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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta May LETHBRIDQE HEHALD-5 Bureaucratic bilingual horror story By W. A. Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA Everyone who has tried it knows that learning a second language and becoming bilingual is not easy and even under a government as dedicated to the bilingual state as the Trudeau efforts to deal with the public in both languages can turn into a hor- ror story. That is what happened when the Native Council of Canada decided that its award- winning Moccasin should have a French sound- track as well as an English one. After a year in the bureaucratic mill it took the direct intervention of Prime Minister Trudeau's office and of Secretary of State Hugh Faulkner to end the horror story. When A. E. presi- dent of the finally dropped the problem in Mr. Trudeau's through a four- detailed he did it with the comment that he hoped too will be by what has He assured the prime minister that every point made in his lengthy narrative could be substan- tiated. The story starts with a self- help project which Central Mortgage and Housing Corpo- ration assisted. A group of native people in northern Brit- ish Columbia were aided by CMHC in marshalling both federal and provincial resources to build new homes for 30 families living in slum conditions. That was in 1970- 71 Some months still BERRY'S WORLD with CMHC the group made a 23-minute color film showing the native municipal federal and provincial agencies all working together to build the homes. The film was Moccasin Flats and later on it was chosen as the best educational film of 1973 in the Canadian film awards competition. It was made in English be- apart from that is the language of the people involved. Copies were made widely available to show what can be done by people banding together to improve their own conditions. The CMHC- assisted housing which the native people had initiated was a success and so was the film about it. In his letter to Mr. Mr. Belcourt explained that in after we had shown this film to many native it became apparent that a French- language version was essential if we were to dis- tribute it widely to all native groups in Canada and indeea to the entire Canadian Since the Trudeau government is almost as much in favor of raising the status of native peoples as of this sounds like the sort of project that has it made the moment someone thinks of the idea. That is not quite how life with the bureaucracy unfolds. Mr. justifying his agency's desire for a French version made the obvious lot of Quebecers speak only French and there are lots of French-speakers in other parts of the country. The council applied to the secretary of state's department '.or the it was estimated the translation and preparation of the new sound-track would cost. The necessary forms went to the chairman of the citizens cul- tures of the Canadian citizen- ship branch of the department early in May 1973. Receipt was acknowledged May with the explanation that the application would go to Ottawa regional office of the department. Five months went during which telephone inquiries were met with assurances that the application was being studied. At mid-November last year the department advised the council that the application had been lost and asked for a fresh one. It was provided on Nov. 1973. This was re- acknowledged on Dec. with assurances that it would be studied and evaluated. On Jan. 10 this year an offi- cial asking for more information. It was provided and the council was informed that the application would go to the department's Quebec regional office since French was involved. One of the questions put to the council then the native groups in Quebec been consulted about It was explained that the film was for use to be shown to natives and non-natives. Book reviews Two days later another telephone call requested written confirmation of the information provided by telephone. On Jan. the department notified the council that the application had again been lost. Would they submit a new It was delivered by hand the same day. Later in January the citizen- ship branch advised that it did not have sufficient funds to grant the request and it should be dealt with by the minister of state for to whom it was being referred. On Feb. 25 there was a special screening of the film for that minister's followed the next day by an hour-long session in which council staff answered questions. They felt they were about the same as those answered earlier for the Quebec regional office. again explained that our understanding of the use of French as an official language had national Mr. Belcourt observed later on to the prime minister. On April this the council was informed that Stanley minister of state for had decided to refer the application back to the citizenship branch and that they would notify the council of their decision in due course. At that Mr. Belcourt decided that bilingualism had to be lifted out of bureaucratic channels and into more exalted ones if Moccasin Flats was to have' its French sound- track. He wrote the prime minister suggesting that Mr. Trudeau probably would be amused by bureaucratic horror but suggested it more important issues at stake too. believe that the to refuse our request French translation for i oughout this nation was on a total misunder- g and misinterpre- of bilingualism as ved by parliamentary Mr. Belcourt told the prime are convinced that most Canadians would reject the notion that the Province of Quebec or the federal agencies in Quebec have a mandate to approve or refuse all matters relating to the use of the French language throughout the entire The council received a quick reply from Mr. Trudeau's of- advising that their com- plaint had been referred to State Secretary Hugh Faulkner. On May Mr. Faulkner wrote Mr. Belcourt apologizing for the regrettable delays you have He also no- tified him that a grant of had been approved for a French sound-track and wished the council continued success. It is not always easy for men at the top to see that their policies percolate downwards. Sometimes the ball has to bounce right back up to them before the point is established. Harrowing chronicle of survival 1974 by NEA. Inc can we be SURE that Adam wasn't created from EVE'S The Story of the Andes by Piers Paul Read. and Stewart Ltd. 352 Prior to reading this book the mere thought of as practiced at the Donner Pass or in the recent Alaska plane was appalling. Upon completion of this account of 16 men surviving 70 days in unbearable existing at least 60 days on the flesh of their dead companions killed in a plane the act ot cannabalism gains understanding. I still can not and do not condone but I can understand more fully this repulsive act If the relatives and friends of those who were eaten can forgive and then we completely divorced from the should try to understand. The well easily readable book relates the harrowing ordeal of the survivors of a plane crash in the snow encased Andes mountains. While it covers all aspects of their the over-riding theme throughout the book is the decision to eat the flesh of their dead companions. While one can not pretend to judge such an action until faced with a similar certainly questions must be asked. One cannot help but wonder after only 10 they decided to eat their dead companions The reader must also ponder over the fact that these young governed by their deep religious feelings and wouldn't give the seriously injured and suffering co-pilot his gun with which he could end his misery They wouldn't allow a man to kill himself to end his but they There's one great reason why Acadian 400 is becoming so popular. RYE WHISKY SOCIALLY AOEO allowed themselves to eat him. Strange as it may the boys' belief in God sustained them throughout their ordeal. For the peace of mind of the they themselves and fully justified in their finding solace in the scriptures arid the acceptance of act by their friends and their church Everyone shudders at the thought of consuming human but one can't judge the actions of those who do under such extreme circumstances. Judging such an act is in higher hands than ours. When you fervently condemn these boys an old saying should perhaps be brought to mind concerning their situation but for the grace of go I. GARRY ALLISON Books in brief Lady is a by Lynn Mead and 180 It had to book about lady jockies. The author explores the background of some of the top gal delves into the hidden reasons they and the opposition they face. An amazing fact brought to light is the high number of girls who come from broken homes as well as the unusual number who shall we less than compatible with the opposite sex. The book repeats itself often but manages to remain interesting reading. A deeper probe into the jockies' lives would be as this writing just scratches the surface of what could be an extremely enlightnmg insight into human behavior. GARRY ALLISON Opening of the by David Divine 272 This superb volume is a history of Maritime exploration and also describes the adventures of some of the most famous men who have explored our world. David Divine discusses the development and influence of the first the voyages of the Portuguese seamen and the work of Da Magellan and Drake. He examines the motives that prompted early explorers to risk their lives as they tried to open up the world. The book is like a high school or university text but when the reading gets too tedious one can always relax with the magnificent illustrations. Complete with 160 black-and-white and 32 pages in full The Opening of the World would make a fine gift for most history enthusiasts. TERRY MORRIS Family life education By Father W. H. Kelly The Lethbridge Separate School District has been investigating the possibility of establishing a course in family life education. That subject sounds innocuous but discussion about it often becomes charged with emotional overtones because the area of sex and sexuality is included. A brief overview is in order. In February of 1973 the Principals' Association recommended formation of a committee to study family life education. In May of 1973 the board of trustees discussed a communique from the Alberta Medical Association and then called for a survey of current efforts in family life education. Results of this survey indicated that there was no organized instruction. In January of this year the board of trustees held a meeting for representatives of the Catholic and the school system. The participants expressed concern for the young in a permissive society that manifests many un-Christian values and practices in human sexuality. There was general agreement on the need of factual information enriched with guidelines for moral living rooted in the Catholic tradition. A group of teachers has been meeting frequently since last fall. Current plans would have instruction begin with grade eight in the first year of operation and gradually extend to higher and lower grades in subsequent years. The course would eventually encompass the whole spectrum of personal and family living with sex and sexuality as one dimension of an integrated whole. Its aim. to form students who will live according to the values of the Catholic tradition a striking contrast to the philosophy which distorts and isolates sex. The documents of Vatican II suggest that such instruction is integral to Christian and young people should be assisted in the harmonious development of their moral and intellectual endowments. Surmounting hardships with a gallant and steady they should be helped to acquire gradually a more mature sense of responsibility toward ennobling their own lives through constant effort and toward pursuing authentic freedom. As they advance in years they should be given positive and prudent sexual on Christian' Education But Catholic tradition has repeatedly stressed the right and responsibility of parents in the education of their parents have conferred life on their children they have a most solemn obligation to educate their offspring. Parents must be acknowledged as the first and foremost educators of their on Christian Education The pervasive influence of modern communications media exposes the young to ideas and life styles which are often at variance with the values of their Catholic heritage. Peer pressure is formative as well. The parental task is difficult. The proposed course could assist and reinforce parents Two-way communication is vital. Members of the present planning group are making presentations to interested home and CWL. and Knights of Columbus organizations A meeting is planned for early June so that parents of the present grade seven and other concerned parents can share their insights and feelings. It is hoped that some parents will become members of the planning group. Thus it must be clear that the formation and implementation of this program is a project of the whole Catholic community. What isn't so By Norman Winnipeg Free Press Anything that affects the Canadian however seems nowadays to give the pundits in the parliamentary press gallery a splendid opportunity to demonstrate what they don't know. A Canadian Press despatch of May for canvassing the courses open to Prime Minister Trudeau if his government were defeated in the House of included this preposterous option would be to resign and ask the governor-general to call on Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield to form a Mr. Trudeau had every right to whether he was defeated or not. But neither he nor any other Canadian prime minister has ever had the right to select his own successor. If the governor-general asks a retiring prime minister for his opinion about a possible he of a duty to respond. If the prime minister is not asked for his he has no right whatever to suggest to the governor-general what he should do. The Canadian press has nonetheless for whenever the occasion been putting it out that he has The CBC is right in there too. On the evening of May 10 the chief of the CBC's Ottawa bureau told a national radio network that the defeat of the Trudeau government was only the third defeat of a government since and the first on a budget. Governments have been defeated so often since Confederation that no to my has ever been compiled The CBC audience was told May 10 that the last defeat was that of John Diefenbaker's government in 1963 Lester Pearson's government was defeated on February and at the time the media were loud with speculation about what was happening. Both MacKenzie King's and Arthur Meighen's governments were defeated in 1926. Sir John A. Macdonald's government was defeated three times in one day in 1868. twice on motions seconded by the prime minister. The key element in a government's as hardly anybody writing for the media seems to be is whether the prime minister regards the defeat as a withdrawal of the confidence of the House of Commons. The same Commons that defeated Mr Pearson in 1968 on a financial vote aHirmed in a specific motion a few days later that the defeat had not been a vote of want of and the cabinet stayed in business In due course that same Parliament was dissolved on the advice of Pierre and the media were shortly talking about Mr Trudeau's first term of which he could not possibly have been serving. In 1972 weighty talk arose about Mr Trudeau's second term of and no doubt if the Liberals win on July 8 there will be words about his third term. Even taking the loosest possible view of what a is. a victory for Mr Trudeau in July will see him still in his first period as prime an office he accepted before the election of 1968 and has not yet relinquished Anvbody care to bet that his favorite newspaper or broadcaster will tell him Miss Mui'fet's whey By Don NEA service Little Miss Muffel's predilection lor it whey a by-product of cheese production has never been a popular food item. One reason is its taste Another is its high lactose sugar content that can cause problems for people with lactose intolerance. Thus up to now the cheese industry has dumped most of the where if often clogs up streams and smothers wildlife. Buy whey contains a number of valuable nutrients that justify taking another look at it. says Arthur food science instructor at the University of Wisconsin Another factor encouraging whey research is Book review the doubling of the cost of nonfat dry milk i in the past two years alone. The dairy industry can no longer afford to throw out whey One of the most promising areas of research is using whey as r substitute for NDM in bakery products It has been found that in combination with other food whey has flavor-enhancing properties Removing the lactose in whey also increases its protein concentration A number of products but chances are good that in the near housewives curdled at the high cost of food may find themselves taking a leaf from Miss er. that is. Ms Muffet's book. Maintaining physical fitness Five Minutes Physical by Haruka Canada 82 Though it requires no equipment and therefore no financial the Makko-ho system of exercises presented in this book is a sure way to regain or preserve health and vitality Of like all other truly meaningful systems. Makko-ho exercises make but they are of a psychological nature. Undesirable physical conditions resulting from many years of poor habits cannot be cured overnight. True good health is only attained after years of untiring for this is the sole way to assist natural metabolic processes in replacing a maximum of old cells with vigorous new ones. The very presence of pain is an indication that cells have atrophied and hardened and are therefore in need of rejuvenation. Though at first some discomfort may arise from practicing the Makko-ho it will soon disappear. Also the improvement in general physical condition enjoyed by those who persevere in this system makes the pain more than worth tolerating Many people especially those who live in the highly-mechanized environment of today tend to follow the line of least resistance in a constant search for effortless comfort and pleasure But in the Makko-ho exercises are to be allowed to produce maximum laziness must be overcome. The modern trend is to expect good results but goals that are too easily attained are frequently less satisfying than those that require time and patience. For one may reach the top of a mountain by cable but the trip scarcely gives one the thrills of mountain climbing. The most profound and lasting benefits of Makko-ho exercises emerge slowly as one continues to practice them patiently. The Makko-ho way is to allow the body to correct itself and to maintain good condition on its own. The human body is designed to do and if we make full use of its we need never rely on outside assistance to maintain health CHRIS STEWART ;