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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOtJUTEEN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD FRIDAY, MAY Grain Growing, Irrigation, Gardening "THE FARMER'S OWN PAGE" Stock Raising, Poultry, Marketing TURKEY SUPPLY BELOW DEMAND for EMS: an Can-1 recent jeais lias far ex- j eeeded tbe available supply. Prob-i ablv the osrsiaadrss reason for popularrv ras tie rationing of Pesltrr 2ieat isras no: ration- ed. TurSey siea; is highly nutnu the poults are placed on tcould be fenceo. in a? pres-nbec area for protec'ion Dreca'orv animals. It uili aJso en- opics able titem to be put under cover rains com" rtani ibtil the or dressec, the marke: on a conciuoa. says A. G- Tay- lor, Pculiry Diviswa. Central Ss-; So :ia: as msnv rurkeys be raised! as cess-ale tnis year, severs! im-, porfan: factors be obssnec. are ssica con- s siderauons as getting tha to lay early and lakin? reasonably good "care of the eggs, keeping tne breeding resales layms 5or a rea- sonable nsae, seniss the esas in rie'-osiors that are kno'sm to them good care, especially; during the season, protect- j jng the srowzrg poults on range by: fencing them jr. a prescribed area.! and ov ihe leecons of suitaole and; nutritious leecs mrougnout i the growls season, i The proper tune for the turkey farmer to have his turkeys start to lav is when the soring season opens When, the weather is cold, fertility mav be noor and nanv eggs may oe frozen or chJled. Sggs snouM be i gatrsrec often when me weather Breeding females should be given regular care ana any oircs which show signs of broodmess should be broken up ai once and got, back to without delay. IncubsnEg eggs should net be en- trusted to incuoators of question- sole Turkey are ccstlv and should be hatched m tried and proved :ncabaiors. 3e sure the brooder house ape equioment are ready to receive the rurkey poults. Operate the brooder stove'for a few days oefore putting the mulls in the brooder so that a controlled heal of 90 degrees P. is essareo. two inches aoove the floor of tne brooder house juss at the, enter edge of the brooder canopy. Feed hoppers placed en 3st noards end in a Discs convenient to tne i poults, also water fountains, snouia be aroTitjed. It is a good nlan to see tost tne poults are feeding from, the start. As'they are placed m. tae brooder, each" poult saouid be taught; TO ennfc by tupping its bill in the cnnkiEg water. To assist in leedutg. a number of poults snoald be treat- ed 77; a manner by having the bill of the txndt diptjed in. tne once they get a taste of masa sna a dnnk of war-er they will soon lesm to feed and teach the otners to colikewise- To keep the poults from crowd- Ing in the comers of the hoose away from the heat use a guard of some fcnd placed out from, the hover about two feet. Taey soon learn, to return, to the heat of tae brooder waen resting, tune the guard can be moved farther back or removed. Start the pouits to feed by using e. good rurkey starter mash. These can be purcnased ready mixed. Feed starter mash for at less; sis weeks Turkey growing mash and mixsd grs-ns rp.r> then be fed- has taken on "ree T-" "should clo-.er. a-a one of oassure ab'jSdioa: supply If an eariv crop o: ha-, is tae g-owih oe reacv -a hen ire poults are old enough to be given range. WHYCANADIANS DONT EAT MORE CHEESE szdelisr.t on tr.e o: cheese in Canaca was mer.-ionea bi. D. M. Seattle.. Assottawd Dairy Products.: Doaun-on Department of Agncul- j nire m the course of an accress in wmch he gate an over-cli p.cture of the Canacian cheese at j tne convention of the Mamtocs j Associanon. held recenth mi Winnipeg In line with all other dairv "nroducts. Mr. Beatae. the "consumption of cheese in Can- ada had increased, during the war vears and was at present around 4S aounds per person per year as com- nared with 3s, pounds lor tae year 1939. Even :n tne Unites Knigcom where cheese was rationed, tne consumption had increasec. from 3 3-5 pounds ser person per year in 1938 to arourtc pounds at the present time This uaward trend in the TJE-ted KinscDm had been the result of the necessity of cheese in the diet rather tnan one of supply. The aeosle of Canada were cats- able of consuming much more cheese was used at present because there were many who eon- sumea verv little cheese or none at jilt. A factor which tincouoteoly re- tarded Cheddar cheese consumption was tne handicap in retail mer- as a result of lack of ease bv which it could be offered for sale in an attractive package of 3 size suitable for consumers It was known that oroper maturing of cheese could oe done only when the cnesse was large or at least of a size large enough to be unsuitable for direct sale to the average con- sumer. To cut large cheddar cheese for uniform isackagmg entailed a great deal of waste wn'pss there was some means of disposing or scraps oy Drocessing. Sveo. atter overcoming the matter of cutting the cheese into sizes of uniform weight, tne cheese must be wrapped in. such a wav as to overcome snrinkage. The development of mould m some of tnese packages caused complaints from customers besides involving a coESiaeraoie amount of waste. These were hampering the sale of Cheddar cheese as succ, and, conse- quently, much of the increase m cneese" consumption in. Canada had been throdgn tae use of process cneese. The word woman comes from the old EnglJsn meaning tne wife-naif of We remember when we came to thii countrj as 1S05 praetieal- jea loosec there a sea "grass. The first vie ioeiu Hi South Al- berta mas is the Kian Kiver country where the were an mining smaU cattle hercs -ahich. is a few jears. grew to be c.-_i-e large Some sole out and boagr-; their neighbors who kept adding to their ranch- es thej became Q'-ite aize- ab> What struck us ar the" time the wal'h of grass the fenced sr.d the were keot cut tre Bummer months Ihro-jgn ibe na'ive grass m-ce a -noncer- fui feed to put up :cr hay for the winter. Then we wen- wheat crarv and everywhere the virgin grass was turned urcer cy the mil- Lons upon millions of acres we turned "the sun and the air ana the weather loose on the turn- ed-ua soil and for a sooo. many vears we sot wonderful crops. And wny nof> Tha; grass bad beei down there anc dying down each ;.ear for ma-.oe -nillions of years The water ciant run much because there was a mat of old grass to soak up the moisture and keep it hidden :rom "ne sun and wine. The fertility in the soil man c a chance to leached our It was all there. Forty ousael crops were eacn acre then. For a eood many years we wuh horses. We had to keeo cart of tee farm in pas- ture. "ofr to raise some hay and to "srow some oats. The teams movec across the land a; aoout two miles an hour. And we cidn't have drifting to worrv aoout Then came the Firs; Great War. tractors, more monev 10 buv tractors to break up more land, even the land which tne horses used to have for pasture. The tracrors moved four or live miles an hour gpn heai; the sniffing out of the sou. And soil drifting started And it has been seeing a bit worse each year. Of course, we have" trasn coter, and we're farming in strips. But by the time we summerfallow ana then get the land reacy the next soring and get the gram m. the groiind most of the trasn has cisauDearea And we've run the tractors so fast that the soil is fined to ashes, all reaay for the fust wind that blows. We're going to have to back tractors slower aad with heavier loads to make up for lack of sneea. put some land back to grass regularly, waste K, m a word so that there will be some buffers againsE -he wmo. And if we can fix things to grow some livestock, even a. The Canadian Bank of Commerce has loaned mffiioTis of dollars to farmers through the years of expanding frontiers. Throughout Canada it has applied Banking in Action to help buttd this nation's thriving dairy and livestock industry. G FIELDS OF livestock, fruitful dairy herds and meats, milk, cheese, butter, eggs; the food of a nation and the hopes of starving peoples abroad; thriving communities, dependent for their welfare on the these, things flow from Canada's Agricultural Industry. That is Banking in Action, 715A THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH, W. T. Cook, Manager I THE POTATO CROP Ever since the early days of irrigation in South- ern AJberta the potato'crop has been an important one in this district. This year note that potato] Canada's Progress With Frozen Food an address to the members of Frozen Food Institute at their York Fruit lo ,be frozen u> A i cron one of the larsrer 01 the specialized crops Dominion Department of A crop u- twc f rtlr.-a3jure- dealt ulth Canadian rei in the irrigated area, bunging tne acreage up clos-e to that plamed for canning crops, and one-fifth of the total sugar beer acreage. The can verv well remember tne ups ana _ __ rvi-m- f "ha nocf downs of the potato grow ers ei tne past 4U It was to market alfalfa and potatoes that the South- ern marketing service to handle them to advantage, and j it takes very close co-operation between the grower i and his marketing sen-ice to grow the kind that will j sell and to grade them to advantage. Years ago when j potatoes got to be a good price everyone rushed in j the next year, with the result that the market was not. unu! seven yeais later that tbe fust recommended pack was in- for consumer that. >ear. 1932. thousand LETHBRIDGE EXPERIMENTAL FARM WEEKLY LETTER sponsibihty !n seeing that their share of the wool crop is harvested and prepared for market in the HARVEST TIME The title of this weekly letter may seem strange coming as it does -.egetabies for soup stock and m glutted and the marketing machinery broke down. We have seen that happen times without number almost. Now. it would appear, the potato growers' organization is strong enough to provide the ware- housing and equipment, the field work and the man- agement necessary to carry through from first to last. If the organization can keep along the lines which have developed during the war years we predict a steady market for Lethbridge potatoes, with a operation OP the part of the growers not to overload one point, said MT. Perry, which .1 i j j. -3 4.1, -nvnrliinf -rr-TiioV Canadian Bacteriologists emphasize, Fruit and Vegetable Division. Do- minion Department of Agriculture. Certain inspectors are assigned for canning inspection which includes canning, freezing. and the manufacture of jams, jellies, ard pickles Inspectors are sta- tioned in districts through- out Canada and visit plants two or three times sser week during the canning season. In establishing grades of quaiitv, the Canadian government has "a definite control the manu- facture and labelling of the pro- ducts, thus assuring wholesome food of good quality to meet need of the consuming public grows the market and to provide the kind of product mil win and hold the market. Everybody potatoes, and that is one of the reasons they are a hard product to handle. That is the reason, too, for solid organization. few head, so thai well need a hay meadow and, sych. then we'll be on our way on the back- to where we found is in 1905. Probably well raise less if we spread the marketing holding wheat; from the good croo to sell m the oad. well have just as tyg a revenue Anyway, the 40-hour week should mean something to the fanner. Servant of Agriculture Lethbridge Experimental Station lave stock and poultry play an. miDortant; nan; in the agricultural economy of Southern. Aloerta and have had s. major ulace m the pro- gram of the Lethbridge Espenmen- tal Station. Attention nas been given to many problems such as range cattle and lambs on irrigated farms, the development of dairy production oa the basis of imgated pastures and farm grown feeds, development ot 2. super- ior breed of range sheep and Barred Plymouth Rock potiltry, studies on home-grown poultry rations artifi- cial incubation m a dry climate, and numerous o'Sier problems. New problems developed faster Than could be solved with tne staff and faciljnes available. To overcome this difficulty a nrogres- sive plan has been developed and iz gradually is being pu; into action, ffhe first step was the acquisiron of the Sheet) Station at Scandia zn 1343 to oermit of a nore complete stuoy of problems affecting range sheeo proGucnon. A Wool LaboT'a- tory'recentlv has been completed at the Lethbridge Station, for studies on wool production ana wool mi- In the fall of 1945 an animal nutnaomss was added to the ani- mal husbandry staff to devote his full time to the "nany and varied phases of live siock feeding. More recently a trained man has Jbeen placed in charge of wool work in the Wool Laooratory. Anotner man has been added to the technical staff to concentrate on studies m live stock production and manage- ment. Two further additions to the staff are slated for an early date, one an animal breeding expert and tne other a poultrr breedjig expert. It is felt that witb. tbjs staff the animal and poultry husbandry sec- tion of the Lethbndge Station will be able to serve tne live stock ara poultry proaucers of this territory more adequately in the future Directing this work and develop- ment is K. (Karl) Kasmussen B Sc. MJSc_ Head. Animal and Poultry Husbandry Section, wno has been a member of the Station staff since Decetnoer 31. 1930. An Ameri- can fay birth 'incidentally he is tne same age as the Experimental he came to Alberta as a boy. and in which the consuming oubhc need to be cautioned, is that frozen fruits and are not ster- ile. In other words, the ireezing does nor kill bacteria or microbes Once the products has been de- frosted, it" should be consumed promatly or stored at temperatures no; exceeding 40 degrees F. it should not be re-frozen under any However, to the sheep producer this time of the jear js harvest season for it is that his first crop, namely the wool crop, is being gathered. This jear it is snore important than eyer that careful attention be gnen to this hardest Because lucre is a tremendous surplus of wool available in world stocks and the comoetinon for markets is verjs, keen indeed. Despite the fact that the Canadian Wool Board will con- tinuS to purchase the Canadian crop for thss season at prices simi- lar "to those existing during the pass few jears it must be remem- bered that the Wool Board has to sell the wool and m so doing comes into competition with other sup- pliers Quahtv of product will be a de- termining factor hi the ability of the Wool Board to make sales in a satisfactory manner. If thss factor is kept m mind by all wool pro- ducers it must be obvious to them that individually they have a re- circumstances after it has been de- frosted. Properly handled, frozen products are safe and nutritious food. best possible manner. This tnoughi is far but it is one that apparently requires re-emphasis eierj jear for a relatively large number of wool producers still fail to accept, their responsibility and act accordingly, jfot only does mdmcual producer, who is careless in his methods, suffer a financial loss but his carelessness directlv infiaeaces the whole wool clip and thus penalizes those men who do accept their responsibility and produce wool of acceptable quality properly packed for market. If there are producers m South- era Aiberta who lack knowledge regarding the preparation of a wool clip for marketing they will hate an opportumtv of overcoming their lack of knowledge by attend- ing one of ihe three shearing schools to be held in Southern Al- this year. Tne first of these schools will be held at Brooks on May 24 and 25, the neit at Cardston on Ma> 27 and 28. and the third ac the Letnb'-idge Experimental Sta- tion on Hay 29 and 30. At these schools opportunity is provided not only for" prospective shearers to learn how to shear Droperly but instruction is also guen m the most acceptaole manner of handling the wool fo- best results in marketing. This mav be" your last opportunity so do not rr.ss it K. RASMUSSEJf (Head, Aruma! Husoanory and Poultry Section) He was raised on a farm near Dniniheller but took to book learn- ing and graduated from the tTm- of Manitoba in 1930 with the degree. He specialized m annual husbandry and in liis JIBS! year he was a member of the stock judging team at the Toronto Hoyal and Chicago International. After coming to the Letnbnoge Station lie realized the need for more traji- ing so wens; to the TJmversity of California for studies in wool tech- nology and animal genetics ending Tip with new knowledge and the ILSc. degree. Still not satisfied he turned to Iowa State College for ork in ivmmal genetics and animal breeding and received his de- gree m 1941. Importance Of Quality By H. G L. STRAXGS A most distinguished has I recently visited Winnipeg He js one of the great authorities on I the milling of wheat and Hour, and acts as an aoviser not only to many British mills, large and small bat, also to the government. This gentleman said "that in tne of wheats were con- sidered by British millers to be our wheat, for as your quality im- proves, so will the demands for your wheat tend to increase." WELDING FOR PORTABLE or SHOP WELDING Phone 3S99 Richards Welding 323-3rd St. S. Lethbridge LOKG TARX A s'ngle pound of Irish fla-s: fibre j has been known to proauce miles ol liand-spun yarn. V Belt DRIVES A inch. to 10 in. to 100 in. B inch. to 19 In. to 100 la. We also design and sup- ply multiple belt drives. Stocks now fairly complete. MCKENZIE Electric Ltd. PHONE 3637 Mail and phone orders given prompt attention. HERE AT LAST DOMINION ROYAL Farm Tractor Tires Change your tractor over from steel to rubber now so that you can pull heavier loads with greater ease and comfort. Run your tractor in or bring in your wheels and we will do the rest. J. A. Jardine's Tire Supply 401 First Avenue S. Phone 3580 Lethbridge, At Sykes you will always find a. food selection of those fine occasional pieces so important in making- a home gracious and to save yoa money. Double Door Bookcases Smart Walnut Bookcases with two glass doors, full length drawer on top and grooved shelves Can also be used for cnina cabinets. Each 4-Piece Bedroom Suite Maple finished Bedroom Suite, consisting of full size bed, chiffonier, vanity and bench. Just the suite for Juniors rooni- pieces Smart Metal Bridge and SUk Shades. Complete Bridge Lamp and Shade Lamp Stands 4 A Tri-Lite Floor Lamps A large assortment of Tn-Iite Floor Lamps Torchiere stjle and plain Tn- Ine Lamps with silk 4 snades. Priced frcm J Occasional Chairs A big selection of occasional chairs In all colors From End Tables Walnut finished End nadershelf semi-circle constructed. Each Tables with style. Well Bed, Spring, Mattress Metal Bed with strong fillers, cable spring and felt mattress, in all stand- dard sizes. Three Pieces Clothes Hampers Strong Clothes Hampers in two sizes. in white and ivory finishes. S7.95.S8.95 Folding Lawn Chairs Strong Folding Lawa Chairs, rocker style, covered with heavy gold awning. Bach 320 6th Street South AIR CONDITIONERS be moved and cir- A portable Air Conditioner which can from one room to another. Quickly purifi culates the air. Just the thing for Cft that stuffy room. Each Terms: Available according to Wartime Prices iTafle Board regulations. nFWSPAPFRI ;