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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 18, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Tuesday, May IB, 1971 Tim Traynor Sadat's shakeup Egyptian President Anwar Sadat has apparently made his position as head of his country secure. What this means for the future of the Middle East is as yet unclear and will be a matter of the greatest concern until Mr. Sadat makes his moves on external affairs. Although some of the people purged from the government were known to be strongly pro - Soviet, it would be rash to assume that Mr. Sadat now intends to disentangle Egypt from the Russian embrace. Egypt has become too dependent on Moscow for that to happen. And, besides, the record shows that Mr. Sadat has been openly grateful to the Soviet Union for its support. There is some reason for being hopeful that peace negotiations may continue when the dust settles. It was Mr. Sadat, after all, who took the plunge of suggesting an interim settlement and by agreeing to terminate the state of belligerency with Is- rael. What is more, the chief opponents to any accommodation with Israel, are precisely the persons who have been removed from the Egyptian administration. American officials remain "cautiously optimistic" about the prospects of reopening the Suez Canal. They believe that Mr. Sadat's consolidation of his position will have a positive rather than a negative effect on negotiations. The Israelis continue to be merely cautious. The fact that a coup may have been planned in Egypt simply underlines the uncertainty of leadership in the Arab countries, carrying the constant threat of reversal of positions and abrogation of agreements. Israel will not feel secure even if Mr. Sadat follows through on the road to peace because no matter how strongly entrenched he may become he is only mortal and after him could come the deluge. Dangerous fad One of the most popular fads in recent years has been that of encounter groups - or sensitivity training as it is otherwise known. Although encounter groups vary widely, they all attempt to increase a person's inner awareness and modify his behavior through confrontations and frank self - disclosures in the group. Many people are enthusiastic about their experiences in these groups and promote participation with almost evangelistic fervor. But last year an American Psychiatric Associat i o n task force warned that there could be harmful results from this sort of sharing. At the time, the task force admitted there was very little data to support its warning - or to back claims of positive gains, either. Recently at the American Psychiatric Association's annual meeting in Washington, D.C. the results of the first scientific study of encounter groups were presented. The study was made by Dr. Irvin D. Yalom, a Stanford University psychiatrist, and Dr. Morton A. Lieberman, a University of Chicago psychologist. Serious harm can be caused by encounter groups, it was revealed. Almost 10 per cent of the 170 Stanford University students who completed the ten weeks of encounter therapy studied were listed as casualties. Dr. Yalom and Dr. Lieberman defined casualties as persons who suffered "an enduring, significant, negative outcome . . . caused by their participation in the group." Psychotic breakdowns and suic i d e threats were some of the negative outcome. Since encounter therapy is basically a psychiatric tool, it is likely that only highly skilled individuals should employ the technique as leaders. Perhaps, also, people should be screened for suitability as participants. At least now that a warning has been given about the possible danger involved, those who have been reluctant to participate will have grounds for continued resistance. Green thumbers are lucky By Margaret Luckhurst AS each season arrives, I think it is my favorite. Well, perhaps not winter any more, for I find as I get older, I am less and less impressed with snow and cold. I love to see the snow gently falling down on Christmas eve, (and couldn't begin to appreciate a hot, green Christmas) but it can disappear' on Boxing Day and never show again all winter and I'd be perfectly content. But autumn is delightful. The trees are beautiful) the coulees have a hazy, far-away look about thent, and the flocks of birds which gather on the lawns and phone wires are fascinating to watch. Summer of course, is the time to be outdoors, especially in sunny Alberta. The gardens are lovely, the parks inviting, the golf courses and camping grounds jammed. If we had daylight time we'd have longer evenings to enjoy the season but apparently that is a delicate issue and best not discussed here. Right now it's spring, and for the nonce, my favorite season. Just seeing the first robin is uplifting, and when the tulip and iris start peeking through the ground and buds swell on the trees and the air has that springy smell, it's pretty hard sometimes to act ladylike and to smother the inclination to go skipping off down the street to work every morning. After the first few weeks of real spring, one has to settle down and come to terms with the fact that there are things that have to be done to wind up the winter and roll into summer. Like the birds, we too have to put our nests in order. Off come the storms and on go the screens. The yard is raked and the hose put into action. The seed catalogues arrive, then wham, when they come through the mail chute, away go my springy spirits. 1 have known for years now that anything I plant hasn't the slightest chance of growing. Though I follow the directions carefully, taking note to plant the seeds right side up, and I water the area faithfully, the only thing that ever shows up is mint. It was there aplenty when we arrived in Lethbridge so I cannot take credit for its abundance. However, last year we noticed than even it is beginning to thin a little, and though it is pesky, I hope we don't lose it altogether for I rather like its toothpastey smell. Some people definitely have "green thumbs." They can buy a few packets of flower seeds, follow exactly the same procedure as I, but end up with flowers to compete with the hanging gardens of Babylon. My thumbs are just plain ordinary pink thumbs, but I'm convinced they contain a mysterious chemical, something related perhaps to DDT, which kills the seed before it even gets into the ground. My husband is a green thumber, so around our house he is the official gardener. He allows me to putter in a small corner where I can kill my marigolds and petunias off in a kind of mass genocide, but he won't allow me near his flowers which seem to blossom if all he does is look at them. As for house plants I've long since given up trying to keep them alive. I've bought innumerable African violets at bazaars, usually selecting the healthiest I can find, only to have them begin to wilt before I get them home. I once got an ivy to grow part-way up my kitchen curtain, but one morning when I watered it, same as usual, for some strange reason it just seemed to give me a funny look then kind of keeled over. So now we have just one plant - a large, man-eating thing which stands in the corner and grows and grows and grows. I don't like it and I know it doesn't like me. But my husband is quite proud of it and feeds it vitamins to keep it growing. We don't even know what it is, but I think it's a distant relative of Jack's beanstalk. Whenever my husband has to be away for any len;�th of time he leaves me explicit instructions which are brief and to the point. "Don't water The Plant," he says "and if possible, keep away from it!" Obviously he doesn't want me to pink thumb it to disaster in my usual clumsy way. He really has little cause for worry, for even when I vacuum I give. the thing a wide berth, and it's just as well. When I get a little too close, it starts waving it's arms and I back away lest it takes a notion to pinch or punch. Once, not too long ago, unfortunately it came all over queer and had a kind of spell of some sort. It turned a strange shade of green and its arms drooped. After much consideration I decided the dryness of the house had parched the poor thing, so standing in the doorway I pitched a dipper of water at it and it lapped it up like crazy. My conscience felt better, but next day the plant didn't look any healthier. Fortunately a green thumb neighbor dropped by and poked around the plant a bit, shook it here and there and immediately its color started to come back. For all I know it may have just had some sort of plant flu. We have already received several seed catalogues which we have given our attention. Bill has made a list of what he wants to put in his garden, but he hasn't asked me as yet what I intend to kill this year. Well, I just don't know. I think maybe I'll give up the whole thing and start studying flower arranging. Nixon Congressional opposition grows WASHINGTON - An assertive Congress is becoming more assertive as the Nixon era moves along. The president came to office handicapped by his party's lack of control of the legislative branch and the handicap has been painfully felt in congressional rebuffs reflecting, if not stemming directly from, the entrenchment of congressional Democrats. They include an increasingly strong and prickly activist liberal element implacably hostile to Mr. Nixon. As war - related doubt and dissatisfaction grow, congressional anti - war agitation intensifies. This overlies, preelection activity involving a general quickening of partisanship, and a stepping up of anti-Nixon efforts by the flock of leading congressional figures vying for the Democratic presidential nomination. The White House cannot but wonder what else is in store along the lines of the de- nial of further congressional backing for the S'uper-Sonic Transport project, which the Nixon administration had strongly supported. As the president and his associates look ahead, they must contemplate a wide array of unsettling possibilities, ranging from a radical recasting of proposed domestic programs, to the enactment of legislation to curtail various presidential prerogatives, notably the power to conscript troops and to wage undeclared war. Dominating the scene is' a now formidable series of challenges to the administration on further American participation in Indochina and on defence expenditure. Sentiment among congressional Democrats - including the large conservative element - has evolved to the point where there is broad support for a legislated cutoff date for American involvement in Vietnam. An initial effort will be made to require a total with- drawal by the end of this year (under an amendment sponsored by Senators Hatfield and McGovern) and various fallback positions - some of which have wide support - are ready. Sen. McGovern, the only announced Democratic presidential candidate, a n a Sen. William Proxmire, leader of the anti-SST drive, are mounting a campaign to cut the administration's proposed $76 billion defence budget by $10 billion, with special emphasis on blocking funds for the B-l strategic bomber, which the administration plans to expedite in response to signs of a new Soviet strategic buildup. There is also to be a new effort to curtail construction of the anti-ballistic missile system. The anti - war activists - in alliance with supporters of a volunteer army -will attempt to block the administration's bid for a two-year extension of authorization to draft men into the armed forces. (Current authorization runs out in June.) The anti - draft group has little chance of outright success, but it is by no means insignificant, as was shown when the conservative Senate armed services committee recently recommended that a fairly tight ceiling be placed on draft calls in the coming period. This in itself represents a considerable restraint on presidential prerogative. The whole question of presidential powers - particularly war - making powers - is under close scrutiny, with Sen. Fulbright talking of a decline of American democracy - and possibly a dictatorship - unless steps are taken to reduce preside ntial powers and restrict military activity abroad. There is to be consideration of a 'proposal by the influential Senator Jacob Javits which would acknowledge a presidential right to take war measures in a crisis, but would re- BERRY'S WORLD "I didn't hit you on the head on purpose, end please stop calling me Sp/roJ" "To have o pipeline, or not to have a pipeline-sometimes, I just wish I could get away from it alll" quire that he ask Congress for formal approval within 30 days. The administration's domestic programs, meanwhile, are receiving less than gentle treatment. The Democrats have shown a disinclination- if not outright refusal - to get behind the key elements of Mr. Nixon's vaunted "New American Revolution." (Proposals for restructuring the federal bureaucracy and for more liberal disbursement of federal tax revenues to lower levels of government.) Key Democrats - notably Wilbur Mills, the powerful chairman of the House of Repre sentatives committee of ways and means - have stated opposition to the idea to relinquishing authority over federal responsibilities rather than by turning over tax funds. Specifically, Mr. Mills' committee is fashioning a modified version of the administration's sweeping welfare reform proposal, the aim being to ease the financial burden of the cities by not only revising but expanding the federal role in meeting welfare bills. (The administration's family assistance plan incorporates a nationwide income floor of $2,-400 for families with dependent children, with provision for assistance to the working poor- this to replace the present welfare programs.) There. is a good possibility that a similar pattern will r^ply to the consideration by Congress of the administration's plans for a nationwide health insurance program. As the plan was originally conceived, the program would have been based on contributions from employers and employees, with employers bearing the biggest share. As against this, Senator Edward Kennedy has proposed a plan for comprehensive coverage fi-naced from the federal treasury. Mr. Mills and his associates, who are scheduled to take up the matter shortly, are c o m p a r atively conservative, but they have already moved to modify the administration's plan by calling for federal assistance for small employers who would be hit hard by the costs of the scheme. (Herald Washington Burean) Franr.es Cairncross Why there is brighter future after money crisis � ONDON - The decisions by the Germans and the Dutch to float their currencies, and by the Swiss and Austrians to revalue, could turn out to be the most important steps for the future of the international monetary system taken in 20 years. In a subtle but enor-ously important way, they could affect the welfare of almost every country in the world. It was the U.S. dollar that caused the crisis which led up to the decisions. For a number  ot reasons, including the heavy cost of the war in Vietnam, their domestic inflation and their considerable investment in industry abroad, the Americans have long been running a balance of payments deficit. Crude- ly put, they have been buying more than they sold, and footing the bill with dollars. For many years, the countries of the rest of the world have been happy to hold on to these dollars, partly because they were an acceptable currency for settling international debts, and partly because everyone believed the Americans had enough gold and other foreign currencies to exchange for the dollars, should they be asked to do so. Some countries did cash in their dollars for American gold, and the U.S. stock dwindled. And then people began to grow more nervous about holding dollars. The Americans showed no signs of ending their deficit, end more and more dollars flooded out of the country. A large body of opinion began to say that the dollar ought to be devalued, in order to end the deficit. But there was a snag. The dollar's value is defined in terms of gold. Thirty-five dollars will buy one ounce. Most other countries in the world define their exchange rates in terms of this gold-dollar exchange rate. The dollar is the standard so it was out of the question for the Americans simply to announce that the dollar was devalued in terms of all other currencies. There were only two options open to the Americans. One was to lower the amount of gold that the dollar would buy, and hope that all other countries would keep their currencies at the old exchange rate with gold. The other was to persuade the Guerrillas against polluters WASHINGTON - The mak-ings of an anti-pollution guerrilla movement seem to be stirring in America beneath the quiet, eminently respectable surface of Earth "Week. Less dramatic in intent than last year's Earth Day, and blessed with a presidential proclamation, Earth Week this year has been marked by speeches, exhibitions, wastepaper collections and similar local events throughout the country. But ideas for stronger, more direct action against firms guilty of polluting the environment are arriving at the Washington office of Environment Action, which co-ordinated Earth Day activities in 1970 and recently helped to kill the American supersonic airliner. Environment Action is running an "ecotage" contest for activists. The word was formed from "ecology" and "sabotage", and the competition was inspired by the activities in the Chicago area of an ecological Robin Hood who calls himself "The Fox." He has moved against offending factories by blocking their chimneys and drains. On one occasion he poured dead fish and sewage water over the lobby carpet of a steel company headquarters. Environment Action is offering a "Golden Fox" trophy (20 inches high with a slyly smiling fox on a pedestal) for the best idea of this land. By William Millinship "Legality," says the contest organizer, Mr. Sam Love, "will not be a criterion in deciding whether an entry is good or bad. But they should not involve taking life." Some 350 entries have been received so far and examples will be published in book form after the contest closes on September 1. One of the most popular ideas so far has been to draw up and publicize a list of the 10 or 12 most guilty firms in the country. More drastic is the notion of pumping a factory's effluent into its main water supply - a feat requiring probably loo much engineering and plumbing skill. A simpler idea is to mail empty throw-away soft drink bottles to the home of the firm's managing director. The most striking suggestions tend to be short on feasibility. "Spray defoliants on military bases," says one entrant. Another suggests: "Under the darkness of the night, when there is little traffic, you take yourself a pick-axe and go out to one of the main access roads . . . and hack yourself a hole in the cement. Then plant a tree in it." As an alternative, the same contestant suggests pouring concrete over the lawns of Congressmen who campaign for more super-highways. Another idea for hitting a politician who defends polluters is to volunteer to help in his election campaign and use his envelopes to mail pamphlets attacking his record. Other proposals: Pour oil into the swimming pools of oil company executives; kidnap and threaten to sterilize company officials; hold up shareholders' meetings with anti-pollution resolutions; glue bumper-sticker': to the cars of guilty companies saying "I kill babies and living things." A one-word but particularly ambitious entry simply said "Socialism." News of the competition has caused some apprehension in American business circles. The United States Chamber of Commerce has alerted its members. The Proctor and Gamble Company has taken steps to warn the managers of its plants and get them to update their "Guide - protection of plant personnel and property in case of rioting or threats of destruction." (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) So They Say Women seem to have a much more profound attachment to the earth than men. - Dr. Mai Braberman, psychiatrist, explaining why women apparently suffered more emotional trauma from the Feb. 9 earthquake in the San Fernando Valley than men did. rest of the world to revalue. The Americans chose the second option. For the last couple of years, they have carried on a quiet campaign for the stronger currencies of the world to be revalued against the dollar. Last weekend, their campaign began to pay off. Discontented holders of dollars had for some months been changing their dollars for safer currencies, picking mainly on the West German mark. A stream of dollars had poured into Germany. As the dollars poured in, their effect was to expand the German money supply and push up German prices. The Germans, worried by this inflation, raised their interest rates to keep more money in the banks. But this made German interest rates higher than dollar interest rates - and gave a new incentive to holders of dollars to cash them in for marks. The German Central Bank, in order to maintain its dollar-mark exchange rate, had really only two alternatives. It could have introduced stringent exchange controls and prayed that they would work. Or it could - as it did - allow the price of the mark in dollar terms to "float" to a higher level. There are two reasons why this decision is so crucial. First, it has got the Americans off the hook. It has made much more remote an increase in the price of gold, a step the Americans have never wanted to take and whose chief beneficiaries would have been the South Africans, the world's main gold producers. Secondly, and far more Important, this major readjustment in international exchange rates has been carried through - so far - quickly, coolly and with far less fuss than the British devaluation of 1967 or the last German float and revaluation of 1969. It looks as though countries have become more prepared to change their exchange rates, rather than try to prop them up with a battery of tariffs, exchange controls, deflations and international loans. All these stop-gaps are damaging. Look at what happened before the British finally and leluctantly decided to devalue the pound in 1967. To try to improve the balance of payments and reduce imports, the government had to engineer a deflation which meant more* people out of work - and so fewer Britons with money to buy imports. Foreign countries suffered too; with the British buying fewer foreign imports, their markets for their goods shrank. If tlie Americans had now been forced to introduce restrictions on trade and investment to prop up the dollar, the effect on world trade could have been devastating. America is a major market for the industries of a great many countries; if that market shrinks, it means less work and less income for their populations. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 - Lethbridge United Church Choir came in second to tlie Erskine choir of Edmonton in the Alberta choirs competition in Calgary. 1931 - Eleven countries including Canada attend wheat conference in London. 1941 - Jack Wittup defeats Duane Barr in Calgary Amateur Golf championship. 1951 - One bet of golf rules for the world approved in London. 1961 - Alberta's deputy minister of industry and development threatened to cancel licences of IG A stores if they continued to sell trading stamps. The Lctlibndgi 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Manaolnn Editor , Associate Editor__ ROY F MILES 1 DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;