Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
ICCS FINANCE CRISIS AVERTED By KEVIN DOYLE SAIGON (CP) United States government has agreed to advance million to the fi- international truce force, averting what many officials feared might be a serious budgetary crisis. Sources in the International Commission of Control and Su- pervision (ICCS) said today the South Vietnamese government is expected to match the U.S. contribution shortly. Commission sources said the ICCS hopes to terini budget before the end of this month and to e--.. a formal spending estimate by the end of June. The ICCS, which has been unable to complete a firm budget so far because of diffi- culties in completing formal contracts, asked in April that the four parties to the Paris peace agreement match their original contributions by 4.5 million francs million) as a temporary measure. The U.S., in its offer today, was the first of the four coun- tries to reply. Although Saigon is expected to follow the Ameri- can lead, no response has yet been received from the Viet Cong and the North Vietnam- ese. More than 40 per cent of the original contributions was spent by the ICCS on food services with about 25 per cent spent on air transportation provided un- cer contract by a U.S. firm. An- other large expenditure was necessary to construct or equip ICCS field sites and regional headquarters throughout South Vietnam. There are no firm figures available for the likely size of the formal ICCS budget for the year, although some sources in- dicate it may reach million. Each of the member countries of the commission, Canada, Hungary, Indonesia and Poland, contribute two per cent of the over-all budget in addition to paying the salaries and allow- ances of their personnel. In other developments today, Canada's Lt.-Gen. Stanley C. Waters, deputy chief of the de- fence staff for operations, com- pleted a two-day tour of ICCS regional headquarters and team sites, saying he is "delighted to have found the Canadian contin- gent in great shape." The Lethbrtdge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 136 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, MAY 22, 1973 PRICE: TEN CENTS THREE SECTIONS 34 PAGES Pipeline a 'mixed essing r Honorary degree holders Farley Mowat, writer and environmentalist, is congratulated by Dr. Jim Cousins after Mr. Mowat received tan honorary doctor of laws de- gree at Saturday's University of lethbridge con- vocation. Dr. Cousins, well-known Southern Al- berta historian and ihe first full-time history pro- fesscr at the university when it opened in 1967, received an honorary degree. Now retired, also Dr. Cousins is the U of L's first emeritus professor. Further photos and story on Page 14. Lasting world OTTAWA (CP) A govern- ment study group report re- leased in unusual circumstances says the construction and oper- ation of a Mackenzie pipeline likely would prove a mixed blessing to Canada. It says government inter- vention will be required if the potential benefits are to be real- ized and the potential costs minimized. "Any employment impact of pipeline construction will be temporary only. Unless projects requiring similar labor skills were developed at an appro- priate time, construction of the pipeline would have a stabiliz- Cod war boils over NATO base rezhnev The Associated Press BONN Leonid Brezhnev, saying that the world is closer to durable peace than ever before, flew home to Moscow today to begin preparing for his visit to President Nixon next month. "Auf the Soviet Communist party chief told West German Chancellor Willy Brandt as he boarded Ms Aeroflot jei. at Bonn-Cologne airport. The departure of the Soviet Communist party chief on the first anniversary of Nixon's trip to Moscow end- ed the first visit to West Germany by a top Soviet leader. During his five days in Bonn, he and Brandt laid the basis for expansion of trade, technical and scientific co-operation and cultural exchanges between their two countries. Brezhnev said in a television address Monday night that improved U S.-Sovict relations and other steps have brought peace closer. Vowing to bring the Soviet Union out of the cold war and into ever-closer co-opera- tion with the West, the 66-year-old party chief said: "The prospects for nomanity are becoming increas- ingly mere hopeful. The war in Vietnam is over, So- viet-American relations continue to develop favorably. "By and large, one can say that our planet today has come closer than ever before to durable peace." PACT IS SIGNED The highlight of Brezhnev's was his signing Saturday with Brandt of a 10-year economic co-operation pact providing a framework for West German invest- ment to help boost the lagging Soviet economy. In a joint declaration Monday, Brezhnev and Brandt gave then" b'essing to proposed deals including German hejp in building a Soviet steel mill, expand- ing Soviet production of chemicals, machine tools, mo- tors and raw materials, and ether exchanges of West German technology for Scviet raw materials. The. Soviet and West German leaders, who clearly got along well, also paved the way for far-reaching co- operation in the fields of culture, tourism, science, transport, medicine and environmental protection. And they agreed to keep up close political contacts in the future. Inside Classified 24-26 Comics........30 Comment 4, 5 Distinct......3, 11 Family 16, 17 Local News 13, 14 Markets........18 Sports........8-10 Entertainment 7 TV ..........6 Weather........2 LOW TONIGHT 40, HIGH WED. 70; BRISK WINDS By ED BLANCHE LONDON (AP) The "cod war" between Britain and Ice- land boiled Monday into a touchy international problem in- volving a key American- manned NATO base on the rocky island. Icelandic authorities, angered because Britain sent warships into disputed fishing grounds off the to protect its traw- lers, banned British air force Monetary reform speeded From REUTER-AP WASHINGTON (CP) World financial experts have decided to try to speed discussions on world monetary reform by set- ting up smaller study groups to look at some of the difficult is- sues involved in creating a new international monetary system, conference sources said Mon- day. The experts form the Com- mittee of 20 deputies, which represents the interests of all 125 members of the Inter- national Monetary Fund They are charged with pro- viding the world's finance min- isters with technical guidance on reforming the old financial system which collapsed in 1971 when President Nixon divorced the United States dollar from gold. LONDON (AP) The price of gold dropped slightly in early trading today in London but re- mained near its record high in Zurich. The United States dollar improved in some European centres but fell in others. Dealers said the lack of any consistent trend indicated con- tinued uncertainty in the Eu- ropean markets. They have blamed the switch from dollars to gold in the last two weeks on concern that the Watergate scandals will hamper President Nixon's efforts to check in- flation in the United States and solve other economic problems. The metal opened in Zurich today at U.S. an ounce, 50 cents more than the record closing price Monday and 50 cents less than the all-time record of earlier the same day. planes from landing at the base at Keflavik. Britain retaliated by ordering its trawler fleet to "fish and be damned" and catch all they could up to the tons a year permitted by the Inter- national Court of Justice 12 years ago. Foreign Secretary Sir Alec tVwglas-Hcm.8 disclosed this in Hw of vJcamons, but stressed Britain still hopes for a negotiated settlement to end the nine-mcnth-old dispute over fishing rights which erupted when Iceland banned foreign fishing in waters 50 miles off its shores. TO CONTINUE CHASING But in Reykjavik, Icelandic Premier Olafor Johannesson said Monday his country's gun- boats will carry on tryhig to chase British trawlers out cf Iceland's disputed 50-mile fish- ing limits despite the presence of British warships. He also said in an interview there was a possibility that Ice- land would take her case before the United Nations Security Council and the NATO Atlantic council. NATO sources admitted the loss of Keflavik, where Americans are based, would leave- a gap in the West's de- fence chain. ing effect on employment trends in the economy." The report also said the proj- ect would result in an increase in interest rates, energy prices and the exchange on the Cana- dian dollar. report, marked con- fidential, was prepared by the economic impact committee on the study group on Northern Oil Development established by the federal government in Decem- ber, 1968. Prepared under the direction of H. G. R. Taylor of the fi- nance department, it is dated Oct. 6, 1972. One finance department offi- cial said there is no official comment on the report. He sug- gested the document is only a discussion paper issued early in the study of the pipeline feasi- bility, and doesn't represent the views of all the government de- partments involved. The report was brought to The Canadian Press office early today by a man who did not identify himself. A spokesman for Energy Minister Macdo- nald's office said the report was not released by that depart- ment. Mr. Taylor was not available for comment. Nor was Jack Austin, deputy minister of energy, mines and resources, diairman of the task force. The study group is made up of Mr. Austin, H. B. Robinson, deputy minister of northern de- velopment, Robert Shaw, dep- uty environment minister, O. G. Stoner, deputy transport minis- ter, and R. D. Howland, chair- man of the National Energy Board. The report says the greatest possible gains for Canada dur- ing pipeline construction would be billion of additional Ca- nadian incomes and man-years of additional employ- ment. During operations the max- imum benefits to Canada would be additional incomes of million a year, of which govern- ment revenues would comprise million, and 150 to 200 per- manent jobs. The report warns that the cost cf pipeline operation could include upward pressure on ths Canadian dollar, making it diffi- cult for labor-intensive exports to be sold abroad. It also could result in a tentially serious" upward pres- sure en the level of Canadian energy prices. The report says there likely would be no serious disruption of the Canadian capital market if million was raised to en- sure 51 per cent Canadian own- ership of thg shares of the pipe- line. But it added: "The achievement cf majority equity ownership by Canadians of itself would not likely ensure Canadian financial control of the pipeline company." McCord 'convinced' White House By Reuter-AP WASHINGTON (CP) Wa- tergate conspirator James McCord testified today he was told that James Schlesinger, di- rector of the Central In- telligence Agency would go along with an attempt to blame the agency for the Wa- tergate bugging. McCord, testifying at the re- sumption of the Senate select committee hearings, said his lawyer told him thai if he was willing to claim the CIA was in- volved in the Watergate break- in, his retirement papers would be doctored to show he had re- joined the agency after having previously retired. McCord said his lawyer, Ger- ald Alch, told him that Schleis- inger "would go along with it." McCord, testifying on the RHODESIA SHOOTING: Canada disavows slaying critics OSLO (AP) The Norwegian government made official con- tacts with the British and Ice- landic governments today to find out if Norway can help to solve the fishing dispute be- tween the two NATO partners, the foreign ministry announced tersely. OTTAWA (CP) A Rhode- sian government official who accused the Canadian govern- ment of a "disinterested atti- tude" in the shooting deaths of two Canadian girls last week appears to be "playing politics with a human an ex- ternal affairs spokesman said today. The Canadian spokesman was commenting on a remark made on the weekend by the Rhode- sian minister of tourism, P. K. Van Der Byl, who said: "One is absolutely astounded CHARRED BODY FOUND AFTER BELFAST FIRE Raft crew to dump water LAS PALMAS, Canary Islands (AP) The crew of the raft Acali, limping along at 25 miles a day, is expected to dump an estimated 18 tons of fresh water to increase speed, the news agency Cifra said to- day. The Acali, with its ex- perimental living-together crew of six women and five men, was reported about 300 miles south- west of this Canary Island port from which it sailed May 12. BELFAST (AP) Police are investigating the possibility an arsonist may have died in a fire set early today in a bookie's of- fice in a Protestant district ofi this Northern Ireland capital. The fire started shortly after midnight, and firemen found a charred they thought was that of a man in the ashes. They did not know yet whether the death was attributable to the communal warfare in which at least 801 other persons have died in Northern Ireland in nearby four years. In Londonderry, Northern Ire- land's second largest city, a bomb planted in a parked car wrecked five shops and se- riously damaged another five Monday. But the bombers, be- lieved to be members of the Irish Republican Army, warned of the impending blast, and no one was reported hurt. South of the border in the Irish republic, IRA leader Joe Cahill was sentenced to three years in jail for gun-running and belonging to the outlawed underground army. Two associ- ates, Denis Mclnerney and Sean Garvey, got two years. They were convicted of trying to smuggle five tons of guns, explosives and ammunition into the Irish republic in March aboard a small German freighter that the Irish navy in. tercepted off the southeast coast. at the almost disinterested atti- tude of the Canadian ministry of foreign affairs and of its total unroncern." Christine Sinclair of Guelph, Ont, and Marjan Drijber of Rockwood, Ont., both 19, were hit by bullets fired by a Zam- bian sentry as they hiked along the Rhodesian side of the Zam- bezi River near Victoria Falls. The Canadian spokesman said the Rhodesian's criticism stem- med from Canada's refusal to recognize the Rhcdesian govern- ment. "We have not engaged in dia- logue with them in this mat- he said. However, the Canadian gov- ernment has shown great inter- est in the incident, he said. For example, he said the govern- ment has had close contact with the parents of both girls, repre- sentations have been made to the Zambian government, an external affairs officer has vis- ited the scene of the shooting and External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp has discussed the incident in the Commons. third day of the televised hear- ings, read a memorandum which he submitted to the com- mittee May 4. He said intense pressure had been brought on him to portray the bugging of Democratic party headquarters last June as a CIA operation. He should make his defence at his trial, he was told. WITH CIA 19 YEARS He said he rejected all sug- gestions to involve the CIA for which he had worked for 19 years before joining the Com- mittee to Re-elect the President as security co-ordinator. The purpose of the pressure to involve the CIA, McCord said, was to clear the White House and the Nixon re-election committee of blame for the bugging. McCord said that after the conversation with his lawyer in Alch's office in December, 1972, shortly before the Watergate trial began, he was convinced the White House was behind the break-in at the Democratic na- tional committee headquarters last June 17. "By now. I was completely convinced the White House was behind it and the White House was turning ruthless in my he said. Todays testimony by McCord was tiie first allegation that Schlesinger, recently nominated to be secretary of defence, might have been willing to go along with a coverup. TOLD OF PRESSURE McCord, who is awaiting sen- tence next month for his part in the Watergate raid, said he had been told by Bernard Barker, another of the conspirators, that E. Howard Hunt and other un- named persons in Miami had brought pressure on four other members of the raiding party with Cuban links to use the CIA defence. Hunt, also convicted and awaiting sentence, was bitter because the CIA defence was rejected. McCord denied that he had tried to persuade the White House to keep him out of jail. He admitted sending an un- signed letter last December to former White House aide JoWn J. Caulfield threatening that "every tree in the forest will fall, there will be a scorched desert On another matter, McCord said he was told a plane owned by the mysterious billionaire Howard Hughes had been ar- ranged for use in a plan, never carried out, to burglarize the safe of a Las Vegas newspaper publisher. The plane allegedly was to fly the burglars to a Latin American hideout after the breakin. McCord said another cf the Watergate conspirators, E. Howard Hunt, had told him the Hughes Tool Co. might need McCord's services after the election, but he never heard any more on the subject. ger to resign: WASHINGTON (Reuter) Presidential adviser Henry Kis- singer has offered to resign if President Nixon thinks Kissin- ger's moral authority was im- paired by telephone taps o n members of his White House staff, informed sources said Sunday. Kissinger acknowledged last week that he saw reports of tapped telephone conversations by members of his National Se- curity Council team after it was disclosed that Nixon auth- orized wiretaps on 17 persons, including four reporters. The bugging occurred be- tween 1969 and 1971 when the administration was anxious to stop leaks of classified informa- tion. Some reports said Kissin- ger agreed to the taps and even provided the names of people who should be bugged. Seen and heard About town A- gLAIR SHAW taking full credit for the weekend rainfall "because I was at Keho Lake in a tent and got soaking wet." Bev Braun commenting thst since hus- band Jake had watched a r.eighbor putting in his gar- den maybe he would get the hint. Skylab walks 'thermal tightrope' By HOWARD BENEDICT CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (AP) With both hot and cold tem- peratures causing concern, preparations for the Skylab sal- vage mission centred on Cape Kennedy today as the three as- tronauts fly here to begin the countdown for a hoped-for launch Friday. Before travelling here, the as- tronauts were to practise repair jobs in a huge Alabama water tank. Flight controllers, mean- while, were walking what ono called "a thermal tightrope" in efforts to keep temperatures within reasonable limite. There was fear that food and film might spoil in one end of the orbiting station where there are readings near 130 degrees, and that water might freeze and burst pipes at the other end where recordings plummet to 34 degrees. Officials hoped to develop ma- noeuvres today to bring tem- peratures into belter balance and hold them steady until the astronauts can rocket up H tu-> orbiting laboratory on man's first space salvage mission. SCHEDULE TIGHT The timetable remained tight for a planned launching of as- tronauts Charles Conrad, Dr. Joseph Kerwin and Paul Wcitz at 9 a.m. EDT Friday. A deci- sion on whether to proceed is expected Thursday from Skylab program director William Schneider. Launch crews plan to start the countdown on the Saturn 1- B rocket at p.m. tonight, a few hours after Conrad, Ker- win, and Weitz fly here from the Marshall Space Flight Centre at Huntsville, Ala. During the day, tils astro- nauts planned to practise Sky- lab repairs in a giant tank which contains 1.4 million gal- lons of water and full-scale models of the orbiting lab and the Apollo ship. Working in wa- ter provides some sensations of space weightlessness. Mission commander Conrad and Kerwin were to rehearse erecting a 400-square-foot sun shade during a space walk, a backup method for shielding the laboratory from the rays of the sun. The primary approach will be to have tho astronauts link up with the station, enter the swel- tering workshop and push an umbrella-like device through an airlock and expand it. If the aeronauts cannot de- ploy a solar shield, they will have to abandon the lion station in space.