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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, May 17, 1972 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 43 India continues the battle to keep ont new wave of refugees By SUNANDA DATTA-RAY London Observer Service CALCUTTA relaxa- tion of vigilance along India's frontier with Bang- ladesh-where Sheikh Mujibur Rahman has yet to come to grips with the infant republic's basic problems of relief, law- lessness and food scarcity would probably flood this coun- try with another massive in- vasion of dispossessed humani- ty- Reports last week suggested that about Bangladeshis, attempting to cross into India, were driven back from the West Bengal border checkpost of Cede. They are believed to have been Hindus from Farld- pur district. Indian border offi- cials arc reluctant to admit numbers since "nobody really counted but do not deny that the 240 Indian outposts along the border fire under al- most constant siege. Tho guards' unambigous Instruc- tions are however, to stop illegal immigrants and "push them back into Bangladesh." The directive seems a little heartless since most of the ap- plicants are Hindus and Biharis (the Muslim minority group) who might find identification with the new regime in Muslim Bangladesh almost equally dif- ficult. Many of them have har- rowing teles to tell. A'Bihari SAILING INTO SINKING SUN A sailboat into crystal reflections of a sinking sun on waters off Clear- water Beach, Florida, as two sea gulls stand by the wet sands in foreground. Dating game dead By ANN BLACKMAN NEW YORK dat- ing game is dead on col- lege campuses throughout the United Slates. More than 350 interviews on a dozen campuses across the students, faculty members, administrators, phy- sicians, psychiatrists and sociol- that many young people are rejecting the rituals of dating as artificial, Impractical and strained. The young see themselves en- gaged in a search for friend- ships in which men and women celebrate each other for their ideas and thoughtfulness instead of their money, manners, family and good looks. Stroll through dormitories In Cambridge. Mass., Ann Arbor, Mich., Slorrs. Conn., and Chapel Hill, N.C., and you'll find single beds pushed together to make a double, aftershave lotion on the same shelf with perfumes, and the odor of siarijuana hanging in the air PARTIES AREN'T HIP At more conservative schools Liberty, Mo., Memphis, Tenn., and Oxford, changes aren't as sweeping, but they're there. The Big Weekend and beer-drenched fraternity parties still exist, but they ap- pear to be on the uncool. At the University of Missis- sippi in Oxford, things appear much the same on the surface. A dark-haired junior named Tish said she never leaves the donn without her boy-friend's fraternity pin attached to her sweater. Her room is decoraled with sorority insignia, Confedcr- nte flags and pictures of herself and friends in formal atlire. But taped to her mirror hangs f hand-lettered sign: "Take Your Pill." She is not nlnnp. On many campuses, student health centres provide eonlraceplivo counselling and devices. Some have added gynecologists to their permanent staffs. HARVARD MAKES CHANGE A big student worry is not so much. "What will my parents as: "What will they "I'd like my parents to said one freckle-faced sophomore who sleeps with her boy-friend every weekend. "I love him, and I'd like it lo be open. Rut they don't ask. They tnkc the attitude, 'What 1 don't know won't hurt me.'" Women from Harvard's sister college, Kadcliffe, have recently been allowed lo live in Harvard housing. Many college officials know students are breaking rules but only wink at it. Many colleges anJ universi- ties have relaxed their rules, making it easier for men and women to see each other on a daily-and nightly-basis. Curfews have been abolished at a growing number of schools, including Smith College in Nor- thampton, Mass., Colby Junior College in New London, N.H., and the University of Miami. Off-campus apartments are flourishing near the larger schools. In a shabby boarding house in Cambridge, two Har- vard students share four rooms with a Radcliffe co-ed named Pat. They each pay a month for rent and about a week for food. "When I lived in .3 dorm, men would call up and ask for any- one who didn't have a Pat said. "It was really artifi- cial. I'm down on that kind of romantic life. I prefer to bo with a lot of people who really care about me." ThS traditional off-campus liv- ing quarters, fraternity and so- rority houses, appear to be los- ing their appeal. At the Univer- sity of Michigan, five fraternity houses arc up for sale. The Uni- versity of Connecticut had 20 fraternities four years ago. Five remain. There were seven so- rorities, nou1 there are three. THATS WILI, CHANGE' At the University of North Carolina, where the number o( men pledging fraternities this spring dropped 25 per cent from last year, rush chairman Bill Griffin said: "Fraternities aren't needed as social organizations anymore. We're going to see an emerg- ence of fraternity life agjin, but it will be more oriented toward solving community and campus problems." What one finds now are small groups gathering in dormitory rooms and apartments, openly questioning traditional ideas of dating, love, marriage and car- eers. "I used to look at dating as a social means to an said Muff Winter, a senior at Rad- cliffe. Marriage, spilling down, was Ihc goal. Now, seeing that 1 can have a career makes me look nt men in a different sense. For many, the new social pat- ters aiv confusing. "How do you go from friends and this group stuff to getting1 more involved with a girl" asked Steve, a Michigan sopho- more. "In Ihc old days, you'd see a -lirl you liked and ask her out. Mow she'd laugh nt you." family, fleeing Bangladesh, was stopped just before i t reached the border, robbed, ijadly beaten and left half-dead a field. Eventually they managed to crawl across the Frontier to the Indian town of Bonagaon where sympathetic villagers paid their railway fare to Calcutta. Two of the men are In hospital here. Hindus complain of discrimi- nation in the distribution of food and house-building mater- ial. Several hundred Hindu ref- ugees who recently returned to Malda in West Bengal say they were told in Bangladesh that relief goods were for the entire population and that refugees could not be given priority: they would have to take their turn with the rest. This seems to be borne out by Bangladesh's Minister of re- lief and Rehabilitation, A.H.M. Kamaruzzaman, who said in Calcutta recently his task was to redress the wrongs done by the Pakistanis, who had killed three million people, rendered another 30 million homeless by destroying six million houses, and raped women. Ob- viously, the 10 million refugees who were evicted to India, about 90 per cent of whom are Hindus, are not thought to merit special attention. Perhaps this explains Dacca's dilatoriness In restor- ing property that was seized during last year's mad stam- pede. Hindus were told at first that all distress sales at give- away prices would he cancell- ed and fields and houses re- turned. But Bangladesh dragging her feet in introduc- ing the nexessary legislation. IMPOSSIBLE TASK Returning Hindus have been asked instead to prove in a court of law that the 1971 sales, usually to local Muslims, are invalid: an almost impossible task for a destitute person in a society whose legal and ad- minstrative systems have for 25 years, says Professor Muzaffar Ahmed of the pro- Moscow National Awami Party, been heavily weighted in favor of Muslims. It accounts also for Dacca's possible fear that too much In- dulgence shown to Hindus might encourage those millions who left East Bengal at the time of partition in 1947, and whose property was redistri- buted by the East Pakistan au- thorities, to flock back. About 500 such refugees recently left the Dandakaranya resettlement camp in central India for their native villages, but were promptly sent back, purged of the naive belief that Bang- ladesh is a homeland for all Bengalis. Refugees who are now trickling back from the Andaman and Nocobar Islands, where Bengalis have also been resettled by New Delhi, are in for a similar disappointment. But if Biharis fear that they have no future in Bangla- as a tailor from Chitta- gong put it, and Bengalis are afraid of the uncertain present, others too who have lo suffer the privations of Bangladesh look back with longing on the security of camp life in India. Salt is an expensive luxury in Bangladesh and paraffin and mustard oil essential for fuel and cooking in a Bengali home are sold at prohibi- tive prices. What intensifies anxiety Is that while people may have no money to buy rice, they have guns with which to loot a shop or rob a relatively well-off neighbor. About 400 refugees from Dinajpur claim to have fled from the depredations of 300 armed dacoits. Indian attempts to seal the border are not very effective in the face of these overriding compulsions. Legal entry is simple enough and about 50 Bi- hari families apparently cross into India every day with valid papers. All that they need is a certificate to say that they did not collaborate with the Pakis- tanis and these, according to West Bengal stale's Chief Secretary, Mr. N. C. Sen Gupta, are "generously given" by the 402 Bangladesh legislators. STEEP PRICE According to Biharis, how- ever, the documents have to be bought at exorbitant prices. Some have, signed away all their land for such a certificate and even employees of some in- ternational relief agencies aro suspected of carrying on a irisk trade in illicit human cargo. The charge levied by them is a head. The Indian Minister of State for Home Affairs, K. C. Pant, says that East Bengal Bi- linris have entered India. But I lie actual figure Is probably much higher: Calcutta's Tanfi- bagan slum suburb, w here many of them have taken ref- uge, has acquired the sobriquet of "Little Thousands more are believed to have made their way lo friends and relatives in Bihar and Assam. Illegal immagin.il.ion is no less flourishing though officials admit lo only about 150 en- trants each month. But Iheso are only Iho detected cases. A more accurate Index Is sup- plied by West Bengal's eight lorder districts which are each mown lo have received about 200 Bangladesh refugees in the last fortnight of April. many hundreds or thousands more have simply melted away into a country- siiiu where native and new- comer look alike even lo Ben- gali eyes it is impossible to tell. T h e s e Illegal Immigrants come on what was known In Pakistani days as a "jungle It meant no more than payment to an East Ben- gal border official for safe con- duct along well established smuggling routes through un- guarded rice fields. Mr. Kam- aruzzaman says that the Dis- trict Commissioners of Jessore, Khulna, Rajshani and Dinajpur have been asked to put an end to such traffic. The Bangladesh Rifles also now man 90 check- points along ths border. B n t Bangladeshis are not so very different after all from East Pakistanis and, along with arms smuggling Into West. Ben- gal, the practice has been vived with gusto. SIMPSONS-SEARS THEY SHOOT GREAT PICTURES DON'T THEY? YOU BET! AT POPULAR LOW PRICES, TOO. Zen It E 35 mm Camera reflex camera fully Interchangeably lens. Pen system. Easy to use with 58 F.2 !ens. Other lensei available up to 1.000 mm. Com- plete with 1-year guarantee. Carrying case, mm. Single-reflex camera, ai above, with built-in light meter .....................................64.9t Ricoh S.L.R. 35 mm Camera CdS electric eye control gives perfect exposures for ASA 10-800 fim. Metal focal plane irtuttter freezes the action with 11 speeds from 1 to sec. 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