Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
SUNNY FORECAST HIGH WEDNESDAY 65-70. Lethkidge Herald JE, ALb'KKTA, 'i'UESDAY, MAY 23, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS SKCI PAGliS STATUE DAMAGED Photo at left is of un- damaged statue Pieta by Michelangelo. Photo at right shows damage done by man identified by police as Laszlo Toth. Police say a man wielding a 12-pound sledgehammer broke off the left arm and disfigured the face of the Ma- donna in the statue. Damage to the priceless work of art may be irrepairable. See story page 22 (AP Wirephoto) S Bv HAROLD MORRISON inxDON iCPI Rhodesian blacks gave, a "big, no" lo .v- tc'iiis would nave lifted sanctions and extended British diplo- matic recognition to the Ian Smith regime. Unveiling the long-awaited Pcarce commission re- port. Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home advised Parliament, today that despite charges of intimidation, il is overwhelmingly clear that the vast majority of Khodesian blacks reject the settlement proposals. The 71-year-old Lord Pearce, accompanied by three deputies aiid 20 special commissioners, had sampled white and black Rhodesian opinion on the settlement proposals during a riot-marked eight-week Rhodesian tour that began last January. Through public meetings, private talks, letters and other submissions, (he commission soon learned that the majority of the five million black Africans, outnumber- Ihe' 2211.000 whites, did not want to give up the shadow of British protection, even though this protection has had nn material effect in Rhodesia for many years. O stand One of the saddest declarations of rejection w-as that nf the detained political leader. Joshua Nkomo. He said he realized that, if he supported the settlement, bo might gain political freedom. To fay "No." might mean .-mother 10 years of detention. Vei he had no alternative. Pearce, chairman of Press Council, sampl- ed about fi.n per cent of Rhodesia's adult, population. They visited towns, villages and outlying tribal regions. The terms, reached last. November, would gradually extend the vote to more and more black Africans, theoretically giving them the chance one day of ruling tile country. But the terms had no iron-clad guarantees and sus- picion lingered that once lie got official recognition. Prime Minister Smith might change the rules of the In suit his own purposes. He publicly declared I h r would he no black African government in his lifetime nor would lie predict when such a govern- ment might, ever materialize. (I During the opinion sampling, former Rhodesian prime minister Clarfield Todd and his politically active daughter. .Judy, were detained by the Smith administra- tion along wilh the secretary of Ihe newly formed African National Council, chief political spokesman for the blacks. Tlie Smith government charged Todd was stirring up the blacks hut Pearce said Ihe detention was an in- terference, with normal political activities which Smith had promised would be allowed during the sampling. Smith seized independence in after negotiations with Ihe. former Wilson government failed. Since then, there have been several attempts to reach an under- standing with Smith based on Hie five principles for un- impeded progress towards majority rule. One of these demands that any settlement must ho acceptable to the Rhodesian people as a whole a de- mand that has proved a major stumbling block. There were Tory hopes last November the pn.posafs would bring the impale to an end and that the big Rhodesian market would be once again viuo open to British exporls. However, il became clear even at. Ihe outset that i.if. I countries, including Canada, would II.-IM- nothing to do with Ihe British proposals. There was suspicion, particularly among the. Afro- Asian iiniups, that Britain was simply interested in ,i ot lilting economic sanctions against i.i and as nut really inliTOsled in Hie fulure of I in- majority lanoi under pressure WASHINGTON (AP) The Nixon administration, con- cerned about reports that the new U.S. bombing and mining in Vietnam has had little effect on life in the North, says splits are starting to show in Hanoi's leadership. A White House official who would not be identified by name told a small group of reporters Monday that "the stress in the regime is much more intensive" than it was before President Nixon ordered his new military policy two weeks ago. The six reporters were called to the White House in the wako of a series of stories by New York Times reporter Anthony Lewis describing life, in Hanoi since the U.S. military escala- tion. The Times was not repre- sented at the briefing, to- day s cditir (1 e n t i f e White House official as Brig.- Gen. Alexander Hai of the Na- tional Security Council staff. Lewis reported in today's Times that the consensus of dip- lomats and other foreign oil- servers in Hanoi is that Ameri- can mining has effectively closed North Yietnamese ports. He said direct evidence is diffi- cult to obtain. Lewis last week quoted offi- cials in Haiphong as saying U.S. mines were being cleared and ships were moving into and out of Ihe harbor. SITUATION BLEAK The White House official soirl "reliable sources indicated the combined effect of Hanoi's inva- sion of the South and the U.S. retaliation had created a bleak situation in North Vietnam of a dividing leadership, poor mor- ale among the citizenry, a dis- rupted economy and weakened battlefield status below the de- militarized xone. In discussing Hanoi's political structure, the official said there already is a dispute between "moderates'1 and "hardliners.'' The moderates were, described ns "wanting to scale down Iho ambitions of the regime to im- pose'' domination on the South and "to draw back from tho bloodletting." concentrating in- stead on domestic problems. "I'm not suggesting the col- lapse of the northern political the official stated, "but I'm not ruling it out in the future." Bi water debate may come n fall Angry a split LONDONDERRY (API The threat of a revolt by Roman Catholic housewives en- raged by the vigilante justice of the Irish Republican Army has sharpened the rivalry between the two factions of the IRA and endangered the guerrillas' hold on Catholic districts of London- derry. Two hundred angry women marched on an IRA headquar- ters in the Bogside district of Londonderry Monday, protest- ing the underground army's ex- ecution of a young Irish soldier in the British Army. The women threatened to open the barri- caded areas of Northern Ire- land's second largest city to British troops. The Provisional wing of the IRA, known as the Proves, seized on the women's anger and demanded that the militant Official wing get out of Free Derry, as the IRA-controlled Eogside and Creggan districts of Londonderry are called. TWO WINGS FIGHT Some reports said fighting had broken out between the two factions. But the usual informa- tion channels from inside the barricaded Catholic ghetto were not flowing normally, and if was nol passible to confirm the re- ports. The upheaval in Londonder- ry's Bogside and Creggan dis- the IRA wings rule strictly marked-out territo- ries containing some peo- after a day of wide- spread violence. One man was shot dead, ap- parently by mistake, as he drove his daughter and her fi- ance to a priest to arrange the couple's wedding date. Sixty-four people were in- jured, some seriously maimed, in bombings blamed on the IRA. Free Derry is ruled absolutely by the IRA. It uses the enclave. as a major power base in its fight to force Ulster under the rule of the overwhelmingly Catholic Irish Republic. Two hundred Catholic house- wives cornered Official IRA men Monday and demanded an end to violence. The women were furious over the weekend killing of a 19-year-old British army private, William Best, home on leave from his unit in West Germany. Best was a Catholic. He was hooded and killed for "selling out the people's cause." The women said he had been tor- tured. By GHEG McINTVUE Herald Staff Writer EDMONTON With 10 weeks of I he spring session of (he legislature gone, one of Urn new issues MLAs have not de- baled is water understand- able, since Alberta is blessed wilh an ample supply. What will make the debate over water interesting when it comes, and it could come at tho fall session will be the knowl- edge that our big thirsty neigh- bor, the United States will be watching with more than casual interest. Environment Mim.sler Bill Vnrkn has predicted (lie final report of a S3 million four-year sludy of water in Alherfa, Sas- katchewan and Manitoba could be completed by fall. A summary report is expect- ed by summer, but probably not before the legislature has recessed. ACTION PREMATURE In an interview, the minister said Ihe study of the Saskatch- ewan-Nelson water basin is to determine existing and poten- tial supplies of water to Ihe three Prairie provinces. Any Inlk of water shortages nr export to Ihe t'.S. at this; stage is "vastly he said. Even after the supply study is finished, the provincial government must conduct a study of the quality and use of Alberta water. Only then could diversion be seriously discussed, he said. T h e Saskatchewan Nelson basin study will include high and low water flow information for 13 places along the three- province area, plus data and costs for 55 large dams and 23 diversion possibilities. The major diversion schemes are to bring water from the north lo the south in eacli prov- ince. In all three provinces, water courses skirt the United States border, making diversion over Hie line a relatively simple matter. AI.BKIIT.VS POSITION Mr. Yurko observed that while the four-year study, fi- nanced jointly by Alberta, Sas- katchewan, Manitoba and tho federal government, has been under way, major water diver- sion schemes have been dis- cussed independently in tho U.S. Any deal by the federal gov- ernment lo sell water to the li.S. would certainly involve provincial consultation. Mr. Yurko stressed that tho Saskatchewan-Nelson study this year is certain lo point, out that there is nn need for immediate aelion on any of tho suggested diversion plans. That will prove lo ho Ihe Al- berta government's position for awhile as well. II o w o v o r. the opposition- which includes former premier Harry Strom and former agri- culture minister Henry Huste, both on the joint government committee I h a I. commissioned Ihe water study will certain- ly press Mr. Vurko and his cab- inet colleagues lo spell out their position on water diversion loud anil clearly, al the (all session ot Ihe legislature or whenever (he, issue, up. Firecracker blamed for fatal fire ST. ALBERT (CP) Two children were killed and two others were in critical condi- tion in hospital after fire de- stroyed a tent early Sunday in this community, five miles northwest of Edmonton. Kimberley Hammer, 9. and Diane Rosenberg, 10, both of St. Albert, were killed when (lie early morning fire destroy- ed the lent in which five chil- dren were sleeping. Police said Bruce Hammer. 5, was in serious condition and Karen Bergman. 10. in poor condition in an Edmonton hos- pital. Kcir Hammer, 3, also was in hospital but in less seri- ous condition. Police said they believe a firecracker may have set fire to the tent, in Ihe backyard of one of the families homes. MAKING HIS POINT Soviet Party leader Leonid Brezhnev (right) chatj with President Nixon before sitting down for the opening of their official talks today in tile Yekaterininsky Hall of the Grand Kremlin Palace. Man in center is Soviet protocol chief and translator. (AP Wirephoto) From AP-REUTER MOSCOW (CP) President Nixon and ief officials reached modest initial agree- ment today as a Soviet spokes- man an apparent ref- erence to the summit talks have begun "in an unusual international atmos- phere." The first two accords to emerge from the week-long ses- sions call for American-Soviet collaboration i n combatting dread diseases and other health menaces and in fighting all. types of environmental pollu- lion. A n n o u n c i n g this. Soviet spokesmen Leonid Zamyatin said Nixon, Leonid Brezhnev, the Soviet Communist party chief, and their associates held their first formal conference in a "frank and businesslike at- mosphere.'1 However. Zamyatin added, without elaborating, that the conferees found it "impossible to ignore the general interna- tional atmosphere." SEEKING PEACE___ Zamyatin did stale anew that Ihe Russians, like the Ameri- cans, approach the summit talks with Iho aim of finding ways to co-operate in promoting world peace. The two initial accords were to be signed at a Kremlin cere- mony at B one on en- vironment by Nixon and Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny. tho second on health maliers by U.S. Plate Secretary William Rogers and Soviet Health Minis- ter Boris Pctrovsky. Nixon and Brezhnev and their official delegations he-Id their first formal session lasting al- most two hours. Tlie formal opening of the summit look place in a cordial atmosphere in what Ihe partici- pants called a search for path- ways to world pc'acc. With such items as Vietnam the Middle East and strategic nuclear arms on the agenda, the negotiations promised (o be tough. But both sides made it clear they meant business, ex- changing solemn pledges Mon- tlay nigh! to work together world peace. Few observers here, ho-.v- ever. expected any dramatic progress on either Vietnam or the Middle East, although there was s strong possibility of an agreement to limit certain nu- clear weapons. Nixon arrived Monday to a friendly but restrained wel- come on the firs' visit to Mos- cow by an American bead of stale. Only last February he notched up another first for a U.S. president by visiting Peking for summit discussions will] Chinese leaders. on targets From AP-REUTER SAIGON fCP) The U.S. command disclosed today that V.S. fighter-bombers, using las- er-guided "smart de- stroyed six bridges on North Vietnam's railway line to China and set oft five large secondary explosions in an attack on a power station In the Hanoi area. In the ground war. North Vi- etnamese troops and lanks bat- tled government troops for the third successive day north of Hue, the former imperial capi- tal. The northwest rail line, one of two over which China sends supplies to Hanoi, was reported hit Monday in an area about tin miles northwc.'.t of Hanoi ami ;ibout 50 miles south of the Chinese border. USED LASER DEVICES The air force F-l Phantoms used laser devices to direct their bombs within five feel of the bridges, military sources said. Laser guns mounted on the supersonic jels fire their concentrated light beams across the target, and the bombs homed in on the beams. f.lililary sources reported that "guided" bombs nnd a small number of or nine instead of 40 or used in the attack on the power sta- tion which they described as the main power supply point for Hanoi, providing power for mili- tary installations in the. capital. It is eight miles from Hanoi. I'.S. planes first bombed a power station in Hanoi on May 13, The station Ihen was only one mile frr.ni the centre of the city. Seen and heard About town -Ar A MTV ir.'ernM wv'.'.'.t.r Wayne Ouinn Kisfliii': citv hall employees: wiih red pr.nls, print shirt, while tie nnd shoes and a brilliant blue jacket Hjron !ln dancii'c: backward to follow flight rf his bail a! tho Magralh golf course. Tax fate EDMONTON (CPi A public hearing which may decide Ihe lax late of Alberta's petroleum industry for the next decade opens today in the province's legislative assembly. lip for discussion is the Pro- gressive Conservative govern- ment's tentative natural re> source r e v c n u c plan under which crude oil still in the he taxed at a rate which will yield some million lo million in The Conservatives came, up wilh Ilii! idea when they found the door blocked lo possible in- creases in existing royally rates charged on production. Tbn previous Social Credit government, bounced out of of- fice last year after llti years in power, had inserted in petro- leum and nalural gas leases a provision thai Ihe maximum roynlh rate would be limited under Iho lenses lo per cent of gross production. The result is that more than 75 per cent of Alberta's current crude oil production is subject. lo and limited by Ihe maximum royally and it will be before tho hulk of production is free from the reslrictions. LIMITS NECESSARY Harry Strom, Oppos I 1.1 o n leader and former premier, said the royally limits were neces- sary al IN- lime lo allracf capi- ta! mlo the province. When the government's posi- tion paper was tallied in the leg- islature last monlh, Bill Pickie, minister of mines and minerals, said I lie government was pre- pared lo make adjustnienls "or even a completely differ- ent alternative if... it appears in the puhlic interest to do so." Premier Peter Loufiheed clar- ified the situation a few weeks later when l.c said wh.M ti.e jaiu'inmi ill hasiealiy i.s f.'O million lo mil- lion and isn't really concerned where Ihe money conies from. The government. Mr. Dickie said, would he willing to discuss renegotiation of existing leases and to consider slaying willl Iho royally system oi taxalion. Naturally. Ihe industry is un- happy wilh the proposed tax. Stan ViilniT. president of the Independent i'elrolemn Associa- tion of Canada, was "quite star- tied" by the amount of money the government proposes to raise It its po.-ilion paper, the gov- ernment s..id money is re- s.....lanli.-d el I...- Aihcil.i eeonumy over Hie r.exi 10 to 15 years." Mr. Milncr said thai if the lax becomes reality, negative re- aelion will (leu'lop. seuToly limiting Ihe economic growth of Ihe province.