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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 21, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta May 1974 THE LETHMIDOE HiRALD- 41 Soviet ship enters port The liner Maxim Gorki arrives this week in New York its base for 13 Caribbean cruises planned for the summer. The Soviet vessel's booking agent is offering cruises at about a day per passenger. This amount is reported to be about a day less than competitors. Slave statistics raise hackles NEW YORK More than a century after the civil war ended a new book written by two economists has stirred up an unusually heated scholarly debate over the institution of slavery and its effect on Black Americans. With high speed mountains of textbook and fancy the economists have invaded the territory of the traditional arbiters of what slavery was and was not. And the a group with little internal are stumbling uncertain just how to respond Although the dispute has been building for it burst into full force this week with publication of Time on the a two-volume analysis of slave history by economists Robert W. Fogel and Stanley L.' both professors at both Quasi historians and both skilled mathematicians. Like Union General William T. Sherman on his march from Atlanta to the Professors Fogel and Engerman slashed their way through the history books of leaving almost nothing behind them intact. With a mixture of intellectual delight and academic they attacked one another the -traditional views of the Old South and came up with tenets of their among them the was not a profitless but the industry of its as Professor Fogel puts it. agriculture was not backward and but about 35 per cent more efficient than farming. were not incompetent they were tough team more efficient than their white counterparts families were not generally torn apart by wicked white traders selling them the slaveholders had an economic incentive to keep the family unit together and to keep worker morale high. women were not used on stud farms to breed new slaves nor were they typically forced to bed with slave women generally abstained from sexual activity before marriage. were not worked to they were relatively well housed and clothed because of their key part in the production process And on and on it goes for 453 ringing with the sound of breaking icons. The which is divided into a volume for lay readers and one for gathers together for the first time the fruits of 18 years of labor by the authors and other the self styled New Economic Historians who have tried to wed the muse of to mathematics. It is a merger that has raised both cheer and havoc among historians. VALUE DOUBTED Time on the has raised hackles among Blacks and sociologists who doubt the value of playing the numbers game on a problem that was primarily some economists also say the authors have drawn conclusions not justified by the data. Cliometricians are a special species of econometrician a common form of modern economist. Econometricians typically used' economic theory plus data and powerful tools of statistical inference to figure out from the past what lies ahead for the future. Cliometricians turn the technique around and try instead to calculate what economic activity was really like in the good old days. The authors said the book which sums up research on the lives of some slaves only an on work they still intend to do with the data now on computer tapes. IRA leadership shows sign of corruption By JONATHAN HARSCH Christian Science Monitor Ireland The leadership of the illegal Irish Republican Army is showing signs of corruption. These may well destroy its image in quarters most important to it as a band of gallant and daring freedom fighters shanngs the lot of and doing battle for Roman Catholic working class communities in Northern Ireland. Most damagingly it was revaled recently IRA Commander Brendan picked up in a police has been living in no working class area but in a posh house in a middle- class suburb of the city. At the time of his he-was wearing a pin-striped business suit. IRA is engaged in drug -'smuggling to fund its Irish operations. Tho came out in court in Hamburg where evidence was given that an English girl working with IRA officer Jim McCann was to transfer from the sale of hashish for arms purchases in Germany. Mr. Hughes's operational setup bears out what IRA men IRA officers then said they were switching to- They were fed up with running a mass movement and getting no thanks. elite two or three persons units would operate from bases in safe middle class areas. The cherished freedom fighters image won the IRA considerable support from left wing organizations in Britain and America to supplement its traditional backing from Irish emigrants. Mounting evidence that the IRA leadership has lost its working class links may prove costly. Left wing idealists do not like to believe that Belfast IRA bombers carry out commissioned jobs blowing up specific buildings to clear sites for certain property speculators. Plans captured with Mr. Hughes give evidence of just such operations. The police also found weapons a list of active IRA maps showing bombing and details of arms smuggling routes. The importance of the documents was soon clear. They led to in two in Belfast and one England. As a result of Mr. Hughes's the British already have sent important information concerning IRA activities to the government of the Republic of Ireland. Recent Belfast murders carried out by IRA terrorists seem even more brutal in the light of the IRA's break with traditional goals and with traditional Catholic morality. Two gunmen killed a pair of policemen on traffic duty in a busy suburban shopping area near Belfast. The gunmen shot the policemen in the back and then fired more shots into the men as they lay on the road. This double murder had no military justification. Such grim disregard for human life in a campaign which is increasingly soiled by purely criminal activities undermines the IRA's support. It will be interesting to see whether the undermining has gone far enough to convince Dublin that it can act firmly against the IRA without courting protests from a significant body of opinion in the Qniith Ship workers irked over protest Special to The Herald LONDON A stinging re- buke to the political activities of engineering union leader Hugh Scanlon was delivered by a group of his members in on Scotland's Clydeside this week. In a private the workers voted by a majority to reject Scanlon's order that they cease all work on a submarine being built at a Greenock shipyard for the Chilean navy. Scanlon is attempting to force the Labor government to reverse its decision to allow completition and delivery to Chile of all military items now under construction or repair in Britain. He shares with many labor MPs a repugnance for the military regime in Santiago and is frying to use his strategically-placed engineer members to halt all work destined for Chile. To this end he has instructed the 21 members of Parliament sponsored by the union to exert pressure on the government to change its position. His campaign appears to be however. In the Glasgow shipyard where the Chilean frigate Lynch is near completion some engineers walked off but work on fitting out and machinery trials is going ahead without interruption. On the River in North- east where the Chil- ean destroyer Almirante Riv- eros is in drydock for a members of a boilermakers' union affiliated to Scanlon's Amalgamated Union of Engi- neering Workers have ignored the stop-work order. Engineers also are continuing to work on the destroyer and are to hold a meeting shortly to decide whether to obey with a strong section reportedly opposed to a walkout on the grounds that it could lead to them becoming unemployed. At the East Scot- Rolls-Royce aero-engine factory for British-built- Hawker Hunter jet fighters owned by some workers and shop stewards are angry because they were ordered to stop the work by leaders in London. They say the factory's 130 shop stewards and em- ployees resent not having been consulted about a political decision from which they feel remote. Scanlon now is trying to per- suade other sections of the Confederation of Shipbuilding and Engineering Unions to order their members to down tools on any work for Chile. Sears Our color 5-yr protection plan and 2-yr guarantee on picture copper circuit Other parts guaranteed for 1 yr. Labour included on all parts during 1st yr. Enjoy sdid state color with a saving A great color console What a You get 315 sq. in. of clear color to make all your favourite programs come to Special circuits automatically keep flesh tones and smear-free. The solid state with 14 snap-in is the most advanced in the industry. Tuning is child's play. 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