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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 23, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD "THE FARMER'S OWN PAGE Stock Raising, Poultry, Marketing livestock Program For Veteran's Farm As Outlined By Expert By PROF. J- P- SACHYH-LS fDeaannseEt of Acircal Science, University of Alberta, ia Sana and Ranch Review) -me arterial used in. srdcie is based on a reoort submitted by the author to a group of appraisers and supervisors tncer the land Act. at its uni- versiry of Alberta recently. The in hand was jo out- line a livestock production program scauted to a half-section oi lane ja tie gray wooded soils area m? freight Alberta uoon. which a number a: j returned veterans expect to settle. Considering the 320 acres thall sec- I a total ol 330 acres was even- J tiisllv to be under and for the and was products. la the second plate, ens enters ihe rea-Ei o. in WITH THE GARDENERS Weeklr Notes Supplied b? HortituttBnl Cudtty TWO SEW SHKCBS t.By F. 1L. Signer. BOLSTER THAT FEED SUPPLY The middle of May has passed and up to that time not one good general rain has fallen in Alberta- We may get lots in June and July, but without early' spring kins and warm growing weather the farm and ranch hay meadows are making a poor showing j and there are definite indications that the crop will s be light Over laree areas of Southeastern Aloerta the long winter seriously depleted hay reserves. Only in a small area of Southwestern Alberta were winter conditions such that cattle could graze most of the winter and save feed supplies. opics There is a verv heavy cattle population in South The first of these. ova- Thecroaping lined on a view permanen ressard fo Is is evident enough alter three bad dust storms which blew in out of the norih this to the prevail- ing southwest wind against most of our raechanical methods of combatting soil drifting has been will have to do some more work on finding methods of windproofing our soiL We are still a long way from the final solution. thai grasses and clovers must neces- J The fsc: that a fairly large acre- sarily occupv a nrcminent place in age Of forage crops is oo be pro- the general duced means that the cattle popu- snowfall is that should acres in foraae fcav, 85 acres to be devoted to the production of feed gram. 10 would be wheat and usea poultry. 40 acres for s casa crop. "With respect- to the latter. such CTODS as malting barley, grass and seed and field peas be conusidered. Average crop vields per acre over an extended period were estimated -o be: hay, irom 2 to 2% tons; cats. 50 ousnels; barley 35 bushels: wheat (10 acres lor" feeding 20 to 2o bushels; peas. 20 to 25 busnels. anc grass and. clover seed, 100 to pounds. The question o: the basis upon Which to figure the revenue thai might reasonable be expected from this farming enterorise presented some difficulties. the first place it should be emnhasizea that tee concern is that the land snoula provide, as far as possible, adequate food for the settler and his lamily. Obviouslv it is not possible -o state the amounts of such, itercs as meat. dairv and pouitrv nroducts teat be retruired. This depends on the size of the family and will vary A survey" conducted a few years ago unoer somewha; similar con- ditions revealed thai the total liv- ing cost amounted to between S900 x of winter feed for the coming season, ranchers farmers were forced to liquidate their herds un- it is good business to cull herds and sell more ___usual in view of the likelihood that in a couple j of years the world's food supply will catch up with demand. But we must look after the breeding herds! and the j-oung stock which is growing into beef and money. "AiwTthat means feed for next winter. If the hav crop is short, as now threatens, it iieavier LUUU; _ i the should be the aim of every rancher to grow emergency SUppiies.. If rains come in June, even late June, It is possible to sow oats or even wheat to cut for Halii greenfeed. Ranchers should also try to relieve the 3Bs i pressure by putting in some additional cover crops in July. Rye and oats sown then will provide pasture supplies for swine productio in seating up the different livestock production programs that are to follow, emphasis has been Disced on swine, ine jus- tification for this is that over a period of vears few. if any. of the larger farm anirnai's have made a more favorable show- ing hoss ss a medium for marketing farm-grown grains. _ Ko farm eaiemrise such ss is outlined would be complete with- out a flock of poultry. It is siig- through fall and for next spring to save the grass. The re cro will row early in spring before the gested that a flock of at least 100 i the other varieties thai are not laving should be considered, i harcy in Manitoba. I have called it In addition to ordmarv fane graias j Dropmoreana. It kills (and wheat is included in this) it: back to a certain extent in severe to :o _ safe- ly through the winter. Snow shov- elled over the bush, in early winter or s. brush and leaves piled around i: in aurunin should be stu- ficient in most years. In in winters when the snow comes be- fore severe weather sets in and lies deeply. ED other protection is _ item is a Diervffia j Servant of Agriculture that carae to rae as seeds from Manchuria. This is probably a form of Dierviila florida (Weigelia rosea) and to cistinguish it from grass starts and will help greatly. Plan now to save that herd. Lethbridge Experimental Station will be necessary to supply some suuolercentary commercial feeds in order to obtain satisfactory results. When is available should replace approximately one- hall the necessary supplementary feeds. The annual revenue _f ram poulcry was estimated at 5425. winters Dropmore bus is suffi- ciently hardy to corae through or- dinary winters without protection and flowers quite freely. At ilor- den it is quite hardy and promises to grow to a height of about Manv of the troubles of live stock producers can be traced directly to imarooer feeding. Slany of these troubles can. be overcome by apply- ing knowledge tha; now is available j bus in many cases new informs- non must be obtained to solve sos- cific problems. The great variety of crop and livestock production Sheep are not mentioned in It was felt that the Gis- v hazard due to oredatory animals should be quite hardy without pro- would make sheep production a j tection and win bring a new type doubtful undertaking, in case some might ce interested in maintaining sheep to spite of this handicap, it is usually considered that- six sheep are eQuivalens to one cattle beast from the standpoint of feed require- ments. Estimated annual returns from a of hardy Cowering June garden. shrub to the about as folio WE: A total of 16 to 17 to 4 ewe Iambs retained for flock re- alacement. 13 market lambs at annroxi- mateiv S5 each___11------S 75.00 !2 aged "ewes 5.00 Wool, S2Q HJ S25............. 20.00 S100.00 With a view to offering a selec- j tion for a livestock production pro- in the terntorv served by the Leth- or 3 feet- _ bridge Experimental Station brings to In color the flowers vary from j jj a" large number of feeding pint to deep rose and are equally problems. Some work has been as large as the named varieties. In done on these aroblerns at the Sea- sheltered gardens in Winnipeg it non out the surface has only been scratched and many pressing" prob- lems remain to be solved. The solution of these is the task as- signed to Prank Waiting who joined the animal husbandry staff of the Experimental Station as ani- mal nutritionist in October. 1945. He already has several projects un- derway and is investigating many of the difficulties brought to us by feeders. Mr. Whiting comes to this work with a. solid background of practice and theory. He was born and raised on a farm at Uoydminster, Sas- katchewan. After completing ttgh school he attended the Vermilion School of Agriculture and later the University of Alberta from which he received his B'JSc. degree in Agri- culture having specialized in Ani- gram, four different plans have been presented. will be recognized that all that can be attempted in s i rnis connection is to set UD a nal Hock of 12 breeomg ewes woula ce tern or paTems as a working basis. keeDlng in mind hat adjustments wil be necessary and are possible. Liberal allowances have been made for seed in all cases, tosesher with sufScieiK gram for seed. In years of above-average crop yields there will likely be a surplus of feed. This is a distinct advantage because in any permanent livestock enterprise a carryover of feed is most "desirable. Production records in terms of weights of market beef cattle and hogs, as well as yields in milking herds, is set at a fairly high level. At the same time, they are all within reasonable bounds and can be attained under good aver- age conditions of feeding and man- j agement. Anything less than THIS 1 stoos short of successs. THIS IS PLAN' XO. 1: In the event the location does not offer an outlet for dairy products, the recommendation is that a breeding herd of grade beef cows be established and the calves nurse their mothers. The calves should be carried over the first winter largely on good quality hay in- cluding a fair proportion of alfalfa, to be grazed the second season fol- lowed by winter finishing. In this case i; would be necessary to keep one or more dairy-type cows to pro- vide family needs. head grace beef cows to nurse March to May. Figure on 13 calves. Retain 3 heifer calves each year for replacement. Balance, 10 head to be carried over and finished as two-year-olds. In addition. 2 cows to sell each For one thing most of the farm machinery made for trac- tor operation "at high speeds, aiid high speeds are an open in- vitation to wind erosion. Per- haps we should pull larger im- plements at a slower rate, cov- ering just as much ground. We're not so sure that the Borons farmer, who a couple ol years ago rigged up a sub- surface seeder which would work like a worth while. A lot of our trash cover goes by the boards dur- ing spring cultivation and seeding, and as a result we are getting our worse dust storms after seeding is all done. In his book "Pleasant Val- Louis Bromfield tells about cutting a crop of alfalfa and weeds, the first cutting on a badly water-eroded field, and letting it lie. Perhaps we should try that with sweet clover, cut- ting the crop before it gets too high, then bladiag under it and keeping that trash on top. Perhaps we can invent a drill which would handle a reason- able amount of such trash, drilling in the crop under it. Sweet clover is a legume, rich in nitrogen and a soil-builder, and would supply as much trash as might be "desired. These are just a few sugges- tions for further experimenta- tion. We still have a long way to go to find the solution of soil drifting in this area. JERUSALEM LETHBRIDGE EXPERIMENTAL FARM WEEKLY LETTER A number of fields throughout Use district were examined bj-of- ticials of the Lethoriage Experi- mental Station last fall and again this soring to detemune the con- V. ,fonr iinfrt WINTER WHEAT AS A CONTROL, FOR SOIL DRIFTING Trie present reason provides a good opportunity for detenansirjg the effectiveness of vrinter wheat in controlling soil drifting in South- ern Alberta. There are several very good fields of winter wheat which are well worth watching. It will be interesting ;o learn whether they mature without damage from root rot. and the yield them as compared talced from spring similar conditions. For many years recommended that obtained from with thai ob- wheat under it has been winter wheat should not be sown before Sep- tember 1st, in order to escape dam- age from root rot- However, tee imoortance of getting a heavier cover on the soil as a protection against soil drifting has become more apparent in recent years, and in order to accomplish this seed- ing is being done in manv cases about the middle of August. WHITING Anirnal Nutrition College fMcGH! tTniversity) from which he received his degree. TJDon graduation he joined the nu- trition section of the R.C.AJP. and mal Husbandry. Realizing the need 1 after completing his war duties he for special training he continued j received his discharge in October, his studies with post-graduate work' 1945. coming directly to the Leth- ia Animal Nutrition, at ilacdonald bridge Station. statement will apply to all four plans submitted. 15 cows. 7 Ibs. per day for 7 months winter feeding straw. Pasture 5 months. 15 calves, 15 Ibs. Der day for 7 months winter feeding period- balance straw. 15 yearlings. 10 Ibs. per day for 125 days winter finishing period. 15 grain at any time of the year. 15 !bs. a head for 7 months winter feeding period. Consist- ing of equal parts oats and bar- bus. oats, 65 bus. faariey. 15 yearlings. 10 ibs. per day for 125 days finishing period. Consisting i of 1 oats to 3 barley equals 300 bus. barley. 150 bus. oats. Summary for Pasture ..................40 acres for swine. Swine- Maintain 5 brood litters each year. Market 75-80 hcgs per year. Feed for 5 brood 112 days nursing Ibs. grain per head Ibs. 156 days winter Ibs. grain per head Ibs. 87 cays pasture Ibs. grain per head Ibs. CBy G. E. EDWARDS, in Family Herald and 'Weekly Star> Jerusalem artichokes will play a leading role if gardeners are look- ing for a bountiful return for their labors this season. It is one of the best of vegetables and seems to thrive under almost any condi- tions. Eot weather, cold weather, wet weather, dry of them, daunt it; "the tubers are al- ways there, even when potatoes rot with excessive summer moisture or in the great heat. Bast of all, if other chores beckon and there is nps time to finish the task of digging the artichokes they will keep perfectly until the following spring. There is a drawback to every- thing, of course. Plans artichokes, and. like couch, grass, it seems al- most impossible to get rid of them again. It is not wise to set out the tubers near sucii things as aspara- gus beds or other perennial plants. Hence, in our 'case, banishment to the field; where they can sp_read if it so pleases them, without doing much harm. Moreover, they grow grow less manure or commercial fertilizer than any other vegetable of my acquain- tance. So it is possible to get a large crop for the minimum of ex- pense; and if other root crops fail we shall be certain of having a liberal supoly of artichokes to fall back on. Actual contact with sev- ere frost will, of course, damage the tubers; but a scant inch-and-a- half of soil is quite sufficient to protect them from winter harm. Besides feeding humans, they feeding to the milking cows, the hens' supply will hardly be missed. For the country kitchen there are several ways of preparing this vegetable. The average housewiie probably peels them like potatoes, boils in salted water, and serves them with a white sauce. There are variations to that theme. For instance, substitute a cheese sauce for the white one, and see how de- licious Jerusalem artichokes can taste when done that way. Or hav- ing cooked slice into a deep _ pie dish, pour sauce over twhite or J cover with breadcrumbs and little wee scraps of butter, bake in the oven. Bat one of the nicest wars of all is to nave them chinned and fried in deep fat, precisely the way potatoes are treated- Cooked rhfe way, artichokes are delightful, and it seems ten thousand pities they are not better known and used more in the diet. There is quite a sugar content too. which, constitutes an advan- tage in these days of shortage.- In- deed, I understand that, given the correct machinery, it would be auite possible to make sugar from them. This would be an enormous advan- tage to farmers, since the crop can be left safely in the ground if the price falls below a remunerative figure- Perhaps this is the reason that mating sugar from Jerusalem artichokes has not been commer- cially exploited; for a crop that can be left no matter wnat the temperature, is not likely to be re- garded in a favorable light by the s oilion'ui which they went mtq the and the extent of winter killings, if any, tkat had taken place- The past winter was a very lavcrable one for winter wheat and no winter killing was noted in any of the fields examined. The amount of coverage on the different nelcs varied widely as some haa been as earlv as the middle, 01 August while others had ueen sown as laje as the middle of October. It. has been interesting this spring to observe how these different fields nave withstood the unusual- Iv heavy winds which have occurred. The early sown fields, which went into winter with a heavy cover, gave the soil ample protection against drifting. Neither the sou nor the croo anpesred to be harmed in the least. However, in the fields sown later, where the coverage was quite light, the damage from wind spring was quite marked. In fact it, was so severe in a few cases that it was questionable whether it advisable to save the crops or destroy them and reseed to spring The behaviour of the early sown fields will be observed with interest until maturity. If they escape root rot damage the crops are likely to arove equally as successful as spring wheat, with the result that early seeding mav appear to be advisable. IE should be remem- bered, however, that results will depend greatly upon the May and June rams and a definite opinion should not be formed on the one season's results, especially if weath- er conditions are very abnormal. Some of the best early sown fields were observed on the farms of: C. A. Duncan, Lethbridge (1 mile west of the air Geo. Jjaycock, Lethbridge (about 8 miles south on the east side of the high- O. B. Lassiter, Chin: J. Mus- greave. Cowley, and W. J. "Wright, Magrath. buyer, since no squeeze is possible. With a sugar shortage that seems destined to linger indefinitelv in our midst it becomes increasingly necessary to raise and eat those vegetables most likely to fill the void. Carrots, beets, parsnios, and artichokes fulfil this condition to a marked degree; and perhans the last-named is the most useful of the four as their very mild flavor Approximately Ibs. _grain per i provide excellent food for poultry: sow equals for o sows. 4.000 Ibs. bus. ..25 acres and the cows are not behindhand in appreciation when the delicacy 6000 Ibs bus. -.35 acres comes their way. Five or sis raw Based on 500 Ibs. grain or its eaui- j artichokes, chopped fine, and valent per 100 Ibs. gain. Ibs. at Ibs. additional to reach market weight. Equals S50 Ibs. grain per head equals Banisri doubt from every painting job with Paints, Varnishes or Finishes. For in- terior or these higrn ranking tested-to-take-it pro- ducts bring smooth, new beauty to any home. ___ year. This makes allowance for Hay .....................20 acres death of one animal each year. i Pasture required for all cattle ..................40 acres j Hay required for ail cattle, 45 tons ...........20 acres Grain required for all cattle, 600 bus............15 acres Basis upon which above figures have been calculated: Cow nerd, 15 head ........25 acres Yearlings.................15 acres Aftermath of hayfields together In many Cities, list of Mars'nall-Weils paint dealers is shown in yellow pages of phone book. bus...........10 acres Total ..................7o acres Including addition for horses as previously se; out, makes; Pasture ..................47 acres Hav .....................25 acres bus............16 acres j bus...........10 acres Approximately 60 acres remaining j for swine, poultry and seed grain. acres wheat, 200-500 bushels. with 100 acres of bush land will pro- vide additional pasture which should. assure ample grazing. This same Leaving 45 acres u> procuce for 75-'BO hogs equals: j 1.000 bus. barlev.........29 acres] 525 bus. oats ............11 acres; Summary for j bushels .32 acres bushels .......13 acres j Total...................45 acres j Estimated j 10 market Ibs. each at 6c per Ib......S 720.00 j 2 cows 75.00 75 Ibs. at 8c. Pouitrv................. 415.00' "Cash Crop 700.00 53.110.00 i 'Depends upon cash crop grown: j rss estimated to vary from S400 j thrown to the poultry makes a more than welcome addition to the win- ter dies when actual green-food is unobtainable; and even if not enough artichokes are raised to WELDING FOR PORTABLE lends itself camouflage. better to culinary or SHOP WELDING Phone 3SS9 Richards Welding 323-3rd St. S. Lethbridge V Belt DRIVES A Size Vz to W Belts 20 to 100 in. B inch. to 19 ifl. 30 to 100 in. We also design and sup- ply multiple .belt drives. Stocks now fairly complete. MCKENZIE Electric Ltd. PHONE 3637 Mail and phone orders given prompt attention. Warning To Electricians It is expected that salvaged electrical equipment and wiring materials become available when emergency war project buildings are dismantled. Persons acquiring this equip- ment and materials must take every precaution to insure that it is free from defects and suit- able for re-use'before installing in new locations. Where such materials are used, a notice must be posted stating that they are free from defects ana are suit- able for re-use. The notice must also include tha name of the person or firm responsible for the installation. The Provincial Electrical In- spection Department will not ap- prove or accept any installations where defective salvaged ma- terials have been used. G. H. X. MOXKMAN, Deputy Minister of Public Works MARSHALL WELLS- PAINTS FINISHES Sold by Storw Dealers TRUCK REPAIRS They Don't Come Too Large or Too Your truck has its part to play in keeping the wheels of reconversion turning. A "laid-up" truck can't do a job! Xo matter what's wrong with it we can fit it_in tip-top running order. Drive in today for complete check-up. NORTH LETHBRIDGE MOTORS AND AUTO WRECKERS 313 Thirteenth Street Xorth Phone 426? GRAIX FOB PULLETS The results of a series of feeding tests which were commenced at the Dominion Experimental Farm, Brandon, in 1943 show that up to 80 per cent of the total feed may be i given in the form of whole a mixture of wheat, oats, and bar- i ley, when a suitable ration is em- ployed and the birds are ol a good' laying strain. In the case of" birds producing less than an average of', three eggs per week, the safer plan j of feeding is to compel them to" consume 40 per cent or more of, their feed in the form of dry mash, i HONEY CROP LESS According to the current estimate of production, the 1945 honey crop amounted to pounds or 12 i per cent smaller than the 1944 crop of pounds. With a lighter crop, prices generally were above i those' of last season, the average price per pound for all Canada be- I ing 16 cents as against 15 cents in 1944. The total value of the crop was down about 6 per cent from last year at Four war veterans will be added to the strength of Calcary's city police force, Chief Constable S. J- I Patterson, M.M.. announced. HERE AT LAST DOMINION ROYAL Farm Tractor Tires Change your tractor over, from steel to rubber now so that you can pull heavier loads with greater ease and comfort Run your tractor in or bring in your wheels and we will do the rest. J. A. Jardine's Tire Supply 401 First Avenue S. Phone 3580 Lethbridge, Alta. IN FW SPA PERI IN FW SPA PERI ;