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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 42 W IfTHBRIDGC HERAID Widnildny, May 17, H71 Received lilllc publicity Africa's longest war has ended BECOMING ACttlMATED Ling-ling, femole of tha tourist. The pandas arrived from Peking nearly a m pair of Chinese giant pandas at Washington's National ago, but haven'l been introduced lo each other yet. Zoo, muncho? n carrot while on view for thousands of onlh n.v C. C. MINICMEIt FANGAIC, Southern Sudan (MM A f r i c a 's longest, lentil-publicized w a r has sloped, but the wounds re- main. President Gafaar Nu- meiry travels the country in finest of unity and trust He says waging peace will be more expensive and difficult than waging war. For 17 years elements in the south sought to split away from rule by the Khartoum govL'rmnenl, raising u threat of secession. The information ministry says Khartoum spent a day last year in fighting the rebels. In the 17 years more than half a million persons died. Half to two-thirds of all schools and medical facilities in the south were destroyed, damaged or abandoned. Subs- istence crops went unplanted. A doctor in Malakal, provin- cial capital of Upper Nile Province, estimates that in- fant mortality is G5 per cent in Ihe first four years of life, due in large part to lack of sanitation and medical facili- ties "It is like Eiafra all over he added. An agreement ending the hostilities, and giving the south regional autonomy under Khartoum, was signed In Addis Ababa in March. PRICES DROP A United Nations official says the most encouraging sign Is the building of new huts and cultivation of fresh fields. Roads are open, mili- tary escorts are a thing of the past, bicycles are permitted again, and produce is coining to market. Chickens, which had been selling for a prohibitive RO piasters, or S2.24 in Wau. pro- vincial capital of Babr cl Ga- hazal, now sell for 30 piasters as farmers venture into town. A SlOmillion World Food Program project is giving food instead of salaries to road construction workers. Tlie World Health Organiza- tion is moving vaccination SIMPSONS-SEARS Choose Portable Zl or Cabinet Furniture is always Sew-Ready furniture you can he much more comfortable...helps you sew better. The sewing head will always be at the correct height and the rifiht distance away fur bol nprra- lion. It'll be firm ami cloady. Saves hauling, lifting and storage problems, too, Portable Zig-Zag Cabinet Model rig-ugi, ncrniU fnncy Hitches plain Hilchn applique, monogram basic buliim- holra Mind hems mends, nnd pat, hn nrw in zippera tnt on himoni A.Whether you're beginner liprr'.i He line K'mmort ihs! dora so many function! lining mimul smoothly, nuirtly..easily. Wilh addnl hip-valur fratnrra lo make it nven easier: slilch, IniRlli nnd vidih 2-podilion drop frill iLiming rr.Insr and lever-lype rcvr.isr. wiifull iceessnries. Tl.Our performs flawlessly nt ihr. loneli of n control. by the: 1.HI-.1 Irvcr i-rvrrv ami .ilil.-li-i.-nelli ref.nlahir; [ml (MI- ni uliiiK anil cl.miinr; snap-lurk rrj-'iilalnr for r nc pn-sMirr and huill-in linlil. Knjuy tb nvfmriuT a ai-wing location nin call i r nun: "Nothing hip, haul n.u'rc r lv n [la.-li. AKayl pinny nf Mm, spare rnllnns, materials and a hraulilul IiiMiilun: picrr, tixi! DUALITY COSTS NO MO1.I-; AT SHll'SONS-SKAKS STORE HOURS: Opon Doily 9 o.m. la p m. ond nnrl Friday 9 lo 9 p.m. Crntrr Villngo. Tclopl.ono 328-9231 teams Into the south. China Is sending in doctors and agri- cultural experts. An order of tons oi wheat from the United States began arriving in March. Dozens of other agencies and countries are offering help. IT TAKES TRUST The UN High Commission for Refugees has been assist- ing Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries. Dou- ble that number were dis- placed in the south during the hostilities. Development of trust, after nearly a generation of blood- shed, is essential. Numeiry, whose hold initiative lo end the war was something no other Sudanese leader had achieved, is travelling widely in both north and south ex- plaining the agreement and pleading for unity. Geographically, Sudan Is the largest country in Africa. The souBh's square miles make it larger than France. Tin's correspondent spent live days in the south, Includ- ing two travelling with Nu- meiry In helicopters, visiting places otherwise accessible only by river steamer and dugout Land Rover during the five to seven monUis a year when the roads are not closed by rain. MAKES FIRST VISIT At Raga, hi the far west, Numeiry's visit was the first ever by a Sudanese president. Drums throbbed, ceremonial horns trumpeted and hundreds cheered as he shook counlless hands, tried a school desk, listened to songs honor- ing his bringing of peace, and donated money to help restore a mosque. Later a company of combat troops sat cross-legged, auto- matic weapons across their laps, under a tree as Nu- meiry, a major-general, told them to leave their British- built armored scout cars in the parking lot and leave their weapons in the armory. By doing this, he said, peo- ple would learn to trust the army again, and the soldiers would have both hands free to help in development of wells, roads, schools and dispensar- ies. WON'T SURRENDER ARMS. The soldiers applauded, po- litely. Joseph Lagu, leader of hla rebel Anyanya army, esti- mated by Khartoum to have totalled as many as men, signed the Addis Ababa agreement and now is touring the south urging peaceful co- existence and explaining tho agreement. But Lagu, whom Numeiry has named a major-general in the Sudanese army, has point- edly told his people not to sur- render their arms yet. It takes a while to develop trust. Under the agreement the Sudanese national army now fn the south will eventually be reduced to men. Half are to be southerners, Includ- ing former Anyanya rebels. {Brown power' movement is sweeping South Africa JOHANNESBURG A mili- tant "brown power" movement is sweeping South Africa's two million colored people, break- ing down the few communica- tions bridges that have been built betueen the white Afrik- aners who run the country and tlie colored people, who are largely descendants of liaisons in the 18th and 19th centuries jelween Dutch settlers and Af- rican women. The new mood is epitomised 3V Adam Small, a poet and sen- or lecturer in philosophy at the University of the Western Cape, le is colored, and like most colored people, was reared in the Afrikaans language. Until a year ago he advocat ed contact between white and I non-white inhabitants o[ this country. Then he went on study and lecture tour to the United States, returning to de- nounce his previous views and all who support them. He now rejects any form of cooperation with whites, and believes that the colored people must attain their goals under their own steam. Around him is crystallizing a movement that is directed primarily against the Afrikaner, (he symbol of Government oppression and apartheid. Among the colored elite the use of Afrikaans is no longer tolerated. People who have grown up speaking Afrikaans now use solely English and send their children to English- medium schools, Anyone still using Afrikaans Is regarded as a sell-out, and faces social os- tracism. NEW MOOD TIu's new mood led to the abrupt cancellation of a multi- racial conference due to be held last month at which Afrikaans and colored academics were to discuss the wage gap between white and colored workers. It was to be a follow-up lo a significant, and highly success- ful conference last October at which Afrikaans and colored people met for the first lime in history to debate the specific problems of coloreds. Snowballing support for a pol- icy of non-cooperation with lib- eral whiles resulted in charges of "treason against the colored nation" being levelled at those coloreds proposing to attend he second conference, near the university town of Etellenhosch. Coloreds in the and business have told by the ac.i- demics that cooperation with whiles Is senseless, and that the future of all colored people rests with themselves. These opponents of dialogue appear not only to think in terms of brown power, but also want to identify themselves with all non-whiles suffering from "white In- evitably, the new altitude is being reflected in the state- ments of colored polilicians. Until 1970 the colored popula- tion was represented in parlia- ment In Cape Town not di- rectly hut via three white MPs who were elected by the coloreds to guard colored Inter- ests. These colored seats were abolished at the time of the .1970 general election, and col- ored political activity switched to a Colored Persons' Repre- sentative Council, formed In 19G9. The council was born in controversy, with a clear maj- ority of elected representalives coming from the Labor Party, an implacable opponent of apart heid. Prime Minister John Vorster hit back by appointing suffi- cient numbers of pro-Govern- ment Federal Party men to lha council to ensure that the body backed government policies. Among those appointed without being elected was Tom Swartz, Federal Party leader, who had been defeated in the polls. He was made chief executive of the council, which has responsibili- ty for housing, education and welfare. Dissent within his party, and a steady stream ol defections have cut the Federal majority to one. Sensing that he must follow the tide of colored opinion. Swartz last month lashed out at the government, dubbing his own Representative Council "a puppet institution without real and calling for col- oreds to elect their own MPs to Parliament. He astounded delegates to tht Federal Party national confer- cnce held near the coastal (own of Port Elizabeth, by telling them, "We do not want these puppet inslilutions. We want real power." He revealed that he had held a long, secret con- sultation with Roy Wilkins, leader of the National Associa- tion for the Advancement o( Colored People in the United States, while Wilklna was In South Africa recently. "Mr. Wilkins convinced of one Mr. Swartz said, "and that was that we (the colored people) can never have any power in our own country until we have a vote." In an obvious plea for i col- ored homeland a proposal that the government has firmly rejected Mr. Swartz said that if separate development must persist "then I say ths Government must separate us and leave us atone to rule our- selves." Chretien crying foul over new Yukon fuss OTTAWA fCP) Northern Development Minister Jean Chretien, who has grown accus- tomed to taking verbal wallops from Yukoners ,is part of his job, is crying foul over the new- est controversy swirling in the territory. This time he is being accused of rewriting the history of the 1B9G gold rush and giving an In- dian all credit for the first dis- covery that brought thousands of pold-seekers lo the Yukon. "It's a lot of said one Chretien aide when asked about his minister's alleged bterary endeavours. The fuss all started when Yu- knnrrs learned that a new plaque is In INI creeled at Ihc site of the Discovery Claim en Ronanzs Crc'ik. II quickly spread around the Icrritory that Ihe new plaque was lo given an Indian named Skookum Jim nil credit (or tho first claim. WON'T mscnrniT ANYONE Chrcl ion's office denies any niovo to lake nway nny credit from George earmark and Tag- Charlie, who along with Skookum Jim searched Iho gravel beds of Discovery Creek when the big finds were made. "The text of Ihc new plaque hasn't even bcp.n decided on said n .spokesman for the minister. He also said Mini the derision lo replace Ihc old plaque was nadc by a M-incinbcr board composed of bislorians which gives' advice lo Ihe nalional and hisloric parks branch, part, of Mr. Chretien's portfolio. Lewis Thomas, a professor of history at the University of Al- berla and a board member, said the board, after some research, concluded a new inscription should be drafted "giving due credit to the part played hy In- dian Skookum (Strong) Jim." "There is no decision lo ex- clude appropriate reference lo Carmack and Tagish said professor Lewis. That isn't the way the Yukon hear.5 it Said one iinidenlified member of t he territorial government: "Indians are in this year and Chretien's image hasn't been nil that great, that's why Skookum Jim get-s all the credit." The Yukon historic sites board also has expressed strong disagreement with the federal group. And a federal official, also un- named, said the decision goes against research findings dona at Ottawa and Dawson City. The Chretien aide said U his- tory is going to be rewritten, it will be on the advice of the dis- tinguished persons on the parks advisory council. "It certainly won't be mat- ter of the minister's he said. Special education parley successful first venture CRANBROOK (Speciall-Two h u n d r c d educationists from Dawson Creek lo Frascr Valley, and Blainnoie and Washington, registered for the unique two- day "special education" confer- ence here. T. A. Phillips, Crnnbrook In- Icrmcdiate education supervi- sor, was chairman. Joint sponsors uerc Mental Health Associalion, Cran- brook school district, Canadian Association for Children with Learning Disabilities, Spec i n 1 Education Teachers' Associalion and B.C. Teachers' Fedcralion. Speakers were CACLD found- er Dnrcen Kronlck of Toronto and assuciiilo professor Jiiog- 'ricd Kngi-lmann of Kngolmaim- ilcckcr Corporation, Portland. Theme ot tho conference was "Happiness Is Success." All sections by tho visiting speakers stressed recognition o[ the special problem of the in- dividual child will Ihe learning disability, then detailed outline of how to help the child remedy it. In addiliun In those registered anolhor 100 or so attended vari- ous scclions of their own choice. Major social event was the banquet at which Dr. W. 0. Mil- chcll, University of Allxrl.i author in residence, himself a former teacher, gave tin warm nnd willy aflcr-dinnnr speech. Cranhrook CMIIA secretary Mrs. Warren Monre was execu- tive socrclary for tho confer- ence, hclievwl the first prov- ince wide session ot 1U kind. ;