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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME X11I. FOUHTEEN PAGES LETHBRIUGE. ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 19, 1920 FOURTEEN PAGES NUMBER 135 .Wants Lower-Tariffs Immedi- ately in -View of Tariff Re- vision Policy.. HON. FOSpU SAYS HE IS FLIRTING: WITH FARMERS THE DAY IN PARLIAMENT .THE HOUSE: The budget In- troduced, by Sir Henry Drayton. Taxation outlined and Canada's financial and trade stand- ing reviewed by minister of fin- ance. S., Fielding moved an amendment favoring an immediate reduction 'in customs taxation .on necessaries .of with reduction of cost of Instruments of manufacture used In the Industries based on Canada's natural resourc- ed Sir George Foster expressed con- fidence in Canada's ability to meet demands. Mr. McMsster, of Bromef ad- journed the debate at 10.30 p.m. .Sir Robert-Borden announced that Canada would be represented at final conference on disposal of war Indemnities to be paid by Ger- many. SWISS PEOPLE VOTED TO JOIN THE'. LEAGUE ff BERNE, May Swiss ff government'has decided to uo-' V tify Immediately the general f secretary ol the league ol na- ff tioas ot the result ot the refer- v ff endum and o! Switzerland's do- ff Gnlto adhesion to tbo league. ff ff At a'sessiou ot Iho ijsrno ca'n- tonbl council, the- president pointed "out that- Switzerland ff was the- first country In the world where'the people them- selves had declared directly lor the league, New Luxury Taxes in Force Throughout the Dominion BEGINSTOSEE11I Instructions Already Issued to Tax New Taxes Will Curtail Extravagance and Yield Revenue Annually Besides. "There Goes Your Old tax? TORONTO, May the "wise have discovered z way to beat the new luxury tax on'a "You go to a tailor that you know, and order a.coal. Next day you go In and order a vest. Day after that you drop around and tell him to make you up a pair of pants. Three separate orders, and no tax on any one of them because no one? is up to and there you are." Better Chance That Way to Se- cure Release of (he Strike Leaders. WINNIPEG, 'May at a meeting of the Trades and Labor Council last night, Ernest Robinson, secretary, stated that Hon. Gideon OTTAWA, -May for Uic levying of. the new taxes in force today hare teen sent to tax collect- ors throughout tho Dominion. What the revenue will lie, finance experts make no attempt to estimate iii any- thing like exact figures, although it is thought that the additional revenue will ho between and Robertson, minister of-labor, had de- Tho luxury tax is tho dlffi- clared there was more chance of the cul'5'- Is admitted that any esti- mates of revenue from this tax-would, in all probability, lie wlda ot tho convicted strike leaders being releas- ed as a result of calm, reasonable ac-, lion on tho-part ot organized labor j llle turnover of goods now than aa a 'result'of wild resolutions! laWo tax. !s not "or ls OTTAWA, May first oppo- sition speech of the budget debate 'brought the tariff to the forefront: For about two hours and a halt Sir Henry Di'aytou, minister of finance; discuss- budget proposals. It was his budget; speach and coming with the 'accumulated' financial'-burdens of aroused .all the greater :tnterest. .The house-was'filled.- Pub- lic- galleries .wero, packed; anil from both sides, of: the house there was ap- pl ausg as Si r" Hen ry rose for or- in a! i m otlpn "that the: house d b ;'n f e- solve itself'into committee on ways and' means.: _ From beginning to end his speech was followed with the'keenest atten- tion. emphasizing the need Sir Henry struck a note of optimism. "Some people today think the coun- try is In a .bail he stated. "I do not. Some people apparently be lieve that the task ahead Is a bigger one than Canada can look after. I do not." Fielding Moves Amendment Hon..W. S. Fielding, former minis- ter of finance In the Laurler govern- ment, followed. Ho condemned alike absolute pro- tection and open free trade. The pres- ent government had flirted with tho tariff. He moved an amendment that Iii view of the assurances of a tariff Inquiry, followed by a revision, given last year, substantial reductions in customs taxation should be mado pend- ing a wider revision. The basis of, sound finance today, Mr. Fielding added, wan a sound tariff policy and, for this, "wo cannot look to Ihe Conservative party." Foster Tackles Fielding Sir George Foster was the last speaker before the debate was ad Joiirned. Tbi finance minister, he said, hfld presented tbe situation as II was without any concealment of the seriousness of the situation. Sir George later .had the house roaring wllh InughUr. He compared Mr. Holding with Tlomoo pleading wllh Juliet as Mr, Fielding "fried to get the fanners (o follow him to a promised "After listening lo Mr. for thirty said Sir 'Cco' tbo home Ir.ughnd again, am amazed and feel like now Idlest Thou Thy servam depart in peace.''' :'No of the government, fir added "ever hopes to at tain nich heights In (he art of nuk Ing Itrte as Mr. Fleldint; has done In hlr overtures lo Mr. Crerar.1 Tho debalo tvlll be continued by A R, Drome. Press Comment on the Budget Have. Three Mentis Ottawa Journal: These new taxes have tbreo supreme merits. They fal: upon the ehouldertj of those best able to boar them; thoy discourage a reck less spirit of exlravaganco, and by checking expenditure upon luxuries they incidentally tend to help adjusl our adverse balance of trade lor whicl importation of luxurta ti largely re- sponsible. But if they represented and acts. Mr. lioblnson said lie Oould quite well this was a logical course for the government. He would make bold to say that. In the event of any organization wlilch. bad tho aw behind it, ho, too, ffould wait till the storm had spent itself and'the critics were la a ;ood mood for calm and quiet discus- sion. "If-wo can 'convince the labor move- he added, "that -protests and .hreats are' ot nq avail and that tbe sslie's' strike and Ibe best; be -settled by Ukips- the'm'.Bp.' in. a statesmanlike way, then' I airi sure the men would 7'he in tho on the circulai the trfdes.congress; with relerenco' to Its policy.on the strike leaders' case. known bow far tho tax will tend to reduce prices within the exempted limit The purpose oi the tai Is two- fold: More revenue, prevention ex- travagance. In auy event, one of Uieso two pb1 [ects will be secured. If extravagance continued rind high prices are still laid, tho government T.'ill baneflt by :be additional revenue. If prices are Qwered to within tho limit of' -ex- cxemptiou from taxation, tho tax will not produce so much revenue but tlie That Is What .Recent Confer- ences of Premiers Hare. Suc- ceeded in Doing. PARIS, May Remo and Hytbe conference, says tho Eclair today, resulted 'In depriving the re- parations commission in fact, if not in law, of tbo flovcroign power to fix the amount ot damages to ha paid by Germany, "It was. ndeeu, what Mr. tbo Lloyd news- Ceorgo was aiming paper adds. "Tho British premier saw with discontent arid 'anxiety Pre- sident I'oincare, whoso prestigo and authority ho feared, accept the presi- dency of that commission." The newspaper concludes by saying llto letter of.resignation .of. M.Poln- caro takes, by reason ot personality of tho writer, the character ot a sol- emn warning to Frauco and Ihe peo- ples of tho entente. As soon as tho financial experts In London liaye attained definite results as to reparations, Premier .Millcrand and Finance iMinister Francois-Marsai will go to London and como to a full agreement with. Premier Lloyd George and with Chancellor of tho Exchequer Chamberlain, says tho Echo do Paris, and when Mr, Lloyd George ami his colleagues start for Spa, wbcro Hie conference wilh the Germans Is to bo held, Premier Mlllerand will meet Ihem in Oatend and they will draw up their final plans on the lo Spa. repeal of'taxes is The luxury lax, tt is explained, is not lev- leu On excess of exemp- tion but online total purchase price. Thus a. maii'tiuying a hat this morning tax on the prices but bn'tho total pur- chase price-should it exceed JoXW. A six dollar 'hit-wilt today therefore cost The budget still has to travel on its through debate on the reso- lutions, anii.cqnslderatlon in commit- Itns.'-iTOSsible 'that some minor changes made, but they are, ol course, -urijikely .to be excessive Should ibeiiiew taxes bo modified in taxpayer would be on- titled to a'rbfund to the extent of the no doubt is felt ibat the he adopted in Us pre- ent form, ei'cept possibly for a few technical amendments. minor tariff changes is a pathetic echo ci the war. It exempts from customs duties books and other essentials r fbr the bllnn, tho soldier who lost hii sight being pariicularly 4u' 'inind.i tariff change re- moves which allows im- portation -free! of .duty on; novels .and (other than, scientific ff ff ff ff POTATOES STILL CLIMBING ff ff ff MONTREAL. May Ihere was another rise In the price of potatoes. Instead of being J6.50 per bag wholesale, they ara now {7.00. which means a dollar rise In retail prices. Dealers claim they Jmo to pay between J5.50 to per'bag when they pur- chase potatoes from llio farm- ers. Wholesale prices in Lctli- brldge today aro ?7.SO a bag. ff -f ff Political Platform of Grand Army GERMAN WAR CRIMINALS AT LEIPZIG IN JUNE BtttLlN, May war criminals oa the list re- cently presented the govern- ment by the allies, havo teen summoned uy the chief, imper- ial public prosecutor .to appear before the supreme court at between Juno 7 ami Juno 20, according to the Tagc- Watt. HAS IT IS Amendment to Home Rule Bill .Would Continue to Govern Ulster From England. Anglo Japanese Agreement Makes It Very Plain that G. B. Won't Be Drawn In. work's) wh'e consumer mil benefit. it is thought, that the tax will give an impetus to reduction in necessities.' An article now just conv ing within tho scope of tho luxury tax will.probably bo sold.u low. cents der the luxury tax: limit. Is How Taxes-Are ed in category as French and The, estimated of revenue from 1 English publications. printed iii languages or_ -English. The _ tliecriminatldu'inlliw of foreign pab- Ontario's Manufacturers Appeal to West for Help In Meetiiig Goal Shortage Boards of Trade in Conference See in Appeal Opportunity to Widen Market for Alberta Railway and Coal Companies for Special Summer Rates. CALGARY, May answer-to an appeal from the manufactur- ers' association of Toronto for assistance in carrying thftrn over the present situation caused by the American coal operators, the conference'of the boards of trade of: Western Canada En session at the Palliser Wednesday morning adopted a resolution which, If acted upon, wiil doubtless Increase the coal output of the proyince to an appreciable extent, and incidentally demonstrate to Ontario consumers that the pro- ducts of the west are at their.disposal. Following FS the resolution; "That every effort possible be .mafe to Increase the area cf use of Western Canada's coal, and that this conference favors the Investigation of freioht rates on coal from Canada to the manufacturing centers of Ontario with a view to making Canada independent of any other country In its fuel supply, "And, also that the Canadian pacific and the Canadian National railways, Inaluding the Grand Trunk-Pacific and the Trunk, be asked to give special freight .rates for the summer haulage of coal from Western Canada. _ "And> further, that the coal operators be requseted, If they have not already done so, to make special' summer prices for the tale of fuel." West Indies Union A resolution asking lhat immediate. consideration be given the question of commercial and political union ;wlth f. tbo British West Indies, to the extent j A of requesting members oMhe various! A West India Island governments to] send delegates to Oltawa -to consider I? Iho subject, was adopted by the dele- gates to the boards ot trade congress, and forwarded to Premier liorden. TORONTO, May outline of the proposed political platform of the Grand Army of United Vet-' eraris Is given In a circular letter which is being distributed from the headquarters of the organiza- tion .In .this city throughout the Dominion. Among other things, the platform asks for a rigid ex- clusion of all enemy aliens and demands that newspap- ers set forth the facts of their ownership and con- trol; asks for an eight-hour day; abolition of property, and mone- tary qualifications in the extension of the franchise, and a graduated tax on all Incomes over a year, and an excess tax on all in- comes over a year. Leaders Declare British Govern- ment Aided Attack and-Thus Prolonged War. ff.ff A GOOD MILKER May "Montvic a filiorttiorn cow, owned by T. B. Macauloy, Hudson Heights, has broken the Canadian, record for Iho shorthorn treed. "Monlvic Molllo" In a government teat ot ono year gave rounds of milk, with 711 pounds of fat, or -1.23 per cent of butter fat. Sho conies of a good milking strain of Bhorthorn and her siro was bred from heavy milkers on both rides. WILL TRY T.OSWIM ENGLISH CHANNEL BOSTON', Mass., May V. Sullivan, of Lowell, Mass., who has made several notable long-distance nothing else than that tho principle applied for and taiatlon ought to1 be paid by wealth and prosperity, they would even then bo greatly worth while. For the man (Contldued on Poeo I'oiir.) templing the, English Channel swim this summer... In 1513 his swimming efforts fell short, of success by nillos.. NEW CENT COINED OTTAWA, May cents of the new size were struck at the mint for Iho first timo yesterday, Tlio first two coins minted wero presented WESTERN FARMERS OWE OTTAWA, May Ca- nadian turn ot was overdue and ow- ing to tho federal government on Ihe 31st December, 1819, on account of advances made to farmers In the prairie pro- vinces for the purchaso of seed grain. This Information was given by llio government this afternoon in a ques- LONDON, May of the Polish attack on Bolshevik Russia and what rs claimed to be "Groat Bri- tain's complicity in that is contained In a manifesto issued hero by a number of labor leaders, includ- ing John Robert Cllnes, William Draco and William Crooks, Labor members of parliament. Tho manifesto slates the attack of Poland on Soviet Russia means "a prolongation of war and chaos, tho victory ot secret diplomacy and tho MONTHBAL, May Mont- real Star publishes the following Loo.' don cable: "The new AngloJapanese agree merit will prevent any possibility o[ Great Britain being drawn into, war with the United States In tho event of trouble between Japan and America, according to statements from an au- thoritative source. "The Japanese and British foreign' are now preparing amendments' for inclusion In tlie uew treaty which 13 being drawn up. "The amendment over which Great! Brllaln Is being mostly concerned Is one covering Article 4. This article provides that Groat Britain and Japan j decline to go to war, in defense of the other, against nations with which they have arbitration treaties. "The British foreign office propo'scs to make it clear that this covers the Anglo-American treaty signe-J in 1914. which became effective su.bseq.uent to the signing of the original treaty with Japan. England has always Insisted that this article covered, the United States, but made in-'Article 1 will make this mote- Frencl) See Return of Old Condition jri Decline of Foreign Exchange Rate PATHS, 'May marked decline in foreign currency occurred in tho Paris market this morning. The pound sterling opened at 48 francs and tho American dollar at 12 francs 50 centimes. Yesterday's nlnsinj quotations were 53 francs for tho pound and 13 francs 71 centimes for tho dollar. A high official of the Bank ot Franco expressed the view today, that the sharp decline of tho exchange rates meant the be'ginulug of a return to the old ruled by the law of sup- ply and demand. He considered that the French government decree pro- hibiting importations of luxuries from Great Britain and tlie United States was tlie starting point and tlint other reasons were the result of tho llythe conference, where the settlement, of the German indemnity question began PLAN VOTED BY MAJOIJ1TY OF 121 LONDON, May' gov- ernment's policy, whether the struggle be short or would be to employ the whole available force and resources of the king- dom to restore law and order in Ireland, Baron Birkenhcad, the lord, chancellor, announced In the house of lords today. It would be the aim of the government in adopting this policy, he said, to render utterly Impossible the ex- isting campaign aiming at seces- sion. Considerable military reinforce- ments have been sent to Ireland, the lord chancellor stated, and more wouEd be sent as'required. He was speaking with authority and on behalf of the rett of his colleagues, he declared, when he said that if the existing military forces were insufficient, the gov- ernnient would hesitate as to ask the country for more as it hesitated In the late war. POLICE SERGEANT SHOT i LIMERICK, May police sergeant was shot and killed here today. A policeman was hit by a bullet, sustaining a wound which it is feared wili prove fatal. defeat of. the league of nations." to toko definite shape, the" French The British-government is accused business world becoming for the first lhat by the master of the mint to, SfrlA tion by J. 11. Sinclair (Antlgoa- Thomas White, who, as minister of Ish and finance, brought In the necessary login- t> lation last year. A A A A tf ,j. Letter Carriers Threaten Strike TORONTO, May earners of (his city at a meeting last night unanimously decided to give the gov- ernment 48 hours from next Tuesday noon to make the proposed changes in their wages retroactive to April 1, of "violating its pledges by sending munitions lo tho manifesto declaring: "The cruel blockade of Russia is actually, maintained, although legally a stream of goods is flatting Into Poland." It concludes by saying: "Tbe tem- per of-the whole labdr movement is rising rapidly and labor should aeo that altacks upon Itussia. are ended." The triennial conference of tho dockers' union, sitting at Plymouth, has passed by acclamation a resolution forbidding tho loading of any more munitions to be used against Russia. According lo tho Herald, organ ot labor, the nuiisllon ot a nallonnl strike as n protest against the Polish ff allaek on Russia is being discussed in labor circles. British Mission at Moscow Impressive popular demonstration greeted the ff English trade union delegation upon its arrival hero at noon today. following addresses of welcome' by the chairman, of Iho Moscow soviet Ibe chairman of the All-Russian federation of trade unions, tbe British delegates assured tha representatives of Russian workers at tho'slation that English workmen were opposed to Iho blockade ot Ktissla. intervention in Ihls conn try, rulish aggression. They declared they would, upon their return to England, bring Ihe pressure of organized labor to bear upon the British government for tho purpose of forcing a resumption ot relations with lliissla. timo conflilent lhat Germany would pay something on her debt. FINNS TO MEET RUSSIANS TO DISCUSS PEACE TERMS COPENHAGEN, May will soon send a peace delegation to this city to meet representatives of tho Russian Soviet government, ac- cording to tho Berllngska Tidendc. LONDON, May home ruin debate In the house of. commons yes- terday had two Important reunite. First, the- government's concession of two senates for Northern and Southern Ireland, respectively, and the decision of tho'Labor party, announc- ed by John Robert Clines, to vote against the first1 clause of the bill and thereafter to take no .part "in" tho dis- cussions, following the eianrpTe' of'flic to a certain extent, free Liberals.. -Henceforth, therefore, the bill will meet with'- ser- ious opposition only from the govern- ment side of the- house. An amendment moved by Lord Rob- ert Cecil proposed the exclusion of Ulster altogether from tbe bill, so that It would renialu part ot ibe United Kingdom. The government opposed tbe amend- ment, which was strongly supported by Sir Cnrson, who, mention- ing the possibility of "Sinn Fein Ire- land" "attacking Ulster, appealed to the government to consider even at this late date whether Ihe- proper course would not be to allow Ulster to be governed from England, so lhat in the case of certain eventualities. "England would have a jumping-ofi! place." This amendment was rejected, 20i to SO. A Life for a Life DUBLTN, Jiay Evening Telegraph publishes a statement that several Sinn Fein members of parlia- ment, have received letters declaring "An cyo for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; therefore a life for a life." Tlio Telegraph asserts that the paper cniployed has proved lo be tho letter paper whjch was seized by the castle- authorities when the "Irish re- publican parliament" offices were raid- ed by the police last November.' BELGIAN-FRANCO MILITARY TREATY BRUSSELS, May JC.-Conversations relative lo a military convention be- tween Franco and Belgium will begin Immediately after tbo conclusion of tho Franco-Belgian agreement concern- ing the railways of Luxembourg. Mar- shal Koch will submit a memorandum lo the Belgian general staff, It la un- derstood, and utter preliminary con- vcrcatlons, the Belgian government probablj> will ask Great Britain to name an offiCfrr to participate In tho Macleod Mourns Death of D. J. Campbeir Resident of That Town Since 1882 First ;lnd First Sher- Been III About a Month. Mnnleod Judicial district, and 'contin- ued in that office until 1910. The late Mr. Campbell was also con- nected with tlie mllltli! department'anil retired with the rank of major In the C. 51. R.'s. He was a veteran of the rebellion ot 1885 when he was In charge of Iho Mounted Hangers. 1 Of Into years the late Mr. Camp- bell has been In the Insurance anil real estate business, continuing In acting charge of bis business until tho fatal illness overtook him about a mouth ago. The homo of Mr. Campbell was ono of the lew private homos In the prov- ince vlsllcd by the Krinco of Wales on his visit to Alberta last fall, tho Prince having lunched there on the day of his visit to Macleod. During the war the oldest.son, Dun- can John, was killed in action. An- Ford and Stewart, who had a contract [other son. Archibald Urtice, succeeded for the meat suppiy to Iho Indians (imt after a great deal of trouble in gel- the Mounted Police. In 1SS3 ho to the front and won distinction appointed poslniasler at Macleod, lio-jln Italy, He Is now on the Bank of Montreal staff in Winnipeg. Tho youngest son, Charles, is in the Bank of Montreal at homo. Mrs. Campbell and a daughter, Lola, aged 12. also survive. {Special to the Herald) May 19. Macleod nmurnsjoday tlie death of one of her olilcBt old-timers ami one o( the most prominent figures in Southern Alberta in tho person of Duncan John Camp- bell, a resilient.of tho town for 38 yenra. Mr. Campbell passed away last night at his home here after an illness of about one month. Ito was 65 years of age, The late D, J. Campbell was born In St. Hiiaire, Quebec, in-1855. He came west in 1882. coming to Mac- ieod the same year. He- wsa first em- ployed wltu the contracting firm ot ing the first incumbent of that posi- tion, the Mounted Police having ucled n.4 postmasters prior lo his appoint- ment. This position he held until In addition to tlie postmaslorship, In 1SS7 ho was appointed sheriff of tho No arrangements as to tlie funeral have as yet been announced, ;