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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT Till'. LETHHlUnGE DAILY UKIUUX IlWKvVI'mX nl'.VRI.OPMKNT N SATURDAY, MAY 17, 19ll> TWENTY YEARS OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA AGRICULTURE (J. McOAlG. Editor of ri Provincial Government ot iuien.'ive iype ot. agrkuture'has been superimposed up- ou a very simple set ot tsnd condll- ious. A span of twenty years In South- ern .Siberia will show the pastoral tiace ot wettern land development at ;it the invasion of the grain farmer on'the Quietude cf cattle Und itlc -conquest ot the uncertain tie- Southern Alberta, agriculture displays ments ill farm the DjV, jaj'.oral, grain-growing, anj irri- js limited moUlcro simply neaa a Xlrid. of precarious home nuk.- lag with an for a compet- ence, but In IrrieatSoa farming nent of cbwce Is eliminated.- the bome-maVlns side o! Ihe bujlcess li mtde Ofitiln and f0011 toin' ijement t. competence 1'rieilolljr assured. r mdusirles calls atteotlos'to cer- jianchiBE. wliicS was at its tain characteristic features ihal differ- ujj !s a lluj o! enliala it from nearly all other ladus- When a man can invest iries. It has f. large measure o! wh.a! yj iji momy in productive stocl; wlth- 13 soimtiiaiei failed Werendeocf. On any" capluliiation in land he can Ihe. personal side this [ltaj a weak cow or a lite looks good. A man what Dr several without worriing. ie stall do and what shall not do. aolti it dots not look Hie good busl- For a business fids ibis Sfntlarly when the warehouses should be called or Isola- of tjj, filled with colls ol lion teemse farmer rolch was strum about worts without co-operativs comuiun- promiscuously to the ruin' ot Ity push. Ths occupation ol fa'nnlng ]inj [ne irmin- farmer was committing said to be beaKMul-because it li to make good. not tltended with liberal eierclM. freih doae toti-I mean BE a genenl con- air and simple feeding, but It does not .Many oi i'ue grain farmers of appear that ia this rtspert the farmer southern Albert> have uol farmed be- has any advanlage over the town men. anj nuny have not farmed under The art ot the town man In taking of "himself more than counterbalancn the natural power of resUUnw of the Oj hnman who Is raised In the frees, air. Consider the Tlu. of rather limited moisture is etill gcid 1. srienfiac knowledge and capital td wort with are aga getting It over right, li not saJest kind of farming for families or for a good average p irsalti, but It has posslbilltlas that can A Banker's View of Irrigation By K. 0. JOHNSON. V of Motion's Bank. Lethbridae. The development and of Irrljition In the LetnEfldge .-let will cf benefit to the effect c? sUbAliIng business and nuke t ciilcr for the farmer to finince hit operations Under ordinary circumstances a crop planted on non-irrigated land no bisii for credit until the scaion has 90 far advanced trnt it can be een that the crop will mature without further moisture, On the other K'nd, a crop1 planted on properly Irrigattd land ue- omes a factor In determining a man's financial almost as soon i it apftart above the ground. If the land Is properly irrigated, the armer la then sure of retting a crop. Thli condition should enable him o oblaln, early fn the credit from his bank, which, otherwise, rnljr.t be withheld until later on. Many other jlronj reasont cjn be advanced In favor of the Lem- bridgs Irrigation projects.1 In when food Is scarce and prices ab- normally high, as at farimr.who has some irrigated land should if providtnt arid far-teeing, rave enough feed on hand to carry on his spring work and not be forced to pay out much-needed money for products which It is hi. own business to produce. A farmer who owns non-Irrigated land can take on no be-tler form of crop insurance than buylng-or leasing irrigated land. If he crops an equal quantity of both, in case of drought he a W per cent, crop on the totaj acreaoe and hi. season', effort, are not a total lo... Where the farmer hal not the mean, to purchase irrigated land he can u.ualjy lease some md thould Th. enormou, those high as 60 and 70 bush.ls per anre being obtained) has re.ull. can be obtained Iby setting sufficient the in crcp That this can be done by Irrigation Isai been proven; and the cost, of obtaininj irrigation should not b In determinina It. desirability. Us benefits are so great thai cost I. nothing compared to the re.ult. to be obtained In vefr. to come Money used for the purpose of bringing water on to the IN THE OF AGRICULTURE ________ Two of the imporUnt diSerenccs be- Be more or less Euccer.fully realized tween farming and other In.dustrtei upoa by Intelligent human endeavor show important disadvantages fa tte Lest year, however, was bad for th business of farming. One of theae li best of them. VSTiile-wji.have Irrlga that fanning does not lend itftelt to UOB farinlDf, which, as has been point targe organization, centralization and efl out, stands for a high type of ag division of labour such belong lo ricalture-vre have noljresllzad ideall other Indrislries thongi 'there are on thli Engineering may b phases of ofganiiallon posalble in well done and Government conlrol farming communities Tne safeguard tha interesls of water second disadvantage is that.tie far- users, but the obligation Incurred In mer Is dependent lo a considerable ei- the recelvinj of water" demand a very Uat on the etanents for hii BUCCMH'Intsnsiie lyps of prodiictloa.. There season by season. A man may has been a good deal of alUntlca paid back by'dronaiht In one year and I o ordinary gTala-groTring in the Lelh- eicape it Trholly tie neil year in favor bridge crbpi of grain of a tilling or in some cases a can be grown on irrigated Ian-is and flood. The fourth year may STritch lo on our Tlrgln-soll tuch crops as oats hail. These are conditions over which produce a of feed, They he" has no control; hBS" to take what prwlace good and tbe the Lofd sends him. Tne-- greatest fodder'frdm bur oats on virglB'soil Is losses, particularry under-the acllre eillmkHd lo bf Trorth it least half as Chinook, ariso from drought and.it is much.as ordmarr commercial hay. H this greatest loss which the "practice constitutes" a good Wnd of fesd re- of >mgation does away Trith and to tie very greai eitent ppts the tanner in -Ing'it type of production list contjol ot tie conditions which iCharacUrUllcallT to tie irrl- sarcesa or failure. -In this reepeet-Srrl-.- gftted Ute year. We In the West have been too prone to scheme STACKING IN TUB IRRIGATION THE ECONOMY OF FEED CROPS The Ir'iijated firm muil eiemplify an inler-iire system. H is to as- sumed in the firit ptece Inal.wc ac- cept the doctrine that the beU c! farming is She production o! Urge quantities of economically produced feei! for concentration Is a high type ot products represented in li'e stocl. It is to be understood ii the second place .'hat teed should be of succulent -or sbmi-succulent nourishing type. The 'alfalfa feeder does not heed bran to gire IsiaHve quality: Id Ills'rations. 'AHalta is the crop that can be best produced-on Irrigated lands. Is the best hay in the .world .tqoush it has not the alaptability o! many of the natural grasses as distribution Is concerned.. Brain'is a surer CMP thin alfalfa on lands and esreclal- ly In dry years, but alfalfa is a better, crop all Ibe" tlrae'on irrisated lauds than grain is. The ot Jarse fiuanlltlcs of gooil feed Is a matter ot individual success but'the growing o! alfalfa carries wiih It likewise the right con- cession to thc-obli2itfon to.conserve soil The. .man who has gain- ed a comnetenc-e'ia'farming has no right to be regarded less he ia passing his "better for-productlon .than 'when he lQ-. consen-atlpn arising from the growing ot alfalfa lias two aspects. In the first placo the al- falfa plant in common with other leguminous plants draws tno supply of IhC'tree hllrofcn of tte air and ndds H to the resources of the soil. the second placo tuo (eedius of animals ani ine return ot manure to the land prevents .the destruction: ot fertility. Only a small percentage ot the feed is actually assimilated and the rest (s available in usable form to keep up tlie land. Alfalfa ot course can not be made the sole crop in any enterprise'but It should be the dom- inant crop'in tbe relation. -Besides for the contribution ot irrigated farm to human fesJ ingrain an.l meat supplies, water is necessary for tie successful production-el gTxid cfbr-s ot small fruits and vegetables this resource, should be utlliie-4 lo tho fullest client In' Increasing nuniau food supplies. In new and par- tially developed" countries people are. apt to use.a heavy diet.of -which meat forn4 loo large a part. We do not have the trulls produced yet In any. commercial quantities, though we Have them.not too far away but avail- able at a ,fairly Elsh price. ;itMs es- timated that the fanner who can grow _ 'flie'Eralns, 'vegetables and_ fruits can produce about 65 per centroMiis fboti requiremehts at borne but in'order to do this he would use the greatest var- iety possible In vegelables and for Iho sake of health as well, as sconomy use the small fruits such as the itrawbehr, currnhtB, ber-. rles.'etc.' THE ELEMENT O.F LABOR IN PRODUCTION" The labor rrueation at present pre- sents a real'aifficully to the rarmSr. In a generalSray any.system ot tarnj- jns Ihai gives bppprtunlty tor..the, em ploynient of steady suitable labor Is betler lhan a system in wblch the Use ot labor Is only casual or occasional. In stock farming for eiample a man hopes to get belter prices tor his pro- ducts It they are marketed through, dairy products or meat lhaiijif he sells his "sraiu and roots directly and he expects to get paid for tbe labor Involved in producing concen- trated products. Under Irrigation like- wise Iho same it" true. Tills tyue ot farming- makes a market for labor. If a man has a family of helpers it Is an advantage to be following a kind of farming that will glvj the greatest returns ,to the co-operative- family group through cooperative endeavor. At the laborMs ertreme- iy high and the firmer will no doubt be troubled 'some aboul fluctuations in the prices ot farm products! There Is any appreciable de- crease prices, durlnB. 1919 because the demands 'of Kurope are far from being satisfied. .Besides this lure does not stand afolis :n having secured big rewards .for effort during the war. There- has been a general mid nulversai lift In prices com- petitive demand for. all klnfls ot com- modities anil due fo'great oilenilons which, have increased buy- ing power and activities and. in this view agricultural prices will be high- er ihan (hey were before the war. CONSIDER x THE CONSUMER' On the other hand fliere In one class in Ihe ;pmmunUy which hEs'sufferHl good Teal'.by'uigii prices: People. In clerical' pursuits iand on fued salaries, or 'wages have suffered a good flea! by'hlgh prices. They have had-fo deny' themselves of- many things whicli we're formerly cons id er- SaUrlcs.liaTC..Wcrea8.- was" lor ordinary, labor particu- larlv bavo Increased a great deal, but Ihe'salarles for clerical services hayd nol increased propor'.Io'iaieiy r'idi the increase of prices of couiuipditles. This (lass Is Hie best lllustrallon of silffarlns from high prices but Ibey have behind thtm practically the whole ol (he world because everybody is a con.umer and Ibe combined ytll of llie consumers has to be lislened lo. 11 Is probable that parallelling sotna- what gradual reduction' iu prices per- llcularly ot food commodlllei that there will be a reduction iu the cost o! labor. the war laborers Imve been able to reallie on their demands but with lite relurn ot Ihoso who vrere'enjajed In war to pro- election and particularly with ihe ail- vent of Ihe crop, tor In 1920. which will restore our surplus of bread as can be done ilngle year the price ot labor will go down to soine eilenl. 'All these things ore a bearing; oil the prospects ngt only ol the Irrljatlon farmer but ol every other turmer. LAND 1OME COMPARItONt It an Interesting mailer flv< some contention to land prtcei in the province. A look at'lbli malter, leads on5 to the conclusion that the-price of land will be subject to very rapid Increase ill the future. There hai pracllcally been no pro grass In prices during the war. Vv'htli land has given greajer revenue durln? tho war thVi it-did havi not to do much trading In land during war limes. In the flret place there has been Tery lltlle immi- gration ami. In the second place have always been long vm short on labor and the ivIUnlrawal ol forly Ikoutsnil men from'lhe province bv the war certainly opposed to expansion. Koir Iho prospect; art favorable for a large immigration. shall have considerable Immlgralloi from Ihe. Old Country including mnu men with capital particularly, -til taxes are .becoming very high, Eball likewise have considorablt Inimlgratlon from the Cenlral Slatei as the capllalliatlon ol U -The average price of arable land for Ihe Unlttd States! this year Is glveu as over tbe wtole ot the coun- Irv the average for'tlie State of Iowa and for llllnoi! JH4.00. Ths average of J169.00 can not obtain without there being some.land wortli three or four hundred dollars an acre and other land less than a hundred. The Alberta, land can produce, ially irriga led -.land, as, much as the beat Iowa land can produce aud the price Is still below the average price :fbr" all klhas ot land In the Unlleil Stales. The extension of Irrigation In AJbe-rla la xolng tOjmean a vast'Increase. In fundarnenlarweaui] In iBBd values. i earm ingH ouse accord witb tbe principle of WE, as Bankers oi the City of LetliWidge, are lieartily in irrigation, tne benefits'of Aviiicii, in Districts' where it Jias been-systematically-practiced, have i -T7" been amply proved. M i _ i We are ol tbe opinion tbat tbe rnbvement now under way is wprtby of every encouragement, and will lead to inbreased prosperity to tbe community as "a wbole. V Union Bank of Canada, A. Dun Manager Bank of Montreal, V G. Canadian Bank of Commerce, v R. T. Mercbants''Bank o{ Canada, J, Dinning; Manager Tbe Molsons Bank, s K. D. Jobnspn, Manager Royal Bank .Canada, W: .'A .Parker; Nova Scotia, W. 1J. King, Manager Standard Bank of Canada, G. F. Bletcher, Manager ;