Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta
PAGE TWO THE I.KTHIWUHiK O.ML.Y 1UUIC.ATIO.N DHVICCOI'MKXT NUMIiliU SATl.'ltDAY, .MAY 17, RESOURCES JMbtsrta is highly 'diversified with' respect lo surface features, climate, resources and industries. .It has been subject to a phenominal development ih its agri- culture. SURFACED The surface varies from level prairie or rolling plain, covered with rich grasses and diversified in parts by light hluifs and timber, to rugged foothill countryi 1 _ IRRIGATION Alberta has two million acres of irrigated land, devoted to, the growing of alfalfa and other forage crops, grain and. roots, which stands for the best type of inten- sive production, soil cultivation and progressive home building. STOCK-RAISING The climate of ATberta'is modified from end to end of the Province by the char- 1 acteristic influence of the Chinook wind which makes development in a north- erly direction 'Its summers freshened by .cool nights and its'winter amelidrated by steady sunshine and periodical warm winds. The day to day climate or, weathet ai-_Alberla is an inspiration lo enterprise and activity. x Alberta is forward inrthe production of both bread grains and feed grains. 'Her Wheat is of the best oats of :tlve heaviest and the yields of wheat, barley and flajr.areamsurpassecL f -_ FODDERS, ROOTS and VEGETABLES The heavy black lands of the Province yield Vast quantities of cheaply produced a forage1 and roots and quick growing succulent The climate, natural grasses and cultivated feed crops of Alberta are making it the leading live stock Province of the Dominion of Canada. The number of cattle in the Province has doubled in five years and the number of pure-breds is ..leshmated to have quadrupled. Alberta has the largest pure-bred Hereford herd in America. Its wealth from sheep and swine production ise enormous. The horses raised on Alberia grasses are hardy and are well developed in bone and constitution. Alberta is furnishing pure-bred horse slock to Great Britain. The dairying of the Province Has made steady progress for the past fifteen years. There are fifty co-operative creameries and a number of cheese factories in opera- tion. The quality of Alberta butter is t-he highest jn the Dominion of Canada. OTHER 'Alberta has a coal area which is estimated'al over thirty thousand square miles. supply includes the anthracite, .bituminous kinds. In addi- tiorf to this the country is rich in oil; gas'aiid gold. The northern Jakes abound with fish'and the river valleys of the centre and .north are well timbered. The fill tradc'Still furnishes a large revenue to trading cbiivpanies-ancl individuals. DEPT OE AGRICULTURE GOVT. SERVICES n The Department of assists th'e pro'ducer, manufacturer and consignor of butter by the direction of processes and the marketing of the product. It mar- kets the farmer's eggs and poultry. It assists the farmer to sell and procure seed grain, advancing money where conditions require it. It administers the Live Stock En- couragement Act which enables groups of farmers to borrow money for the purchase of cattle by having the government guarantee the loans. A million dollars worth of cows have been made available to Alberia set- tlers in the last two through the operation of this TKe Department supports a goocl class of popular educa- tional service 'represented in fairs and exhibitions, de- monstration trains, demonstration farms, men's and wo- men's institutes, short course schools, agricultural excur- sions, bulletins and circular letters. It administers the Noxious Weed Act and encourages school fairs and gives direct advice lo farmers through a system of agricultural representatives. Its Provincial Veterinarian gives assist- ance in cases o! live stock trouble. It conducts a bureau bf statistics and crop ieporiing. It protects the game of the Prpvincc. D DfD l How tne Government Helps The'government of the Province furnishes pro- gressive services: to its citizens. It has to' v eighty per cent pf the cost of building co-operative elevators of which there are now 146 in the Province. The govern- .ment operates a system of rural and long distance telephone lines to the extent of fifty thousand wire It promotes transportation by the .guarantee' of railway bonds. It fur- nishes grant? lo Municipal Hospitals and it operates bureaus for farm labor. i Education The grants to all types of education are liberal. The gen- cral system of elementary, secondary and college institutions is liberally supported. There are in, addition to this, normal training schools, technical schools in cities, consolidated rural schools and a system of six country agricultural schools furnishing a two-year course in practical and scientific agri- culture to country boys and girls. THE; OPPORTUNITIES FOR V HOME MAKING D P D ''Alberta.offers a.rich" opportunity for the-set- tler and irivesto'iY Only one in ten of the'hundred million acres of arable land in the Province.has been blackened with the plough. There are homestead lands1 and'openings for, attractive stock-raising enterprises'. oj, moderate size in the Peace River country and other, parts of the'Province. There are rich areas for mixed farming in Central Alberta on lands posting from twenty to.sixty dollars and producing a hundred bushels of oats per acre. irrigated lands of Southern Alberta1 offer the best, possible opportunity for large production of the best qualities of fodders, grains and roots as well as lor com- munity organization for production, buying and selling1 and social Its unimgalcd lands offer ex- ceplional opportunities for wheat growing with broad teams on broad acres by men. Measured by potential fertility Alberta lands are the cheapest in the world- Hpn. 'Duncan Marshall, Minister ot Agriculture Aha? Write for Information J. McCaig, Chier Publicity Commissioner Edmonton, Alta.