Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
-Wednesday, May 10. 1970 TH! IETHBRIDGE HERA1D 5 Joyce Egginton Next Moves In Anti-Nixon Campaign TVEW YORK The students and liberal teachers at hundreds of universities, col- leges and schools across Am- erica who joined the massive protest against the U.S. inva- sion of Cambodia and the fatal shooting by National Guards- men of four students at Kent State University, Ohio, hope to build up that campaign so that it has a lasting effect. The sudden expansion of the w a r, immediately followed by what swiftly became known as. "the Kent has the nation's youth in revolt as it never revolted before. All the campus riots of the past few years, all former student pro- tests against the Vietnam war against racial discrimina- tion, against the military-indus- trial complex, against destruc- tion of the been overwhelmed by the giant unifying anti-Nixon, anti war movement. It is a mainly non-violent movement and for the first time college administrators and faculties are as deeply in- volved in it as the students. For Pollutants Made Useful OLD SAYING that rioth- ing is deader than yester- day's newspaper needs to be revised, at least as far as the paper itself is concerned. The long-sought solution to the prob- lem of de-inking yesterday's newspaper so that it can re- appear as tomorrow's newspap- er seems to have been found. Last year, using a new pro- cess, plants turned tons of old newspapers into 320.000 tons of newsprint as fesh as new with a value of about million, re- ports the Wall Street Journal. That amounted to 11 per cent of the newsprint produced annually in this country. The three plants also paid about million to people who collect and sort old newspapers, including such organizations as the Boy Scouts, Salvation Army and churches. Everybody is talking about pollution and the preservation of the environment. The above is only one example of what some people are doing about it. There are others: Waste from the processing of citrus fruits (peel, rag and seeds) comprises 45 to 66 per cent of the total fruit. Food En- gineering magazine reports that a new conversion process is turning this waste into cattle feed selling for ?18 or more a ton. By Don Oakley, NBA Service Speaking of animal feed, researchers at General Elec- tric's Research and Develop- ment Centre in Schenectady are experimenting with special strains of bacteria which hold the promise of converting trash into a new animal food source. Tha bacteria can digest cel- lulose which, in various forms accounts for up to two-thirds of the solid wastes deposited in municipal refuse dumps. Engineers at the Franklin Institute Research Laboratories in Philadelphia are developing a solid waste separator that will make possible other reuse of household discards. Shredded bash is fed into the device and a series of vibrating screens, baffles, paddle wheels and grav- ity separators sort it by classes paper, soft plastics, glass, metal and hard plastics. Also in the field of solid wastes, International Patents and Development Corp. in Kings Point, N.Y., has developed a garbage compactor already in use in a number of Manhattan apartment buildings. The fully automated unit, which ejects 80-pound chunks of compacted trash, eliminates fire hazards and air pollution and lowers time and labor costs involved in handling of waste material. As for liquid waste, an advanced waste-water treat- ment process is in the final stag- es of testing at the University of Michigan. It can consistently remove 95 to 97 per cent of organic waste matter, compared with 80 to 90 per cent by con- ventional sewage treatment. Most significant, the process removes most of the phosphate and much of the nitrogen in waste water. These contamin- ants, little affected by conven- tional methods, are largely res- ponsible for excessive algae growth and the rapid decay and aging of lakes. According to a survey of 248 companies by the National In- dustrial Conference Board, ex- penditures for pollution control equipment rose 23 per cent in 1969 to a total million. The petroleum industry claims that it alone spent more than billion .between 1966 and 1969 on air and water pollution con- trol efforts. It's one thing to trap pollu- tants, but this in turn can cause a problem. Take the tons of fly ash unburned carbon being collected daily in factory smoke stacks. One company in Springfield, Ore., does take it, by the truck- load, and converts it into char- coal briquets. What was once a nuisance and a literal eyesore is transformed into a market- able product. once there are no factions with- in the campuses against one another. Instead, at most col- leges the entire academic com- munity is united in deep con- cern over the powers of the presidency and the future of America. Several involved educators have compared this concern with the revolutionary anger which swept through t h e Am- erican colonies 200 years ago against the rule of George III. Certainly nothing since has aroused the anger of the young and'the educated to the same extent. And the anger is ex- acerbated, as it was in revolu- tionary times, by the hostile at- titude of the men at the head of tire government. President Nixon's comment about "these bums blowing up the cam- puses" is not likely to be for- gotten, although it might have been forgiven if the president had shown some understanding of the students' outrage over the affair at Kent. But instead- of sympathy the pres i d e n t came out with what the New York Times described as a "de- plorably unfeeling statement" of the I-told-you-so variety, commenting that the students' deaths "should remind us all once again that when dissent turns to violence it invites tra- gedy." Added to this have been some incredibly insensitive remarks by Vice-President Agnew, to fte effect that many na- tion's colleges have become "psychiatric centres for over- privileged, under disciplined children of the well-to-do, blase permissivists." Many university teachers, who have stood aside from stu- dent protests until now believe that deep down President Nixon hoped that the type of uncontrolled, rock-throwing an- ger which exploded at Kent would set off a stream of simi- lar protests by disorganized Prices effective May 21-22-23 CHUCK ROASTS Red or Blue Brand BeefJ Ib. 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That type of protest, even if it meant a few more deaths, would have been the easiest for the president to han- dle. It could quickly be quelled by military force, and it would probably turn the middle-class masses against the student pro- testers and in favor of the president. Instead, the new student movement has become the spearhead of liberal opposition to the president. This is largely because the students have the teaching community behind them not only, giving them new credence and stature, but also urging them to keep the protests non-violent. At Prince- ton the faculty and administra- tion have gone even further, rearranging lecture schedules to allow for a recess im- mediately before the Novem- ber C o n g r e ssional election when students will be en- couraged to work for "peace" can didates. Meantime, profes- sors at Columbia and Yale have begun organizing large delegations of faculty members to go to Washington and lobby the current members of Con- gress. Although there is still an ex- tremist element on many cam- puses which wants literally to blow up the Establishment, re- cent events have united all the other radical students groups which, increasingly had been working in opposition to one another. Now, drawn together by frustration and fury, many students encouraged by their professors have come to the serious realization that they must direct their protests not to violence, but to political ac- tivism. The huge and peaceful demonstration in Washington could be the first stage. In the coming months there is likely to be a nationwide mobilization of student activity, proposing and supporting a body of liberal-minded candi- dates for the November elec- tions (when the entire House of Representatives and one-third of the Senate members come up for The aim will be to fill Con- gress with men who will vote to cut off funds for the Viet- nam war. This is seen by many of the students, and certainly by the faculties supporting them, as the only way of tying the hands of a president who, they assert, has been exceeding his power. Students at Yale are plan- ning political action by organiz- ing a number of teach-ins on Cambodia throughout the coun- try. The Eev. William Sloane Coffin, the Yale chaplain who stood trial with Dr. Benjamin Spock for counselling young men to evade military service in Vietnam commented: "We are trying to get the students to see that they would be walk- ing into Nixon's trap by creat- ing violence. He wants to put the blame on young people for fermenting dissension in the country. He thinks that if he can discredit and1 isolate the universities from labor, busi- ness and the older people, then he will be in better shape to wage his war." Mr. Coffin, and the many teachers of his persuasion, fear that tliis message may not get through to the scores of lesser- know n, mid-Western colleges and universities, like Kent State, where spontaneous and violent protest against the war is erupting for tire first time without the backing of the col- lege authorities. Typical of the many run of the mill West- ern colleges, Kent has a large enrolment of students from conservative middle-class back- grounds, probably most of their parents are Nixon supporters. Some minor trouble broke out at Kent last year, but it was blamed on outside agitators and quickly quashed. If there were any radical ex- temists at Kent which is doubtful, they had no spokes- men and no leaders. The vio- lence which erupted there le- cently was unplanned. Officers of the Ohio National Guard, which shot into a crowd of demonstrating students, kill- ing four and wounding nine, are still refusing to discuss the incident. -But the Kent campus is now deserted and there will probably be no more classes this academic year. At many similar campuses, where students would not have dreamed of protesting before, the protest movement is gather- ing strength. At the more radi- cal-minded colleges, where stu- dent demonstrations are al- ready well established, thou- sands of students who stood on the sidelines before are now joining in. Typical of the view of many of then; is: "If we are doomed to die in Vietnam any- way, then it's better to die on the campuses protesting the war." And, for the first time the Kent massacre has made this choice a reality. (Written for The Herald The Observer, Leaden) Alter The Horse Is Stolen rrom The Christian Science Monitor government is bringing Chevron Oil Company to court lor letting oil leak into the Gulf of Mexico after a Feb- ruary platform fire. A federal grand jury indicted Chevron for failing to install safety devices in the lines between its oil platforms and the mouths of wells at the ocean bottom. When pressure in the line changes radically, the device automatical- ly chokes off the oil flow. Fines for Chev- ron couid total million. What is remarkable about the federal action is not simply that it shows a stiff- ening attitude toward a long-pampered in- dustry or a new alertness to the ecologi- cal dangers of oil leaks, though it does show both of these. Hather, it prompts one to ask why the government hod not brought Chevron to account before the fateful fire for not installing the safety de- vices. The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act of 1953 requires that oil companies "install and maintain storm chokes or similar sub- surface devices" on offshore wells. One should think it would be a matter of rou- tine supervision of such projects for the government to begin fining well operators for breaches of rules the day the wells start to function if indeed they should be let function without safety devices at all. There are other questions raised by lira Chevron affdr. Two months ago, Interior Secretary Hickcl said that Chevron had failed to maintain safety devices on 137 of 178 wells, and that a total of 375 violations had been uncovered by government in- spectors. However, violations on only 90 wells were included in the grand jury in- dictment. Why weren't the additional vio- lations included? One might surmise that not only Chev- ron but a number of other oil companies have been operating violation-ridden wells. It may have seemed unfair to nail Chev- ron for what reflects, in part, the govern- ment's own laxity and more wide-spread abuse. Geological Survey inspectors have found that seven or eight other gulf firms have likewise failed to protect rigs from spill- age. Many are reportedly "scrambling" now to comply with regulations. Would it not have been better for the government to have audited all offshore drilling projects and to have enforced reg- ulations before the Chevron disaster? At the least, however, it should press such an audit now. Walter Reuther Real Leader From NBA Service Beuther epitomized a type of public figure almost unique to the United States. In some countries a union leader is mere- ly a government bureaucrat charged with keeping the membership in line. In others, he may be like a feudal baron who rules a blue-collar constituency and concludes trea- ties with the official government. Not that American union leaders have ever been unaware of or hesitant to use their political clout. But if they advance far enough in the union movement and build a record of having performed their job with integrity, they eventually begin to be con- sidered in the same league as college pres- idents or successful businessmen rather like elder statesmen and founts of wisdom. Presidents ask them for their advice and th3y are appointed to government fact-find- ing commissions. That this is true today is largely because of men like Walter Reuther. No short obit- uary could possibly do him justice. Suffice it to say that when news came of the tragic accident which took his life and that of his wife, the first thought that came to most minds was not that the president of the United Auto Workers had died but that a great union man and a fine American had died. Not just auto workers, not just union men, but all Americans mourn the untimely death of Walter ReuUier. The Paradox Of Today's Youth From The Victoria Daily Times JITR. Harold Hobson, writing in The Chris- tian Science Monitor, has brought into sharp focus some of the paradoxes of to- day's young people in Britain. He describes a BBC-TV program in which a group com- posed of students, apprentices and workers was asked what sort of a Me and society its members wanted. Most of them, he writes, "were convinced that university ed- ucation is useless, its teachers are hacks forced to teach what they do not believe by some mysterious and sinister higher pow- er, and its subjects irrelevant to what stu- dents want to learn. he continued, "the fact that the entire population cannot get this education which is not worth is, in fact, in the students' view an evil and pernicious tiling struck them as a monstrous1 proof of the wickedness of so- ciety and the ruling classes." To this Mr. Hobson adds the comment that the program also revealed, "those teen- agers who were working and keeping them- selves showed signs of happiness. Those who were being subsidized and kept by others were plunged into the depths of an- gry misery." Tlie picture the writer provides can be repeated in contexts other than that of a group interview on the BBC. New World-Wide Symbol From The Hegina Leader-Post SIMPLE BUT pleasingly aesthetic world-wide wheelchair symbol was se- lected at a recent rehabilitation congress in Dublin, Ireland. More than public and private medical, social welfare and rehabilitation leaders, and volunteer work- ers from 65 countries attended the llth world congress of Rehabilitation Interna- .tional.' A nine-member panel selected the design of a Danish student for world-wide use to denote buildings, transportation fa- cilities and other accommodations acces- sible to wheelchair users. The Symbol depicts a seated figure in a wheelchair and contains no text. There can .be no question or confusion as to its meaning and it is producible on metal, glass or any simple building material. Its world-wide use will greatly reduce prob- lems encountered by citizens whose only mobility is through their wheelchairs. Anything at all that can be devised to help those who are so handicapped is wel- come news. Anyone who has ever had to suffer even the temporary imprisonment of casts, crutches, or wheelchairs knows something of the frustration and difficul- ties encountered. Those who are condemn- ed by illness or severe permanent disabil- ity to a lifelong term in a wheelchair de- serve and need every possible device to make their lives easier and more mobile. So many avenues are closed to them be- cause it is impossible to get their trans- portation into facilities available to people who have the full use of their limbs. To the extent these avenues can be opened to Ilia wheelchaired citizens to that extent life will become a fuller and more enjoy- able experience. The decision to provide a ramp and spe- cific areas for wheelchair occupants in tlie auditorium of the new Saskatchewan Cen- tre of the Arts will mean a great deal to the handicapped who might otherwise have been denied the pleasure of coming attractions. The ramp at the Regina public library has opened the door to a wonder- ful new world of library participation to many'handicapped in tire city. With a lit- tle more planning many more avenues, hitherto considered closed, can be opened to our handicapped citizens. The new world-wide wheelchair symbol, if displayed properly, will help to inform them where such facilities are to be found. Let Creditors Beware From The Hamilton Spectator NEW consumer protection law shculd shift the risk of loss, in long-term credit purchases, from the buy- er to the finance companies. And, in the process, put the squeeze on underhanded retailers. Under present law, a consumer may sign a promissory note for a freezer plan, for example under which the dealer agrees to provide a freezer and regular food shipments. The dealer then may sell the note to a finance company, to which the buyer must make payment. If (he dealer doesn't deliver tlie food, or if the freezer breaks down, Die con- sumer still may be forced to keep up pay- ments even though he hasn't got the goods he's paying lor. The new legislation wouldn't give the consumer (lie right to collect the goods or for money but it would give him a defence against making further pay- ments. Thus the finance company, which has paid the dealer for the note, could be left holding the bag. As Consumer Affairs Minister Basford sees it, the finance companies would be under pressure to make sure the dealers are reliable; those who aren't would have trouble getting money from the finance companies. The legislative changes are welconre and should have the desired effect of dis- couraging (lie financing of deceitful deals deliberately designed to bilk buyers. And the responsibility will go where it belongs to tire finance companies, whose capital makes deals possible. With- out the finance companies' ready cash, the shady, fly-by-night businesses couldn't op- erate.