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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 16, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Tutidey, Moy WJ THI inHBHIDSE HtllAlD S Colin Lv Israe's Eban assesses Midd e East Foreign ISRAEL'S A Abha Kban, is Minister confident that there will be no sell-out of Israel's position and no agree- ment to help the Arabs lo in- crease their pressure in tlio Middle East when I' r c s ident Richard Nixon and the Russian leaders meet at their Moscow summit. Relaxing in London, with no official engagements, Mr. Eban told me in an exclusive interview of his hope that when Egypt's President Anwar al Sadat finds that his reliance on joint Russo-Ameriean involve- ment in the Middle East is just another illusion a new situation may arise in the summer which could favor the start of serious negotiations between Israel and individual A r a b States. The Middle East, he said, has suddenly ceased to be one of the world's major crisis areas __a chance which lias hardly been understood yet. Although the risk always remains of some unexpectedly rash action, Mr. Eban believes all the signs suggest that the present rela- tively peaceful stale of the Middle East is not simply a lull before the storm (as the Aral) leaders like to portray it) but, in fact "a clearing of the skies." W h 11 e the present "no-war, no-peace'' situation cannot con- tinue Indefinitely, the strategy must be to encourage Arab leaders to accept that a solu- tion can evolve only through Arab-Israeli understanding and contacts. Mr. Khan said that the re- markable changes that have occurred in the last two years could be put into proper focus only if one set the picture of 1970 alongside that of I'j'ii. In 1970 there was no cease- fire on the canal front; both sides were throwing quantities of high explosives at each oth- er which, in other times, would have ranked as a major war. Both were suffering heavy loss- es and much misery. Inter national involvement was growing, with the danger that the Soviet-Israeli confron- tation m i g h t bring in the Uni- ted States. Arab extreme radi- calism was rising fast, wilh frequent hijackings :'iid kid- nappings. The accepted view at the time was Hint I lie Palestine guerrillas were wave of the future." Yasser Arafat was much sought after by the mass media seen as the "figure of destiny" in the Middle East. There was then no effective United Nations process. The Arabs had not. yet accepted the principle of peace, and the Is- raelis had not accepted the word "withdrawal" in connec- tion with frontiers. Today a ceasefire has been effective for two years; lives and suffering have been spared on both sides and just as war has its own escalating force so the ceasefire has had its own dynamic. Not only has there been an absence of local fighting, but the two major p o w e r s involved in the area have crystallized their resolu- tion not'to become involved in any fighting in the Middle East. This, indeed, has been one of the lessons of the Egyptian-So- viet encounter: President Sadat has been assured of all support short of anything that would encourage him lo fight in a way that would involve the Russians in active fighting. There has also been a steady decline in Arab radicalism, added Mr. Eban. There is no longer the same readiness to refuse to accept Israel as a reality "the great illusion of Arab radicals in 1370." One of the landmarks of the decline of radicalism was the defeat of the Fatah guerrillas in Jordan; now they are confined to a tiny salient in southern Lebanon. The radicals learned that their hijacking and other ex- ploits did not win them friends in the international community and embarrassed Arab public opinion. Increasingly, today, the coun- sels in Arab circles are for coming to terms with Israel, ho believes. Mr. Eban said that a num- ber of ways were open to carry forward negotiations. Israel is no longer insisting on direct ne- gotiations as the first step. "We have clarified our will- ingness to withdraw to new boundaries whose changes will be dictated only by security he said. An immediate opportunity exists for continuing with the negotiations for opening the Suez Canal. Although a num- ber of difficult issues still re- main, they are not numerous or impossible to negotiate. Mr. Eban set tremendous store by the "volume of inter- course" between Arabs and Is- raelis. "Arab-Israeli coex- he said, "has broaden- ed enormously. Hundreds of thousands of Arabs are coming across the open bridges from all over the Middle .East. Tho Allenby Bridge has become something of a normal port of entry and exist. No less impor- tant is the extent to which Arabs have moved into the Is- raeU economy itself." Mr. Eban said the last few rears had seen the ending of 60 Imported Trevera Singieknit 45 Screen Printed Cotton Jacquarris Interesting Jacquard eaves and sunshine- biiqnt screen prints make this hard-wearing colton a must for patio or party vcar. Req. Easy-care Trevera gives soft denim look in plains and stripes to tops, tunics and pantsuits. Soft- d -aping, easy-to sew! Reg S3 99 45'Screen Printed Arnel Jersey A super-fine triacetate perfect for blouses, dresses or gowns. Fully washable, crease resis- tant and soft-draping. Reg. 45 Sheath Lining Stock up on this one in your choice of many colors. Line being dis- continued! Req. 54 Bolide 45% Virgin Wool, o Polyester combine to give Ihis fabric the 'Coutuiicr Look" in your co s. suits and dresses. V i habie. Wide variety of colors. RegS798 45 "Screen Printed Crimpknil Polyester mini-cars Jibric. Washable. Does i oi crease. The RIGHT fibric for casual OR dressy uoai. Reg. 45-54 Assorted Polyester Fabrics fully-washable, no-iion fabrics full of unshine-bright colors nd fun textures in a grab ban. selection of varying and patterns. 45 Sable Boucle Double Weave Crepe Thr one looks as rich as i Tiindsin linhlweight "ml drnssos and IV uses. 100% Polyester, machine washable. Reg, tho separation of the two com- munities into their own gheuos. "None of he added, "solves the basic issues and we Israelis must be careful not to assume that because the Arabs have schools, jobs and security that this is all they want; the Arabs also need their full civil and political s e 1 f-expression. That K why peace is so essen- tial for them as well as for our- selves." Any settlement that was reached should, he went on, provide for "community fron- tiers" so that Arabs and Jews could be free to develop their contacts. "But for the Arabs to move towards realistic negotiations they will first have to accept that now that the Middle East has lost its place in the league of the world's trouble spots they can no longer hope to achieve their aims by playing for external intervention. They are now hoping for a new ex- ternal factor to come from the Moscow they will again be disappointed. "Having spent the last five years pursuing a strategy of getting the external powers in- volved, it will perhaps take a little 1 o n g e r for them to get used to the idea that this is not going to happen. That policy has failed." Mr. Eban said that Mr. Sadat's latest visit to Moscow reflected two anxieties. First, over the decline of Russian willingness to become too heavily involved in the Middle East. S e c o n d I y, his need for internal reasons to make his policies seem more credible. "Sadat seems to have come away from Moscow with only a slight success: the Soviet agreement to subscribe to tha liberation of the Arab ter- ritories by methods other than negotiations. But I doubt, whether this is enough to enable Sadat to roar more con- vincingly certainly not on the level of frightening Israel, but even in taking in the Arabs." Mr. Eban said that the fu- ture of the Gaza strip remain- ed to be negotiated. There has been no legal change in the territory as a result of recent administrative changes allow- ing for free movement. "What the people of Gaza have needed most ever since 1948 was to get away from their sense of claustrophobia. Under Egyptian rule especially un- til 19C7 they were like chick- ens in a cage a pressure cooker of frustrations, hatred and misery. Now that is being changed. For the first time the Gazans are being given an opportunity to breathe freely; to move around; to explore. They have more employ- ment; they are getting higher wages; and their income from citrus is rising. Their housing has improved. But the long- term problem of the relation- ship between the Gazans prop- er and the refugees remains." Israel, Mr. Eban admitted, would start any negotiations by asking for Gaza not to be sep- arated from Israel. He doubted that Egypt would want to claim it back, but Jordan prob- ably would. Mrs. Meir had al- ready indicated the possibility of Gaza being made available as another port for Jordan's use. "When you go into negotia- Mr. Eban said, "You cannot hope to get 100 per cent of. what you want. That goes for both sides." Mr. Eban concluded by say- ing he would not go so far as to say his present mood was one of optimism. "After all. our hopes for peace have not been satisfied, but on the other hand our worst fears have not been fulfilled either. There were many people, including many of our friends, who feared that the big powers would be drawn into an involvement in the Mid- dle East. But not only have these fears not been fulfilled, they have receded. "I have no illusions that the- great powers have ceased to exist or will simply disappear from the Middle East arena. When there are negotiations they will have a place in them they cannot take the place of the Israelis or the Arabs." (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) 'Crazy Capers' U.S. cau't quit the world The Milwaukee Journal A upset by the country's inter- or are in insufficient quantities. The liaarlanlvic nml aniyiff? nrt 15 trUC of till and national headaches and the goings on in the United Nations, suggested in the let- ter column that the U.S. cut itself off from the rest of the and "build this nar lion into a fort." She wrote: "We produce enough of everything to take care of our own needs." If only that were true! A partial list of items stockpiled for na- tional security by the Office of Emergency Preparedness shows how dependent the U.S. i3 for vital materials that make life tick here. We would have to do without aluminum products because mast bauxite ore comes from overseas. Crucial alloys such as nickel, chrome, manganese and antimony ether are not to be found here In fact, without materials from foreign lands, America would have trouble produc- ing automobiles, airplanes and most of its military machines. Natural rubber, silk, jewel bearings and quartz crystals for radios arc supplied completely or mostly from outside our bor- ders. Should the nation adopt this fortress America concept, forget about coffee and bananas, for Instance. Think of the great variety of imported goods that mean lower prices for the American consumer. These would no longer be available. No matter how unpleasant the world ap- peal's, the US is part of it. We need it, it needs us. On the use of words -By Theodore Bernstein II TN slanguage bag has had several mean- ings, but the current one denotes a person's vocation, avocation, vice, present interest or enthusiasm. If someone said: "Skin flicks are his the possible defini- tions cover EO much territory that you'd have to know the context of what pre- ceded the remark to figure out what was meant. Normally, however, that isn't much of a problem. The word apparently had its origin among jazz musicians and was used to indicate the kind of jazz a musician was engaged in. Don't use it that way anymore. A reader sends a clipping of a published letter in which the writer complains about Sunday night TV programs and adds: "Sunday is such a bore anymore." That use of any- more, he says, it "driving me frantic." Properly used, anymore appears only flatly negative statement: Sunday is no good anymore; or with a statement that has a negative connotation: Sunday is hard- ly worth bothering with anymore; or some- times with.a question: Is Sunday any good anymore? The use of the word in an af- firmative statement, as it appeared in that letter, is not uncommon, but it is consider- ed dialectal that is, peculiar to certain regions. Incidentally, anymore used to be two words, but is now accepted as one. A likely item. The adverbs likely and probably are synonymous, but there is a difference in good usage in the way they are employed. No one will bat an eyelash if you say: It will probably rain tomorrow, but a good many grammarians will bat a couple of eyelashes if you say: It will likely rain tomorrow. When likely is used in that way as an adverb, idiom calls for preceding it with very, more, most or quite. Idiom is a pccular thing peculiar to a language and most often not ex- plainable. Postscript: When used as tin ad- jective, likely can stand by itself, as in: He is a likely lad: or: The weather is likely to be rainy. Not an historic item. In good usage on both sides of the Atlantic it should be a historic item. In the earliest stages of the language there was no a, but only an. The tendency in speech to slur and slide and make things easy weakened the sound of an before consonants and brought a into being; it required too much effort io say an giant or an so they became "a giant and a woman." The rule today is to use a before a con- sonant or consonant sound and an before a vowel. A woman reader wants to know how one determines whether a word be- gins with a consonant sound. The best way is to pronounce the word aloud. If you pronounce lu'storic as istoric or hotel as otel, then you'd better say "an historic'1 and an hotel." But the rest of us wifl say "a historic" and "a hotel." Note that there are some words that be- gin with vowels that are pronounced as if they were consonants a yew sound. Such words therefore take the article a: a uni- versity, i European. The" only other problem concerning which article to use arises with some abbrevia- tions. The test is how people read or say such designations. .S.F.U. student" would be correct because almost everyone would read those letters ts letters, not as Simon Fraser University. On the other hand, a "L.I.R.R. train" would be correct because people in the New York area do not speak the abbreviation, but translate it into Long Island Rail Road. Word Oddities. A previous item spoke of Idiom as a peculiar thing. In its derivation that is just about what the word means. It comes from the Greek Mios, meaning per- sonal, private, peculiar, one's own. It then was applied to peculiarities of language. It is related to the word idiot, which is not so strange; some idioms are almost idiotic. Astonishing affairs YEARS AGO, there was a radio pro- gram maybe there still is-called "People are Funny." Indeed they are. That profundity was prompted by a small child who beat upon the door a couple of nights ago, with a view to selling some tickets to a "Spring Tea and Sale of Work." I'm sure everyone knows about spring teas, and it seems likely anyone who has. ever been mixed up in a -Church organization will remember when a "sale of work" was as normal a means of raising money as raffles and bingo games are today. They were quite astonishing affairs, The" uiesut that every household cTthe persuasion sponsoring the event would be in utter chaos for weeks, sewing, baking, trimming, decorating, telephoning and arranging. This so as to ensure that, come the great day, the appointed place would be inundated with an incredible array of cakes and cookies, pies and tarts, buns and loaves, a remarkable (it is, when you think of it) variety of aprons, pot-holders and oven mitts, several knitted "sets" for micro-babies, all sorts of book- marks, the cleanest collection of used books in town, and numerous small plants, with begonias and African violets predomi- nating. In the fall or early winter, an even more impressive display of distaff arts would occur, the annual church supper, also ac- companied with a sale of work. And work it was, God knows. These events required a truly stupendous effort, involving scores of people, prodigous amounts of labor, endless hours of wrangling and ar- ranging, the making or breaking of life- long friendships, quilc frequently hyster- ics, and withal raised at least as much money as would have been realized if each husband whose spouse was in- volved and usually prostrated thereby- had donated two or three dollars in cash, and called the whole thing off. That's right, you know. We worked it out one year, the last in which my tribe was directly involved, and the bill to me would have come to just over three dollars. Now you just can't and you couldn't then make three pies, four aprons, two pans of fudge, two or tfo-ee uozer, u u n s, s "square" (if you don't know what that is, I'm surprised you got this far) and enough salad (two or three varieties) to fill a small bath tub, for three dollars; to say nothing of the gasoline required to make a dozen or so trips to and from the hall, delivering this or that, picking up old Mrs. So-and-So and returning her, an emergency mission or an extra jar of mus- tard, and all the other running around. And that doesn't take into account t h o days and weeks the household was strictly lion-functional, the telephone as good as out-of-order, meals and com- pletely ignored, and life and limb endan- gered' by any such incautious remark as "Has anyone seen Mother Perhaps the most nearly incredible thing about these events is the odd persistence of the belief that "The ladies just love 0 yeah? Inside track By Dtrag Walker COLLEGE SHOPPING MALL Ave. and Mayor Magrath Drive Open Dally 9 a.m. lo 6 p.m. Thursday and Fiidciy 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Tolcphono 327-2243 Read old s dnnr, to sl me one of your ermons will you I ju'.t ran't gpl have a suspicion that Ken Bessie would like the job of building a fence at our place. A clipping was found In an envelope in our mail box awhile ago deal- ing with the subject of constructing a fence. Elspcth has reason to believe Ken put the missive in our box. Probably this young man aJso deposited that section of fence that mysteriously ap- peared on our lawn last Halloween. It wasn't a very good advertisement of build- ing ability so if Ken was responsible I wouldn't hire him for any construction work. Anyway Bill Langmead in Salmon Arm has the inside track wilh his offer of knot-hole fence ;