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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY HIGH FORECAST THURSDAY 70 The Lethhridge Herald VOL. LXIII No. 133 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 20, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO PAGES Farm Report Proposes End To Subsidies By HENRY HEALD OTTAWA (CP) The federal study group charged with finding the future for agriculture says the an- swer is less government involvement, including an end to most subsidies on the road to a more self- sufficient industry. That message is contained in 132 recommendations for change in federal farm policy in Canadian Agri- culture in tile Seventies, a 475-page report made pub- lic Tuesday by Agriculture Minister H. A. Olson. The report is the work of a five-man team named by former agriculture minister J. J. Greene in Sep- tember, 1967, to study the state of Canadian agricul- ture. It represents the fruit of 27 months of travel and study by the team, 20 commissioned research studies, 54 briefs from provincial governments) farm organiza- tions and individuals and the feedback from the 1969, national agriculture congress. Preliminary reports of the study group, headed by Dr. David L. MacFarlane, head of the agricultural economics department of Macdonald College, Montreal, provided the working papers for the congress in Ot- tawa last year. The report calls for the development of agricul- ture as a self-sufficient industry on the enlightened free enterprise principle with a minimum of govern- ment involvement and an end to, most subsidies and price supports. It recommends that all agricultural matters, in- cluding the operation of the Canadian wheat board, come under one minister in a re-organized department of agriculture industry. "If there is any one theme throughout the whole report it is the need for market said Dr. J. C. Gilson, chairman of the agricultural eco- nomics department at the University of Manitoba, at a news conference following the release of the report. He said farmers had done a significant job of in- creasing productivity over the last 25 years, but not enough attention had been paid to marketing. PREVIEW OF THINGS TO COME? Edmonton's 300 postal workers and letter carriers held a study session Tuesday that kept the main post office closed. They re- turned to work today pending results of national strike vote. Report Summarized Vietnamese Troops Front Boiled down to their essence, the 132 recommenda- tions are summarized in six short paragraphs: must be controlled and reduced by drastically cutting production, by shifting land to other uses or by taking it out of production altogether. should provide temporary, _ limited programs for crop switching and land retirement while, at the same time, emphasizing programs to expand demand, particularly on world markets. and price supports that are not effective In achieveing high-priority objectives should be elim- inated. non-viable farmers should be re-trained or provided with jobs in other sectors of the economy ind older farmers should be given assistance to en- sure that they have a satisfactory standard of living. should be made available for manage- ment training, provision of information processing systems, market and price forecasts and other man- agement tools. by objectives, program planning and budgeting, cost-benefit analysis and other, modern management techniques should be adopted by both government and the private sector. Fundamental differences among the five regions 'of Canada Maritimes, Quebec, Ontario, Prairies British Columbia make national farm policies almost impossible, the authors state. The report deals at length with the western grain situation and defends its drastic proposals with the contention that "present policies and programs are not working and no amount of tinkering with the present system will yield satisfactory answers to the problems facing the gram industry." "The over-riding reality is the mounting surplus of grain and the horrendous consequences for the Prairie economy, indeed for all of Canada, if a remedy is not found soon." It recommends a three-year program holding wheat acreage to acres until 1973 and a one-year program to cut barley acreage (his year to acres. The task force estimated the cost of the wheat program at this year and each of the next two years. The barley reduction scheme was estimated to cost Since the report was written last December, the government has introduced its own acreage reduction plan a one-shot program that will pay farmers an acre to divert wheat land to summerfallow for one year or an acre to divert it to forage crops for two years. The government hopes to reduce acreage this year to acres from last year at a cost of about Neiv Guidelines The task force recommends new marketing guide- lines for wheat and for coarse grains, a. new price stabilization program, protein grading of wheat, an end to feed freight assistance and replacement of the tariff on U.S. corn with a variable import levy. The report also recommends a large increase in beef production based partly on dairy farmers feeding calves to beef weight instead of selling them for veal and partly on diverting acres of Prairie crop- land to hay and grass for cow-calf operations. The authors believe Canada could increase its sales of cattle to the U.S. to head a year by 1980 without attracting any retaliatory tariff barriers; Recently, exports have averaged about a year, only one per cent of U.S. imports. Dr. D. H. Thain, professor of business administra- tion at the University of Western Ontario, London, said any of the task force's recommendation could be ap- plied unilaterally, but he felt they would be stronger if applied as a package. Dr. MacFarlane added that it was not up to the task fores to make political SAIGON (AP) Thousands of South Vietnamese troops opened a new front in Cambodia today, assaulting the last of the know North Vietnamese and Viet Cong sanctuaries near the border. The South Vietnamese def- ence ministry said the operation was1 under way at least 10 miles inside Cambodia, west of the Bu Prang and Due Lap Special Forces camps which North Viet- namese troops laid siege to last year. The area is opposite Viet- nam's southern central high- lands and about 125 miles north- east of Saigon. It was the isth southern allied front opened in Cambodia. The South' Vietnamese infantry went in after massive raids by U.S. B-52 bombers. U.S. helicopters began landing several thousand South Viet- namese and their American ad- visers in the thickly jungled re- gion at dawn. A U.S. spokesman said probably less than 100 ad- visers were taking part. "There are no U.S. ground forces involved in the opera- the U.S. command said, adding that U.S. support of the operation included "helicopter and logistics support, tactical air artillery and advisers." PRECEDED BY RAIDS The drive was preceded by nearly 100 B-52 raids along the border in the last four days to soften up the suspected North Vietnamese bunkers and gun positions. The new operation is an ex- tension of the sweep which the South Vietnamese 22nd Infantry Division is making in the Se San Two Killed In Subway Accident NEW YORK (AP) An empty subway train struck and derailed a Manhattan-bound train during a ma- noeuvre today, killing two per- sons and injuring 53 others, many seriously, police reported. The injured were taken to three hospitals to Queens. One passenger, 15-year-old Randolph Cohen, said: "There was a smash, the roof col- lapsed, people were falling all over and there was lots of screaming." The loaded ti-ain was being switched to another track be- cause of a disabled train on its line, at the Roosevelt Avenue station in Queens. Suddenly the disabled train was started up, and the crash followed. area to the north of today's landing. Between and South Vietnamese troops and more than Americans now are operating inside Cam- bodia along a 600-mile stretch of border. In a drive launched Sunday, the big force is trying to destroy base camps from which the North Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division attacks South Viet- nam's southernmost provinces and the sampans in which it moves about the delta area's network of rivers and canals. Election Blackout Time Cut OTTAWA govern- ment has proposed to reduce the blackout on election cam- paign advertising on television and radio to one day before vot- ing day from the present two days as part of its revision of the Canada Elections Act. The proposal was included in a bill introduced in the Com- mons Tuesday by Government House Leader Donald Macdon- ald. Currently the Elections Act prohibits campaign advertising on electronic media for 48 hours before election day and election day itself. But an amendment to the Broadcasting Act in 1967 shortened the 48-hour ban to one day. The discrepancy led to dis- putes between broadcasters, election officials and candidates in the The amendment would make the Elections Act consistent with the Broadcasting Act in blacking out election day and the day before. Negro Leader Shot To Death SAVANNAH, Ga. (AP) A 16-year-old black youth is being held in the shooting death of an official of the National Associa- tion for the Advancement of Colored People, police said today. Capt. E. J. Weaver said the youth had not been charged pending further investigation. He said a gun believed used in the slayng has been recovered. The victim was James M. Floyd, 57, who was shot once. Floyd was a life member of the NAACPs Savannah chapter. Earlier, police ruled out rob- bery as a motive for the shoot- ing because Floyd had money in Strike Injunction Sought Strike-Plagued Goes Court Begins By THF CANADIAN PRESS It appeared certain today that union negotiators will be armed with strike authorization from Canada's postal workers when contract talks resume in Ottawa later this week. A heavy turn-out by the members of the Canadian Union of Postal Workers and the Let- ter Carriers' Union of Canada was reported in voting which began Tuesday and is to end at noon. Results of the vote, which union leaders predict Hill au- thorize a strike, are being tabu- lated in Ottawa and could be announced tonight. Strike, authorization would give negotiators of the Council of Postal Unions a major weapon in bargaining with the treasury board on the major is- sues of wages and job security. The union negotiators have re- jected a government offer of a 41-cents-an-hour increase over a 30-month contract. They have demanded 60 cents in a 24- month contract. Mail dispatchers now earn to 53.23 an hour and letter carriers to an hour under a contract which expired last October. WANT JOB SECURITY Union officials also stressed job security as a major issue, saying the government plans to automate the postal system, thereby putting men out of work. Postmaster-General Eric Kierans told the Commons Tuesday that some post office employees demanding job secu- rity guarantees are interested only in "the pay without the work." He said no one in the present work force would be replaced by automation and predicted a staff increase of over the next five years. EfiliSlIi Canada Sells Wheat OTTAWA of bushels of metric tons to the United Arab Republic was an- nounced today by Otto Lang, minister responsible for the Ca- nadian wheat board. The announcement from Mr. Lang's office set the value of the sale at about Shipments will be made be- tween July and October. The statement said it was the nve years first wheat Sale to M president, said the government was prepared to negotiate night and day to reach a settlement. But he had indicated earlier there was little chance of major concessions on the part of the government. Meantime, union voting sta- tions in many areas of the coun- try were open overnight Tues- day so that postmen on all shifts could cast ballots. Douglas Capon, president of the Saint John, N.B. local of the CUPW, and Harold Stackhouse, president of the letter carriers' local, both said they expected a majority of the city's postal workers to vote in favor of the third nationwide strike in five years if necessary to get what they want. Wedding Party Truck Hit BOMBAY CAP) Twenty- eight persons were killed and 14 injured Tuesday night when a truck carrying 57 members of a wedding party was hit by a train on a level crossing about 800 miles from Bombay. Among the dead was the crossing keeper. No one aboard the train was injured. sible by revised that improve, the competitive position of Canadian wheat in developing countries. Canadian wheat exports to the end of March, from the start of the crop year, Aug. 1, 1969, were bushels. Total exports for the 1968-69 crop year were bushels. Stocks of wheat on hand in Canada at April 1 were esti- mated at bushels. Grant For City Plant Canada Packers Ltd. has been awarded a grant to build a new hide-processing plant at Lethbridge, the re- gional economic expansion de- partment announced today. The new plant, expected to employ about 21 workers, is proposed to be built at 5th Aye. and 39th St. NT The city's Municipal Plan- ning Commission approved the plant in principle April 29. The city was to appear in Al- berta Supreme Court in Cal- gary this morning to seek an injunction to stop picketing in certain areas by the striking Canadian Union of Public Em- ployees, Local 70 and the Inter- national Brotherhood of Elec- trical Workers, Local 254 Leth- bridge Unit. City Manager Tom Ferguson, City Solicitor Fred Pritchard and W. B. Gill, a Calgary law- yer representing the city, are seeking the injunction which will keep the unions front pick- eting the riverbottom area and the water, electrical and sew- age disposal plants, and three city fire halls, the sanitary landfill, the police station and the cemetery. A suit seeking general damages from three officials of the IBEW and not less than a day from officials of CUPE and the Lethbridge Transit Union is to be con- tinued at a later date. BACK AT WORK At a meeting last night CUPE officials were to decide whether the 61 city hall inside workers would be allowed to cross the picket line and go back to work. This morning all Local 70 in- side workers were back on the job, following the lifting of the temporary disciplinary suspen- sions given to all the workers who walked off the job when the IBEW set up a picket line May 11. The city today declined an offer by the striking outside workers, a group of 115 full- time and 100 casual employees, to pick up garbage from all hospitals, nursing homes and homes for the aged. The offer made by A. N. (Nap) Milroy on behalf of Lo- cal 70 was construed by the city as a publicity gimmick. The city's attitude is based on the premise that if garbage pickup is a vital service to the hospitals, nursing homes and senior citizens' homes it _ is equally important to all citi- Fear 100 Dead In Romania BELGRADE (Reuters) More than 100 persons are feared dead in floods in north- ern Romania, say reports reaching this Yugoslav capital today. The floods, in the most indus- trialized area of Romania, are described as the worst In centu- ries. Water is nearly 30 feet deep Ji some places, reports said. Tens of thousands have had to leave their homes. Damage is estimated at more than Israel Rejects Warning From AP-Reiiters Israel has rejected a UN Se- curity Council condemnation of its biggest raid yet into Leba- non, .saying it will continue to retaliate against Arab attacks. The council approved a reso- lution Tuesday night sharply re- buking Israel for the attack May 12 on Arab guerrilla bases in the foothills of Mount Her- inon. The Israelis said they killed 30 guerrillas and captured 15 in the 32-hour operation. The resolution, declaring that such attacks could "no longer be was approved 11 to 0. The United States, Colom- bia, Nicaragua and Sierra Leone abstained. It was the council's eighth warning to Israel since March, 1968. Israeli Ambassador Josef Te- koah called the resolution one- sided and said Israel reserves its right to hit back at all Arab guerrilla strikes. "We shall always defend our- selves against attack and pro- tect our people from aggression until our neighbors realize that peace is better than Te- koah said. Today, the Israelis continued that policy. Israeli sources said Arab guerrillas in Jordan fired on an Israeli border patrol south of the Sea of Galilee this morning and that Israeli gunners re- turned the fire, killing three puerrillas. The Israeli military command also reported that a number of mortar shells were fired at a settlement in the same sector during the night. No Israeli cas- ualties were reported in either incident. Meanwhile, water has begun flowing through the Ghor irriga- tion canal in Jordan after a month of repairs. Israeli warplanes ruptured the waterway in a raid Jan. 1 in retaliation for repeated attacks on Israeli border settlements opposite the canal. Informed sources said repairs on the canal were allowed under a de facto agreement reached be- tween Israel and Jordan with the help of the United States. zens and the offer can only ba accepted on Uiat basis. The strike is now starting to worry city officials that the yearly city beautification pro- gram may not be able to be completed. The problem rests in who is going to plant and maintain the bedding out plants the city has been growing in its greenhouse. Supervisory staff has been looking after the plants in the greenhouse while the strike has been on but it is expected that before the week is out many plants will be too large for transplanting. LIABLE TO FINE It takes about 10 men at least two weeks to get the plants in the city parks and around city buildings. The city doesn't have enough' supervisory staff to transplant the plants and maintain the beds. At the sanitary land fill one picketer reported some city residents were recognizing the picket by the IBEW and were not leaving any garbage. He said some people were en- tering the landfill area and some were just leaving garb- age at the side of the road. City officials reported Tues- day that any person leaving garbage in any area _ except those designated were liable to a fine of up to Bird Construction Co., work- ing in the Schwartz Subdivision in east Lethbridge, is being picketed but is continuing to work. The I. W. Campbell and Cun- ningham and Shannon compa- nies, working on city storm sewer construction projects are also continuing to work. Members of IBEW were off the picket lines for two days, but were expected to be back Thursday. Markets Plunge Again By THE CANADIAN PRESS Major North American stock markets today entered their second successive session of decline with a lack of investor confidence causing a sharp price slide. At.Toronto, the market touched its lowest point in more than two years after one hour of tn.ding. Losses ran ahead of advancing issues by more than four to one. Trading was light as Investors appeared pessimistic. Industrial mining issues led the weakening trend. The New York market contin- ued in a plunge that began Tuesday. Losing issues outnum- bered advances by more than four to one. Analysts said investors lost confidence after President Rich- ard Nixon projected Tuesday deficit budgets lasting into tha fiscal year of 1972. President Nixon said the deficit budgets were necessary in the United States' campaign against infla- tion. The Montreal stock market opened with declining prices in light trading. Nixon Meets Blacks WASHINGTON (Reuters) President Nixon holds a rare meeting with black leaders today to discuss Negro griev- ances fanned by racial tension, social unrest and the slaying of Negroes by police in southern disorders last week. Nixon, accused of isolating himself from the mainstream of American life, agreed to confer with the presidents of 15 black colleges to discuss the problem of their institutions and stu- dents. meeting ww retjuteted by James E. Cheek, president of Howard University here, who has criticized the administration for its alleged lack of concern for Negroes and inaction in tac- kling social ills. Presidential spokesman Ron- ald Ziegler said the group meet- ing the president at the White House would include Dr. John A. Peoples, president of Jackson (Miss.) State College, where two students died in a hail of bullets fired by police who said they were defending themselves miner. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN novice Shelley Orsten accompanying her parents on a recent fish- ing trip and only catching her mother Inn a Mc- Kenzie of Warner receiving varied comments on the "flop of nine year' old Wades birthday cake City information officer Jim Maybie pressed into duty as transit bus cleaner due to the striking IBEW and CUPE ;