registration Number 0012 Member of Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newapapv Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genera] Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Manning Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WAI.KEB Advertising Manas" Editorial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"