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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, May 19, 1973 All-out war on inflation needed A time for reason With debate on retention of the death penalty resumed in Canada, and several state legislatures across the line also concerned about the matter, newspapers are again featur- ing columns about hanging. A favor- ite seems to be the eye-witness ac- count, examples of which have ap- peared in several daily papers this week. Almost always the writer saw an execution as an official represen- tative of the press, and always found it an excrutiating experience. Us- ually the actual account is discrimi- nating, in that it omits some of the more shocking clinical details, but enough is exposed to move the read- er. And in each case the writer makes clear that he found the ex- perience an awsome one, that his feelings were lacerated, and that since the event he has had trouble erasing the grisly scene from his memory. No one could possibly deny that to see a human being deliberately kill- ed is a terrible thing, and the fact that the killing is decreed by the state, carefully and painstakingly planned, and carried out with cal- culated ritual, makes it even more terrible. Nor can anyone seriously challenge the sincerity with which the writers describe their reactions, or the depth of the revulsion that is the invariable result of having witnessed the state's ultimate vengeance. But whatever one feels about the lightness or wrongness of capital pun- ishment, dwelling on the lurid details of a hanging is no way to debate the matter. It is rather a means of sub- stituting emotion for reason, and few issues are so unimportant as to be decided like that. Would the case for or against cap- ital punishment be any different if executions were by shooting, gas, injection, or perhaps some undiscov- ered but ultra-humane method? Or if they were carried out without any witnesses at all? Would it be proper for advocates of retaining the death penalty to publish the grue- some details of particularly savage murders, as a means of persuading people that some murderers deserve to die? Surely the answers to such ques- tions has to be a resounding No. This is a matter that must be decided coolly and rationally, not on the basis of which s'de can most violently in- flarne the public mind. Worth the effort Sitting home watching TV is a poor choice for a holiday weekend, espe- cially here in Southern Alberta where a variety of 10 provincial parks plus Waterton Lakes National Park and the beautiful Crowsnest area are within a short drive. A minimum of planning and cost outlay is required to take the family off to one of these free outdoor won- derlands. A boxed lunch, cartop boat, fishing line and swim suit are all that's needed mother nature pro- vides the rest- If reaching a family agreement bogs down such ventures why not agree to visit them all in sequence? The fun of enjoying out- ings together plus the educational and recreational benefits will be tre- mendous. How many Southern Albertans have visited the 800 acre Red Rock pro- vincial park south of Manyberries, immense red boulders, scat- tered by glaciers, abound in a series of coulees replete with birdlife, dwarf vegetation, antelope and rabbits? Or how many have viewed the unique biological, non-glaciated formations in the foot hills of Cypress park, 40 miles southeast of Medicine Hat; the magnificent bad lands and quar- ries of the acre Dinosaur park, 26 miles northeast of Brooks; Kinbrook Island in lovely Lake New- ell? How many have observed the Weekend Meditation mourning dove and the baltimore ori- ole in the quiet setting of Taber's provincial park; the hoodoos at Writ- ing-On-Stone; the ice caves burrowed 800 feet into the side of Plateau moun- tain, 150 miles northwest of Leth- bridge? How many realize that the ice caves south of Coleman, in the picturesque Crowsnest are among the largest in North America? How many are aware that Chain Lakes provin- cial park, 20 miles west of Nanton, with its 145 campsites, is one of the most favored spots in the prov- ince? Residents here don't have to inch their way through miles of bumper to bumper line-ups like those of B.C.'s Eraser Valley who, returning from a holiday weekend in the Okanagan have to nudge their way home, inch by inch, through four- or five-hour bottlenecks. (They must think it's worth it as the bottlenecks grow long- er every year.) Wide-open highways, relatively free of congestion, make possible the enjoyment of a refresh- ing, fun-packed park experience within an hour or two of home for South Albertans. It's worth the effort, if for no other reason than to discover again the chatter of a mountain stream or per- haps the laughter of one's own fam- ily. The lady icith the lamp The twelfth of May was the anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale. She was named Florence because she was bom in that city of Italy, though her childhood was spent in England. She was one of the brilliant products of the Evangelical Re- vival that swept through Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Des- pite the abominations of the Industrial Rev- olution, the heartless exploitation of sub- ject peoples by European imperialism, and the bestial treatment of their employees by industrialists, the nineteenth century witnessed a magnificent display of philan- thropy unsurpassed in world history. In Germany the Inner City Mission, founded in 1849, grew until in 1894 the churches employed deaconesses in hospitals, orphanages, poor-houses, and schools. Out erf this movement came an amazing insti- tution at Kaaserswerth under Pastor Theo- dore Fliedner and his wife, which became a training centre for the care of the sick, poor, prisoners, drunkards, and the social- ly rejected. To Kaiserswerth came Florence Nightin- ga'e and modem nursing dates from her. Nursing had been disreputable, most nurs- es being prostitutes. Her family was rich and cultured. Her marital opportunities were brilliant, Lord Houghton, "the man I being an ardent suitor. It is ironi- cal that she and tho 38 nurses she took to Crimea should have been accused of be- ing willing to do anything to get a hus- band! Into the filth and disorder of Crimea her army of mercy marched to bring order, medical treatment, sanitation, against the bitter opposition of the military brass. She utterly transformed the treatment and at- titude toward the private soldier through her unflinching courage end conviction. Few have had to overcome such hardships, to work harder, or to face so much calumny. It was the direct influence of Christianity which made Kaiserswerth tihe pilot project of the modern nursing profession and which inspired Florence Nightingale. Throughout Germany, Switzerland, Holland, Britain, and the United States other centres would be founded based on Kaiserswerth. The work of Florence Nightingale was far from finished in Crimea. With the help of Queen Victoria she gamed a commis- sion to enquire into the sanitary conditions of the army and in published an im- mense volume, "Notes on Matters Affect- ing the Health, Efficiency, and Hospital Administration of the British Army." From the military field she went into civil studies of public health, nursing training, and hos- pital dtesign. Her influence was tremen- dous and world-wide. Strangely when she "retired" in 1872 she became associated with the Greek scholar Benjamin Jowett in translations of Plato and was greatly interested in mysticism. She also studied Christian biog- raphies. At her own wish she was not bur- ied in Westminster Abbey, but she had a fitting memorial in history as she lowered the death rate among the wounded from 42 to two per cent. Fittingly she was car- ried to her grave in the little country churchyard of East Wellow, Hampshire, by six sergeants of the British army. She left as the key to her life, "True religion is to have no other will but God's. I just let God have His way in my life." PRAYER: Have Thine own way, Lord, have Thine own way. Thou art the pot- tor, 1 am the clay. S, M, By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA The latest report of Statistics Canada on employ- ment and unemployment may- be considerably more signifi- cant than would appear from modest drop in the jobless figures. It is obvious in the first place that much depends on d'afini- tions. What is the "labor Who are the employed? Who are the unemployed? The accepted definitions tend at any- time to exaggerate the magni- tude of the problem confronting the country and may be criti- cized as unrealistic. For example, the current rate of unemployment (seasonally adjusted) for persons in the lowest age category is 9.8 per cent, which appears formidable at first glance and produced a predictable response on Tues- day in prodding questions from the NDP. In fact, however, the labor force is described as the "portion of the civilian nonins- titutional population 14 years of age and over who, during the reference wsek, were employed or unemployed." The youth cat- egory consists of persons aged 'A to 24; in other words it is heavily weighted by teen-agers who have simply not equipped themselves for permanent em- ployment. From the standpoint of gain- ful employment, the core popu- lation is to be found in the group 25-54 years, arbitrary as this division may seem. Among these people the seasonally ad- justed unemployment rate is only 3.7 per cent, which means that we are well on the way back to full employment, as the term is now understood. There are two other points of importance about the modest April gain. The first is that the improvement was masked to some extent by a shift in types of unemployment. That is to say, there was quite a sharp fall in the numbers out of work for periods exceeding four months but an increase in short term unemployment, which is much tess serious. Once again the definitions are revealing. For the unemployed are defined as including those who "were temporarily laid off for the full week, i.e., were waiting to be called back to a job from which they had been "What? Take up a mechanic at the rates they Sharp grain competition returning By a special co-respondent (Last of a series) Given average crops in 1973, it seems clear that we will re- turn to a highly competitive po- sition in the grain export mar- kets. U.S. Secretary of Agricul- ture Earl Butz on March 20 said that the United States from now on is placing the re- sponsibility for grain market- ing on the shoulders of the grain trade and the farm, or- ganizations. He also stated that he would bo proposing new leg- islation to replace the Agricul- tural Marketing Act of 1970, which expires with the 1973 crop. In proposing such changes, Mr. Butz said that: "Under the old provisions there would be no way to avoid shrinking Letters to the editor markets, rising stocks, in- creased government holdings and all of the problems that hopefully we have left behind." While the principle of board marketing is still supported by prairie grain producers, there are cracks appearing in the 100 per cent support of board op- erations by western grain pro- ducers. The board acts as trus- tee on behalf of the western grain producers and it should hasten to clear up any ques- tions which may be on the minds of these producers con- cerning board operations. The first question is: Is the board solely responsible for the sale of wheat, oats and barley, as it is required to be under an Act of Parliament, namely The Canadian Wheat Board Act? Retain dime bus fare I can neither see nor agree that a bus fans increase of 50 per cent is justified at this time. It should be realized that for many the bus is the only means of mobility over long distances in the city, and I would say that most of those who use them regularly do so several times a day, just as automobile owners use their cars. Instituting a 50 per cent in- crease in bus fares is tanta- mount to informing the motor- ists that henceforth the operat- ing cost of cars is to be 50 per cent greater; one can im- agine what a reaction that would have. Hampering the mobility of society without good reason ap- pears wrong. It isn't good for business and it isn't good for people. Were the city in a bad way financially I could see it, but from reports recently pub- lished it is not, so increasing bus fares appears unwarrant- ed, and will do more harm than good socially. The bus fare article did not mention transfers. It seems to me that under the transfer sys- tem short trip riders pay for long trip riders. Possibly if transfers were abolished, ex- cept to the university and col- lege, gains could be realized, and it might give the down- tcwn a boost by inducing peo- ple to remain there rather than pay another fare to go on to outlying shopping centres. I suggest that many fares are lost over the year from peo- ple walking, simply because they don't have a dime for bus fare, but tickets being non- spendable are more apt to be available at all times. Accordingly, I suggest that bus fares remain as they are in the interest of more uniform community mobility and a true public service, and that 10 tick- ets for a dollar be available from a vending machine near the downtown bus stops. LLOYD R. WEIGHTMAN Lcthbridge. Change the rules I find it hard to comprehend why a 17-year-old boy is consi- dered a juvenile as far as the legal drinking age is concerned yet is treated as an adult if picked up on a charge of drunk- enness. Keeping a 17-year-old boy overnight in the police cells and not notifying his parents es- pecially if he is a fust offend- er is not my idea of the way a 17-year-old should be treated. A boy of that age should not be kept overnight in the cells; he should be put in his parents' custody. I am not faulting the police; they act according to the rules. It is the rules that need to be changed. MOTHER OF A 17-YEAR-OLD Lcthbridge. There are rumors in the grain trade that the sale of grain is now under the direc- tion of the minister in charge of the Canadian Wheat Board, Otto Lang. This change in di- rection appears to have been confirmed by the prime minis- ter, who stated during the last federal election campaign that Mr. Lang was the "greatest wheat salesman since Confed- eration." There is no doubt that the western grain producers will offer up prayers that Mr. Lang deserves this commendation. The Canadian Wheat Board's excellent final report for the crop year 1971-1972 has just been published and provides the information that the final price received by the western wheat producers was fraction- ally under per bushel ba- sis the Lakehead. It is difficult to reconcile this price with the average of the board's asking prices through- out the crop year. Substantial long-term contracts in wheat were made by the board, and so far the government and the board have refused to give the prices on these contracts on the grounds that this might help our competitors. Most of these contracts were made months ago. There is no way our competitors could take any advantage of the situation. It would be very much in the board's interests now to pro- vide the western producer with the prices of these long- term contracts to countries such as Russia, the People's Republic of China, Brazil, India, Algeria and many others. As these contracts make up almost 50 per cent of our wheat sales for export, the price of these contract.? would have a very important bearing on the final price paid to the producer of the grain by the board. The announcement by the government that there was a loss in the barley pool mar- keted in 1971-1972 crop year, and as a consequence no fur- ther payments to the producer beyond the initial payment of 81 cents per bushel in the Lake- head for No. 1 feed barley, comes as a shock to the barley growers, particularly as 30 per cent of the barley delivered by barley producers was made in the last two months of the crop year when barley prices had advanced. The grain trade states that the board followed a two-prica system, offering barley at the St. Lawrence seaboard at around 80 cents per bushel, less than the Fort William price, with the board paying the lake freight. It would seem that the board would have been wiser to have sold the barley at the highest possible price, which was the price that existed in the Winnipeg market at that time, thereby providing an op- portunity for our domestic ani- mal feeders to buy barley on a competitive level with our ex- port customers. Grain trade rumors also say that the greatest benefac- tors of the St. Lawrence barley trade were the Italians, who purchased millions of bushels of barley around the 80 cent level and that some cargoes were traded about 15 times, each buyer adding his profit until such time as the ultimate buyer sold to the Italian feed- er. The board is facing a chal- lenging year. It can no longer sell ahead in the volume that it has been used to, because there is not the great surplus of wheat which has been avail- able to it for the last ten years. It would appear that the pres- ent position is that there will be a carryover of wheat of around 300 million bushels, and this quality plus this year's pro- duction will be the total amount available to the board for sale. It is hoped that the board will not be over-cautious in its sales policy: is a good price. The same people who were shouting blue ruin several years ago are now talking about shortages. All wheat pro- ducing countries at this level of prices will try to step up pro- duction and, given favorable they will succeed. Eventually surpluses will re- turn as a result of this in- creased production. So let's take maximum advantage of these good prices while they are available to us. laid off for less than 30 days." It is even possible to have a Job but to be included with the jiob- less. For, as Statistics Canada observes: "Persons who had jobs but did not work during the refenonce week and who also looked for work are included in the unemployed as persons without work and seeking work." There is a second encour- aging point. It is possible for a single relurn to be misleading; as the old saying goes, one swallow doesn't make a sum- mer. Evidence of a strong im- provement in March was greeted with some skepticism; fluctuations occur, such as the one which tripped up Edgar Benson on a notable occasion. But April confirmed a trend which becomes impressive when viewed over the eight- month period since September 1972. What emerges is a steady and substantial improvement in almost all categories; this de- spite a larga increase in the la- bor fojce. The seasonally ad- justed, overall unemployment rate has. fallen from 6.9 to 5.4 per cent. In the huge 25-54 year category, it has dropped from 5.1 to 3.7 per cent. In the youth group, the percentage was 11.8 in September; rose to 12.2 in October and fell off to 9.8 in April. Regionally, the usual variations are apparent but the trend is everywhere the same. We appeared some months ago to be suffering the worst of two worlds. Inflation had gath- ered great force but, up to that point, it had not even secured us the benefits normally to be expected in low unemployment. That situation has obviously changed. The great expansion sought by government is now plainly a reality. With a 'contin- u a t i o n of well-established trends, the economy would cer- tainly generate jobs although the real gains may be blurred to some extent with the influx into the labor market of stu- dents seeking short term unem- ployment. It has been observed that gen- erals are too much conceri3d with fighting past wars. Pojti- cians commonly make the same mistake in dealing with the economy. Only recently John Turner's budget was under fire in the House of Commons be- cause, so it was alleged, the Minister of Finance was too timid in his prescriptions for expansion. But this is 1973, not 1972. It was understandable that the politicians last year were ob- sessed with unemployment, which is still regarded as the most grave threat to the He of any government. The obsession meant in reality that inflation was sidelined as a major con- cern. However, there is always a time lag between policy in- novations and their impact on the economy; thus concern should always centre on what is likely to happen a few months hence. It is difficult, in the light of the present trend, to see how unemployment can continue to retain first priority in the think- ing either of the government or of the Opposition. For if the prospects for em- ployment are now good, allow- ing for the problem of regional discrepancies, which have al- ways existed and cannot be ex- pected to disappear except per- haps over a long time inflation is out of control. What is worse there is no observable policy, except to live with it by constant adjustments of pen- sions and similar forms of in- come, and to keep under review the very prices which the gov- ernment regards as least con- items. Whatever may be transpiring behind the scenes, ministers give the impression publicly that their energies are still con- centrated overwhelmingly on the struggle with the unemploy- ment enemy, which is under control, while they are engaged scarcely at all with the inflation enemy which has broken our defences. The Conservatives, who do advocate a serious anti- inflation policy, cannot resist the temptation to undermine its credibility by continuing to harass the government about unemployment and by their ad- vocacy of larger programs to cure what already seems to be curing itself. There is in fact nothing in the daily spectacle of this Parlia- ment in action to dampen the inflationary psychology which has the country in its grip. The LctHbridjjc Herald 904 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PublUtMrt Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Mtmber of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLIN8 Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ;