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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDOE HERALD Tuesday, Moy 22, 1973 A good civic investment According to reports, city council is thinking of taking a second look at its decision to raise city bus fares. This is welcome news. I'or many years urban transit sys- tems looked on as public utili- ties, to be operated on the principle that whoever used them should pay for them. Lately, however, the trend has been to regard transportation as a public set-vice, to recognize that there are still many people who must move about, but who do not or cannot drive automobiles because of a g e (some are too young, some too infirmity, financial circumstances, or for some other reason. For such people, there must be some form of transportation, regardless of wheth- er or not they can afford to pay for it. There is nothing inequitable about subsidizing a transit system from general revenue; the automobile has been so subsidized for years. The province may levy special taxes to finance the building of highways, but main-tenance of urban streets, traffic control systems, traffic police, pro- vision for parking, and a dozen other automobile-related expenses are met wholly or in part from local taxes. But the setting of bus fares cannot be decided altogether on the basis of one financing theory or another; there are other considerations that, while perhaps less tangible, are at least as important and perhaps more so- It has been established beyond argument that the worst single cause of air pollution is automobile exhaust fumes. Measures are being taken to ensure that cleaner car engines are made, but it will be many years before current models, with their poisonous emissions, are off the roads. For the present, and probably for years to come, the most practical means of reducing this form of pollu- tion is greater utilization of public mass transportation. It is' simple arithmetic that the exhaust from a single bus carrying a score of pas- sengers is markedly less than that from a score of individually driven cars. Parking, street congestion and oth- er traffic problems associated with increasing numbers of motor vehi- cles are net really serious concerns ia Lethbridge at present, especially compared to a hundred other cities on this continent, where the adminis- trations are all frantically searching for ways to persuade people to use trains and buses rather than driving their cars. The present very modest tax contribution to the bus system will help to preserve this fortunate local situation It is well worth it. Uncertainty in Argentina Last March Dr. Hector Camipora won the Argentina presidential elec- tion. During the election campaign he made no secret of the fact that deposed dictator Juan Peron would determine the policies of his govern- ment, should he win. Because the armed services that sent Peron into exile in 1955 had warned all parties that Peron would not be per- mitted to resume power, there was some doubt among supporters of the president elect that he would be permitted to assume office, an event scheduled for May 25th. To date the military have not inter- vened, choosing to observe their un- dertaking to stay clear of the elec- tion except for the caveat as to Peron. They have made it abundantly clear, though, that regardless of the elec- tion outcome, there is to be no poli- tical interference with the military command structure. It is this last condition that may spell trouble for Campora. He has claimed that to choose commanders- in-chief for the services is simply the exercise of a normal government prerogative, and cannot be construed as "political interference." So far the military have not had occasion to react to this view, though it is generally thought unlikely that ser- vice officers will be content to leave the matter of command to Campora, or to anyone else outside their ranks. There are seeds of trouble for Campora here, and they could sprout at any time. Another situation that could preci- pitate a confrontation arises from the activities of a Trotskyite guerrilla or- ganization that calls itself the Peo- ple's Revolutionary Army. This group has been conducting a ven- detta against senior officers of the services, having slain a colonel and two rear-admirals, and kidnapped other senior officers, within the past few months. The People's Revolutionary Army evidently believes Campora is not really a revolutionary, but rather "the last line of defence of the capi- talist system." Guerrilla activities arc deliberately intended to provoke the military into taking action to bar Campora from the presidency. Now, the armed services are de- manding to know what the president- elect plans to do about the depreda- tions of the guerrilla army. Dr. Cam- pora's answer may well determine whether or not he takes office next week. The casserole Little has been heard about heart trans- plants lately, and some medical men think there will be even less. According to a re- cent recapitulation, justification for this type of operation looks pretty shaky. Of 194 transplants performed in the past five years, only a couple dozen patients are still alive. Nearly 30 per cent died in the first week, and the average life ex- pectancy turns out to be about 10 months. Even Dr. Clrristian Barnard, who per- formed the first transplant and who has always been a leading advocate, claims no more than a 50 per cent chance that a transplant patient will survive for a full year. To someone faced with certain death, a 50-50 chance for an added year of life may seem very much worth while. But when authorities look at the combination of such grim odds and the enormous re- sources required, they simply must con- sider their responsibility to all other pa- tients. sired another look at an Alexandra Read- er, there just wasn't point to burglarizing the school-house. Actress Marilyn Chambers appears in movies that are called pornographical she also appears en millions of boxes of Ivory Snow, as the doting mother holding that very clean and presumably very soft Procter and Gamble have only re- cently found out about Miss Chambers' other roles, and now say they will not renew their right to continue displaying her picture. Miss Chambers says she believes this to be a bit stuffy and perhaps short-sighted of the soap makers, and she has a point. There is no doubt the discovery of her movie roles has led to a great deal of un- paid-for publicity for Ivory Snow. And be- sides, they've never claimed the product was entirely pure; just 99 and 44 one hun- dredths per cent. It would be un-Christian not to quote this intact, and to give due credit to the un- known editor of the Hamilton Spectator, who published it lately: "It's not what the Apostle Paul had in mind when he wrote these words to the Thessalonian church in Biblical days, but even out of context, the scripture on the wall of a mountain church nursery says it all. In the room with all tte babies it is written: 'We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed." ''Storm damage to push food prices high- er" shouts a headline in a recent edition of the Christian Science Monitor, referring to the gtcrm-msde flooding of ths central American stales. Probably true, but what it would be nice to hear about would be something that doesn't push tood prices higher. An elderly citizen has expressed dismay at the frequency with which school break- ins occur, claiming that such things never happened he was a boy. He is for- getting, perhaps, that what's inside a school has changed scmswhat since he was Nowadays, every school has radios, tsps-reccrdere, TV sets, typewriters, all sorts cf gadgets, as well as funds for A c clubs and the proceeds of collections for insurance, class pictures, coffee, book rentals and heaven knows what. In his day, unless someone wanted to add to his col- lection of stuffed birds, or passionately de- China's first foray into international bas- ketball was a winning one; a Chinese team recently defeated the French national team in a match in Paris. The really sstonishing thing was the at- titude of tlio Chinese players. They com- pletely unnerved their opponents by their intense concern over any roughness in play, or Iny infraction of the rules. When they ran in'o nn opponent, inevitable in basketball, if tho opponent happened to bo knockc'l down they'd stop and help him tip. Jf iie rppcare'l to bo injured at all, they'd solicitously h.lp him to the side-lines. When I hoy committed fouls, which cannot be helped in a fast game, they'd bow and apologize to I he officials. As Hie Belgian referee dryly remarked, they've been very isolated. "Don't Worry-We'll Just Tighten the a We aren't carbon copies By Peter Desbarats, Toronto Star commentator Listening to Canadians these past few wefiks drew conclusions about their own political system from the Watergate Affair in the United States has been a disturbing and infurating ex- perience. The usual explanation about the overflow eifcct of U.S. mass media isn't adequate. Simply knowing all alicMl Wr.lcrgala isn't enough to produce the kind cf identification willi U.e crisis experienced by many Cana- dians. It springs from a deep feeling that the Canadian psliu- cal experience is simply a mi- nor variation on an American theme. The difference between Canadian and American ver- sions of "eastern democracy" is seen mainly as a matter of size. But even in this respect, the difference is not perceived ex- actly. There are many Cana- dians, as I have discovered, who are firmly convinced that something like Waterpate could occur in Ottawa, and perhaps already has. Now, I don't want to be naive. Years of observing politics in Quebec as well as in Ottawa haven't left me with manv illu- sions about political morality in Canada. But the simple fact is that the stakes in the political game in this country are simply not laree enough to finance the kind of political warfare that was going on in Washington. I don't know what most Cana- dians think of when they read about "Liberal party headquar- ters" or "Conservative party headquarters" in their news- papers. Probably of the cramped and cluttered offices in nondescript buildings in downtown Ottawa that would be rejected as unfit for profes- sional habitation by any second- rate advertising agency. Even at the height of the fu- ror about the "supergroup" in the Prime Minister's office the 1B68 election, the ac- count of people in the PMO v. ith significant authority could be marie easily on the fingers of bc'n ha.ids. And iar from being all-powerful and a law unto tr'Siiiceivcs. as members of the While House staff have been de- sc-ibcd, the PMO "technocrats'' were revealed after the 1972 election as being completely vulnerable to criticism from the media and from within the party. Some of them became obvious scapegoats after the governemnt's near-defeat. It simply boggles the imagi- nation to think of that collection of former academics, journal- ists and civil servants in the PMO masterminding large scale political espionage. And with what? As the Watergate Affair hc.s revealed, the price of that kind of political expertise is far out of reach by Canadian standards. As for the Conservatives, they pcured everything into renting a single DC-9 for the duration of the campaign. A good contract for political espionage might have left them with enough money to buy Robert Stanfield a one-way bus ticket across Canada for the campaign, pro- vided he brought his own sand- wiches. But money isn't the most im- portant reason. The smaller scale of Canadian politics also keeps power closer to the people. The Ottawa scene isn't so large that a politician or journalist isn't able to com- prehend its principal parts and keep track of its main protagon- ists. Power in Ottawa never feels as remote as it must in Washington. Tl-ere are important struc- tural differences. With the Prims Minister answering ques- tions in the Commons every day, the whole method of han- dling something like the Water- gale Affair in Ottawa would be essentially different. all, as our historians prove more conclusively year by year, the deeper one delves into political history in Canada, the more one appreciates its distinctiveness. Our achieve- ments as well as our scandals have rarely been carbon copies of American originals. The danger of accepting Wa- tergate as typical of "our sys- tem" in North America is that it makes improvements in the Canadian system more difficut. A climate of cynicism encour- ages the natural tendency of Tiany of cur politicians to re- pard meaningful electoral re- form as unrealistic. While they practice "human engineering" on the rest of the population without hesitation, they try to give the impression that their own world of party politics is beyond human power to control, and that political morality cannot be achieved by regulation. Why not? If the Watergate Affair forces the Trudeau government to move finally on its proposed electoral legislation, it might yet prove to be an American cultural export of some utility in this country. Clink of golden handcuffs By Charles Folcy, London Observer commentator SAN FRANCISCO Men at the top of America's giant cor- porations ablush with pride in a year of record profits were shocked to come under fire recently for accepting sal- ary rises and bonuses to match the booming times. Not oh dear no that any- one grudged them their re- wards, but from a series of an- nual meetings feare has emerg- ed a picture of compen- sation" in the upper echelons which contrasts strangely with the wage restraint imposed on employees, some of whom have had to forgo hopes of even a modest raise so as to pad their bosses' pocket-books. As inflation and costs rise, and federal gtiideiinss hold down salary increases to a maximum of 5.5 per cent some lop managers have taken pay increases of 50 or 100 per cent or more. Labor leaders are jot- ting down the figures for some tough talking when crucial wage contracts come up for re- negotiation later this year. The handsomest pay boost of the year went to General Mot- ors chairman Richard Gersten- berg, who now gets with a Christmas stock- ing. Second came 1-Tcnrv Ford TT, with and third Ford President F.ct1 V.TO drew just marked up an increase of 27 per cent over .1071. Two other executives Mho re- ceived more than each were Johnron and Johnson chairman Philip Hoffman and the International Telephones and Telegraph's Harold Geneen, who masterminds the activities of some employees in '93 countries. These figures which with those of other top executives average out at a 13.5 per cent increase over 1971 include a galaxy of bonuses and incen- tive payments, while salaries ale-ne rose by 10 per cent. Chrysler chair man, Lynn Townsend, was awarded a bonus in 1972, jumping his total income by 210 per cent over 1971. How is it all done, with Phase Two limits still in force (and not only that 5.5 on salar- ies, but a 0.7 per cent limit on fringe benefits as It seems that so long as the aver- age rise for the rank and file stays within the guidelines, two or three individuals may be given much fatter increases. Eeybrows went up in the ex- ecutive suites when the cost of living council recently asked the inland revenue people to sec how top management in- come succeeded in hitting a high last year in every cate- gory except brokerage a de- pressed trade without breaching pay board rules. No' however, need be oxprclerl as a result of the aud- iting of the 100 big profit-spin- bcluding General Motors, ITT and IBM. Firms like these have long run profit linked schemes for the cherished few, levitating .salary and bonuses in a look- no-hands slyle which sails safe- ly across the guidelines. These devices include a kaleidoscop- ic range of benefits: discount options, deferred pay, company- paid insurance, premium-price buy outs and other exotic "fringes" which can exempt a third of the executive income from tax. If based on pre-exist- ing incentive schemes, these payments seem to have no dol- lar limits. The zaniest of the new hand- outs are "performance shares which puzzled Pacific Security's shareholders at a recent West Coast meeting. Why was the beard proposing to hand over worth of the stock to key executives without receiv- ing a cent in payment? They were assured that the "gift" would make the officers work even harder to raise profits and, of course, dividends. In contrast with the stock op- tion schemes to motivate execu- tives by giving them the right to buy company shares, usually with borrowed money, over a number of years, at a constant price, performance shares are free. The pay-out for each offi- cer comes when he meets the goals set for his department over the years. This self-help scheme has now been adopted by a score of the biggest cor- porations, including Gulf General Motors, Texaco and Del Monte. So what's the catch? This: performance shares may be forfeited if the recipient goes over to a rival firm before the goals are. met. The clink of gol- den handcuffs keeps him keen and loyal. Letters American image distorted I have great respect for form- er Prime Minister John Diefen- baker. He has made some great contributions to ing the Bill of Rights. I also ad- mired his courage in 1962 when he defied U.S. imperialism. But during recent years I have felt that he has been making state- ments only to criticize the other parties. Sometimes his zeal to attack the prime minister or Mr. David Lewis leads him to make statements which are just nonsensical. An example of such a statement was reported in the Herald (May 9) in which he has referred to the U.S. as "one country in the world that today stands to preserve our freedom all over the world." Either Mr. Diefenbaker has not been in touch with the events of the last few years or he has deliberately ignored them. I would like to ask him if the fol- lowing actions of the U.S. are any indication of the preserva- tion of freedom: 1. Killing of hundred of thou- sands of civilians in Vietnam through indiscriminate bomb- ing and napalm. 2. Destruction of crops and land through the spray of pois- onous gases in both North and South Vietnam. 3. Opposing the democratic wishes of the people of East Bengal (Now Bangla Desh) through military aid to the Pak- istani dictators and, when the people were fighting for their freedom, threatening them by sending the Seventh Fleet to the Bay of Bengal. 4. Instigating trouble in Chile against a democratically elect- ed president. 5. Supporting dictatorships in Asia, Africa, Europe (ie. Greece) and Latin America. If Mr. Diefenbaker considers the above actions as the "pres- ervation of he must have some very horrible defini- tion of freedom in his mind. In my view, the U.S. government has degenerated to a great ex- tent. They cannot manage their own economy nor can they maintain a healthy political system (the Watergate scandal is an example cf the bank- ruptcy of their political How -they can be con- sidered as champions of free- dom all over the world is be- yond me. Perhaps Mr. Diefen- baker himself can throw light on this issue. SANTOKH SINGH ANANT, PhD. Lethbridge. First aid in sc I was a recent visitor to Leth- bridge and while there I had the opportunity to meet some teachers and parents. I men- tioned that I felt every teach- er should have some first aid training. They, as I did in Brit- ish Columbia, began to wonder if the teachers in Alberta were knowledgeable enough in first aid to deal with a serious in- jury. My brief "First Aid Training for Teachers" was presented to the Citizens Education Forum in Surrey, B.C. on February 10, 1973. The citizens voted that the recommendations be pre- sented to the school board in school district No. 36. The school board agreed to consid- er all the recommendations and if possible carry them out ac- cordingly. 1. All schools shall have an adequate number of people with a certificate in first aid. 2. A good "in-service" first aid program should be offered free to the teaching staff. 3. The school board should arrange first aid training for newly appointed teachers who have not yet taken appropriate training. 4. The school board should appoint an official to be re- sponsible for organizing the first aid training program throughout the district. 5. Each principal could ar- range for a suitable first aid program in his school. This would be an excellent way to form a first aid team Each child is a precious com- modity and should be givea protection. Teachers take then- classes on field trips per- haps swimming at the beach, hiking or travelling to a point of interest. These teachers are not questioned about their first aid knowledge if they know haw to give artificial respira- tion, control serious bleeding or when not to do anything at all. They must be able to handle the situation in the best pos- sible way. We as parents would not allow our children to go to the local swimming pool if a lifeguard were not present yet we never question the teach- er's ability. Ninety per cent of the princi- pals I have interviewed said they would appreciate a first aid course. Many said they often felt apprehensive and did not feel confident about hand- ling a serious injury. They were in favor of "in service" training for all teachers but did not think it could be com- pulsory. MRS. JEAN McILVANEY, RN Surrey, B.C. "Mr. Cole, when I said that we've got to Jure the little guy back into the market, I meant..." The Lethbridgc Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO w MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS, K. WALKER Advertising Manager editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;