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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Snoooing makes your home unsafe .Tuesday, May 22, 1973 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 By Norman Cousins, Los Aftfetei Watergate is just the tip of a rational iceberg. Watergate is only the visible part of a much larger scandal that extends to the nation as a whole and in- volves countless thousands of buggings and other illegal in- vasions of privacy. The fact that high officials of the Republican Party engaged in illegal espionage agairst Democratic Party offic'als has been spread all over the pub- lic record. Far less well is the fact that there is hardly a person in government who does not fear that his telephone is tapped or that his home and office are under electronic sur- veillance. Nor has much public discussion been directed to the extent to which private busi- ness today is infected by all sorts of spying and even es- pionage. Thousands of professional spying firms now abound throughout the country. They offer a wide variety of under- cover services. They operate with highly miniaturized elec- tronic equipment. Who are the customers? Insecure sweethearts. Wives who suspect their husbands and vice versa. People involv- ed in litigation who are trying to obtain damaging informa- tion about their opponents. Bus- iressmen who seek special ad- vantage over their competitors and who want to find out what is going on in the board rooms and executive offices of their rivals. The new electronic technol- ogy makes it all possible. Spe- cial devices now exist which are virtually undetectable. For example, a shortwave sending set can be incoporated into the slender stem of a fern in a potted palm, or concealed in the false bottom of a highball glass. The leather button on a man's sport coat jacket or sleeve is large enough to en- close an electronic seeding set. Special parabolic microphones can tune in on conversations a block or more away. There are laws, of course, to protect people against these practices, but there are so many obstacles and difficulties in the way of strict enforce- Book Reviews ment that legal protection is the exception rather than the rule. The result is that the concept of privacy, basic to a demo- cratic society, is becoming a shambles and a national dis- grace. The national life is being dis- figured by prying, spying, snooping, rigging and outright cabotage. What is most terrify- ing of all is that the govern- ment, which should be the de- pendable protector, is now the prime offender. The use by gov- ernment of electronic eaves- dropping equipment is as prom- iscuous as it is horrifying. No one knows how many newspa- per editors, columnists, news broadcasters and communica- tions executives are being spied upon by government today. Within government itself, the spying has reached epidemic proportions. Several years ago, I had dinner with a member of the White House staff at his home and was astonished when he signaled 'co me that his home was bugged. He put his fingers to his lips, pointed to the chandelier and spread his hands in a way that indicated he thought he. might be under surveillance. The disease has gone far enough. What started as a jus- tifiable technique for getting in- formation about criminals has mushroomed until it threatens to infect the entire society and make us fearful in our own homes. The time has come to take far-reaching measures to outlaw the manufacture of elec- tronic spying equipment, refine drastically the circumstances under which government agen- cies can engage in violations of privacy and establish drastic criminal penalties for violators, inside or outside the govern- ment. Watergate must not be the end but the beginning of a na- tional cleansing action. The American peoole were not ore- pared by their history to live in a snooping society. Outstanding history of war "This is tne story of Pinccchio. His trouble was, his nose grew longer every he made statements that were 'inoperative'." "Total War" by Peter Cal- vocoressi and Guy Wint (Longman Canada Limited, 980 pages, This may well be the best one-volume history of the Sec- ond World War. It is comprehensive, cover- ing not only the war itself, but also the events of the preced- ing decades, back to the end of the first 1914-18 war, that are generally thought of as hav- ing caused that of 1939-15. It is most aptly detailed, which is to say not painfully or microscopically so, but in a degree appropriate to the ex- acting aim of recording and describing this colossal event in a single volume. Above all, it is objective; it neither dwells on nor glosses over the evil that is war, it does not try to tear down any popular heroes and substitute its own, and it raises no new villains. But while its view of the con- flict is a temperate one, it is clear-eyed and penetrating. War is a sorry business, for both sides. Great deeds are done, but so are terrible ones; glaring political and military errors are made, too. All of these are dispassionately ex- posed for what they are, with- out regard for politics, nation- ality, or anything but the facts. The arrangement of informa- tion seems odd, at first, in that there is an almost complete separation of the two major theatres, the European war with Hitler, and the Asiatic conflict with Japan; it is almost as if there were two different wars that happened to be occurring contenporaneously. The auth- ors' decision to handle matters this way may nave been due to WE'VE LOST OUR LEASE! fNG MUST GO! Removal Permit No. 990 Including the best from PHILCO ELECTRIC RANGE This fine Phileo range is offered in a complete range of decorator shades to complement your kitchen decor or to match your new Phileo refrigerator. The colour co- ordinated control panel easily manages the fabulous features such as meat probe, cook and hold, timed ap- pliance outlet, large oven window, 2 super speed 9" surface elements and 2 super speed 6V surface elements. Electric clock and minute minder, infinite heat switches, plug out elements' timed rotisserie and many more. NO R No Frost in the refrigerator No Frost in the freezer No Frost ever with this fine refrigerator. A full line of decorator colours, and every modern feature you can imagine. Five adjustable cantilever shelves, twin por- celain crispers1 a porcelain meat keeper, juice rack, ther- mostatically controlled butter keeper and a freezer tilt shelf. Huge 131 Ib. capacity freezer. Yes Now is the Time to Save During the final 2 Weeks of our REMOVAL SALE at 315-7th STREET SOUTH PHONE 327-3232 their respective interests and back grounds, Calvocoressi being involved in and know- ledgeable concerning European matters, while Wint's expertise was largely Asian. Both authors grew up and were educated in England, and then followed careers that suited them admirably for this type of writing. Calvocoressi, a lawyer, editor, and widely pub- lished author, was in intelli- gence in Europe during the Second World War, and later took part in the Nuremberg trials. He served on the staff of the Royal Institute of Inter- national Affairs, for several years and also lectured on that topic at Sussex University. Wint, who unfortunately died before the history was ready for publication, spent much of his life in China and India, ori- ginally with a League of Na- tion mission, later as a journa- list studying and gathering ma- terial for his several books on Asian affairs. He also spent years in government service in Asia, and 10 years as an editorial writer with the Manchester Guardian. These credentials and exper- ience have been combined to produce an excellent history of the most influential event so far in the 20th century. Any- one with room on his book shelves for only a single mod- el history book, should look long and hard at this one. JWF Books in brief "Nancy's Backyard" by Eros Keith (Fitzhenry fi Whiteside, 32 pages, Caught in a rainstorm, four children shelter under a tree, describe their dreams, and then make them come true in Nancy's backyard. The writing is flat but excel- lent colored illustrations reflect the mood of the dreams and compensate for the slight story. This well-bound little book is suitable for students who have started to read independently and for those who like to read with young children. TERRY MORRIS "The Twelfth Mile" by E. G. P e r r a 1111 (Doubleday, 256 This is a crackling good sus- pense story, what probably is known as a man's adventure novel. All about a tug captain who, in the course of duty, res- cues a crippled ship and at- tempts to tow it into the nearest port as salvage. But it turns out to be a Russian ship whose captain has orders not to be captured and the contest be- tween the two captains is on. A fine story for a quiet Satur- day night. MARGABJET LUCKHURST "The Eastern Panther" by S. Wright. (Clarke, Irwin and Co. Ltd., 180 pages, The object of the book, by the author's own admission, is to examine important evi- dence of the panther's exist- ence in the east; to outline ac- tion to insure that existence, and to tell their story. It's not so much of a "what is a panth- er" book as it is a "where is the panther" book. It does however, look into the aspects of panther behavior and char- acteristics. Reports of panther sightings to New Brunswick, Nova Sco- tia, Quebec and the eastern United States comprise the maw text of the book. Many of the reports are extremely in- teresting and make enjoyable reading. An added highlight to the book is the sketching of Robert Hines. GARRY ALLISON Letter to adult daughter By Eva Brewster COUTTS In February I wrotte in this column about a 16-year-old Scots girl who ran away from home to join the Children of God, a religious group who do not take jobs and spend tne'r livss spreading their message. Recently the girl visited her par- ents for one night and now her father has sent her this letter: "I realize you were delighted to see us and it must have been a terrible disap- pointment when you got such a frosty re- ception. I am sorry that I hurt you and I am going to try to explain my point of view. I have no complaint that you have left home. You are stming, ss every daugh- ter does eventually, to leave childhood be- hind and find your feet as an adult. You are finding great pleasure and comfort through the love of God, and obviously, 1 have no objection to that either. Everyone knows the feeling of real peace given by a strong religious faith. But I part company with you very strong- ly indeed on the simple business of work- ing for a living. You have to pay for the roof over your head, the bad you sleep in, and the food you eat. If you don't, you are begging. That is the brutal truth. There is no point in looking down your nose at "The System'1 when you are pre- pared to live off it. You mentioned in your last letter how careful you are about clean- ing your teeth for instance. just think for a moment The toothpaste had to be made by somebody working in a system job. So did the tube it came in and the toothbrush. You said in a previous letter that the Lord had provided ISO Ibs. of turnips. No doubt the Lord had a great deal to do w it but the turnips simply would not have been there v.ithout the "Syslem." Some- body had to plough the field, sow the hoe the rows and eventually har- vest the turnips. All these people were simply earning their livjig, which is the way the world works. Thousand of people do a job for God while still continuing to earn their keep by having a system job Their way of living is more worthwhile than yours. That's why I am writing this letter, my dzugiuer. Please open your mind and read it with care. When you h'tch-hike you travel on gas worked for and paid for by other pe-ople. When you you enjoy the result of an- otner man's labors. The boots on your feet to kesp you warm and comfortable are the result of "The and so are the blankets you sleep under. I simply cannot excuse people wlio are able to earn their keep and refuse to do it, for whatever reason. That's why I told you I am not running a pad for dropouts. Earn your keep, my adult daughter. Then you and I can be open-hearted friends again and I will be able to enjoy my own delight at seeing you." There is something about this letter that sparked off in me a feeling of solidarity with this parent across the Atlantic. His sentiments are as applicable here as they are in any society whose children blame "The Sjs em" or "Tna Establishment" for all social i'ls. Hoperully, young people drop out and take to the road to live off other people's labor, this letter may help them to understand their parents' point of view a little better. Pleass, it. again and it some thought. Report to readers Doug Walker The Herald news chain What goes in the news pages is determin- ed by decisions made in a chain: the editor, the managing editor, the news editor and his deskmen, the city editor and his ant. (titles vary on different newspapers.) The editor and his executive arm, the man- aging editor, are concerned more with mat- ters of policy and personnel than with the day-by-day choice of stories, their position- ing in the paper, and wording of headlines. The others are trusted with the responsi- bility of making decisions in accordance with good news sense. At Tne Herald, the editor is deo Mow- ers; the managing editor is Don Pilling; the news editor is Klaus Pohle; Murray Brown and Laurie Graham handle the wire news; Noel Buchanan is part-time deskman and has respcnsbilily for the religion pages and The Chinook; the city editor is Terry McDonald; Richard Burke is assistant city editor and part-lime reporter; Kathie Gar- ratt assists the people at tha news desk by looking after the tapes from the teletype machines, doing rewrites and proof-read- ing, and she also has responsibility for the youth page. As with the brief biographies of the re- porters last week, the ones for the people listed below will emphasize the training and experience. Next week this column will feature the rest of the news gatherers and editors. Cleo Mowers: born at Sibbald, Alberta; attended school at Sibbald and Alsask; farmed for two years; graduated from the University of Saskatchewan with a BA in economics; took a ysar and a half of theol- ogy at St. Andrew's College in Saskatoon: was editor cf the university paper; spent three years with the Saskatoon Star-Phoe- nix as a reporter and deskman; was as- sistant editor cf The Winnipeg Free Press Prairie Famer for two years: af'er repor.- ing for four years with The Albertan he spent 12 years on ths editorial page of that paper; had been editor of The Herald for 13 years. Don Pilling: bom at Pendleton, Oregon; attended school in Lethbridge and worked part-time at The Herald while in school; joined The Herald staff full-time in 1947 as a sports writer, became sports editor in 1949 and managing editor in 1957; in 1961 he left the newspaper to go into radio work and returned after two years to be- come sports editor and neus editor, was re-appointed managing editor in December 1971. Deer Advocate beginning as a reporter and ending as news editor; joined The Herald staff in June 1972. Murray Brown: born at Fillmore, Sask attended school in Moose Jaw; was on the staff of the Moose Jaw Times-Herald as sports editor and city editor for more years than he cares to remember: joined Tie Her- ald staff in 1956 as city editor, later be- came wire editor. Laurie Graham: born in Edmonton and attended school there; spent two years with The Canadian Press in Edmonton; after four years with the Canadian air force he returned to The Canadian Press for two years in Winnipeg; spent a year and a half with CFRN radio is Edmonton; returned to Winnipeg for three and a half years as editor for British United Press; was BUP bureau man in Calgary for a year; then spent 10 years as news editor for CFRN in Edmonton; aiter a two-year stint of reporting for The Asbertan in Cal- gary he joined The Herald staff 10 years ago. Xoel Buchanan: bcrn in Melbourne, Aus- tralia; attended a private Anglican school in Melbourne; spent five years learning to be a compositor at The Herald and Wsek- ly Times in Melbourne; moved to Canada in 1956 and spent two and a half years as a staff member in the printing department of the Prairie Bible Institu.e at Three Hills, Alia joining the staff of The Red Deer Advocate he spent one year as a printer and two as a reporter and religion writer; then he spent a jear as editor of The Red Deer Ad-viser, hs joined The Her- ald staff in January 1973. Terry McDonald: born In K'mborlfy, B.C and shonied school the.c, took tru'ce years cf journalism study one jear at Mount Royal College in Calgary and two at the University of North Dakota in Grand Forks; spent two and a ha1' years on the staff of The Red Deer Advocate as report- er, columnist, photographer and deskman: spent two years as a reporter with The Ed- monton Journal; joined The Herald staff in November 1972. Richard Burke: born 'n Calpry: attend- ed school in Calgary and Lethbridge; grad- uated from Ssn Fernando Slata College in Los Angeles with a BA in journalism; join- ed The Herald staff in August 1971. Klans Pohle: born in Germany; attend- ed school in Germany for five years and finished in Edmonton: was with The Can- adian Press (the co-operative news gath- ering agency) in Edmonton for a year and a half; spent seven jcars wiJi The Red Knthlo Garratt: born In Calgary; attend- ed school in Namon and Claiesholm; was in her second year of journalism at Tne Lethbridge Community Co'lege when she quit to join the staff of The Herald in February 1973. ;