Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 24, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Wcdneulay, May 24, 1972 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 37 uncovering remains JERUSALEM (Ttailerl Is- raeli scholars arc (lifipriR here in hope of uncovering the re- mains of Jerusalem as it was years ago. The investigation fits into n general pattern in a country where ardK'oloRy has become almost a national pastime. Even prominent politicians and army generals play the f.atnc. Defence Minister Moshc TJnyan spends most of his free I time at historical dins and the j chief of stuff. Cien. Yigiil I Yadin. is a world-renowned ex- pert on ancient Israel. Teams of archeologists as- sisted by hundreds of volunteers from both Israel and abroad are excavating sites throughout Ihc country. One of the most exeil- ing projects is the work being I done in .Jerusalem itself. Spurred by the occupation of the old waflcrt city by Israeli troops during the Arab-Is- raeli war, work already has re- sulted in finds of remnants of a Jewish temple as it stood in the days of Jesus. CiOKS NKAM Here, the digging goes on in the heart of the ancient city, by I the ruins of the biblical temple. During the last five years ar- cheologists have removed layer after layer of the successive civilizations in the long history of Jerusalem to reach the oldest -the biblical city of David and The earliest find by Ihc team, led by Prof. Binyamin Mazar o' the liebrew University, is a bur- ial ground soul Invest of the tem- ple mount, believed to dale hack to King Solomon's temple, built more than 30 centuries ago. The most impressive finds go By EDWIN A.K SIIANKE STOCKHOLM (AP) With many young Swedes shunning j nearly a fifth of j Sweden's babies are arriving out of wedlock. A "unique" decline in Swed- ish marriages is pinpointed by Erland Hofslen, head of the state statistical bureau. Noth- ing like it is happening else- where in Europe, he savs. From a high point of 61.101 marriages in 1S65. the number tumbled to last 35-per-cent nosedive within live years and the lowest fig- ures "in more than a century, going back to the time of mass Swedish emigration to the United States. Hofsten says the decrease in weddings is most pronounced and significant at the ages when marriage normally is most usual-23-24 for women and 25-26 for men. Illegitimacy rose to 18 per cent of all births, a record, in 1970 from 10 per cent in 1360. Why the decline in mar- riages? What is happening to the old Swedish mores as per- missiveness among the young and in many other directions advances For lack of clear- cut answers a lot of theories are put about. In general, more and more couples are deciding simply to live together. "Our love is so strong there's no need for a ring or a marriage says one couple. "It's not necessary to marry in order to be happy says another. "It is said Hofsten, "that both the drop in the number of marriages and the increase in the number of children born out of v.edloclt above all result from the tact that it has become common among the youth to move to- gether and raise a family without entering marriage for that purpose." Hofsten expressed the view that the change in social CDS- I toms "could more easily w.n I ground in Sweden because free associations and jllcgiti- male children have always I been accepted in a nvinniv i which isn't usual in other countries." DISTURBED BY THEN" Ingrid Sumlberg. a Model' ate party member of parlia- ment aciivc in family affairs, found the development di- turbing. "Children need secu- she observed. Hofsten saw the fact that women's economic liberation has advanced farther in Swe- den than many other coun- tries as an element in tiic pat- tern. Regardless of whether they are being treated equally in matters of pay and working conditions, said Hofsten. "all young women now accept as a matter of course that they will be earning wages through a great part of their lives. The woman's greater eco- nomic independence without doubt contributes to the fact that she finds traditional mar- riage repugnant and conse- quently also opposes a mar- riage." A gradual weakening in Clu-islian belief and religious devotion is being cited among church leaders. "Another factor is seculari- zation, which hasn't gone as far anywhere as in commented Berndt Gustafs- son, director for the state church 's central council. "Marriage is a sacred institu- tion. Perhaps there isn't room for anything holy today." CHANGE LAWS A state commission has been working almost three years on proposals to change family by making marriage simply a form of registration and by easing divorce. Now every third marriage breaks up within 10 years. Di- vorces rose to 12.238 in 1969 from in 1360. The most common grounds are ariul- I tery, alcoholism, a criminal I conviction and mental dis- ease. One suggestion under study: If the m a r r i a g e partners agree an immediate divorce should be possible. If the cou- ple has children, or if one partner objects, there would be a time for haps up to six months. Under this thinking Ihp guilty-party concept would end. Adultery. for example, would disappear as a cause for divorce and with it claims for damages. Ove Raincr, secretary of state in the ministry of jus- lice, has said it's unreasona- ble for an outsider to deter- mine who is to blame when a marriage cracks up. The present divorce law went into effect in 1921. "Soci- ety has changed in the last 50 commented Rainer. "Women today have their own income to a very wide de- gr back to a later temple built the ruins of the first edifice by King Herod. Two staircases I leading to what was (he market place within Ihc temple com- pound are Hie most striking re- mains. j KIND OLD COINS i Thev probably led to the ourtyard in which, the Chris- ian gospels say, Jesus angrily away the money lenders. Coins found among the debris may have been used by pil- grims to buy sacrifices in the jmple and the weights unearthed there could have icon used by vendors who sold iacrificial lambs and doves. Work continues in an attempt o reach the bedrock of the only remaining section of the wall which surrounded the second emplc. Tills "western jopularly known as the "wailing lias become through the centuries the most sacred shrine of the Jewish people. Water cisterns hewn in the rock, oil vessels, perfume vials and pottery buried among iho ruins have given the scholars a glimpse into the kind ol life which existed in Jerusalem in the time of Christ. Many of these finds agree with the descriptions of the tem- ple and its compound as found in the writings of a first century Jewish historian, Josephus Fiavius, the scholars say. ENOWMOSILER5 BACK Snowmobile expedtiion leader William Cooper of Wil- low River, Minn., left, talks with another member of the seven-man group, Willicm Soltis Moose Lake, Minn., after Ihey arrived at St. Paul, Minn. The group got as far cs Resolute Bay, Northwest Territories before mild weather forced them to quit. They plan to pick up round-world expedition nexl year. SUSPECT HANDCUFFED Hunnorian-born geologist faszlo Toth, 33, handcuffed al police station in Rome fol- lowinq bis nncst nfter the statue of Michelangelo's Piela (Inmcirji'd with a hammer. a choice! fwo brushed flared two stretch terry one of only And at a 30% saving, what a value! The Pants Brushed cotton twill that's soft to touch but hard to wear out. Fashionably styled flares, with four patch pockets, zipper fly. 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