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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta g _ THB LITHBRIDGE HERALD May 19, 1970 Frustrating Record Of Failures Russians Running Second To U.S. In Space Program By HOWARD BENEDICT AP Aerospace Writer The Soviet space program, which entered the 1960s with a runaway lead over the United Stales, begins the '70s in sec- ond1 place with a frustrating re- cord of failures, including the explosion of a super rocket which may have killed several persons. But U.S. space officials be- lieve the Russians are close to solving many of their troubles. If so, they feel the Soviets could again move ahead of the U.S. because of the de-emphasis being placed on American space exploration By 1980, observers feel, Rus- sia could be ahead in the op- erational use of space stations, reuseable space shuttles and nuclear rockets and could be close to sending a manned ex- pedition to Mars, years ahead of the United States. Much of the effort is aimed at military domination of space. Key to Soviet plans is a rock- et that generates between and pounds of thrust in the first stage. That compares with pounds of thrust for the American Sat- urn V moon rocket. But Saturn has more powerful upper ;ages. The Soviet rocket has been in the development stage for sev- eral years and sources report it was being g r o o m e d for its first test flight last July when it exploded on the pad at Tyur- atam. Oldest Citizen 165 MOSCOW (AP) Shirali Mis- limov, officially recognized as the Soviet Union's oldest citi- zen, has celebrated another birthday his 165th. Mislimov, who has lived all of his life in the mountain village of Barzavu near Lerik in Azerbaijan, feels well and works daily in his gar- den, the official Soviet news agency Tass says. LIFE INSURANCE BRANCH MANAGER WE REQUIRE A BRANCH MANAGER FOR OUR LETHBRIDGE OFFICE Attractive salary and incentive program for the right man. Reply stating age, marital status, past and present employment to BOX 4, THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD All Replies In Strictest Confidence For Summer Fun CORTINA 75-50 D0, 'V PER MONTH So Little Paid For So Much! coLLeae Mi AV.NUE I 6th STREET, ink .THE.T t 3rd AVENUE, ttTHIH-Gr, "Our reconnaissance satellite pictures kept close watch on launch a U.S. source reported. "Suddenly, one day the pictures showed the rocket was gone. In its place was a large blackened area and considerable debris and dam- age. There's no doubt the rocket exploded." If the big rocket had worked, U.S. observers believe it would have been used late last year to orbit a large central hub for the world's first space station, which the Russians call Man- ned Orbiting Platform, or MOP. Then a series of manned Soyuz ships would have been launched to link up with the MOP and the cosmonauts would have established an operation- al space base. Without the hub, the Soviets went ahead in October and launched in quick succession the Soyuz 6, 7 and 8 ships with a total of seven cosmonauts. Sources said Soyuz 7 simulated the hub and Nos. 6 and 8 prac- tised making close approaches to it. An attempt to link 7 and 8 fail- ed the sources said. They also said Soyuz 6, with no docking capability, originally was to have been launched last spring with two cosmonauts who were to conduct a welding expri- ment. TUIINED TO LUNA 15 One reason for the delay, the source said, was that Russia was making a strong effort at that time to send an unman- ned vehicle to the moon to scoop up material and return it to earth before the American Apollo 11 astronauts could col- lect the first moon soil in July. But the Informants said a launch effort using a Proton rocket failed. So the S o v i e t s turned to a smaller rocket to hoist Luna 15 into Lunar orbit a few days before the Apollo 11 launch. The sources said there was no plan for Luna 15 to return to earth with samples as was widely speculated at the time. Problems with the super booster actually knocked Russia out of the moon race in 1968. The Proton, capable of placing pounds in earth orbit, or sending pounds in a cir- cumlunar 1 o o p-the-moon once mission had had a spotty re- cord. Many of its flights have failed because of poor upper- stage performance. it up outdoors... with qatural Natural gas outdoors? Sure imagine it! The mellow glow of natural gas lites along the patio. You, tending and tenderizing prime steaks for guests on the instant-lighting natural gas barbecue! How could you forget. natural gas is the all-season, low cost fuel, from Canadian Western! Canadian western natural gas company limited SEE US FOR INFORMATION ON GAS LITES, BARBECUES, OR OTHER QUALITY GAS APPLIANCES. For comparison, the Saturn that for several years, America jj, space launch-rigs, but that in 1969, Russia out- scored the U.S. in successful flights, 70 to 40. Because of the Apollo program, the U.S. mis- sions were more spectacular. HAVE MILITARY VALUE. Boris N. Petrov, a member of the Soviet Academy of Sci- ences, said recently that build- ing an orbiting platform is a major goal and that the plat- form could be used as a jump- ing off place for men to. ex- plore the planets. The United States has no definite commit- ment to a manned planetary flight and is not expected to mount a Mars expedition until at least 1986. An earth orbiting station could be used for weather fore- casting, communications, ship V can hurl pounds into earth, orbit or send the 000-pound Apollo ship to a moon landing. HUB FOR SPACE BASE The sources reported the Sov- iets had hoped to use the Proton in 1968 to send a crew on a loop around the moon to beat the Apollo 8 moon orbit mission in December. But upper-s t a g e problems on unmanned prac- tice flights forced the Soviets to abandon the circumlunar effort and to redesign the rocket. Dr. Charles Sheldon, a U.S. government specialist on Soviet space activities noted that un- til Apollo 8, the Soviets boasted that when the Americans reach- ed the moon, Russian cos- monauts would be there to greet them. Having lost the moon race the Soviets announced they were concentrating on develop- ing the world's first space sta- tion, which could provide both economic and military returns. The United States plans to launch a modest three-man test station in 1972 but budget cuts have forced the National Aeronautics and Space Admin- istration to delay a large oper- ational station until late in the decade. Sheldon said the'Soviet space effort has not yet peaked, while the U.S. effort has. He noted and airplane traffic control, sur- veying earth's resources and for engineering, scientific and medical research. It also could be used for mil- itary purposes such as recon- naissance or for dispatching smaller ships to inspect or pos- sibly destory unfriendly satel- lites or stations. U.S. sources believe the Soviets are concen- trating on the military aspect. Sheldon reported that about three-fifths of the flights of both countries have military assign- ments. Sheldon believes it is healthy that the United States and Rus- sia fly reconnaissance satellites 'because they have far greater respect for each other when they know what the other has, and the possibility of nuclear war therefore is reduced." CASSEROLES FROM CANS. All the essential ingredients for company dinners come in cans. Keep a shelf stocked for emergencies and you'll always be able lo welcome unex- pected gues.s. Margo Oliver supplies the know-how with her recipes for quick casseroles including Scalloped Salmon Spaghetti, Tuna Bake and Salmon Puff. IN YOUR LETHBRIDGE HERALD WEEKEND MAGAZINE PWA POots Laid Off EDMONTON (CP) Pacific Western Airlines announced here that about 24 pilots will be laid off. A seasonal drop in business and labor disputes were blamed. Rhys Eyton, northern division manager for PWA, said lay-offs will be made on basis of senior- ity. PWA has 130 pilots in Edmon- ton and about 100 in Vancouver. "This is largely a seasonal Mr. Eyton said. "Ac- tivity has started to slow down in the north and very little is scheduled for this summer." He said west coast charter operations were also being re- duced. "Strikes by the tow-boat operations are already having an impact on us." BEFORE a home or YOU BUY cottage largest Manufacturer e( Cedar Homti or Phono _____ W_K LINDAL HOMES LTD. 81? 9th Avenue S.W., CALGARY, Alberta Phone 264-4225 -The great color revolution has taken over in telephones. Swingers of all ages have (discovered" that iconvenience- can be "colorful.and life-can be beautiful-with time- saving, step-saving extension phones placed at( strategic locations throughout the house. Sounds reasonable --especially as, a color extension phone costs only 4c a day! Call the, girl at AGT and ask about the swing to phones .'you'll find-her coriver- colorful and ALBERTA GOVERNMENT TELEPHpNES ;