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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 16, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wedneidoy, May 16, 1973 U.S.S.R. on verge of big dealing Exemption no longer needed Most developed countries have comprehensive legislation to main- tain free and open competition, and an elaborate mechanism to enforce it. One of the main divisions of Can- ada's department of consumer and corporate affairs is the office of the director of investigations under the Combines Investigation Act. This is a substantial operation with four main branches, five regional offices, a corps of special investigators and in addition the restrictive trade prac- tices commission. So Canada takes combines for the restraint of trade seriously. A particular target of anti-combines legislation is price-fixing, a practice universally condemned as being ini- mical to the public interest. There are regular reports, in Canada and elsewhere, of groups of companies being under investigation for combin- ing to set prices. Prosecutions are comparatively rare, because usually the erring firms prefer the penalty to the unfavorable publicity of a trial. But there is one industry that evi- dently enjoys a worldwide exemption from anti-combines legislation. Air- lines from all over the world meet regularly and openly for the express purpose of fixing the prices of air passages, and undertaking various practices for which any other busi- ness would be prosecuted under laws respecting combines and restraint of trade. For the most part the fixing of air fares is the business of the Interna- tional Air Transportation Associa- tion, to which Canada belongs and to whose dicta Canada dutifully sub- scribes. IATA is an international body as its name implies, but in operation it is strongly influenced, perhaps even dominated, by American interests, at whose behest it has repeatedly re- buffed European bids for lower tar- iffs. Now, American airlines are mov- ing to eliminate all special discount arrangements, such as those that permit younger people and family groups to fly on a standby basis at reduced fares. The U.S. civil aero- nautics board has ordered these spe- cial fares phased out within a year, as being diseriiftaitory against all other passengers, and it is only a question of time before it asks the IATA for corresponding legislation. It can be assumed IATA will comply, and that when it does Canada will go along. There may have been a time, when air travel was new and embryo air- lines were straggling for survival, when a case could be made for their exemption from rules made for es- tablished businesses. Surely that time has passed. It can no longer be argu- ed that doubt exists about whether air travel is here to stay, and com- panies that routinely order a dozen or so multi-million dollar aircraft whenever a newer, shinier or faster model appears, no longer need spe- cial protection. The public does. Comerving the forests Quite a number of people, especial- ly. those who tend to be conserva- tionally minded, seem to believe that all business is rapacious, that there is an urgent need to defend nature against industrial predators who, if not checked, will pillage the entire earth in their mindless rssh to turn all natural wealth into immedi- ate profits. The belief is largely emotional, and the danger considerably exaggerated, although concern over industrial ac- tivity is not entirely without founda- tion. There is a definite tendency, on the part of far too many managers, to regard their own responsibility as limited to ensuring that their firms' operations are profitable. But not all businesses act that way. And it is not always those most often accused that are the worst offenders. As an illustration, there has been criticism from time to time of the attitude of EC's logging interests, who are regularly accused of despoil- ing nature, annihilating forests and ruining the land in their unremitting search for profits. What seems not to be appreciated is that the forestry industry as a whole, and particular- ly the part that operates in BC, has a more enlightened view of its pri- mary source of wealth than almost any other major industry. For decades, lumbermen have look- ed on the forests very much as a good farmer looks upon the land, as some- thing to be cultivated, not just to be used up. The pulp and paper com- panies have been a bit slower to adopt mat attitude, largely because the type of forests they work with tend to renew themselves much more quickly than do the timberlands. But the pulp makers are becoming more and more conservationally mind- ed, and have the figures to prove it. As an example, the utilization of a lumbering by-product called wood residue can be cited. Wood residue is the name the industry uses for the trash that is left over from lumber ing or the manufacture of playwood. A few years ago it was either left lying, or buried; in 1972, it supplied practically one third of the industry's total fibre requirement. ART BUCHWALD Brezhnev and the Watergate WASHINGTON Communist Party Chief Leonid Brezhnev met with Henry Kis- singer last week at the Soviet leader's home outside of Moscow. The conversation naturally got around to the Watergate and this, in essence; is what was said. ''Gospodin Kissinger, I do not under- stand all this business about Watergate that is taking place in your country." "Well, Mr. Brezhnev, it's rather difficult to explain. It appears that members of the president's political party bugged the headquarters of the opposition party." "What's wrong with that, Gospodin Kis- singer? We do it all the time." "But, you have no opposition party." "That's true. So we bug our own party. You never can tell when our members are up to no good." "In any case, Mr. Brezhnev, seven men were caught and tried for the crime. One of them confessed that higher members of the president's political party were involv- ed." "What is wrong with higher members of the president's party finding out what the revisionist counterrevolutionaries are up "That's the way our paople felt about it, too. But unfortunately some newspaper- men got wind of the story arid started to write about, it." "Why didn't the president put the news- papermen in insane "We cannot do that in the United States, Mr. Brezhnev." "That's too bad. You cannot have order and discipline in a country if you are un- able to put writers in mental institutions." "That's true. The real problem though was that after the Watergate trial, it was revealed that members of the White House staff tried to obstruct justice and keep any higher-ups from being implicated." "Naturally, Gospodin Kissinger. What other choice would they "In our country the paople want to get to the bottom of things. They want to know who is responsible for a crime." "Even if the president is "Yessir, even if the president is involv- ed." "Why didn't President Nixon shoot every- one who had anything to do with Water- gate, so that nobody would "Some of the people involved were his best friends." "In the Soviet Union, a leader has no friends. He must do what's right for the people even if it means losing a few bur- eaucrats." "We're aware you do have a different system, Mr. Brezhnev, but we must deal with the constitution. The president has to take responsibility for what his subordinates do, no matter how serious the crime." "What kind of system of justice is that? The president should torture his subordin- ates until they confess he had nothing to do with it." "We've thought of that, but it just wouldn't work in the United States because Congress would get wind of it and raise a storm." "Why doesn't president get the army to arrest "We can't do it, Mr. Brezhnev. The peo- ple would never stand for it." "In our country we're the people. And we arrest anybody we want to." "I know, Mr. Brezhnev, I know. Now to get back to your meeting with President Nixon in June "I'm not sure I want to meet with a world leader who doesn't know how to bug his enemies without getting caught." By C. L. Sulzberger, New Ycrk Times commentator PARIS The biggest event of the recent Kissinger-Brezh- nev dialogue at first seemed a nonevent. Despite widespread belief that a date would be fixed for the Soviet leader's United States trip, none was announced. It therefore came as welcome news that he will arrive in June as originally ex- pected. A delay would have been too bad for both parties. Brezhnev has stated his poli- tical head on improved rela- tions with America and vastly increased trade. Russia -needs this in order to face China and requires American credits, technology, grain and manufac- tures to overcome economic and agricultural difficulties. The U.S.R. has learned in re- cent decades that Washington doesn't covet any Soviet-con- trolled areas and will never take offensive action against it, regardless of provocation. Therefore the latter-day record has been filled with statements similar to Brezhnev's (Nov. 13, "For our part we are pre- pared to continue the improve- ment that has begun in Soviet- American relations, to further develop reciprocally advanta- geous co-operation in different fields, based on the principles of peaceful coexistence." And tangible steps have been taken to confirm this: for example, the United States Soviet mari- time treaty last October and this year's enormous deal be- tween Moscow and the Occi- dental Petroleum Group. Brezhnev, convinced he is on the right track, has ruthlessly set about consolidating h i s power position in order to ach- ieve his objectives. He has ousted adversaries from the hierarchy and promoted key symbols of authority. These included not only Mar- shal Grechko, the top soldier, and Foreign Minister Gromyko, the number one diplomat; they also included Yuri Andropov, head of the security apparatus. This last move is especially significant. Andropov is the first police boss since Beria (executed in 1953) to be a po- litburo member. Moreover, An- dropov has been in charge of a fairly successful campaign to throttle the recent .wave of liberal dissidence. Thus, personally, Brezhnev is in a good stance right certainly much better than that of President Nixon at home. Anti-Brezhnev factions of both right and left have been driven into the woodwork whereas anti-Nixon factions are having a field day in the United States. Conceivably this tilt of the seesaw could have had its ef- fect: the Soviet boss might have thought it advisable to postpone the meeting until cer- tain he wouldn't be dealing with a lame duck. Or perhaps the present con- gressional obsession with Wat- ergate could have further layed prospects of authorizing Nixon's projected trade bill, making Brezhnev reckon there was too much risk of returning "I trust Mr. Stanfield didn't say anything during his B.C. visit to arouse political passions from Washington with little sub- stantial to flaunt before adver- saries. Yet if Nixon is comparative- ly weaker in a political and personal sense, the United States is comparatively strong- er in a national sense. Slowly the balance of pay- ments problem is starting to right itself. The economy is sound and, although Inflation remains a curse, profits and productivity mount. Washing- ton now has good relations with China and there is improve- ment on the horizon with West Europe. In terms of this kind of com- pasion Brezhnev was impelled toward a visit sooner rather than later. Despite the highest farm price support cost in the world, Soviet agriculture just suffered a dramatic setback. Moscow had to import 38 mil- lion tons of Western grain in 1972 and 1973 and more pur- chases are expected before har- vests catch up with require- ments. Distress slaughtering of unfed livestock is taking place. To pay for food imports, the U.S.S.R. had to sell an esti- mated 10 per cent of its gold reserves last year, may equal that this year and has gone heavily into the Western finan- cial market, including billion from the commodity credit corporation. Nor is agriculture the only problem. The Soviet Union's national income growth has shrunk from 10.9 per cent in the 1950s to 6.8 per cent during the last five years. The GNP increase has declined from 6.4 per cent to three per cent, according to Western estimates. The dream of overtaking America is van- ishing. The United States has much it could and under properly negotiated conditions should do to establish massive trade normalization with the Soviet Union. It would have been foolish for BreEhnev to take the bad gamble of postponing his Wash- ington visit and failing to give ironclad reassurances to our Congress that Russia's Jewish emigration tax Is permanently finished. It would now be reckless were Congress to delay its res- ponsibilities with regard to au- thorizing the essentials of pro- posed omnibus trade legislation because of Watergate. Time to shed a few tears for Senator McGovern By Carl T. Rowan, syndicated columnist WASHINGTON Whatever you think of his politics or his personality, you have to feel a little sorry for Senator George McGovern. He is a nice guy who finish- ed last. And there seems no end to the embarrassment, the humil- iation, inhei-ent in. his ill-fated race for the White House. McGovern has been enjoying the notion that hard work and skill won him the Democratic nomination. Now he has to live with increasing and ego-crush- ing evidence that he got the nomination partly as a gift from Richard Nixon's squad of dirty tricksters. ___ A top Republican Senator Hubert H. Humphrey that he "never had a chance to win the nomination. We made sure you didn't win the Cali- fornia primary. We kept close tabs on the state of McGovern's finances. Everytime he ran low on money we pumped some into his coffers." The Republican senator was smiling when he said that to Humphrey, so this nice-guy Minnesotan refuses to make an issue of it. But the revelation of a secret fund in Cali- fornia, apparently controlled by President Nixon's private at- torney, Herbert Kalmbach, raises a real question of the ex- tent to which the Republicans used their excess cash to con- trol the Democratic process of selecting a candidate. But not only must McGovern bear the pain of being told that he was not really the Demo- crats' preference; he is told that he was the Nixon choice as the man easiest to beat. Then, after McGovern got the nomination he was victimized by, a campaign of sabotage and espionage that neither he nor his top aides detected until he was buried under' the Nixon landslide. As the Joe McGinniss article in a recent New York Times Magazine makes clear, McGov- ern wound up bitter and de- pressed. And with a wife even more bitter, disillusioned, an- gry at the press. McGovern feels that Ameri- can voters never understood him or what he stood for. This may be true, but it is surely the fault of McGovern himself, bis personal- ity, and of course the key cam- paigners around him whose in- eptitude bordered on the incred- ible at times. And. of course, there was that shrewdly sinister campaign by Nixon's people to create pub- lic confusion about where Mc- Govern stood on such emotion- al issues as welfare, busing and the war. Seldom has a candi- date stood for so much that is good and decent and still fright- ened so many voters. We have seen recently a re- surgent manifestation of what the public saw in McGovern and rejected. There is a marsh- mallowish quality about him. He has the right instincts and convictions, but he does not dis- play the hardness required to translate convictions into ac- tion programs. McGinniss quotes MeGovem as saying some harsh things about Senator Thomas Eagle- ton, the initial running mate whose failure to level with Mc- Govern about his medical his- tory precipitated a crisis that surely cost McGovern millions of votes. But when the quotes showed up in hard print, McGovern denied them, accusing McGin- niss of manufacturing them. Mc- Govern apologized to Eagleton. What a pitiful namby-pamby spectacle! Anyone who knows anything about journalism or politicians can read that New York Times piece and know that McGinniss didn't manufacture those quot- es. One might assume a bit of embellishment here and there and still know that the heart and the thrust of those quotes came from McGovern. No reporter could or would have fabricated the quote about Mrs. McGovern. being ological" about the press that "I've got to keep taking her out to dinner and getting her loaded all the time in order to get her mind off it." McGovern may feel that that comment was personal and by its nature not for publication, but that is different from ac- cusing McGinniss of fabrication. The simple point is that Mc- Govern ought to have let his rough comments about Eagle- ton stand. Millions of Americans would have said that he had a right to bitch. They would have admired his forthrightness just as much as they now will de- test his squeamish if-I-said- that-I-was-misquoted posture. McGovern still believes pas- sionately that the country lost more then he did when it chose Nixon over him last November. The incredible string of revela- tions of crime centred hi the White House makes it pretty clear that the country got rook- ed. But McGovern hasn't done or said anything to convince people that he was the better man. Surely the most crushing thing of all for McGovern must be his own knowledge that, de- spite all the crookedness, the scandals, the venality unearth- ed in the administration these last six months, Americans still would probably pick Nixon over him. Letter to the editor Poor example for children Letter to the editor Favors ivorld government I agree with much of Mr. Nickyforuk's letter on the Bilde- berg Conference. He goes on to say that Prince Bernhard is chairman and David Rockefel- ler is close at hand. But I am puzzled when he says, "These men and others are trying to enforce a socialized world gov- ernment upon humanity." My impression is that these men belong to an international rich man's club who seek to exploit for their own benefit rather than to socialize, for which the dictionary definition is: make fit for living with others and adapt to community needs. I would say that a socialized world government, if properly and impartially constituted would serve mankind and bring peace and order to all nations. There will be no need to limit national sovereignty within its own jurisdiction. Total disarm- ament and total demobilization on a national basis will mean a great saving on the financial resources of all nations. Some- times it is necessary to curtail personal liberty in the interest of general welfare. This wholly independent in- ternational body, as I see it, would be composed only of a World Court and the world po- lice force to stop war and other international crimes as defined in their charter. The General Assembly and all the agencies of the UN would still function. The Security Council would, be abolished. The General Assem- bly of the UN would appoint the judges to the World Court for a period of 10 years or less and have the power to dismiss any judge who does not carry out his duties in an impartial man- ner. At present we have the U.S. with NATO and the Soviet Union with the Warsaw Pact: that act as the police force of the world. But what would hap- pen if .these two forces dis- agreed and came to blows? The combined destructive force of their modern arms would de- stroy most of us and the rest would suffer from nuclear rad- iation with delayed death the final result. I am a school teacher (par- don the and I have in my charge 15 eager, enthu- siastic, healthy and I believe in- nocent, 10-year old boys. There are lots of times tables that they don't know, but they do know hockey and hockey play- ers. They trade hockey cards, they play ground hockey, they re-play-every game of Hockey Night in Canada. Maurice Ri- chard and Ken Dryden are not just heroes, they are emissaries from Mount Olympus. And I think this is great. I think Hockey Night in Canada is a grand Canadian effort, that helps to establish a national feeling of pride and unity. The morning after the final game between Chicago and Montreal I asked the class this question: "What was the most interesting part of the hockey game last night? Here are some of the first answers. "Cournoyer when he was drinking beer" (gulp, gulp, gulp) (with "That wasn't beer that was champagne." "The last of the game, when everybody was guzzling that stuff." "Henry Richard, he was mad when there wasn't any cham- pagne in the cup." "Champagne! They poured it all over their hair." "My mom made me go to bed when the good part start- ed." "Then he shook the and squirted it all over." "I'll bet those guys are all drunk today, and staggering all around." "Man they was all squirting champagne and drinking it all over the dressing room." They talked about the brawl and how mad Richard was, then finally someone remembered how Pit Martin got a hat trick. The big deal was the drink- ing. I think the CBC could have left a different final impressioin, after a year of great hockey, coverage. Who controls the CBC? BILL NALDEB Raymond Elementary School. Lethbridge. ART MATSON The Lcthbridge Herald 904 7th St. S., LetWWMge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PublidWI Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO w MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLINO WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKIR tHtog Manager Rdltorlal Paga HERAIP MHOS WE ;