Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 23, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
World Revolt Mao's Meat CHAIRMAN MAO TOKYO (AP) - Mao Tse-tung has fought a hundred battles, but at 76 his apocalyptic vision of the world is undlmmed. He surveys its violence and revolution and is happy. In a rare 700-word statement distributed by Peking's New China news agency recently, Chinese communism's leader spoke out on international issues for the first time since April 16, 1968, when he expressed support for American Negroes* Mao invokes the Vietnam war, the U.S. intervention in Cambodia, "the raging flames of the revolutionary mass movement" in the United States, Japanese "militarism," the revolutionary struggles of the Arabs and the peoples of North America, Europe and Oceania. All, he says, "are developing vigorously." Then he says: "The danger of a new world war still exists and the people of all countries must get prepared. But revolution is the main trend in the world today." This is Mao's meat. He reacts to it like a war horse. This near-ecstasy in the world's most famous surviving revolutionary has been kindled by the events in Cambodia and the riots, killings and mass demonstrations in the United States. I Down His Alley J The Cambodian crisis was made for him. When "I the Cambodian parliament booted Prince Norodom Si-.| hanouk out of his job March 18, Mao had a windfall, v Mao adopted him as his own. Sihanouk made common cause with the Commun* 'v. ists of North Vietnam, Laos and South Vietnam. The ''} Russians were caught flatfooted. Mao emerged as leader of Asian communism. Moscow has not yet ' caught up. "U.S. imperialism, which looks like a huge monster, is in essence a paper tiger, now in the throes X of its death-bed struggle," Mao says. This is a well-worn theme. For a paper tiger, the American monster is a ; long time a-dying: Mao predicted its last gasp 30 years ago. Mao unveils no new ideas, advances no solutions. His only advice-keep on fighting: "A weak nation can defeat a strong, a small nation can defeat I a big." West Allies Leadership Vacuum Seen By HAROLD MORRISON Canadian Press Staff Writer The NATO ministerial conference to take place In Rome next week raises the question of what value it may have in terms of President Nixon's Western leadership. A major, recurring issue is consultation among the NATO partners and more particularly, American consultation with its Western allies before taking major steps that could involve the alliance or affect the well-being of the individual countries. Nixon's sudden extension of the Vietnam war into Cambodia apparently was decided without NATO consultation or without any advance notice to NATO partners. It may be argued in Washington that Cambodia has nothing to do with Europe and in any case consultations merely slow the decision-making process without obtaining more or less support from Europe. From the European side it might also be stated that if Nixon had sought the advice of his allies, he might have been urged against a spread of the Indochina war with its exhausting costs and uncertain conclusions. Existing Gap Widens Nixon's preoccupation with Indochina-in a war which he cannot hope to win without massive use of forces-tends to widen the existing gap between the United States and Europe. In trying to defend his decision in Cambodia, Nixon not only has deepened the government's rupture with anti-war demonstrators, but has been forced into a battle with the U.S. Senate. The Indochina war is seen in Europe as a major contributing factor in the current American economic slump. While Nixon pours money into Indochina, he cannot afford to increase funds for urgent social projects at home. And because of the various political and social problems, he cannot afford to make a frontal attack on inflation. Tend To Pyramid All these problems tend to pyramid. The current U.S. economic slump, as reflected by Wall Street, has cast its shadow over European stock markets. The growth of U.S. demands for protectionism also tends to shake the allies for, after all, the U.S. is still the world's biggest market. The worry in some parts of Europe is that the weight of internal and external pressures may corrode Nixon's power as an Atlantic leader. He already has stated publicly that his major aim is to ensure that he does not become the first president to preside over an American defeat. Undoubtedly he had jndochina in mind. � He may have given less attention to the pos-1 ibility that a sharp contraction in the American econ-my, caused partly by his desire to maintain personal, restige in the jungles of Asia, could bring the dan-er of deep recession to the more traditional U.S. artners who then may be forced to look elsewhere for ssistance and leadership. The Lethbridge Herald HIGH FORECAST SUNDAY 80 "Serving South Alberta and Southeastern B.C." Price 15 Cents VOL. LXIII - No. 136 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, MAY 23, 1970 ***** FOUR SECTIONS - 76 PAGES Israel New Agreement Signed Masses Troops "Seek Revenge From AP-Reuters Israel is massing troops and tanks on the Lebanese border to prepare more reprisals for the guerrilla ambush of an Israeli school bus, official sources said today. They said the troops were positioned on the eastern and central sectors of the 50-mile frontier and that Israeli tanks were grouping north of Acre on the Mediterranean coast 12 miles south of the border. Eight children and three adults were killed Friday when Arab guerrillas fired three bazooka shells into the school bus near the Lebanese border. Twenty-two other persons were wounded. One of the wounded, a 20-year-old schoolteacher, died in Tel Aviv today, bringing the death toll to 12. Within half an hour after the ambush, military communiques issued in Beirut said the Israelis opened fire on four Lebanese border towns. Israeli warplanes also went into action all along the frontier. 20 LEBANESE KILLED Lebanese officials said 20 persons were killed and 40 wounded in the reprisal raids and that 80 houses were destroyed. The Lebanese government braced for more trouble today. Hundreds of civilians in towns that were shelled piled their belongings aboard trucks, taxis and donkeys and fled their homes. Many complained of lack of adequate shelters or means of defence. One man brandished a First World War rifle and a few bullets and said: "This is all I had to defend myself'with." Lebanese Ambassador Ed-ouard Ghorra said in a letter to the United Nations that "we deplore the loss of life" in the attack on the bus. But he added that Lebanon did not know who did it and could not be held responsible. EXPRESSES SHOCK The U.S. state department called for condemnation of the attack "by the world community," but also expressed shock at Israel's reprisal attacks. Britain called the ambush "a cruel act of terrorism" and said it would raise the issue at the UN. In New York, eight men entered the office of the Palestine Liberation Movement and beat an official of the organization, Sadat Hasan. A woman in the office said they ransanked six rooms. Hasan was reported in satisfactory condition. A short while later, six men entered the office of the Action Committee on Arab-American Relations and beat an official and another man there. City Strike Is Over SHIELDED FROM SUN - Israeli policeman shades wounded ehlld'svface from sun prior to evacuation from Israeli-Lebanese border region to a hospital. Child was among those on school but that was ambushed while en route to a border school. Israeli military command said Arab guerrillas had fired bazookas and small arms at the bus. Twelve Israelis were killed, eight of them children. fWe Saw It Coming9 Declares Trudeau From AP-Reuters SINGAPORE (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau of Canada left for Hong Kong today after a visit to Singapore in the course of an Asian and Pacific tour. Before his departure, he Held a news conference in which he said Canada noticed "a few months ago" that the Viet Cong were intensifying their infiltration into Cambodia and asked other members of the International Control Commission to take note of the situation. "We saw it coming," Trudeau declared, but he said that neither the super powers nor other members of the ICC-India and Poland-gave any encouragement at the time for any kind of action. Of President Nixon's decision to send: American troops into Cambodia, the prime minister told the news conference: "By no means do we think the American decision was unprovoked." Trudeau also said the ICC had been useful in the first 10 years after the 1954 Geneva conference but is "now nearly use- 'He's out of town!' He said there is no point in Western Troops Cursed BERLIN (AP) - The West-ern Allies paraded in West Berlin today behind a shield of police who held off anti-war demonstrators. Hundreds of students and youths yelled "Mao, Mao, Mao tse-tung" played the Communist anthem, the International, over loudspeakers and cursed and shouted as U.S., British and French troops paraded to mark the 25th anniversary of the end of the Second World War. The Allied military bands and the applause of the populace were drowned out in the vicinity of the Teclinical University where the protesters gathered. A huge poster of Mao, Red China's leader, fluttered across the university's main building. The word "pigs" was scrawled on windows. With 12,000 men, police outnumbered the 5,000 or so Allied troops who marched up the broad 17th of June Boulevard, named after an East German uprising against Communist rule in 1953. The parade itself was free of major incidents of violence, although bottles, rocks, firecrackers, and paint bags fell on the boulevard as soldiers on foot and aboard jeeps and tanks passed by. But at the close, police used clubs and tear gas to clear a square where dissidents blocked Cambodia Plans Martial Law The city strike is over. Agreements have been signed by the city and the Canadian Union of Public Employees, Local 70 and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, Local 254 Lethbridge Unit. The agreements end a strike by 215 outside city workers and 28 city employed electrical workers. A. N. (Nap) Milroy, CUPE representative, said the union and city negotiation committees signed an agreement late Friday calling for a 10 per cent wage increase retroactive to Jan. 1 and__. another wage increase of 10.2 per cent Jan. 1, 1971. RETURN MONDAY The increases will bring the basic laborer pay rate for CUPE members to $3.02 an hour. The agreement also includes 91 inside city workers, members of Local 70. The IBEW agreement calls for a 14-cent per hour increase to $4.40 an hour -retroactive to Jan. 1, $4.69 Sept. 1 and $4.97 May 1, 1971. The agreement is the same as a conciliation commissioners award recommended April 29. The city refused to ratify the recommendation, sticking to a memorandum of agreement signed by city and union officials Feb. 12. The 215 outside workers and 28 electrical workers affected by the strike will be back to work Monday morning. Mr. Milroy said the city "wouldn't move" to make changes in the fringe benefits called for by CUPE, but some concessions had been given. "A study committee from all unions connected with the city will be formed and a report with recommend a 11 o n s for changes in fringe benefits for union members will be given to city council," he said. "Changes can take place during the time this agreement is in effect." Mayor Andy Anderson said this morning he was pleated the strike action was over. "No one wins in a strike," he said, "and I hope now the differences are settled, we can all get together for the benefit of the community." reconvening it, as the recent Asia-Pacific conference in Jakarta recommended, unless the super powers make their military and political objectives known. The prime minister's stop in Hong Kong is not classified as an official visit and he told reporters he has no political engagements there. He will fly to Japan Monday to visit the Osaka world fair-Expo '70-and complete a tour which also included visits to Australia, New Zealand and Malaysia. As Trudeau left Singapore, the Canadian high commission here announced that Sin/jpu had agreed to buy five de Havil-land Otter aircraft from Canada. The planes are short-takeoff aircraft which can be used for cargo or passenger purposes. Flu Kills 300 JAKARTA (AP) - As many as 300 persons have died in a flu epidemic sweeping remote islands in the southeast Moluccas group in the last few weeks, the official Antara news agency reported here. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN BALANCING act done.by George Watson when he nearly lost his footing after being bussed on the cheek by retiring teacher Edna Boyle at the teachers' retire m e n t dinner . . . Dorothy MacPher-son and Bill Cousins making their singing debut and Gordon Hopkins wondering when they were to appear at the Yates From AP-Reuters SAIGON (CP) - South Vietnamese forces launched a two-pronged thrust into a major rubber plantation in eastern Cambodia today about the same time Cambodian Premier Lon Nol announced that martial law would be declared throughout the country beginning June 1. About 10,000 South Vietnamese troops and hundreds of tanks and armored personnel carriers pushed northward towards the 70-square-mile Chup plantation, the biggest in Indochina, to smash a crack Viet Cong regiment said to be operating there. The plantation is east of Kam-pong Cham, Cambodia's third largest city, and Lt.-Gen. Do Cao Tri, commander of the South Vietnamese forces, said intelligence reports indicated that most of the 272nd Regiment of the Viet Cong 9th Division was on the plantation. The South Vietnamese force had advanced by mid-afternoon today to within 12 miles of Kampong Cham, about 35 miles from the Cambodian-Vietnamese border and 50 miles northeast of Phnom Penh. ADVISERS PULL OUT U.S. advisers were reported to have pulled out of the operation before the Vietnamese crossed the 21.7-mile limit of Cambodian penetration set for American troops by President Nixon. Cambodian troops, with support from the South Vietnamese sir force, were reported last Sunday to have regained control of strategically-located Kam-pong Cham, although strong North Vietnamese forces were still reported in the region. In Phnom Penh today, Premier Nol in a radio broadcast said he was proclaiming martial law June 1 to back up existing laws to strengthen national security and give the new government added powers to deal with subversion. PREMIER STROM Strom Rumor EDMONTON (CP) - Premier Harry Strom has denied rumors be will not lead the Alberta Social Credit Party in the next general election. In an interview Friday, he said it was "the most ridiculous story I have ever heard." Radio Station CFAC in Calgary 6aid earlier Friday a "reliable source" had said Mr. Strom received a lucrative offer from a major resource company in Alberta and would resign his post. "That really baffles me. I have not had anybody talk to me and there have been no suggestions of offers." In Lethbridge, MLA John Lamderyou said the rumor "is the craziest one I've eves beard in my 35 years of political life." the departure of honored &U6StS. MANY ARRESTED Many demonstrators were reported arrested. Injured included both demonstrators and bystanders. Only the massive buildup of police forces prevented radical groups from carrying out the parade disruptions they had announced. Although the U.S. units in the parade were the main targets of the dissenters, French and British troops also were roundly booed. It was the worst disruption of the annual parade which in recent years has carried the name Allied Armed Forces Day. SOVIET ARMS IN CUBA - This picture, released Friday night by Miami television station WTVJ, shows Cuban prime minister Fidel Castro (back to camera) with president Osvaldo Dorticos, right, watching ground to ground Soviet missiles which reportedly have capability to hit U.S. mainland. WIVJ said the picture was taken from a Spain-ish magazine which smuggled it to Spain via Czechoslovakia. Another picture.showed Russian-built jet fighters flying over a "secret air base" In Cuba.