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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 18, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHliRlDGli. ^\M%^'X^, SA'lCFUiAY, MAY 18, 1018 NlMHI'in KM IN IRELAND IRISH�LEADERS ARRESTED BRITISH IN BALI BIB Mui mm Subs Which Ran Gauntlet to ' Baltic Stopped All German Traffic SANK BATTLESHIP AND CRUISER AND CHASED MERCHANTMEN ROMANOFF-WILL BE COURTMARTIALLED Lomlon, May IS-(Viii Uoiiters Ottawa Agency.)-IjiUinK the veil on the operattoua of llic Uritlsli Ruhniar-Inos in Ihp Itallie Sea, Uie Admiralty relatus some HliriinK iteetis of liow theso aubniarliios wore (.'ontinitally attackins and dpsH'oyinK enemy wui--crnft. The snbmarincs kept a watidi-fill eye upon the mjtemonta of the Oerman fleet aiirt their work was so i ctfectlve that I'lnally the German Nhi|)a] kept to the harl�or as soon as the Hr 1-' tlsli Hiibmarlnos wore reporfcd. I'n-' like the Gorman U-boats,, not a single case can he alleged (tf a British sub-1 marine sinking a merchant ship on liiglit. The merchant vesaola were invariably stopped and lioarded in �lAe orthodosc manner. .The crew, at-tcr being given plenty ot time to abandon the ship, were directed to IliG jieareat port or escorted to a neutral vessel. The belonfeSngs of the seamen were never regarded as the spoils of >var. - � ' � Skill and Courage. The ofriclar document Hhowlng the actions of the sii.bmarlnea leaves it profound Inipreasldii 6i persevcrence 4ind skill well malted, with courage, icicles covered periscopes, decks be-., camo* coated as with glass, waves Bwept away the mast and portions of the strained plates, yet the crews car-Vied on their passage into the Uaitic i Hoa-a most difficult passage on account ot the extremely close watch kept on submarines. The passage was effected by the use of numerous ruses, or by patient waiting until the submarines could follow the eurfacu craft Itnd run the gauntlet. ,, Destroyed Battleslilp. Submarine Commander Ooodhart espied an enemy v.-arcrnft and, (ialcii-littlng tliat there was bigger game behind, skilfully manoeuvred atid eventually 'came up with an enemy battleship escorted by the destroyers. Halt an hour later he fired. A vivid flash and explosion followed along the water line and tre'mendous concussions ensued. Tlio entire ship was hidden In grey smoke, probably duo to the explosion in the fore magazine. Jiight iitlntites later the Hrillsli submarine camo to the surface and the enemy ship was gone. ll(jr destruction was instantaneous. It was the bnttlle'-Bhip.Prlnz Albert. ) A Cruiser Also. Another flubmarino sighted a light ciuiser of tiio Ancowa class. The submarine dived, manoeuvred to good jiosition and fired, the torpedo hitting the cruiser forward starboard. The cruiser was apparently put out �ot control. It swung around In a large circle, then stopped, fire b(n-sting from the dcck.sV The escorting destroyer attacked the eubmarine, but the latter evaded and fired a second time. Tho torpedci' hit the cruiser amidships, tho magazine blowing up 'With a loud double report. Large nias-ijus 'of Iron and Wreckage fell around, llie subiHarl|)c, which before 8n6riierg| ing olJAervod the cruiser's crew W  aeinblod on tho poop. Tlieo' were later rescued by a large German ferry boat. ^ , ^ Kogardlnit the operations agiainat' - mei-chant vessels, tho I'ollowlng account Is' typical. A submarine sighted �nd chaseit tho steamer Wxhumlnirg, laden with wood. The vessel was signalled, stopped ami boarded and tha crew ordered to leave., t'libsequontlj' the sea couka were opened and charges placed that exploded and the ship pank. In the meanwhile a Hamburg-American liner was siglited proceeding without lights. The boarding Darty was collected, tho vessel was' ovorhaulod, and tUe most definite iigutcs.yet luln^unced. regarding Oor-nian Ibss8s'bn",t1i'e-;vf(>8ler^ front this spring havc'boon given'ito the Associated Press. Since-the beginning of the offensive on the 2l8t-ptrMarch, 20fi German divisions haje been on tho western trout, ofWhitfh 126 actually have been engaged-on tha^Sdmme and Armentiorcs front. �. Tiu! 20Sth Oei'mun division which was oije of those suffering most heavily lost- 70 pel" cent ot its effectives. Seven other German divisions are known to have lost mora than fifty po' cent and at least several other divisions are named as having lost forty to fifty per cent. Forty Men to Company Only forty men to 'he company were left in the linth .division � after the flgUting of March 22 ami 23. The first division was In similav straits after reaching Sailly-Lauretto On Slarch 28, and tho 234tlv division was weakened similarly on April 6.' .One regiment of the 40th Erstz division virlually was annihilated on April i� and there are scores of instances-qf companies, and batlalioub which dlsappeareil almost conipletelj'. \ � - ,  In -a five page cloBely .'typewritten list of loEses to Qerniari refelnlfents and divisions cngugeil.' -Mii.v^tlte'' 'oftenslve which have been siilislahtiated uy;British inlolUgenco officer,.;there"is scarcely a single instance where the losses were not so large-ak to'CAi^iie serious crippling' of the otficlenoy of ,the unit. Recoiircea Depleted While it is inipossliile to-inake from those figures any exact estimate of the total losses, it is auf(l( evident that thQ. onenay cBSualtios have been oxceedlngly-heaVy.' One, ovldonco ot this tact la that the GerOiahs after calling upon . All available'.raBervc depots in the western area have already been compelled to draft Into crippled divisions men drawn" from 'Germany H-self, including those of tho :I020 class. From this it may be .concluded that the demand for men; to replace losses has been greater than'r(9B6rire contves could supply. . I ' : � 'tl only six ni^w filed dlsBoa^jg^vJji.t:**-"''':- ' j toi'day. BELIEVES OPERATIONS ON WESTERN FRONT WILL BRING PEACE Amsterdam, May 18.-"I am still optimistic en5ugh to believe we shall have peace this year," said the German chancellor, Count Von Hcrtling, in an Inter- view with the Berlih correspondent of the Budapest newspaper Azcst. "I cherish firm confidence that future evento in the west'"will bring us nearer a speedy end of the war." "If the world should one day unite In an international peace league," added Count,Von Hert-I ling, "Germany would unhesitatingly and joyfully join in it. Unfortunately,! present conditions - give very little hope of that. Our desire is to preserve peace." BRITISH FRONT. London, Mpy 18.-Heavy artillery fighting last/night between . GIvenchy and Robecq, on the southern side of the Flanders front, is reported by , the War Office. The statement follows: 'There iv/a* considerable artillery activity,. l38t .niiht^etween ' GIvenchy' and Robecq..' The" ho�-tile artillery has.4hOwh some act- ' ivity also in th'e . Lens, Haie-; brouck and Ypres' sectors." FRENCH'FRONT. ,. Paris, May 18.-Violent artll-' lery fighting north.and south of the Avre River, on the front below Amiens, is reported In today's official statement. AMERICAN FRONT. With the J American Army In France, May 11.-The official statemept Issued from American headquarters at nine o'clock tonight says; , "Today,the fightlnfl was limited to reconnaissances ,and Intermittently active artillery fire. There was Increased aerial activity . northwekt of ,Toul and ' in ' Lorraine." Kaiser Witnessed Defeat. 'V\'lth the British the Field, (.May 18.-Mail and Kmpire, Toronto.) -The Gorman omporo/. Is rumored again to be on tho western front, presumably in. connection with preparations for the next great attack. He has witnessed several distinct failures of his troops since the advance on the Sommo nearly two months ago. Prisoners taken on the Sommo admitted the emperor was present in Flanders when the Landwohr and naval diyisioha tried to overwhelm the Colgiau defenses to tho north of Ypres. This attack, it will be remember-^,! ed, was Intended to be Ihb turning movement on tho Uritlsh left to, cut oft the allied troops in tho 'Ypres salient. It tailed completely, tharfks t'o the .stout resistance of the Bcle'ians and the first Ijand\vehr divisions are said to bo in disgrace ainco this was the second decisive defeat ot the German army In the Yser reglpn Witnessed by tho emperor. Ho waa present when tho Wurttemburgers tr,ied to ford tho flooded marshes 'in tho autumn ot 1914' and ho saw them drown in ^irgo numbers, Among tho regent prisoncvs Was an elderly fanner from Pomeranla who lamented the tact he was to havo,.gon� on lenvo iho day alter ho was captured. 11 appears loavo has been allowed to agriculturalists 'and fUrmers in the Gorman army in order that tlioy may help"^ look after the' crops. A number ot officers in certain regions have been granted leave. ' AerlSl Battle*. Although the enemy artlUdry U still unusually active in the Ancra and Sommo area and botweeu Ypres and Kemmel there hayo.not been any other hostile movements ot importance. Gorman airplanes.have shown a marked Interest in tho Uritlsh and Froncir hack areas. . During tho last two should givo ot our gi-eat prosperity - to niil in keeping these dependents iu comfort while their breadwinners arc iirotecling us on tho seas? The Sir, A,lexandpr Gait chapter of the I. O. ,1). K. in I.clhhridgc has undertaken the,work of aKsisting the fund for the dependents ot the sallorfi of the navy antl fMerfhaut, marine. The chapter has rcqunstSd tho Herald to receive sabBcrlptlons tor the fund, and has headed tho list tilrcady with a donation of $150. ^\"ho will Ije next'.' Send your subscription to The Herald. Tho fHWl will June Sth.,^ VALUABLE CARGO SAVED FROM FIRE A Canadian Atlantic Port; May-' IB.-A steamer with a cargo of butter,, cheese and other foodstuffs, valued at a miJIion pounds stirllna, was' brought Into port yesterday with fire in the bunkers and cargo. > - Beforrf'dark the fire, was under control but all the cargo wHIl have to be taken from the steamer. FREIGHTIMS New Coiftplication in Ali^ady Serious "Situalion-More Unions May Strike ' Winnipeg.-May 18.-The unexpected strike this morning d8. 150 frelgh't handlers in tho Canadian racitic Hallway Company'.i sheds here,- brings the numlier of workers striking In Winnipeg-to about 1,100. The unions striking originally for a,straight'increase in wages were the' civic electricians, water works men, teamsters .(garbage men), and tire alarm operators. When the. negotiations between the strikers and the city council were- btoken oft on tjie Question ot wTlether the differences between tho two should be atlbmttted to a Federal board ot arbi-.ti'atlon; tlie union firemen, the men in tha city repKlr yards, the operators and linemen of the provincial government tblepjiono system within the city, an outside union of 1200 teamsters and the 0/, I*f.'R..freight handlers successively w'alked out in sj-mimthy. A strike vote Is being taken today on street railway men, tho ballot 1)0X68 being open until n)ldnight. Other big unions in the city are also discussing the possibility ot a sympathetic strike. / � .The C. P. n. will issue an order at once refusing to accept freight tor ahipinent out of Winnipeg and as far as possible tlirougli freight will 'bo carried through without tvansrshipment. No definite plans have bfeen made l)y. tho railway to copo with the situation. The $tiike cftime without warning and 'ihon are difficult to get to replace the freight handlers. ' Sir George Bury is in 'Vancouver and is In constant com-mdnlcation with AViunipeg in this connection. soiled ina huge explosion VA'^rccked Number of Buildings / Nca^ Pittsburg and Caused Big Loss Life Pittsburg, May 18.-An explosion in the soda house of the T. N.T. plant af the Aetna Chemical Company at Oakdale, west of Pittsburg, soon'after noon today, tore a number of the buildings to pieces and caused what first re--potti.indicate, -was great loss' of life. .Undertakers summoned to the plant declairetl that more than 150 person* had been killed., The explosion tore down wires on the 'Panhandle Ptallroad and piled debris-high on-the tracks. An employee of the company made his way to Carnegie, near by, and a wreck train was Immediately sent out to clear the line and repair the wires. Immediate-My after the first explosion the debris took fire and at one o'clock was burning .fiercely. Another explosion occurred at 1:50 o'clock, this time a big 4ank filled with an explosive known as T.N.T. .lejitlna . go. The debris was scattered far and wide and It la reported that a number of persons In the great crowd which stood on the hillside watching the burning pile had been hurt but that no one had been killed. Sinn Feiners Hatch Plot With Huns; Is Nipped In Bud; Arrests Are Made Sensation Is Sprung in Dublin and Belfast With Arrest of Prominent Leaders and Others-Believe Govt. Has Evi- dence of Plot Between Sinn Feiners and Ge rmans AN APPEAL IS BEING MADE FOR  - VOLUNTARY RECRUITING; MAY NOT URGE CONSCRIPTION MEASURE albertamines London, May 18.-A considerable number of arrests have been made In Dublin and throughout Ireland, according to a dispatch to the Times from Dublin timed two o'clock Saturday_ morning, NOTABLE ARRESTED London, May 18.-Professor Edward De Valera, president of the Sinn Fein, Arthur Griffith, founder of the Sinn Fein, Countess Markie Vicz, Dr. Dillon bnd. William Cos-grave, Sinn Fein M. P. for Kilkenny, have been arn:sted, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Dublin. Additional arrests , in Ireland reported in a Times dispatch from Dublin, includes Dr. Hayes and Darrell Flg^jis. NOT TOO' SOON Dublin, Miay 18.-The Irish Times today says the government has not acted a moment too soon,' as^ll the signs pointed to^'nother outbreak of armed violenc'e; p6i�-Ibly in connection with the landing of German troops on lrlih',ihor��.^ NEW SUGkGESTION ' London, May 18,-Signaturei are being Invited In Ireland to'a, proposal that the Irish question be submitted for adjudication to- a competent international tribunal, says a dispatch to the Times from Dublin. Such a tribunal, adds the dispatch, might consist, for' example, of the United States.and the neutral powers of Europe. horrible cruelty ' hunsi0prisoners Wounded Prisoners Treated Worse Than Pigs-Deaths Are Frequent ITALIAN AERO KILLED. .-^Ilnolda, N. Y., Jlay 18.-In ftTall of only fifty feet Captain Antonto Ucb-pfitl, famous Italian army aviator, wa.i killed beneath lliu wrecUaiso ot a imw Itplluu-nmde Oapronl hiipli'uii nt rU? MizelhurHt Aviatloii'Field hero yea- tni'.-ljl " ' � y '. � allies jo assist Japan in siberia Will Take Defensive Measures Against the German Invaders : Paris, May 18.-.lapan and China havo been InformBd by tho allied gov-ornments that thoy have arranged for entente military co-operation to meet the'dangers threatening the p^eace ot the Par IDast from Gorman penetration. . Defensive Measure, : AVaslilngton, May IS.-The entente mllltBry corporation arranged to meet the threats to tho peace of the" Far JJJaet by. German 'penetration, as reported today from Paris,, is under-Btdod hore'as a purelyjdefepslve meas-m'flj,In which participation for the present .�'1U be confined ;to Japan and China. 'Vita, purpose is the, safeguard-ing , of Manchuria with poBslbllltles o� Us extension to Siberia, Calgary, May Alberta coal operators are already arriving in' the city for the Important conference n-Uh C. W. Peterson, deputy fuel controller ot Canada in connection with the greater^ fuer iiroductinn campaign to be launched li^ theWoat immediately. Mr. Petoraon reached Calgary last night from the east and th[s morning said that ho hoped tor great results from tlu!  lion. C. R. .Mitchell, iwting. pVomior, who will represent tho. Alberta govcrntaent is roady here and  was in conforenco" this morning with Sir. Peterson. � According to Mr. Peterson, Alberta mines will be urged to speed up their production to such an extent ns to he able to-take care of the entlri con-Bumptlon of tho' prairies from Winnipeg west. In this couuectlon U Is uu-dorstfioU'an  extensive inibliclty campaign Is planned,by the authorities. WOMAN DELEGATE TO TRADES CONGRESS WBATHBII^V, , � foree�it-^8lif S^ondon,; May 18.-Miss Margaret nondfield of. the National Federation ot \Vomen 'VVorkors and Fi'od Hull, Labor member ot parliament for Yorkshire," will r'oiii;oserit tho trades un^on congress at the annual convention of the American Federalion of Labor, TWs Is the first time in the history of British trades unions that a woman delegate has been appointed to attalnl such'a meeting. -bip. NOT SUCCEED. iPai'ls,. May 18.--by the BeiBians. �" f' - ' German Plot  London. .'May 18.-Ireland and IrSsli affairs again have come to the front. Discovery of a German plot involvinj? certain pcr.snns in Ireland \ nowspapcra and was discussed widely. However, a Dublin dispatch to I lie Dally News say.s the Report met only, with ridicule.'The dispatch adds; "The atmosphere Is completely unsuitable and it is doubtful If a single man with real influence could ba found to back the scheme."  Unexpected Opposition Opposition to i.oiiscriptioii has como froin_^somo uuexpoctod quarters. An instance Is an article In the current number ot the Church of Ireland Gazette, the leading organ ot tli" Ii'isl' Protestant Church outside Ulster, iu which tho writer believes ho is speaking tho mind ot all good Irishmen in tolling the government force is not remedy and that no good can be derived from a sanguinary conflict with any sections of the Irish people whilo any government which reckiossiy added a civil war in Ireland to the aii.v-letios the E'mplro would bo oxocretcd by the conscloiico of all Christian men. �  Home Rule Parliament A"ollioi' reportJs to the effect that a number ot jiromjnont Irishmen havu submitted to/Premier LlAyd George-ii Vequost to appoint Gener'arSir .Bi'yau Mahon, who iias''.1ust relinquished tlio military command In Ireland, director ot recruiting' -in Ireland. ' General Malion Is popular with large classes of Irishmen with whom he Is regarded as having, very active sympathies, but,' whether the appointment would'havo practical results !,t;an only bo speculated .upon, According to one view tho gorievkl could only succeed if the gbv-orument gave Ireland a Homo Rule parliament. � � , Arrested at Belfast. Belfast, May 18,-A number of Sinn Feiners were arrested hero late last night and remoyod to tho military barracks. i � Serious Situation.'' ^ London, May IS.-.\ later despatch from publln adds to the list of thosn arrested, tho names of 11. 'Mclhnvs and halt a dozen others who have not been identified lioro. Prnt. Do Valeift is prgajdont of tha Sinn Polii. Mr. GriiTltli' is vlt>e president, Mr. Cosgrave Is one nf the treasurers, i\Ir, Plg^:is is one of tlio secretaries, and Dr. l.'Jillon and tha Countess JIavklevcz are niemoars ot .the executive oommltteo of tho .Sinn Fein drganlzatlon. Several of .t'aoi,-i wero arrested or interned In oonnecr tiop with the Dubli;v revolt ot t^-6 years ago. , , � Oddly enough, today's events oc-, cur in occasion of another festival of tho church, Whitsuntide. (Continued ou page (uur) ?1153?7366 ;