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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THt IETHBR1DGE HERAID Tuisday, May 19, Mark Franklantl Time To Leave A U.S. Publication, the National Observer, says it is time to leave Indochina. Others, of course, have been saying the same of them over a long period of time. But for the Observer this is a strikingly different position. The editors noted the publication's long-time support of American arm- ed involvement in Vietnam and that they still believe in "the nobility of America's purpose." They reached the conclusion that it is time to leave with pain. i In reaching this conclusion they took into account the apparent fail- ure of the Americans to democratize the peoples of Indochina. After five bloody, futile years it is time to leave them to their own devices and determination, the editors have re- luctantly concluded. Here is just one more indication of slipping support for the continued war effort. No doubt the desire to get out of involvement in Indochina now characterizes the feelings of a majority of Americans. But the prob- lem is how to get out. It is not possible to silently steal away .There are great logistical prob- lems in removing the hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops. Unless some sort of armistice was reached the at- tempt to withdraw could result in a tremendous slaughter of Americans. But South Vietnamese officials are in no mood to negotiate a settlement that could be interpreted as capitula- neither are the Arnericans. U.S. President Richard Nixon says his aim is the same as that of the anti-war wants to get out of the war. He has gambled on the attack on Cambodian Commu- nist sanctuaries as a route out of the war. The great fear is that he may have involved the U.S. even deeper in trouble. But if his gamble pays off he will look good by being able to withdraw quicker than has seemed possible to date. Bishops Vs Smith Leaders of Rhodesia's churches are keeping the pressure on Prime Min- ister Ian Smith and his government. They are continuing their opposition to the Land Tenure Act which divides the land among the races. The bishops of both the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches in- sist that they and their people will not obey the sections of the Act which would remove the right of non- racial religious bodies to occupy, without ministerial permission, land in areas allocated exclusively for either African or European occupa- tion. They contend that this interferes with the churches' mission to all people because the Africans are made second-class citizens. Bishop Donal Lament, chairman of the Roman Catholic Bishops' Confer- ence has been much more militant than Ms Anglican counterpart Bishop Paul Burrough. He has threatened active, as opposed to passive, resis- tance. In addition he has openly casti- gated the government as "terrorist." In Rhodesia the churches have a particularly powerful weapon to hold over the head of the government. Much of the educational and social welfare work done in the county is still under the aegis of the churches. Thus when the bishops warn that they may be forced to close all their schools and social welfare agencies if the Land Tenure Act is not amend- ed Mr. Smith and his government cannot afford to ignore them. It would constitute a significant retreat for the government to have to yield. And it would be a major victory for all who are opposed to the implementation of apartheid philoso- phy in Rhodesia such as has discredit- ed South Africa throughout the world. The bishops have.a lot of moral sup- port beyond the borders of their land. No Ban On The Boom One of the worst prospects facing people in the future is the initiation of sonic booms that will be created by super sonic transports The noise of a sonic boom is shattering. It breaks windows and crumbles weak masonry. Effects on the human ner- vous system have not been fully cal- culated but can be imagined. Those who have been promoting the SSTs have sought to allay fears and stifle oppostion by stating that they would only fly at supersonic speeds over the oceans and uninhab- ited areas. But some testimony at a U.S. House appropriations hearing last fall gives some cause for un- easiness. Supersonic flights over populated areas might be allowed it was argued, if the boom can be reduced to 'accept- able" limits. What is acceptable is an ambiguous thing. It may be what people get used to or will tolerate in does not make it accept- able medically or otherwise. There is a fear that even if no solution is found for reducing the level of the sonic boom these planes may intrude themselves upon reluc- tant societies. A U.S. Senate sub- committee has been told that the airplane "may be dragged into use by the beneficial economic perfor- mance. The people who want to use this airplane for the profit that it will generate. may drag it into the market." It looks like the old story of profits before people. Giving substance to the fear that the SST may eventually fly over pop- ulated areas is the singular lack of success U.S. Congressmen have had in getting boom-prohibiting legisla- tion passed. Regulations are all that they have succeeded in establishing which pleases the SST promoters be- cause regulations can be changed more easily than laws. That's Right I'm Turning Left By A. (Average) Motorist TITY name isn't important, the fact that quick trip to the hospital in most other I do most of my driving in the city, cities. travel about eight to ten thousand miles a year, have had one minor speeding ticket in over 20 years, and drive an average late model four door sedan should qualify me as representative of most of the drivers seen daily on our streets. You most likely fit into tliis group, and I'm sure you are wondering how you man- age to get through each day's journey in your car without at least a scratched fen- der. Let's face it, Lethbridge drivers must rate with some of the poorest in the world, and at the same time, must also be the luckiest! The driving habits performed by many of our citizens, if practiced in any larger city, would result in the greatest increase in injury, death and property dam- age thai, city could imagine. But don't take my word for it, make a few notes yourself. You may be shocked to find you are also one of the offenders. Next trip around town in your car why not count the number of drivers driving in two lanes on 3rd Avenue or Mayor Magrath Drive; changing lanes at will without a signal; pulling into a parking space from a centre lane without a signal; leaving a signal light flashing for block after block, a nightmare for oncoming cars; driving repeatedly around a block at five to ten miles per hour, looking for a parking space (parking lots are one and two blocks distant) mean- while holding up traffic for a whole city block; driving through yield signs as if they didn't exist (perhaps these people might look up the meaning of the word yield in a and, a host of other nilty driving tricks that would assure a Wlio are these irresponsible drivers? We are very quick to blame certain groups, but this doesn't hold true. They are not all inexperienced rural visitors, in for a day in the 'big' city most of these folks are quite capable and responsible; then it must be the wild, no respect for the law, under-25 youth group but if you ob- serve them from day to day, they seem to be more aware of the rules of the road than most of us. Yes, they do drive faster than the middle-aged lads, but they use their signal lights, they don't hold up traf- fic, and they're not half asleep at the wheel day-dreaming about this afternoon's golf game or why the boss is so grumpy this week. Women drivers they tear the brunt of all bad driving situations, and, some of them deserve it. But percentagewise they have just as many good drivers as the men. I think the greatest offender in the female category is not the woman driver, but the woman passenger. If she's young she appears to be sitting on the driver's lap, leaving him one hand to operate the steering wheel. If she is past this stage, you'll see her shouldering the right door of the car, carrying on an endless conversa- tion with the male driver, quite often point- ing left and right, apparently directing the ship to a new destination, and at times with instant directional changes that dumbfound the car following. What can be done? Perhaps a little soul- searching by all 'average' drivers, be- cause we seem to be tlie group we were hoping to find that make daily driving a risky business. Where Cambodian Leaders Miscalculated pHNOM PENH The sad- dest thing about the Cam- bodian crisis is that it could have been avoided. Hanoi did not want to open a third front to its already exhausting war in Indochina. Washington did not wont to take the military and political risks involved by send- ing its own and South Vietna- mese troops into Cambodia. And the Cambodians, when they ov- erthrew Prince Sihanouk, did not mean to fight a war for which they were completely un- prepared against the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong. Although the Cambodians now have little control over the situation, they set the crisis in motion by their revolution against Sihanouk. The sensa- tional excesses in Cambodia's treatment of her Vietnamese minority, and now the Ameri- can South Vietnamese opera- tions on her territory, have probably for most people ob- scured the fact that Sihanouk's overthrow on March 18 was not just a coup but a genuine revo- lution. The removal of Sihanouk was actively prepared by a rela- tively small group of senior army officers, princes and poli- ticians. But the majority of Cambodia's elite (those people who believe they have a right to share in power.or influence by reason of their birth, wealth or educ a t i o n) welcomed it. Each part of the elite had its own reasons for being glad to see Sihanouk go. The princes of the royal fam- ily, the politicians and the sen- ior civil servants were fed up out pupils with similar frustra- tions. They believed the monarchy, of which Sihanouldsm was for them an extension, to be the cause of Cambodia's troubles over past centuries and they easily became republicans over- night. They are given to high-flown talk, and talk of a new era of national glory and solidarity be- ginning for Cambodia on tht "Your Headache Is Catching" emies. The most active among them wanted power for the mixed reasons men want power any- where: personal gratification, the belief they would make bet- ter rulers, a sense of national duty. The rich (and many of the preceding group are also rich) were frustrated by Siha- nouk's economic policies which favored state monopoly over private enterprise and largely excluded the foreign capital in- vestment which would have helped expand local Cambodian fortunes. But the largest group in this elite were the young intellec- tuals meaning almost any- one with a secondary educa- tion, and even by extension stu- dents in their last, years at high school who played little part in preparing the coup but whose support was essential to its suc- cess. This is the first genera- tion of home grown intellec- tuals since Cambodia became independent. Many are rather left wing. Most are extremely nationalistic. The most idealis- tic group in the elite, they dis- liked the corruption in the royal family and among Sihanouk's close assistants. But in parti- cular Sihanouk's autocracy and the slow moving economy left them personally with little hope for power or satisfying jobs (apart from the teaching pro- fession, where they would turn Letters To The Editor National Parks: Commercialization And Development One of the most interesting and confusing subjects of ob- jective examination is the Na- tional 'Parks dilemma. The officials of the depart- ment of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Na- tional parks must balance on one hand the centralized re- gressive forces to elimin ate over commercialization of our parks with systematic develop- ment in centres such as Banff, Lake Louise, the North Sas- katchewan river Crossing, and Jasper. These incidentally are the areas designated by cen- tralization to contain all devel- opment. The fortes against this neat compact package are rather extensive, however. Lucki 1 y, certain vested interests are al- lowed to stumble into the mor- ass of red tape and are si- lenced effectively. However, the ever present Coney-Island type of developers do not seem to diminish but are on the in- crease, and seern an inevitable product of tax system with their insatiable desire for new investment. By and large the department has managed to maintain our wilderness and its own equili- brium despite the determined efforts of both Banff and Jas- '0 Canada: Not One Voice Raised! I attended the concert on Wednesday by the Royal Neth- erland Air Force Band which was superb. This band is visiting six places in Canada expressing gratitude and love for Canada tor the liberation experienced in 1945 by the Canadians. Yet, when they played '0 Canada' with such fervor, not one voice was raised in singing the Na- tional Anthem. What kind of an impression do you think was left on these visitors who cared more for what Canada had done for them, than for the people who live here? I commenced to sing the anthem, but was drowned out by the silence which was so loud and which prevailed. So you leaders of music would you consider this? That in future when any artist is brought to this city, that the program open rath '0 and if the audience does not respond, then ask them to stand and sing and commence over again. If you have to do it five times in one program, then do it. Do it until people who at- tend these performances, or any performance such as sports etc. stand pride and love and sing with their heart and soul their national anthem. If you are afraid that you will lose financially by this practice, then the people of this city, do not deserve any kind of a program for their pleasure. Lethbridge might be the first city which starts this practice of recognition by singing of the Nations] anthem. Artists from ether countries notice this si- lence which is prevalent in many audiences across this country and I would like to see you leaders of music take a stand on this and educate your audiences. I was proud of the RCMP band leader who made the aud- ience stand and sing after they had refused to do so at first. I hope there are more leaders like him! MRS. J. DARYL STURROCK. Cardston. Police Harassment At a.m., Wednesday, April 22nd, 1 was leaving for a national conference in the U.S.A with a colleague. It was neces- sary to drive to Gr'eat Falls at that hour to make a connec- tion, because there is no air service to that point from Leth- bridge. A few blocks from my home we were apprehended by a city policeman. We were not told why we had been stopped, but were asked a series of questions: "Where are you go- Where are you What are you doing at this etc. When we inquired why we were being asked these questions, and why we were stopped, the answer was. "You are slopped because I stopped you. I want some answers, I have a right to know, and I'm going to find During the interrogation, a second car came on the scene. This offi- cer told me (the passenger) to get out while lie looked in my lunch sack and made a super- ficial "search" of the vehicle. So They Say A continual attack on the young not in their attitudes so much as their serve little purpose other than further to cement those atti- t'ldes to a solidity impossible to penetrate with reason. Mr. Waller Hickcl, U.S. Secretary of Interior. There was still no indication of the charge. Due to the intensity of their harassment, I volunteered my place of employment and pro- duced the airline tickets, which stopped the questions. I was more interested in catching my flight than I was in being has- sled by local police. Instead, one of thein circled our vehicle repeatedly, while the other shuffled the police cars around. Finally, a ticket was presented along with instructions on how to plead, etc. Once again, the question was asked, "What is the The reply was, "A dirty license plate." Neither of the patrol cars had readable plates. It is difficult to determine whether boredom or poor train- ing caused these city employees to perform with such turpitude, but their hostility and bad judg- ment were not ingratiating. In recent years, I have observed a growing animosity among the young people with whom I work in their references to the "pigs." T often had considered this behavior as an outlet for latent hostility or an opportun- ity for1 exaggeration. However, as we pulled away from our af- fray, I fell as if I had been in- troduced to a problem which docs exist in this community. Now I have one more reason to believe that Lelhbridge will not "miss out" on the social revolu- tion. A. MALCOLM GIMSK, LeUibridje. We enjoyed reading the Leth- bridge Herald article "Tele- phone written for the May 4th edition by a student, Reg Areshenko. There are a couple of points, however, that might wish to clarify for your readers. 1. Information calls The Lethbridge operators do not re- ceive between and information calls per day. They receive between and of these calls per day. 2. Unlisted and non publish- ed numbers there are not two types of unlisted numbers, one of which is kept in the Hen- derson Directory. The Hender- son Directory is in no way con- nected with AGT. Unlisted num- bers do not appear in the AGT telephone directory, but they can be obtained upon request from the directory assistance Old License Plales I am a serious collector of old Canada car licence plates and have been for several years. I have tried to get one plate from each province for each year that plates were is- sued. Although many people besides myself probably indulge in this hobby, I am the inost serious collector and have the best collection in the country. I am looking for Alberta plates for the years 1912 to 1917. BRUCE LOBAY, 410 Washington Avc., Winnipeg 15. Manitoba. with his autocracy, his intoler- day Sihanouk fell ance of criticism or differing obviously tliis elite repre- viewpoints. They also disliked sents omy a very small propor- the way he scared them: Siha- Oj Cambodia's seven mil- nouk could be ruthless with en- ]jon people, nearly a milh'on 'of whom are not even Cambodian but Vietnamese and Chinese, while the rest are mainly peas- ants. Also there are distinct dif- ferences of opinion among it. There are men in or power- fully close to the new govern- ment, usually of middle age, who would probably welcome political and economic alliance with the United States and who have been working to that end since before Sihanouk's fall. The younger people by contrast are far keener that Cambodia should stay neutral and non- aligned: nor do they share the enthusiasm of some of their elders for the restoration of capitalist economy. However, these differences will need time to develop. The presence of General Lon Nol at the head of the new government also has a soothing effect. Lon Nol seems to have a fatherly concern for the young member! of the elite. He knows how im- portant their support is. And for all that Lon Nol is political- ly traditionalist, and was until well on into March ready to see Sinahouk return, the young have a warm feeling towards him. The problem of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese was largely irrelevant to this revo- lution, which meant a transfer- ence of power from an autocrat to a new, if limited, class. And an excellent case can be made for arguing that in terms of the country's internal affairs it was a very necessary revolu- tion. But what the new Cambodian leadership failed to calculate correctly was the reaction of Washington and Hanoi to this change. They underestimated the reaction of Hanoi. They overestimated the response they would get from Washing- ton. In both cases the isolation in which Sihanouk kept Cambo- dia may be partly to blame. Anyone who had followed Am- erican politics, even in Tinie and Newsweek, the staple mag- azines of Anglophone Asians but, like much else, banned in Sihanouk's time, should have guessed that Washington did not want to have to support yet another threatened IndocWnese government. And anyone so close to Viet- nam, and with opportunities to talk directly to the North Viet- namese and Viet Cong, should have had no illusion about the latter's need come what may to hold on to then- Cambodian bases and supply The fact is that no one in the new government has shown the same understanding of the fragility of Cambodia's interna- tional position as Sihanouk. Si- hanouk is, of course, again partly to blame. He ran Cam- bodian diplomacy single hand- ed without training anyone else in his methods and perceptions. This may excuse somewhat the new leadership, but alas it does not lessen the seriousness of the muddle they are now in. They should be getting down to the problems of governing Cambodia, of reorganizing the country which it badly needs to the spirit of their revolution. Instead they are in the thick of a war in which they are easy targets for Ha- noi and undesirable allies for per residents. Caught in the middle of this controversy are such diverse topics as skidoo use camp- grounds, youth hostels, al- pine clubs, and mountain huts. These five items represent use of the park outside of the cen- tres mentioned. It is easily seen that campgrounds, and various other overnight facil- ities create in users an aware- ness and appreciation of our country or as the Honorable James Richardson stated in Lethbridge recently, "big coun- try produces big thoughts." But what thoughts can one frame in the middle of noise and fumes? What of the skidoo, the mon- ster we have created which is invading our parks? While ac- knowledging its northern devel- opment contributions, must we apply the same development concept to the parks? I submit that the use of ski- doos for recreational purposes in our National Parks is irra- tional and should cease imme- diately. DOUG HENDERSON. Calgary. Telephone Facts operators. Non published num- bers do not appear in the direc- tory, and they cannot be ob- rained from the directory assis- tance operators. In this latter case, ACT arranges messen- ger service, upon request, in the event of emergency calls. GERRY BRICE, Public Information Supervisor, Alta. Government Telephones. Washington. (Written for The Hcralil and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 The new luxury taxes throughout the Dominion be- come effective today. The taxes are expected to curb extrava- gances and yield an- nually. J930 for the first time in Alberta some of the pre-election arrangements in parts of the province otherwise hard to get will be made by plane. The elec- tion clerk for Athabasca will deliver papers and instructions for enumerators. 1941) The Anglo-French pur- chasing commission has plac- ed orders for worth of Douglas attack bomb- ers from Douglas Aircraft Com- pany. J950 Britain's points ra- tioning ended today, the system by which many scarce canned food products were controlled. Rationing of staple foods such as tea, sugar, bacon and meat remains. Construction will start next year on the first stage of the natural gas gathering and long-distance transmission system in British Columbia's Peace River area. The Lethbndgc Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta UJTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration Number 001? Member a The Canadian and tht Canadian Dally Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE B.ALLA WILLIAM BAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKEI Advertising Manastr Editorial Edltw "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;