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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 16, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta tutidoy, Mny II, WJ THE IFTHBIIDGE HERALD Colin Lc fin in. Israe's Eban assesses Middle East "ISRAEL'S Foreign MiniMcr Abhn TCban, is confident that there will lie no soil-out of Israel's position and no agree- ment to help the Arabs lo in- crease their pressure in the Middle East when I1 r e s idcnt Richard Nixon and the Russian leaders meet at their Moscow summit. Relaxing In London, with no nfficial engagements, Mr. Elian told me in an exclusive interview of his hope thai when Egypt's President Anwar "1 Sadat finds that his reliance on joint llusso-Amevican involve- ment in the Middle Easi is just another illusion a new situation arise in the summer which could favor Uie start of serious nogolialions between Israel and imiividunl A r ;i 1) Slates. The Middle East, he said, has suddenly ecased to be one of the world's major crisis areas which lias hardly been understood yel. Although the risk, always remains (if some unexpectedly ra.sli aclion, Mr. believes ull the suggest that the proem rela- tively peaceful f-'lale 01 llie Middle ICast is not simply a lull before Ihc storm (r.s the Arab leaders like to porlrav in but, in fact "a clearing of (lie skies." While Ihc present "no-war, silualinn cminol con- tinue Indoliniloly, the slraK'Ry must be to encourage Aral) leaders to accept thai n solu- tion can evolve only through Arab-Israeli understanding and contacls. Mr. Hban said that Ihe re- markable changes thai have occurred in Ihe last two years could he put into proper fircvis only if one set the picture of 1370 alongside Ilial of In 1070 there was no cease- fire on the cuiKil front; bolli sides were throwing quantities of high explosives al each oth- er which, in other times, would have ranked as a major war. Both were suffering heavy loss- es and much misery. Inter national involvement was growing, with I lie danger that the vSovicl-Israe'i coiifriiii- tation m i g h t in Ihe Uni- ted States. Aral) extreme radi- calism was rising fast, ivilh frequent hijackings and kid- nappings. The accepted viev.' at the Urnc ll'C Palest ine guerrillas "Ihe wave ef the future.'' Ya.sser Arafat was much sought after by Ihe mass media .seen as (lie "ii'-urc of destiny" in the Middle East. There was then no effective Vnited Nations process. The Arahs liarl not yet aceepied (lie principle of peace, and Ihe Is- raelis had not accepted the word "withdrawal" in connec- tion with frontiers. Today a ceasefire has been effective for two years; lives and suffering have been spared on both sides and just as v.'ar has its own escalating force so the ceasefire has had its own dynamic. Not only lias there been an absence ut local fighting, but Die two major p o w c r s involved in (he area have crystallized their resolu- tion nol to become involved in any fighting in the Middle Easl. This, indeed, has been one of Uie lessons of the Egyptian-So- viet encounter: President Sadat lias been assured of all support short of anything that would encourage h i in to fight in a way that would involve the Russians in active fighting. There has also been a steady decline in Arab radicalism, added Mr. Eban. There is no longer the same readiness lo refuse to accepl Israel as a r e a 1 i I y "the fireal illusion of Arab radicals in 137U." One cf Ihc landmarks of the decline of radicalism was the defcal of Ihe Pctab guerrillas in Jordan; now they are confined lo a tiny sslicnt in southern Lebanon. The radicals learned that their hijacking and other ex- ploits did not win them friends in (he international community and embarrassed Arab public opinion. Increasingly, today, the coun- sels in Arab circles are for coming to terms with Israel, ho believes. Mr. Eban said that a num- ber of ways were open to carry forward negotiations. Israel is no longer insisting on direct ne- gotiations as the first step. "We have clarified our wifl- ingncis lo withdraw to new boundaries whose changes will be dictated only by security he said. An immediate opportunity exists for continuing with the negotiations for opening tha Suez Canal. Although a num- ber of difficult issues still re- main, they are not numerous or impossible lo negotiate. Mr. Eban set tremendous store by the "volume of inter- course" between Arabs and Is- raelis. "Arab-Israeli coex- he said, "has broaden- ed enormously. Hundreds of thousands of Arabs are coming across the open bridges from all over Ihe Middle .East. Tho Allenby Bridge has become something of a normal port of entry and exist. No less impor- tant is the extent t'o which Arabs have moved into the Is- raeU economy itself." Mr. Khan said the last few years had seen the ending ot f i 4, L 45" Screen Printed Cotton Jacquards Interesting Jacriuarrl eaves and sunshinn- screen prints make this hard-wearing colton a must lor patio or party scar. Reg. ireveraSingleknit Easy-care Trevei a gives a soft denim look in plains and stiipos In lops, tunics and panlsuils. Soft- draping, easy-la saw! Reg.S3.99 45 Screen Printed Arnel Jersey A super-fine triacelale per led for blouses, dresses or gov.'ns. Fully ashable, crease resis- tant and sod-draping. Reg. 45 Sheath Lining Sleek up on Ibis one in your choico of many colors. Lino being dis- continued'. Req. S1.00 45 "Screen Printed Criniplcnil 54 BflUClfi -15% Virgin Wocr, Pclycslcr combine lo give Ihis fabric Look" in your rcAils. suits aiui thosses. VViiJc vaiioly olcolor5" Reg. Polyester mini-cars fabric. Washable. Does noi crease. The RIGHT KS OH v1 '-Reg, 45 SablnBoucle l 45 54 Assorted Double Weave Crepe NOW i Polyester Fabrics Thin one looks as rich ijs C.ii'-li'-r lullv-wnsh.iblr; no-uon fnhric? full of r.unshinn-bright colors r.nd Inn loxlurcs in a grab election ol varying ihs.ind pallcins. i r.nijnds in linhlwoight drnssos and li'.-uir.cs. 100% Polyester, machine washable. Reg, the separation o[ Hie two com- munities into their own gheiios. "None of lie added, "solves the basic issues and wo Israelis must be careful not to assume that because the Arabs have schools, jobs and security that this is all they want; the Arabs elso need their lull civil and political s e I [-expression. That i: why peace is so essen- tial for them as well as for our- selves." Amr selflpmenl Mint was reached should, he -nenl on, provide for "community fron- tiers" so that Arabs and Jews could be free to develop their contacts. "But for the Arabs to move towards realistic negotiations they will first have to accept that now that the Middle East has lost its place in the league of the world's trouble spots they con no longer hope to achieve their aims by playing for external Intervention. They are now hoping for a new ex- ternal factor to come from the Moscow (hey -Rill again be disappointed. "Having spent the last liva years pursuing a strategy ot gelling the external powers in- volved, it will perhaps take a little longer for them to get used to the idea that this is not going to happen. That policy has failed." Mr. Eban said that Mr. Sadat's latest visit to Moscow reflected two anxieties. First, over the decline of Russian willingness to became too heavily involved in the Middle Bast, need for internal reasons to make his policies seem more credible. "Sadat seems to have come away from Moscow with only a slight success: Hie Soviet agreement to subscribe to the lilieration of the Arab ter- ritories by methods other than negotiations. But 1 doubt, whether tliis is enough to enable Sadat to roar more con- vincingly certainly not on the level of frightening fsrael, but even in taking in the Arabs." Mr. Eban said that the fu- ture of the Gaza strip remain- ed in be negotiated. There has been no legal change in the territory as a result of recent administrative changes allow- ing for free movement. "What the people of Gaza have needed most ever since 1340 was to get away from their sense of. claustrophobia. Under Egyptian rule especially un- til 1967 they were like chick- ens in a cage a pressure cooker of frustrations, hatred and misery. Now that is being changed. For the first time the Gazans are being given an opportunity to breathe freely; to move around; to explore. They have more employ- ment; they are getting higher wages; and their income from citrus is rising. Their housing has improved. But the long- term problem of the relation, ship between the Gazans prop- er and the refugees remains." Israel, Mr. Eban admitted, would start any negotiations by asking for Gaia not to be sep- arated from Israel. He doubted that Egypt would want to claim it back, but Jordan proli- ably would. Mrs. Meir had al- ready indicated the possibility of Gara being made availabla as another port for Jordan's use, "When you go into negotia- Mr. Eban said, "You cannot hope to gel 100 per cent of. what you want. That goes for both sides." Mr. Eban concluded by say- ing he would not go so far as to say his present mood was ons of optimism. "After all. our hopes for peace have not been satisfied, but on the other hand our worst fears have not been fulfilled either. There were many people, including ir.r.r.y of our friends, who feared that (he big powers would be drawn into an involvement in the Mid- dle East. Bui not only have these fears not lieen fulfilled, they have receded. "I have no illusions that the great powers have ceased to exist or will simply disappear from the Middle East arena. When there are negotiations they will hove a place in them they cannot take the place of the Israelis or the Arabs." (Written for Tht Herald and The Observer, London) 'Crazy Capers' U.S. can't quit the world The Milwaukee Journal A upset by the country'-' inter- national headaclves and Uie goings on in the United JS'ations, suggested in the let- ter column that the U.S. cut itself off from the rest cf (he world and "build this nar lion into a fort." She wrote: "We produce enough of everything to take care of our own needs." Jf only that were true! A partial list of items stockpiled for na- tional security by the Office of Emergency Preparedness shows how dependent the U.S. is for vital materials that make life tick here. We would have to do without aluminum products because most bauxite ore comes from overseas. Crucial alloys such as nickel, chrome, manganese and antimony either are not to be found here or ere in insufficient quantities. The is true ol (in and asbestos. In fact, without materials from foreign lands, America would have trouble produc- ing automobiles, airplanes and most (ft its military machines. Natural rubber, silk, jewel bearings and quartz crystals for radios arc supplied completely or mostly from outoide our bor- ders. Should the nation adopt this fortress America concept, forget about coffee and bananas, for Instance. Think of the great variety of imported goods that mean lower prices for the American consumer. Theje would no longer be available. No matter how unpleasant the world ap- pears, Ihe US is part of it. We need it, it needs us. On the use of words Theodore Bernslein is TN slanguage bag has had several mean- ings, but the current one denotes a person's vocation, avocation, vice, present interest or enthusiasm. If someone said: "Skin flicks are his the possible defini- tions cover GO much territory that you'd have to know the context of what pre- ceded the remark to figure out what was meant. Normally, however, that isn't much of a problem. The word apparently had its origin among jazz musicians and was used to indicate the kind of jazz a musician was engaged in. Don't nse it thai way A reader sends a clipping of a published letter in which the writer complains about Sunday night TV programs and adds: "Sunday is such a bore anymore." That use oi iny- more, he it "driving me frantic." Properly used, anymore appears only with fatly negative statement: Sunday is no good anymore: or with a statement that has a negative connotation: Sunday is hard- ly worth bothering Tilth anymore; or some- times with .a question: Is Sunday any good anymore? The use of the word in an af- firmative statement, as it appeared in that letter, is not uncommon, but it is consider- ed dialectal that is, peculiar to certain regions. Incidentally, anymore used to bo two words, but is now accepted as one. A likely item. The adverbs likely and probably are synonymous, but there is a difference in good usage in the way they are employed. No one will bat an eyelash if. you say: It will probably rain tomorrow, but a good many grammarians Trill bat a couple of eyelashes if you say: It will likely rain tomorrow. When likely is used in that way as an adverb, idiom calls lor preceding it with rerr, more, most or quite. Idiom is a pccular thing peculiar lo a language and most often sot ex- plainable. Postscript'. When used aa tin ad- jective, likely can stand by itself, as in; He is a likely )ad; or: The weather is likely to be rainy. Not an historic item. In good usage on both sides of the Atlantic it should be a historic item. In the earliest slages of the language there was no a, but only an. The tendency in speech to slur and slide and make things easy weakened the sound of an before consonants and brought a into being; it required too much effort to say an giant or an so they became "a giant anri a woman." The rule today is to use a before a con- sonant or consonant sound and an before a vowel. A woman reader wants to know how one determines whether a word be- gins with a consonant sound. The best way is lo pronounce the word aloud. If you pronounce lu'storic as istoric or hotel as old, then you'd better say "an historic and an hotel." But the rest of us wit! say "a historic" and "a hotel." Note that there are some words that be- gin with vowels that are pronounced as if they were consonants a TCW sound. Such Trords therefore take the article a: a uni- versity, a European. The only other problem concerning which article to use arises with some abbrevia- tions. The test is how people read or say such designations. .S.F.U. would be correct because almost everyone would read those letters RS letters, not as Simon Fraser University. On the other hand, a "L.l.R.R. train" would be correct because people in the New York area do not speak the abbreviation, but translate it into Long Island Rail Hoad. Word Oddities. A previous item spoke of Idiom as a peculiar thing. In its derivation that is just about what the word means. It comes from the Greek idios, meaning per- sonal, private, peculiar, one's own. It then was applied lo peculiarities of language. II is related to the word idiot, which is not so strange; some idioms are almost idiotic. JIM FISHBOURNE Astonishing affairs AGO, there was a radio pro- ftam maybe there still "People are Funny." Indeed they are. That profundity was prompted small child who beat upon the door a couple of nights ago, with a view to selling some tickets to a "Spring Tea and Sale of Work." I'm sure everyone knows about spring teas, and it seems likely anyone who has ever been mixed up in a Church organization will remember when a "sale of work" was as normal a means of raising money af raffles and bingo games are (oday. They were quite astonishing affairs, really. They meast household of the persuasion sponsoring the event would be in utler chaos for weeks, sewing, baking, trimming, decorating, telephoning and arranging. This so as lo ensure that, come the great day, the appointed place would be inundated with an incredible array of cakes and cookies, pies and tarts, buns and loaves, a remarkable (it is, when you tlunk of It) variety of aprons, pot-holders and oven mitts, several knitted "sets" for micro-babies, all sorts of book- marks, the cleanest collection of used books in town, and numerous small plants, with begonias and African violet; predomi- nating. In the fall or early winter, an even more impressive display of distaff arts would occur, the annual church supper, also ac- companied with a sale oi wort. And work it was, God knows. These events required a truly stupendous effort, involving scores of people, prodigous amounts of labor, endless hours of wrangling and ar- ranging, the making or breaking oi life- long friendships, quite frequently hyster- ics, and withal raised at least as much money as would have been realized if each husband whose spouse was In- volved and usually prostrated thereby- had donated two or three dollars in cash, and called Ihe whole thing off. That's right, you know. We worked it out one year, the last in which my tribe was directly involved, and the bill to me would have come lo just over three dollars. Now you just can't and you couldn't then make three pies, four aprons, two pans of fudge, two ur Oneo dozen buns, s "square" (if you don't know what that is, I'm surprised you got this far) and enough salad (two or three varieties) to fill a small bath tub, for three dollars; to say nothing of the gasoline required to make a dozen or so trips to and from I bo hall, delivering this or that, picking up old Mrs. So-and-So and reluming her. an emergency mission or an extra jar of mus- tard, and all the other running around. And that doesn't lake into account t h o days and weeks the household was strictly lion-functional, the telephone as pood as oul-of-ordcr, meals and wbal-not com- pletely ignored, and life and limb endan- gered by any such incautious remark as "Has anyone seen Jfolhcr Perhaps the most nearly incredible thine about these events is the odd persistence of the belief that "The ladies just 0 yeah? COLLEGE SHOPPING MALL-20th Ave. and Mayor Magratli Drive Open Dolly 9 o.nv lo 6 p.m. Tliursdny nncl Fiidtiy 9 a.m. lo 9 p.m. Tclcphonn 377-2243 me one of your old sfrmuMS y.'ill flnsi, I ran'l gr( Inside track By H'alkf r have a suspicion that Ken Bessie thnt section of fence thai mysteriously ap- would like the job of building fence on our lawn last Halloween. It at our place. A clipping was found In an envelope in our mail box awhile ago deal- ing with Ihe subject of conslnicling a fence. Elspelh has rcnson to believe Ken put the missive In our box. Probably this young man ilso deposited wasn't a very good advertisement of build- ing ability so if Ken was responsible I wouldn't hire him for nny construction v ork. Anyway Bill Lanprncad in Salmon Arm has the inside track with his offer of knot-hole fence ;