Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tue.duy, Moy 23, Westell Nixon in Moscow I'hp niiTciil. Nixon visit lo Moscow is iis viltil, if not more so, to .Mr. lirezlinev ;is it is to the- U.S. pres- ident, who lias staked his political f u lure on a reasonably successful oul is. a-sul'l that coutd a v iiy lo mollify his critics ill homo in an election year. The Russians may give .Mr. Nixon a cool welcome under present cir- cumstances, hut they have been re- lalivcly mild in their reaction lo the mining of Ihe Haiphong harbor. So far the U.S.S.R. has nol altcinpled to beat the blocade, nor have they refused lo do business on any other subject which may come tip lor dis- cussion during the One cf the reasons is that Mr. Brezhnev desperately wants agree- ment with the I'.S. on a Kuropean sclllemcnl lie will be in deep trouble it he does not have American co-op- eration on this one. because linro- pcans are not likely to accede to K u s s i a n demands unless they are underwritten by the Americans. He also wants an end to "the missile race. It is sometimes forgotten that the Russians can afford to continue with a missile buildup even less than (lie Americans can. The U.S.S.R. hopes for more technological aid from the U.S.. for co-operation in the space program, a successful conclu- sion to the SALT talks and in- creased trade. Russia's problem wilh China is slill unsohed and Ihcre should certainly be some areas lor discussion about (his. On the other hand. Mr. Nixon would like to come auiiy from Mos- cow wilh the assurance thai there is a possibility of. mutual Iroop cuts in Kurope. His political opponents, par- ticularly Senator Mansfield, have been calling for unilaleral with- drawal, which (he president opposes. The possibility of an agreement on troop cuts on both sides would take a good deal of sleam from the Dem- ocratic campaign. Mr. Nixon wants most of the tilings the Russians want, but perhaps not as badly as they do. The president look an enormous political risk with the mining of Hai- phong harbor, counting (hat the Rus- sians would give a low key respouso not obliging him to back" down on the blockade. They could still refuse to talk about other things until he that seems unlikely now. There is a good deal more to deal with than the thorny Vietnam issue. The London Economist puts il this way. ''Mr. Nixon says that coexis- tence is incompatible wilh Russian help for forcible expansion of com- munist power of the sort North Viet- nam is at tempting. Mr. Brezhnev be- lieves be can have his wars of na- tional liberation and still keep his relations with (he U.S. undamaged. If Mr. Brezhnev can make his def- inition prevail, and get an American president, Mr. Nixon or someone else, to agree that it has prevailed, we shall he living in a very differ- ent sort of world." There is a good deal more than Vietnam under discussion in Mos- cow, Review needed A strange spectacle is unfold- ing in Alberta concerning secondary sewage treatment facilities for muni- cipalities. Red Deer bas now been hit, with what the city terms a "financial bombshell." The sum of was the low- est of four bids for the general con- tract for the city's secondary sewage treatment facilities. This was 49 per cent over Ihe estimate. Completed on stream cost of Ihe Red Deer facility is now- expected lo be Consulting engineers bad esli- mated a contract cost of with a project completed cost of S2.- Lelhbridge's secondary sew age treatment plant was initially esti- mated to cost around S2.000.000. The largest figures now indicate a cost of and thai figure could be much closer to the mark if every contingency and cost figure brought into focus. Much like those in Lethbridgc. Red Deer civic officials are said to he stunned by a major financial prob- lem. Mayor Barrett feels the cost "could produce a financial crisis for the city." Calgary and Edmonton officials are certainly nol happy with what's happened with secondary sewage treatment facility costs in their cities cither. It's not a case of back-invoicing, updating and hurried planning that is so appalling to all concerned. Some measure of ignorance and guessing in governments is lo be expected, particularly when il comes to soine- Ihinj; as new as the inslallation of secondary sewage facilities. U'hal should be of major concern lo all arc the demands of tiie senior level of government the estimating of the costs, winch is then followed by the great difference involved in Ihe actual cost of construction. Uhen so many municipal levels of government find themselves shocked and in considerable financial difficul- ty after they have been ordered to listen to the" advice of experts, it is clearly time for re-examination. This is not to suggest lhat anyone is attempting to shirk responsibility in cleaning up water pollution. But it does tend to suggest, bow grossly misinformed the senior level of gov- ernment is on the topic, and further lhat there is a dire need for a re- view of the matter. ART BUCHWALD Pictures from Vietnam The president was sit- ting in his Oval Office when Henry Kissinger -walked in. "Suy. Henry, those pholographs of Ihe moon arc fantastic.1' "They're not photographs of the moon, '.Mr. President, they're the latest aerial pic- tures from South Vietnam." "Yes. sir. Thorc are now 52 million i ra tors in Smith Vietnam. By Ihc end of the year, ue should pn over the 100 million mark." "Thai's great, Ilc-nn.. But I don'l sue any touns in Ihc photographs.'' "Here, You sec this scries of croppings? That wr.s a town. And over here, this flat, open space thai waii a town. And horn where this holi? i.s that's a provincial capilal." yon muld fooled me. TliTO duo-Mi'I. MTJII In bn mufli gicrn in Mi-.' phoiographs.1' hir, Mr. The defoliation program look rare of Iho green. yon notice there's lots of "Whal docs lhat signify, "Our pacification program 15 umk- ing. (ire-en means cover for Ilir North namo.se. (iray means they have to fight in the open. The more way on the phuUi- (ho heller chance we hau: of furn- inf; hack naked aggression.'1 Whal Jim I hc.se brown streak? hero? "They used to lie roads, Mr. President. Out you call Ihcm that any niniT." "I guess you can'l. Where; are Iho ham- lel.s uhero, v.e have won the hearts and minds HIP people'.'11 til (licni art! In MIIC ,rvns, lindm-.aler. lo linmb the MI Ihc enemy cniildii'l eaphii'e iLe nee I h liiih. I (lion: .-in- a lot oi hint k ureas in the photos. Does that signify any- "Yes. sir. li means our scorched earth policy is working. Every black area on this photograph means the North Vietnamese have hem deprived of supplies and shel- Icr. We've left them nothing." "Good thinking, Henry- Where (he people "What people. Mr. President'.'" "The people we're defending against an Imposed Communist government." "You can't see them in the photographs. Thcj're hiding in Ihc craters." "And the South Vietnamese: army'.'" "They're hiding in Iliese craters n-.cr here." "I .sec. 1 wish these photographs :onld be printed in Hanoi. It would certainly give Hie: North Vietnamese something (o think al'oiii." "So rln I. .Mr. Nov. tlnr, area over here In tlm sea slill has some (.Menu in il." "I f.'inng I" I'I.-K nhonl I Icon. "The .Vr.v ,-isMires me ihal U should Ui and black in Iliroo weeks. Il'.s (lie Upo of lerraiii Ihal lends ilw-H holler lo shell- ing llinn In bombing." "Well, Henry, 1 wanl jou lo know I be- lieve Ihcsc arc excellenl pholographs .iivl I want you lo send a writ done' rahie lo everyone responsible. The only thing Hint worries me1 is whal. happens if we get a rea.sefiro'.' Isn't, il going lo he nwfnlly ex- pensive to make I'viTylliing green again'.'" "Diin'l. uoii> Mr. I'residenl. Ihoughl of Ihal. We'io ni-keel for Mils from (he who mal.i' arlifieial (inf. One'- Ihi: h'iMliiii; slop. we're lo i .11 pel. South Irlu.im (lorn wall lo Mall. riniiiiiio iScrvicc) Quebec can win case without threats rkUEBHC Premier Robert Bonrnssa says the decision In Ihe feeleral budget to raiso old uge MVI.S mado with- out consulting the province and is "unacceptable" n lough word in the dictionary of dip- lomacy. He is being pressed to take an even stronger slanel by several of his senior ministers, incluel- ing Social Affairs Minister Claude Castommay who lias been on the edge of resignation from the cabinet to emphasize his disgust with Ottawa which he feels is frustrating his plan lo develop an integrated syslciu of social security for the prov- ince. The seriousness of this fed- eral-provincial crisis is masked for the moment by the more rlramnlic tragedy of the union insurrection. But it will come In the forefront as soon as peace and order are restored in Que- bec, perhaps with all the more fury because Mr. Bourassa and his ministers will want to dem- onstrate that not only radicals can be dramatic in defence of the interests of French Canada. In Ottawa, Prime Minister Pi- erre Trudcau nlso will be under pressure to make concessions to help Mr. Kourassa hold his cabi- net together and prove that fed- eralism better than rev- olution. So if is important lo un- derstand the issues which under- lie this political crisis. Successive Quebec govern- ments have argued that in or- der to preserve Ibcir society, with its different customs and they need control over a range of social programs which have been directed from Ottawa, including fanuly and youth allowances, manpower training and unemployment in- surance, and pensions. Mr. Cas- tongnay has gone beyond theory lo draw up an elaborate plan for inlegraling federal social se- 'There! Can you STILL see those lousy Quebec and Maritime curity schemes Into provincial welfare programs lo produce a form of guaranlccd income. The federal government, Jea- lous of its powers, has been re- luctant lo transfer constitution- al jurisdiction to the provinces. The Victoria conference last June failed to find a satisfactory formula on social policy and it was mainly for Ural reason lhat Quebec rejected the charier. But Mr. Trudeau and Mr. Bonrassa then began negotia- tions on a practical rather than constitutional level, and they seemed lo work out a deal on family allowances. Mr. Trudeau retained for Oltawa power to fix minimum national standards, but conceded to Quebec and oth- er provinces the right to vary federal payments above tlio minimum Lo fit their own priori- ties. ''The principles Involved are clearly capable of extension la other income support pro- he wrote lo Mr. Bouro- assa and it seemctl thai a Tor- mula had been found lo satisfy Oistonguay. has gone IL may be that the 'principles have proved difficult lo translate into practice. But this is not what Mr. Bourassa and Mr. Caslon- pnay arc saying on Ihe record. They are saying thai the federal government had no right to raise old age pensions without seeking their approval. The ar- gument seems Lo be thai if Ot- tawa had money to spend on re- lieving hardship, Quebec thinks there are people in greater need than old age pensioners, and thai payments should have been diredcd through ils integrated for social security. In theory, Quebec may be right. Perhaps it should assnmo a measure of control over pen- sions, as it has over family al- lowances. Bui for Ihc present, the welfare of the aged is pri- marily a federal responsibility, and Ottawa had a moral duty to relieve the obvious hardship which exists. But the fact that Ottawa has acted lo relieve the Immediate problem docs not mean that iU solulion is fixed for all time. Quebec has already shown that it can persuade English Canada of the correctness of general claim Lo greater control over so- cial policy, and it has largely won its point in the practical ad- ministration of family allow- ances. Mr. Bourassa and Mr. Caston- guay can probably do as well wilh pensions, but it is a matter for negotiation rather than dec- larations and resignations. U.S. involvement in Vietnam: 'end of a dream' By James Goldsborough, In T'l International Herald Tribune "OARIS Andre Fontaine, ed- itor in chief of Le Monde and a highly respected writer on foreign affairs, has just writ- ten a pair of articles for his newspaper that should be mado required reading for every Am- erican and particularly thosa now running the country. Fairly, wilh a cool eye, Fontaine tries lo explain how tilings have gotten where they are in Vietnam. It is a step-by- step appraisal of events by a Frenchman who knows his own country's role in the Indochincso tragedy. For once, one can read about Vietnam without ad- vocacy, without blatant hawk- ishness or dovishness; the tone Is one of wonder, bewilderment even, of a man, sympathetic to the United States, suddenly lhat his friends have 3 fatal flaw. These are not articles design- ed to encourage. Rather, every line, every paragraph express- es the discouragement of a Eu- ropean who had learned to ex- pect more from abroad. For Mr. Fontaine, Die world is witness- ing a kind of moral, If nol phys- ical, hara-kiri, as the United States "persists in its error lo a degree that the ancienls would have called diabolical." Many, he adds, are rejoicing over Ihe debacle. But whal is .sadder "Lhan Ihe end of a The Liniled Slates, "which for the world's poor and Mars yields secrets Ily Don Oiiki-y, NEA Service rPHE I'.S. Ecological Survey is suffering from an cm- bajTassmcnl of riches a be- wildering flood of spectacular photographs of Ihe planet Mars being returned by Ihe Mariner 9 spacecraft in orbit around the red planet. "The s i I u a I i o n planetary scientists find themselves in wilh respect lo Mars is as 1 ]i o u g Ji iiiapmakcrs, geogra- phers and geologists woke up one morning lo find dial the earth they had worked ,so hard 10 map had completely changed." Hr. Ha! of Ihc .survey's (.'enlve nl Astrology in FlagMalf, "We a completely new pli'inr.l lo I'xjulrml .lu.sl. keeping up ith each day's new influx of information i.s keeping many of us working around Ihe clock." The fir.st step m lins super long-range jnh con- .si.sls of plotting the locatiou.s (if ('He'll .small photograph on a .specially grid. Miiicu Ihe allilude of Mariner changes continuously a.; il. circles Mars Ihc area coxered by each pho- tograph jilso changes. Thus complicated and dis- torted bases prepared of time by scientists inusi be used. 1'A'cn so, a certain amount of ami pushing" Is necessary lo niako Ihc pictures lit into prelimin- uy mo.saic'.. Aflcr tlio piehnunaiy plolji are made, a computer trans- forms each picture so that it has the same scaic and per- spective as its neighbors. They are then fitted together in a much more precise jigsaw puz- on which geologic and topo- graphic information can be de- picted. Knowledge of the "ups and downs" of the Martian land- scape is extremely important for the selection of landing sile.s for the unmanned Viking spacecraft, which is scheduled to he sent lo Mars in 197fi. The final product a com- plete map of a planet, which K million miles from earth at. iLs closest approach will he. ready in Lime for the landing of Viking in An alias of Mars maps eventually ho published and made availahlo In the general public. II is all n liltln hard to he- They Say The unemployment, system has eomr- as a shock lo many college sludcnls who, up In this lime, considered stories of Iho (ircat Depression ns part, of American folklore. The- irlen that an opportunity lo have a job Is somelhing to be cherish- ed is n now concept for KOIIIO of them. William W. Carlson, pres- ident of Ihe I'uivcrsily of To- Jrclu. miserable was for generations the country of has "lost iLs greatest title: lhat of the champion of the right of self-determination." "It now he writes, "that an epoch has ended: the one during which the United States could impose its will it wanted. In order to save a country that exists thanks only to America, the Uni- ted States has reversed its Eu- ropean policy, demolished its fi- nances dev alued the dollar, borne silent witness in 19C7, reacting, in spile of its commitments, to the Egyptian challenge against Israel, and al- lowed Pakistan lo be crushed in 3971, without moving, in spile of an alliance." In short, Mr. Fontaine writes, Vietnam has been the white whale that the United States has pursued all these years, not really knowing why and mind- less to the destruction of the chase. The.se words, from a leading European opinion maker and a man not usually given to hyper- bole bear careful consideration. Americans are loo lorn over Vietnam to be impartial; too in- volved on one side or Ihe other to sec the global effect lhat Iho has played on (lie Ameri- can role ancl image.. TL is pre- cisely this kind of analysis that Fontaine has attempted lq provide. then is the error in Vhieh Ihe, United VKT- so diabolically neomU ing lo this Frenchman1' "In effort, Vic.lnanic.se nation- nlisin only distinguishes itself from other third-world libera- tion movements, notably in Asia, because the ComniunlMa have, from before Hie war, occu- pied a predominant place. Iliil Ihc Americans, always ready Ifi give I heir support to other na- tionalist movements, which luivo similar methods and objectives difl nol care In see in what was then called Iho Viet. Minli anything but Ihc Communist na- ture." This error, Mr. Fonfalno writes, persisle.fl even after it became apparent thai there was not one world Communist move- ment, and lhat Ihe domino the- ory of an eventual Communist takeover in all of Southeast TJu's error, he says, led to Llio first U.S. decision involving Viet- nam, which was a secret agree- ment w i t h the French to train and arm the Saigon army and which was clearly illegal under the 1954 Geneva agreement. It was also, he writes, why the United States supported the de- cision of South Vietnamese de- mands for unification elections, which, under the Geneva ac- cords, were to be held by mid 195G. To be sure, Vie points out, H the French had not started to pull their Iroops out of the south in 1955, French pressure on Diem could have brought about the reunification elections. But at least the French knew enough lo get out. "If French respon- sibility (in Vietnam) is he writes, "U.S. responsibility is still greater." Nixon, Mr. Fontaine writes, before he was President, knew, told De Gaulle that the war (o be ended, and that the priorities for America were bel- ter relations wilh Moscow and Peking, "lie knew that a com- promise had lo be negotiated. But what As it turned oul, after Nixon becamo President, the Commu- nists held out for the immediate resignation of President Thieu, and this has been the one point that Washington would not com- promise. Negotiations b r o k down. The events Ihal followed aro well enough known. A policy of Victnamization that worked only so long as Hanoi decided not to lest it, the April offensive of; this year and now, finally, the bombing and the mining, "One must really have a lot of indulgence for the United Stales in order to find it nor- mal, if they only want now to save face, lo resort to such ex- treme measures. How can one justify, for example, the use in North Vietnam of fragmentation bombs, which have only one pur- pose, to kill civilians? ''It is more than Ihc end of an Mr. Fontaine concludes, flit is the end of a great reign. The Vietnamese affair may well have played in the history ot tho United Slates a role comparable In lhat which tho expedi- tion played in the decline of France and (ircat Britain." Looking Through Tlic Henilrf 1922 ''Flappcrism is not a disease but a said Hcv. A. Pcnncws of Kvanston. "Bobbed hair, short .skirls and Knickerbockers aic not signs o[ sin but. a declaration of inde- pendence Among (lie attractions for the Victoria I Jay holiday will be the showing of the film "Carnival" at tho Capitol The- nlrc. Members of the bndgc: Military Cadet Corps backward parade lo Soul, h minster Church on Sunday. Those yellow plastic convex discs you .see on Ihe hlrecls these days aren't (lying saucers come down- to earth-- Ihey arc Iho city's new way of marking pedestrian and school crosswalks. Shirley Houth, (he Im- pertinent maid and K. (i. Marshall, Ihc .stalwart lawyer of the defenders, we.ro chosen as the best series per- formers in iwi-iu at the tele- vision academy awards tonight. The letltbruUje Herald WU 7lh St. K., U-lhbndgc, Alherla HERALD CO. LTD., i'roprielors nnrl Publishers Ihiblishcd hy Hon. W. A. IHJCI1ANAN Clflsi Mnll RrgKlrnllnn No Moml-.nr of Tun Gin.vlhin Prp-'.s find llif (iin.vJi.-in D.uly Puhllshcrs' find tho Amiii Circuiiiilnru Cl LO MOWHRS, Tflilor ,inrl THOMAS H. ADAMS, Grnpiol nnn PII.I INC, WM i IAM MAY k.in.Mlinn I'rlilor A i..... fdilt.r fv'OY i MILT njiir.i i WAI i rri AclvprliMnf] '.Mn.iurr I "TME HERALD StRVES THE SOUTH"