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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 23, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The LetKbrtdge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 137 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1973 PRICE: TEN CENTS THREE SECTIONS 40 PAGES Apologetic Nixon won't step down By JOHN BERBERS New York Times Service WASHINGTON President Nixon conceded Tuesday that there had been "wide ranging efforts" in the White House to conceal some aspects of the Watergate case, but he said those actions stemmed from his legitimate interest in pro- tecting national security. In a statement, was both apologetic and defensive, Nixon declared he had no intention of resigning the presidency, saying: "I will not abandon my re- sponsibilities. I will continue to do the job I was elected to do." REITERATES INNOCENCE As for his own part, Nixon reiterated his innocence in the Watergate burglary and its coverup but conceded that he had asked his associates not to let the investigation of the case disclose covert intelligence op- erations conducted in the inter- Hoiv to bug telephone Convicted Watergate conspirator James Mc- Cord holds a electronic transmitting device as he shows members of the Senate investi- gating committee how to bug a telephone dur- ing his appearance before the committee Tues- day in Washington. ine OTTAWA (CP) Energy Donald Mac- donald said Tuesday the government expects to ba able to make a decision by the end of the year on whether Arctic natural gas can be shipped south by railway. He made the statement in the Commons as he answered a barrage of questions about a draft report on a proposed pipeline along the Mackenzie River val- ley. The report was given to news outlets Monday night uofficially. The government rejected several opposition at- tempts to get the report. It says the pipeline would have relatively little employment and revenue benefit for Canadians. Opposition MPs want the report sent to' Commons committee along with any .other reports the government may have. Former prime miiv'ster John Diefenbaker asked Mr. MacdonaJd whether the government is investigat- ting the ''efficacy" of a railway that could be built to carry natural gas at thi same cost as a pipeline. Mr. Diefenbaker (PO-Prince Albert) said the rail- way would help open uo the North. EVALUATING STUDY Mr. Macdonald said the government is evaluating a Queens University study that recommended a railway rather than a pipeline. He said he hopes there will be a decision on it by the end of the year. Mr. Macdonald and Prime Minister Trudeau said the report by the Economic Impact Committee of the Task Force on Northern Oil Development, made avail- able Monday, is an early draft. The report was leaked to the press and outside the Commons. Mr. Macdonald said he had no idea who" released it. Mr. Trudeau said the report is an early draft of one of several reports to the government and cabinet. The government could not be bound by working docu- ments from officials. NO WITCHHUNT "It's a poor way to run a government to have peo- ple leak he said, but he would conduct BO "witchhunt" to find who made it public. About the report's finding that pipeline construc- tion wiuid moan high employment for a shcrt period only, Mr. Macdonald said Alberta's experience has shown that a pipeline generates feeder-line activity that provides added employment. Jobs also would come from development projects associated with the pipe- line. Inside Classified 22-25 Comics........30 Comment 4 District 3, 5, 6, 15 Family 16, 17 Local News 13, 14 Markets...... 28 Sports 8-10 Entertainment 7 TV............7 Weather........2 LOW TONIGHT 45, HIGH THURS. 75; SUNNY, Wi-NDY ICCS faces paralysis SAIGON (CP) Polish and Hungarian delegates to the in- ternational truce force put for- ward proposals today which, if accepted, would paralyse the al- ready-weakened commission. Canadian Ambassador Michel Gauvin later described the move as "completely intoler- able." The Hungarians demanded that three reports containing in- terviews with alleged North Vietnamese prisoners held by the South Vietnamese be struck from the agenda for Monday's regular meeting of the Inter- national Commission of Control and Supervision The Hungarians, supported by the Poles, contended that the reports were based mainly on interviews conducted only by the and Indonesian delegates to the four-country commission. At issue is the question of whether any investigation can be carried out without the con- sent of all four parties and a formal report presented to the two-party Joint Military Com- mission Canada has insisted that all requests for investigations must be acted upon whether unani- mous consent is obtained or not and its delegates, along with the Indonesians, have acted uni- laterally on many occasions. Only a relatively small num- ber of investigations are carried out with the consent of all tha parties and the Canadians' main effectiveness in the last several months has been their ability to react rapidly to re- quests and present their con- clusions formally with or with- out Polish and Hungarian parti- cipation. Some observers suggested that the Poles and Hungarians might be trying to influence the Canadian government to with- draw from the commission at offer from Nixon WASHINGTON (AP) John J. Caulfield testified today that he knew it was illegal for him to offer executive clemency to James McCord, but he did it anyway because he believed tha offer came from President Nixon. "It crossad my mind that this conceivably was from President Nixon, I believed the for- mer White House aide said. Similarly, Anthony T. Ulasew- icz, a former New York City po- liceman, testified he was aware his actions were illegal when ha acted as intermediary between Caulfield and McCord. But he said he assumed messages he passed to McCord came from the White House. Ulasewicz denied that he had done anything illegal during tha three years he was emoloyed as a secret investi- gator for the former White House adviser, John D. Ehrlich- man. He said he did no spying or wiretapping. News accounts have painted Ulasewicz as a po- litical spy who tried to find em- barrassing information about leading Democrats. Countdown under way CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (AP) The countdown started today for man's first space salvage operation, with astronauts and 'space officials confident they can repair the crippled orbiting Skylab and complete a 28-day flight. Launch crews began the count on schedule at a.m. MDT as they fed electrical power to the Saturn 1-B rocket and as'ronauls' Anollo forrv ship. Planned liftoff time is 9 a.m. MDT Friday. Caulfiald tcld Senate investi- gators he knew the offer of cle- mency to McCord was an illegal obstruction cf justice. McCord on trial at the time for bur- glary, and con- spiracy in the Watergate case. He repealed earlier testimony that he had no personal knowl- edge that anyone higher than the former presidential counse1. John W. Dean, had authorized Ilia offer. President Nixon has denied that he knew about or authorized clemency offers to any Watergate defendants. the end of the month but Gau- vin dismissed this as unlikely. Meanwhile, a special meeting was set for Thursday to discus the helicopter report. REPORT UNTRUE Report that Canada will pull its 290-member observer team out of Vietnam by July 5 are simply speculation, an external affairs department spokesman said today in Ottawa. The spokesman said the gov- ernment has not yet made a de- cision whether to withdraw from the International Commission of Control and Superivision. The Dartmouth Free Press, a Nova Scotia weekly newspaper, reported Tuesday it has learned that preparations have been made to withdraw the Cana- dian troops by July 5. It says unless international political pressure changes the decision, the troops will begin leaving by late June. COMPLETES PROBE Meanwhile, the ICCS com- pleted today an investigation into Viet Cong charges that American planes attacked Communist headquarters at Loch Ninh, 75 miles north of Saigon and five miles from the Cambodian border. ICCS sources said the four- country investigating team will compile its report at the Bien Hoa regional headquarters. 15 miles northeast of Saigon, then send it to the main headquar- ters in Saigon for consideration. WHAT COUNCIL DID City council promised Tues- day to try and find some solu- tion ID the dangerous crossing at Mayer Magrath Drive and 5th Ave. S. but the possibility of an overpass. Parents of school children who must use the busy inter- section daily said after their session with council they still think an overpass or underpass is the best' solution, and indi- cated they will show up at council again in two weeks to hear what city administrators up with tto remedy the situation. Council also rescinded a parking fee increase at tha downtown parkade and decided they liked the Oyro club's Hen- derson Lake fountain provided the club will pay the full cost of the proposed fountain. And in a break from tbe busi- ness of the evening, City of Lethbridge silver trays for 25 years of service were present- ed to city bus driver Frank Adshcad and public workds da- parlmenl foreman Mike Wasel- enak. Nixon favors early start 011 pipeline WASHINGTON (CP) Presi- dent Nixon was reported today to be strongly in favor of an im- mediate start on a trans-Alaska oil pipeline, leaving negotiations with Canada on a second line across Canadian territory for continuing nsgotiations. Emerging from a White House meeting with Nixon, Sen- ate Republican Leader Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania quoted the president as saying: "We need the oil. We need it now it's not a choice be- tween Alaska and Canada. We need Alaska now." est of national security. He suggested that his closest associates, H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, both of whom resigned April 30, may well have carried his instruc- tions on protecting the national security to illegal attempts at covering up the case. "It now appears that there were persons who may have gone beyond my directives, and sought to expand on my ef- forts to protect the national se- curity operations in order to clear up any involvement they or certain others might have had in the Nixon said. ATMOSPHERE TENSE The statement was released late Tuesday afternoon in an atmosphere of great tension that has been building in the White House as the Watergate disclosures have mounted. It issued, the president said, because of "grossly misleading impressions of many of the facts as they relate both to my own role and to certain unre- lated activities involving na- tional security." The president's statement much further than he had before in conceding White House involvement; it present- ed a marked contrast to the White House posture of "no in- volvement" of only one and one-half months ago, and it contained new, and more hum- ble, acceptance of responsibil- ity. He said: "To the extent that I may in any way have contributed to the climate in which they took place, I did not intend to; to the extent that I failed to pre- vent them, I should have been more vigilant." White House press secretary Ronald L. Ziegler, in a heated session with reporters follow- ing release of the statement, said the president would ap- pear before the press in "the very near future" to answer further to the Watergate charges. PASSIVENESS ENDS Leonard Garment, the new White House counsel, said one reason for releasing a detailed statement Tuesday was to meet "the legitimate of political leaders of both parties that the president should be less seclusive and se- cretive. The president and his aides seemed to be signalling an end to a period of passiveness on Nixon's part in the Watergate case, a posture uncharacteris- tic of Nixon in past crises. Garment said the Watergate case and related matters were so complicated and involved that it had taken a long time to sort out the facts and, in ef- fect, build a legal case for the White House. Seen and heard About town UNIVERSITY of L e t h- bridge president Dr. Bill Beckel welcoming an inter- ruption by custodian Peter Zubersky during the spring convocation as more chairs were placed for the standing- room-only crowd Alder- man Vera Ferguson locking herself out of her car. Premiers seek OTTAWA (CP) Prime Min- ister Trudsau and provincial premiers were non-committal but smiling today as they walked into the federal-provin- cial conference to begin three days of talks on joint cost-shar- ing programs and other sub- jects. Premier Dave Barrett of Brit- ish Columbia greeted reporters jokingly: "Well how are th3 yellow run- ning dags of the lackey capital- istic Prime Minister Trudeau said he is optimistic the premiers will accept the federal proposal to reorganize health-care fi- nancing even though provincial finance and health ministers re- jected the proposal two weeks ago. The provinces did not have much time to study the pro- posal when they first rejected it. Billions of dollars and the bal- ance of federal and provincial power are on the line at the conference. The theme of the conference is federal-provincial cost-shar- particular the jointly-fi- nanced programs of medical care and hospital insurance. Other subjects are federal aid to post-secondary education and federal proposals to change the general welfare system. But on the basis of recent fed- eral-provincial ministerial con- ferences, the most contentious topics will be medical care and hospital insurance. The argument is over how much economic power Ottawa must give the provinces to get them to take over all of those programs, costs of which have been accelerating rapidly in re- cent years. The federal government now pays half the cost of approved services under the programs. It contributed billion last year to hospital insurance and million to medical care. STARTED PLANS Ironically, the shared-cost plans were initiated by the fed- eral government in the 1960s over provincial objections. The provinces ccmnlained that Ot- tawa was invading their juris- diction, forcing them to commit money to costly programs and restricting their freedom in de- termining tha specific sendees to be included in the programs. As medical costs soared, Ot- tawa began seeking a formula to limit increases in its contri- butions. It proposed that increases in its contribution be limited to roughly the increase in real gross national product thus putting a limit of about five per cent on increases in- stead of actual growth of about 14 per cent a year. But the fed- eral package was rejected by the provinces. Then Health Minster Marc Lalonde and Finance Minister John Turner offered a new pro- posal at a May 7-8 conference of fnance and health ministers, only to be rebuffed again. billed by gov't MONTREAL (CP> The Star says Marc Cayer, a pris- oner of the North Vietnamese for five years, has been billed by the federal govern- ment which returned him to Canada from Hanoi earlier this year. The newspaper says a copy of the bill, sent to Mr. Cayer by the external affairs department, has been made available to it. Items for which the 30-year agronomist from St. Raymcnd, Que., is being charged, The Star says, include air travel, cost of meals in Hanoi and Sai- gon, for the suit, tie and socks given him to replace his prison clothes. The Star says a letter was sent Mr. Cayer on May 1 ask- ing him to settle the April 5 bill as soon as possible so depart- ment accounts could be made up to date. Mitchell Sharp, external af- fairs minister, told the Com- mons Feb. 12 that Mr. Cayer's travel expenses would be cov- ered by the government. The same arrangement would apply for Lloyd Oppel, a 21-year-old missionary from Courtenay, B.C., also a prisoner of the North Vietnamese. WAS NOT BILLED Mr. Oppel was taken to the United States in a U.S. aircraft and then transported home by a Canadian Armed Forces air- craft. The Star says he said in an interview Tuesday he has re- ceived no bill from the Cana- dian government. Mr. Caver flew from Hanoi to Saigon aboard an International Commission of Control and Su- pervision aircraft and from Sai- gon to Chicago on commercial flights. He travelled from Chi- cago to Quebec City in a federal government jet. The Star says the bill sent Mr. Cayer includes: in air fare from Hanoi to Saigon; air fare from Vientiane to Hanoi for a Canadian Forces escort sent to pick up Mr. Ca- yer: air fare from Saigon to Chicago and items covering meals and clothing. All items on the bill are quoted in U.S. dollars. Gov't scandal brews in Britain LONDON (AP) A junior minister in Prime Minister Ed- ward Heath's government who resigned Tuesday sdmilted to- day to "a casual acquaintance with a call girl" but denied newspaper reports that national security is imperilled by the in- volvement of high-ranking offi- cials in an international vice "There has been no high-life vice ring, no security leak, no blackmail; and so far as I know, no politician from any party is remotely concerned with these said Lord Lambton, who was under- secretary of defence for the RAF. But Heath called his top ad- visers together to investigate the allegations of what sounded 3ike another Profumo scandal. Scotland Yard was pressing an investigation; and informed sources said MI-5, the govern- ment counter-espionage agency, has been ordered to check whether national security has been compromised. The Daily Mirror says one source close to the top level of the government told it that Scotland Yard's file on the mat- ter was "dynamite." "I behaved with credulous said Lambton, 50- year-old father of a son and five daughters, in a press statement. He said he has been told the husband of the call girl with whom he was acquainted se- cretly took some photographs and sold them to newspapers. Another vative govern- ment was rocked 10 years ago by the disclosure that its war minister, John Profumo, and a Soviet military attache had slept with the same prostitute, Christine Keeler. No security leak was ever found, but Pro- firmo's political career col- lapsed in disgrace because he lied to the House of Commons about his connection with Miss Keeler. Britain's biggest Sunday newspaper, the scandal-monger- ing News of the World, reported last weekend that MI-5 w'as in- vestigating a "top people's" sex ring in London. It said the investigation was begun after police investigating the pornography industry found documents and photographs that linked politicians and other public figures with a call-gui ring. ;