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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta WaHneiday, May 17, 1972 THE IETHBIIDOI HERALD 43 India continues the battle to keep out new wave of refugees By SUNANDA DATTA-RAY London Observer Service CALCUTTA relaxa- tion of vigilance along India's frontier with Bang- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman has yet lo come to grips with the infant republic's basic problems of relief, law- lessness and food scarcity would probably flood this coun- try with another massive In- vasion of dispossessed liurnarJ- ty- Heporls last week suggested that about Bangladeshis, attempting to cross into India, were driven back from the West Bengal border checkposl of Cede. They are believed to have been Hindus from Farid pur district. Indian border off cials are reluctant to adm numbers since "nobody real counted but do nol den that the 240 Indian outpos along the border arc under a most constant siege. T h guards' unambigous Inslru tions are however, to sto illegal immigrants and "pus them back into The directive seems a litt heartless since most of the a plicants ere Hindus and Bihan (the Muslim minority group who might find identificatio with the new regime in Musli Bangladesh almost equally di ficult. Many of them have ha: rowing tales to tell. A'Biha: SAILING INTO SINKING SUN A sailboat tails Into crystal reflections of a sinking sun on waters off Clear- water Beach, Florida, ai Iwo sea gulls stand by the wet In foreground. Dating game dead By ANN BI.ACKMAN NEW YORK AP) Tlic dat- ing game is dead on many col- lege campuses Ihrouglioul the United Stales. More than 150 Interviews on a dozen campuses across Ihc country with students, faculty members, administrators, phy- sicians, psychiatrists and sociol- that .many young people are rejecting the rituals of dating as artificial, Impractical and strained. The young see themselves en- gaged in a searcli for friend- ships In which men and women celebrate each other for their ideas and Ihoughlfulness instead of their money, manners, family and good looks. Stroll through dormitories In Cambridge. Mass., Ann Arbnr, Mich.. Storrs. Conn., and Chapel Hill, N.C., and you'll find single beds pushed together lo make a double, aftershave lotion on the same shelf with perfumes, and the odor of yiarijuana hanging in the air PARTIES AREN'T HIP At more conservative schools Memphis, Tenn., and Oxford, the changes aren't as sweeping, but they're there. The Big Weekend nnd beer drenched fraternity parties still cxisl, hut they ap- pear to be on the wane unhip, uncool. At the Universily of .Missis- sippi in Oxford, things appear much the same on the surface. A dark-haired junior named Tish said she never leaves the dorm her boy-friend's fraternity pin atlached lo her sweater. Her room is decornled with sorority insignia, Confcdcr- ntc flags and piclurcs of herself and friends in formal allire. But I aped lo her mirror hang? hand-lettered pign: "Talio Your Pill." She is not nlnnp. rip many r a m p n s e F, sturlcnl health rcnlros provide, cnnlraccplivo counselling and devices. Rome have added gynecologists lo their permanent slaffs. HARVARD MAKKS CHANGE A big sludcnl worry is not so much. "What will my parents IK: ''What will they "I'd like my parents lo said one freckle-faced sophomore who sleeps with her boy-friend every weekend. "I love him, and I'd like it lo be open. Rut Ihcy don'l ask. They lake the altitude, 'What 1 don't know won't liurf inc.'" Women from Harvard's sister college, Radcliffc, have recently been allowed lo live in Harvard housing. Many college officials know I students arc breaking rules bu only wink at it. Many colleges anJ universi ties have relaxed their rules making it easier for men ant women to see each other on dailv-and nightly-basis. Curfews have been abolishes at a growing number of schools including Smith College in Nor fhampton, Mass., Colby Junioi College in New London, N.H. and Ihe University of Miami. Off-campus apartments are flourishing near the larger schools, In a shabby boarding house in Cambridge, two Har vard students share four room, with a Radcliffe co-ed namec Pat. They eacli pay S72 a month for rent and about S5 a week [01 food. ''When T lived in 3 dorm, men would call up and ask for any one who didn't have a Pat said. "It was really artifi cial. I'm down on that kind ol romanlic life. I prefer to bo with a lot of people who really care about me.'' ThS traditional off-campus liv- ing quarters, fraternity and so- rority houses, appear to he los- 'ng their appeal. At the Univer- sity of Michigan, five frr.lernity houses arc up for sale. The Uni- versity of Connecticut had 20 fraternilio.T four years ago. Pivo remain There were seven so- rorities, no'.v there are three. WILL CHANGE1 At (he University of North Carolina, where the number of men pledging fraternities this spring dropped 25 per cent from last year, rush chairman Bill Griffin said: "Fraternities aren't needed as social organizations anymore. We're going to see an emerg- ence ot fraternity life ag'iin, but it will be more oriented lov.vird solving community and campus problems." U'hnl one finds now are fmnll groups gathering in dormitory rooms and apaiImeiil.s, openly questioning traditional ideas of dating, love, marriage and car- eers. "I used to look at dating as a social means to an said Muff Winter, a senior at liad- cliffc. Marriage, grilling down. family, fleeing Bangladesh, was .stopped just before i reached the. border, robbed, badly beaten and left half-deac in a field. EventuaDy they managed to crawl across the frontier lo the Indian town of Bonagaon where .sympathetic villagers paid their railway fare to Calcutta. Two of the men are In hospital here. Hindus complain of discrimi- nation in the distribution ol food and house-building mater- ial. Several hundred Hindu ref- ugees who recently returned to Malda in West Bengal say they were told in Bangladesh that relief goods were for the entire population and that refugees could not be given priority: they would have to take their turn with the rest. This seems to be borne out by Bangladesh's Minister of re- lief and Rehabilitation, A.H.M, Kamaruzzaman, who said In Calcutta recently his task was to redress tlie wrongs done by the Pakistanis, who had klllec three million people, rendered another 30 million homeless by destroying six million houses, and raped women. Ob- viously, the 10 million refugees who were evicted to India, about 90 per cent of whom are Hindus, are not thought lo merit special attention. Perhaps this explains Dacca's dilatoriness In restor- ing property that was seized during last year's mad stam- pede. Hindus were told at first thai all distress sales at, give- away prices would he cancell- ed and fields and houses re- turned. But Bangladesh is dragging her feet in introduc- ing the nexessary legislation. IMPOSSIBLE TASK Returning Hindus have been asked instead to prove in court of law that the 1971 sales, usually to local Muslims, are invalid: an almost impossible task for a destitute person in a society whose legal and ad- minstrative systems have for 25 years, says Professor Muzaffar Ahmed of the pro- Moscow National Awaml Parly, been heavily weighted in favor of Muslims. It accounts also for Dacca's possible fear that too much in- dulgence shown to Hindus might encourage those millions who lelt East Bengal at the time of partition In 1947, and whose property was redistri- buted by the East Pakistan au- thorities, to nock back. About 500 such refugees recently left the Dandafcaranya resettlement camp in central India for their native villages, but were promptly sent back, purged of Ihe naive belief that Bang- ladesh is a homeland for all Bengalis. Refugees who are now trickling back from the Andaman and Nocobar Islands, where Bengalis have also been resettled by New Delhi, are in for a similar disappointment. But if Biharis fe'ar that they have no future in Bangla- as a tailor from Chitta- gong put it, and Bengalis are afrairt of the uncertain present, others too who have to suffer .ho privations of Bangladesh look back with longing on the securily of camp life in India. >alt is an expensive luxury in Bangladesh and paraffin and mustard oil essential for Fuel and cooking in a Bengali 'iome are sold at prohibl- -ive prices. What intensifies anxiety Is .hat while people may have no money to buy rice, they have guns with which to loot a shop or rob a relatively well-off icighbor. About 400 refugees rom Dinajpur claim to have led from the depredations of ;iOO armed dacoils. Indian attempts to seal the jordcr are not very effective in lie face of these overriding impulsions. Legal entry is iimple enough and about 50 Bi- lari families apparently cross nto India every day with valid pers. All that they need is a erfificale to say that they did ot collaborate with the Pakis- and these, according to Vest Bengal state's Chief ecrctary, Mr. N. C. Sen Gupta, re "generously given" by tho 62 Bangladesh legislators TEE1> PRICE According In Biharis, how- ver, the documents have to be ought at exorbitant prices, nine have signed away all icir land for such a certificate id even employees of some in- relief agencies aro ispectcd of carrying on risk trade in illicit human irgo. The charge levied by em is 5150 a head. The Indian Minister of Slate Home Affairs, K. C. Pnnl, i.vs (hat East Bengal Bi- have entered India. Bui was Ihc goal. Now. seeing Iho actual figure Is proiiably that I can hove a raroor makes much higher: Calcutta's T.iuli- 1 slum suburb, where many of them havo lakr-n ref- uge, has acquired Ihe .sobriquet of "Lilllc Thousands a different look nt men in souse. For many, the no.w social pnt- :rrs aiv confusing. "How do you go from friends ind this group stuff to gelling1 nore involved with n girl" isliotl Klcvo. a Michigan sopho- nore. "In Ihc old days, you'd soe n ;irl you liked and ask her out. nw she'd laugh at you." more arc believed to have made Iheir way lo friends and relatives in Uilmr nmi Assam. Illegal itiimagin.-il.ion Is nn less flourishing (hough officials admil lo only about ISO en. (nulls each month. But thcso (are only Iho dclcclcd cnscs. A more accurate Index is sup- plied by West Bengal's eight border districts which are. eudi known to have received about 209 Bangladesh refugees In the last fortnight of April. GV.' many hundreds or thousands more have simply melted away into a country- Mtiu where nulivc and new- comer look alike even lo Ben- gali eyes it is impossible to (ell. T h e s e Illegal Immigrant come on what was known In Pakistani days as a "jungle It meant no more than payment to an East Ben- gal border official for safe con- duct along well established smuggling routes tlirough un- guarded rice fields. Mr. Kam- aruzzaman says that the Dis- Irict Commissioners of Jessore, Khulna, Rajshani and Dinajpur have been asked (o put an end to such traffic. The Bangladesh Rifles also now man 90 check- points along tho border. Bat Bangladeshis are not so very different after all from East Pakistanis and, along with arms smuggling Into West Ben- gal, the practice has been re- vived with gusto. SIMPSONS-SEARS THEY SHOOT GREAT PICTURES DON'T THEY? YOU BET! AT POPULAR LOW PRICES, TOO. Zen it E 35 mm Camera reflex camera fea'urei fully Interchangeable lens. lystem. Easy To use with 58 mm, F.2 lens. Other lensei available up to mm. Com- plete with 1-year guarantee, Carrying case, mm. 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