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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 18, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE KERAID Thundery, Mny 18, 1972 Roland llnnlfoni Ireland's ECM vote influences Denmark Stopped short Tlio. commission's recuiu- jiiL-mlaliim ol' ot simple possession of marijuana suffers from Ihc same ilcl'cct as IlinL iiotctl m tho carliiT anil similar recommen- dation a presidential panel in the United Stales. Condoning Hie use of marijuana Mhilc retaining penalties Jor Ihose who supply the drug cre- ates a morally intolerable silnation for (lie person wlio elecls lo use the substance. How can any individual be conscience free in using mari- juana when Hie supplier is held culp- able for making it possible'.' Should (he government accept this recommendation it will be wilh the knowledge lhal it is a temporary ex- pedient. If it is considered acceptable for individuals lo use marijuana, sooner or later it will be necessary lo legalize Hie sale of it as well. The inconsistency in the situation will simply become intolerable. There seems lo be little likelihood repression Mill ever work as (lie means of controlling the use of marijuana. It certainly won't be el- fectivc as long as there is doubt about ihe drug being more harmful than aJcohol. .Such doubt is very widespread today. Thus it. is under- standable thai the majority of com- missioners did not go along willi Ihe position taken by Ian L. Campbell, dean of arts nt Sir George Williams University, Montreal, who opted for prohibition. Perhaps the reason why the ma- jority did not support the stand of lUarie-Andree an associate professor of criminology at the Uni- versily of Montreal, is that if was seen as too big a step. A system of legal distribution comparable to the alcohol is sold is something Ihe politicians would be hesitant to touch as yet. Logic may dictate such a move but pragmatism prevailed. The commissioners who took the majori- ty position may have felt that some change is belter than none. Although The Herald in no way ail- Micales Ihe use of marijuana, tlie recommendation made by Ihe Le Uain commission is considered de- fective because of its inconsistency. It would have been belter to have gone the whole way and forced a consideration of the once-unthink- able but probably sale. COPENHAGEN The refer- endum on joining Llic Eur- opean Economic Comm unity (IC12C) which lock place a week Wednesday in Ihe Irish Repub- lic, was Hie first of ;i series of three lo be held among the four candidate countries. Britain alone will do wilhouL one. Nor- way and Denmark hold tliL'irs in Ihe autumn and in voling massively in favor of Europe the Irish cleclorate may influ- ence (hem iji Ihe same direc- tion. The significance of Hie Irish result in Scandinavia is llml a small country has demonslral- ed lhal it docs not fear heing swamped by the pianls of Ihc Common Market Since (his is a very real concern of many Danes and Norwegians, Ihe Ir- ish example may help Ihe ayes when Ihe time comes. Doubt- less, the effect will he marginal. Bui then Uie issue is very much in the balance bolh here and in Norway. Oddly enough, the Irish vote coincided with a dramatic rise in Danish supporl for entering the EEC. A recent opinion poll had those in favor witli 48 per cent, those against 28 per cent and don't knows 24 per cent. This is a jump of 12 percent in a month for the pro-Euro- peans. The most generally accepted explanation for Ihe change is the progress of Britain towards Europe. The position among all four entrant countries is IhaL Hie Treaty of Home has been initialled, but must now be rati- fied by various constitutional processes. So far, the most dra- matic event has been the vole in the British House of Com- mons in January. The victory of the Europeans there suggested that Britain is probably going in. It has laken Ibis long for the fact lo lie absorbed by Ihe Danish electorate. It is upon Ihe action of Bri- tain lhal the actions and opin- ions of Ihc Danes depend in this mailer. Denmark will not en- ler Europe without Britain. There arc two reasons. First, Ihe purely economic. Denmark depends both on Ihe Bnlish and the European markets for her export trade, but Ihe exigencies of the situalion suggest lhat in the event of a choice the coun- try cannot do without Britain. The other consideration is po- ECM for Ireland In last week's referendum the Irish Republic voted 5-1 in favor of joining the European Common JIarket. The overwhelming margin was a surprise lo the government which bad anti- cipated a much narrower margin, or even possibly defeat. Preuous lo Ihe AO'IC angry opposi- tion lo entry lo the ECM came main- ly from The .Sinn "Fein and Ihc Irish Congress of Trade Unions which had been advised that the Republic was not sufficiently developed lo cope wilh the Market. The unions went so far as lo urge members lo defeat the referendum and scrawled ''ECM No'1 on walls and buildings everywhere. Premier Jack Lynch said the re- sults of the poll indicate his people "very emphatically reject the reac- tionary groups and what they stand for." He indicated that public support emphasizes his mandate lo crack down more firmly on the IRA in the republic, a move that London would welcome. There's no doubt that Ireland's eco- nomic dependence on Britain was the single biggest factor in the poll. The bulk of Irish trade is with the Uniled Kingdom and this would have been crippling if Rrilain into the ECM and Ireland stayed out. The decisive vole may open Ihe way for .Mr. L.Micli to revise Ireland's conslilution, eliminate Ihc privileged position o[ ihe .Roman Catholic Church and by doing so making the country more attractive lo the Protes- tants in Ulster. The most realistic politicians have long since claimed lhal lister's future lies in a uuilcd Irish slalc, but this can only come about when Proteslant views on di- vorce, contraception, education ami olhcr matters are legally guaran- teed- The premier has given these con- cerns top priority in an attempt t o pull his country together. But ho knows he must approach them cau- tiously, and that the road is not easy ahead. "Now we can save up for that roast you've always lilical and psychological. Tha Danes are under no illusions about their position as a small northern appendage to Western Europe. They are afraid of the imi.s's of continental influence pushing up from the south. They see in some European slates, notably France and Germany, Ihe exponents of authoritarian [rends of which Ihey do nol ap- prove. Bui with Britain by their side they feel they will have sutficienl protection because they and the British possess the same libertarian tradition. At the same lime, the anti- EEC lobby, well organized ami voluble as it is, may be los- ing some of ils influence. Ils members have become associ- ated in the mind of the public with the hippies, the Vietnam demonstrators and the militants of the extreme Left. And it is an undeniable facl that it is pre- cisely these groups which are most noliccable in Ihe EEC de- bale. These particular people are nol favored by Ihe average Danish cilizen. He refuses lo be associated them, although he might be prepared to agree with some of their opinions. But there is always the phenome- non of thinking by reaction: "If these people, whom I despise, think thus, it must necessarily be wrong, and I will therefore oppose them." The anti-EEC propaganda may be backfiring. Also, many Danes have grown apprehcn s i v e of Lhe violence and the dictatorial tendencies among the extremists. This leads to the feeling that abso- lute national sovereignly might in the future nol be an unmixed blessing. By abrogating some ol it there might be a possibility of suppressing such trends should the need arise. And that erodes one of the most frequent arguments against the lhal il threatens national sov- ereignly. It is generally believed that when Ihe Danes vole at the end of September they will give Europe a small hut conslilu- lionally sufficient majority. On present evidence those who hold this view appear to have some juslificaliyn, (Written for Tlic Herald and Tlje Observer, London) Dennis 'Bloodivorlli Russia waits and watches The reason for North Vietnam's recent offensive Russia has quite understandably launched a igorous protest at the U.S. mining of North Vietnamese ports, but what Hie Soviets have nol said, is more important than what they actually did say. They have not an- nounced any precise Russian counler- action. The Russians most stalcmenl is that they will go on as- sisting the Nor Hi Vietnamese, let the chips fall where they may and Ihe chips could well be U.S. bombs falling on Soviet supplies being transported by land routes. It looks like a holding operation at the moment, and a carefidlv calcu- lated one at that. The effects of Ihe stepped-up bombings and the mining of the harbor will take several months lo become militarily effec- tive, and in Ihe meantime the Soviets do not sec any point in closing the door against Ihe president nol yet anyway. Russian leaders have im- portant issues lo discuss wilh Mr. Nixon olhcr than Vietnam. They don't intend lo lose lhat unless some unexpected disastrous evcnl explodes in tlie highly charged atmosphere leading lo a Rig Power confrontation that neither side seeks, nor wants Watch this! Bv Terence Morris A RECENT guest speaker at Ihe Loth- bridge Community College claimed that teachers were not doing their job un- less every .student scored 100 per cent on the course. Practicing teachers not be loo concerned about Ibis particular theory for they have built up an esscnlial immun- ity against armchair theorists uander through our schools and school systems. there is the possibility that pchool Trustees and parents might fall for this 100 cent pass mark nonsense and so let's Jook at, ils implications. To on n 100 per rait mark completely ipnorcs the fact that Mudcms arc human beings. It takes no account of physical, mental, or emotional problems. kncnv children arc different: some can meet all Ihe demands of .school lile without any (rouble while others find sellout education a tiresome and tedious chore. To the advocates of the 100 per cent pass mar'-; theory individual differences do not exist. Students arc regarded as vniilcnal en- tering the factory production hue: il. is ihe, sausage mncliine mcnlaliiy thai proclaims thai nil children ran in; moulded into the sajnf: ncnl, convenhonal. and tidy Miape. It places Ihe omph.i.sis in .school on died: marks and record keeping. The icaclicr, who should he working uilh children, >har- ing 'hem liie pleasures and HinUs of learning, becomes lilile mure than a def- eated calm la! machine, of ,i v.arm, pei. onaliiy. a M-ckcr of nder of hnokx a lover nf irviird kt'vpvv in I vim, uill bo SNpmiMvJ ami t iVelv rheekt d bv an grnuint; aruv, of pc'isLvo non le.'ichini; Mipm i.-'or> ne.l whn v.ill uander around our .-.e'lools on Ihc cltwkfTs. No one .-eiiim; directions for D'.ir ScllOoU bill UC (Ihll'l v. till 10 Mr III'' objectives henld Mo ('hi Minn out at the Geneva confer- ence in and obliged I lie. Virtminh lo aeecpl only half a national loaf, chopped al Ihe I7lh Parallel MoanVihiln Ihe Novlh wns weighed down by tlie problems of a wasting war. The disa.s- Irous floods of 1971 had been the worst since JW5 when one million people had lost, their lives. Despite pcrsislcnl recruit- ing campaigns Ihe drain on manpowc-i was obliging Hanoi to put mid teenagers inlo bal- tle. Official reports repeatedly complained of lack lustre man- agement and labor on farms and in factories. For Hanoi everything seemed lo dictalc a bold cost effec- tive thrust info Soulh Vietnam at Ihe beginning of Lliis year. It could raise morale in the North and discredit the Vielnamized enemy as a paper tiger or at most, a cardboard before he bccaaiie any stronger. It would call down the wrath of Nixon's jets upon the just and unjust alike, but it was precise- ly this that might persuade the Iwo socialist super states to close ranks behind Hanoi and convert r.iry cordial Ccmmunist exchanges with the U.S. presi- dent inlo cold confrontations. It could arouse the seemingly in- cxhauslible public opinion in the United States against the presi- Letter to the editor dent, so that he would cither have to come to (he conference table on Communist terms or yield the While House to a man ready to throw in the sponge and Saigon wilh it. There was nothing to he gained, therefore, by waiting for the next dry sea- son to open in November when Ihe U.S. presidential elect ions ivould already be held. The Russians and the Chi- nese, fierce rivals for Hanoi's hearts and minds, and the firm foothold in South-East, Asia that these can confer, could hardly hesitate to give the North Viet- namese all the necessary sup- port they needed in this advcn- lure. The Soviet Union stands higher in their esteem than the Chinese, for a major sophisti- cated offensive requires L I: c major sophisticated weaponry that Moscow has been pouring in lo sustain it. The Chinese have already en- tertainer! the president, but the Russians have not done so yet. The Chinese disapprove of the conventional Blitzkrieg that General Nguyen Giap is once more employing in his search a short cut to conquest or Nol a pleasant picture II would be a little difficult to disagree wilh anything more than J disagree with The Her- ald's description of North Viet- nam's motives and acL'ompli.sli- mcnLs. That country is not in Ihe slightest interested in liber- ating anyone. She has not one shred of liberty herself. Yel here she is with armies in three countries I a r g e r than herself Arms: come in by the. ship- load lo (K'ople who couldn't buy Ihc rust off the, .Chip's hull nohk1, determined, people, in- deed! Wilboiit. one vord lo say (ihout tiling, forced (o pro- duce a.s ordered, forced inlo Hie army, and driven south In slaughter and be .slaughtered lo sen e Ihe purposes of ihose .supply Ihe arms and Ihe person- nel Id use those arms If Ihe Communist government, is so acceptable Ihen are. in South running away from'.' .slaughter or worse. And eilher il will nol. fetch Ameri- can forces home or cverylhing is abandoned Korea, Ihn Phillipines, Australia. It is just a mallei- of lime. As for risking a Mar w i I h Uu.s.sia. That K in flfrcl lirlil mm. 11 is jus! n different kind of war. do have reason lo be very concerned because we do liave a defensive agree- ment with the U.S., and if Iho old style war comes, we are in. Russia is not going to si and for any of this rubbish the U.S. has taken in Vietnam and allow U.S. forces to have coniplctu safety in Canada I can only make one safu prediction .should thai happen. There will he no ntirlear bombs, lloth sides can deliver and nei- ther is Roing lo e.ommil suicide, But we will suffer plenly When (he Second World ended the Commonwealth and Hit1 U.S. had a lliree lo out.1 on Ihe Communists. Now there is only Ihc U.S. wilh (Kids of four nr five lo one against her and silly enough lo foster anoth- er potential enemy with a I I western Kurope instead of unil- inii wild flicm. IVople uffi a of the earlh. able In Maud alone against all Hiller had, and with no heller SPIUP. than lo destroy II, have no right lo freedom. We die no mailer who wins-. I'leasanl picture? well no, but The Herald ediloii- al is no more pleasanl J. A .SJ'K.NCKli the conference (able, for It flouts the guerrilla principles of Mao Tsetung, and it must be [ought with weapons lhat they cannot supply but the Russians can. The Chinese have applauded the seven point proposal of Ihc Viclcong for a settlement w o u 1 d involve virtual capitulation by Washington, but have added lhat if this is reject- ed the Viclnanic.sc must con- tinue to wage low-key "prolract- cri war." They will not throw even "volunteers" into the struggle unless their own fron- tiers are tlireatened and last month they again rejected Rus- sian overtures calling for united action in Vietnam "even re- fusing to issue a joint stale- m c n t denouncing American according to a Soviet broadcast. The greatest desire of Ihe Chinese is lo de-escalate I h e war. For while the current of- fensive and (fie blockade tend lo bedevil relations between Washington and Moscow very satisfactorily, they most unhap- pily accentuate the dependence on Moscow of Hanoi. This leaves Ihe Chinese wilh a sweet sour laste in Ihc moulii. They want lo keep (he Russians out of this .sub even more than (hey war! to keep them out of any dealings with Washington. They have, after all, their own he-ad start in lhat field. But lo achieve this Ihey must some- how beguile Uie North Vietna- mese while moving clyser io their American arch-enemies. For the best defence against Soviet and Japanese encroach- ment into South East Asia would he a reduced American presence in a relatively relaxed atmosphere in which the cause of world revolution was pur- sued not wilh Russian SAMS and 30-ton tanks, but with po- lilical subversion and light Chinese made weapons suit- able for one of Mao's "protract- ed wars." Some experts argue that on the contrary, China would like to let Nixon withdraw graceful- ly from Vietnam and subse- quently rid the whole region of the American presence. What is significant is Lhat either policy requires the same a closer understanding between Washington and Peking. The Chinese are pragmatists! They see nothing incongruous Jn playing ping pong with Ihe Americans and signing military aid agreements wilh the North Vietnamese almost simultane- ously. And if the North Vietna- mese looked askance at Pre- mier Chou En-lai when Nixon was lo visit. Chou En- lai can argue lhat they must be looking just as askance at Mr Kosygin as he prepares to receive the American president in Moscow. (Written for The Herald and Tho Observer, London) Looking backward Through Tlio Herald The hoard of trade in- quiry inlo Ihe Titanic disaster Mas resumed loday with Ihc Minting members of the crew leMifying. A nipjil of firing in Ihe Marrowbone, district of Keliasl police and soldiers ballling gunmen uas followed by further shooting (his mor- uiug its ;he working people were on their way lo Iho shops, The daily average cir- cublimi ot liuoks from Ihe Pub- lic Library in April was 3'M. Irnclor operations mid maintenance course for the HCAK lo be held in Canada opened al Ihe. International Harvester Co. in I.elhbridge. 1JI52 The Lelhbridge Firt! Department will try out Tues- day tor another provincial First Aid championship. The LctlUnridge Herald 5IH 71h St. S, LolhbridKO, Alherla I'l HERALD '70. LTD., Proprieiors and Publisher! Puhli.shed -1954, by Hon. A. niJCIlANAN Second Mall Rcglstrallon No. ilirr or The Cflnflcllnn Press nnd Ihe Ciinndian Daily JlJlIthors' AsiDcinilon Bnrt 'hfl Aurilf ol CJrculalJnns CI.I7O W. MOWERS, Eclllor nnrl Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genernl M.in.Kim HON Pll.l ING Wll UAM MAY Tdilrr nip Pch'ir ROY MUFF, POIIC'lAs I'. WAI KTH Miin.n.iei- fcdilrd PiHic Tdlli.f "IHC HERALD 5CRVES THE SOUTH" ;