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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITORIALS Maurice Western Crying Wolf 'Polluted We Are Likely To Remain../ The old fable about the boy who cried for help so often that he came to be ignored may have application to the labor scene today. There was a time when the public could understand the issues behind strikes and give sympathetic support to the attempts to gain economic justice and tolerable working conditions, Some of the reasons for going on strike today are so abstruse that the strikers themselves must be hard pressed to explain what they are after. In some of the disputes today the question of wages and working conditions scarcely figures at all while fringe benefits - sick leaves, holidays, pensions, and other things - become the issue. And on these matters the points of contention can be so technical as to elude the majority of onlookers. A suspicion intrudes itself with increasing frequency that there may be no real issues at all. Union leaders may simply feel that, unless they continue to press management, their people might get the idea they are superfluous. Or it may be that unionists generally consider it to be a good idea to symbolize their distance from the bogeyman employer. One of the least understood and appreciated tactics of unionists is the sympathy strike. While it may be thought to provide additional strength to the demands of the initially striking union, it tends to confuse the public on which union has a giievance and what it is. Of course, it may not matter to unionists whether the public understands and sympathizes. What may matter to them is the reaction of the management negotiators whose job it is to understand the issues. But in the long run, disregard for the sentiments of the general public may redound unfavorably for labor. Even in the short run it could have the effect of prolonging strikes because of the encouragement provided to management negotiators to resist the pressure of the unions. Although there is certainly no sign of the labor movement faltering, there is no guarantee that it might not run into trouble in the future. Who can foresee what the effect of the tremendous labor supply being created by the population explosion and by automation may be? What if there is a reaction to unionism strong enough to change laws and bypass current employment practices? Is it possible that the unions are on the verge of crying wolf too often? Casement Revived? The wonder is that the political crisis in Southern Ireland did not come to a head months ago. It if had not been for the determined stand of Eire's Prime Minister Jack Lynch, in avoiding involvement with Northern Ireland's explosive political problems, the whole of Ireland could quite conceivably have been embroiled in the troubles. In the light of developments during the last ten days, there is a grave possibility that this might still occur. Mr. Lynch has been forced to show his mettle, to put his principles into practice, and this he has done, let the chips fall where they may. He staunchly believes that his government should take no part in Northern Ireland's divisive conflict, and that the British should be given the chance to put through the needed reforms. Recently, when he became strongly suspicious that members of his Cabinet were involved in smuggling arms to the militant Catholics in Northern Ireland, he sacked them both, (it would seem inevitable that the U.S. bogey should come up in the Irish situation. Americans are accused of implication in civil disorders all over the world. British Intelligence now suspects that money collected in Boston, Chicago and New York for peaceful assistance to poverty stricken Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland, has found its way into the hands of extremists who have used it for the purchase of arms smuggled into Belfast). The dismissal of the Cabinet ministers has precipitated a grave crisis in southern Ireland. The extremist opposition forces of Sinn Fein and the Irish Republican Army, have long accused Mr. Lynch's Fianna Fail of selling out the Republican cause. They deny the validity of Irish union by constitutional means and believe that unfica-tion can come only by force. Accusations, rumors of defection in government circles, unsubstantiated far out rumors have fanned the flames of ancient hatreds. It has become a very dangerous situation. Tragically it may have a catastrophic effect on the moderate government of Mr. Chichester-Clark in Northern Ireland. The extremist Protestant leader the Rev. Ian Paisley, will no doubt fan the flames of violence as he has done before. He has warned his Protestant minority that they are in danger of being swallowed by the Roman Catholic monster. Now he can add the fuel of increased fear to the fires of hatred - He isn't likely to resist the opportunity. The hope is that the indomitable Mr. Lynch will be able to stick with his principles and ride out the political storm. In the meantime the only course for the British government is to do what it can to strengthen the hand of moderate Prime Minister Chichester-Clark in the North, to avoid any provocation in the South - and to prepare for the worst. If the worst should come, if the street brawls, the guns, the destruction and the killings become again a fact of life in Ireland, Britain, albeit reluctantly, will have to send in its peace-keeping troops. The ghost of Roger Casement hovers over Ireland today. Weekly Meditation Meditation Is An Art 'T'HE ART of medidation requires a lifetime of study and rare is the man or woman who achieves skill in it. To see U Thant go into the Meditation Room at the United Nations or go to a retreat and emerge a stronger, wiser, and steadier man sets Westerners wondering. One reasoD is the tendency of Eastern religions to emphasize meditation as a purgation. Thus a Hindu ascetic signs his letters "Sunya Bhai" or "Brother of Emptiness." After a long visit to a Christian retreat he left saying, "I have shared with you my silence." Since he had said and done little or nothing, his contribution was hard for Westerners to understand. The Madhyamika Buddhists emphasize the practice of Wisdom by techniques which kill all thought. The Yogacarin Buddhists are opposed to such mental activism and emphasize a condition of trance. The Prajnaparamita considers emptiness of "self - luminous thought" the end ideal condition. This brings them to the place, utterly incomprehensible to the Western mind, of thought "that is no thought," neither existing nor not existing. The Chinese Buddhists, insisting on a state of non - action, maintain that in meditation one "should not think of anything," but aim at a condition of "no - thought." The Sadhana - Mala puts it, "Through the fire of the concept of emptiness all the five Skandhas are destroyed without return." While many Christian ascetics have thought of meditation in similar terms, the Christian finds more sympathy with those Buddhists and Eastern faiths who speak of contemplation in its original sense of coming together to a temple, implying a total concentration of the forces of life and a dedication to a supreme love. Augustine defined this in terms which should delight many a Buddhist as "the Ancient Beauty." Higher Buddhism would also appreciate, as many Christians could not, the statement of Dr. Temple that, if he had only us to five minutes for prayer, he would spend the first four listening for the voice of God. Christians in their best witnesses have not only maintained the utter necessity of contemplation in the good life, but the peril of emptiness. Referring to Jesus' parable of "The Empty House" which was cleaned out and left empty, thus leading to occupation by more evil devils, Christians believe that contemplation must have some focus, such as the beauty and glory of God, the life of Jesus, or the sacramental love of the Trinity. "Thought," said D. H. Lawrence, is a man in his wholeness attending." For a Christian this defines contemplation. "Nought is more profitable," said the hermit Rolle who lived in a Yorkshire hut," nought merrier than the grace of contemplation which lifteth from low things and presenteth us God." The cleavage between East and West becomes more apparent in German Pietism, of which we see a healthy revival today. In men like Zinzendorf the movement ran into extravagances, but in its emphasis on purity of life, works of charity, a life of benevolence, intensive study of the Scripture and avoidance of controversy in devotional, studious living, Pietism produced some of the finest spirits of Christendom. Their avoidance of politics has made them unpopular with much contemporary, activist Christianity. Surely there must be a line drawn somewhere, since too great involvement in the world destroys the soul. "To be poor in order to be simple," said Santayana, "to produce less in order that the product may be more choice and beautiful, and we may be less burdened with ordinary duties and useless possessions - that is an ideal not yet articulate in the American mind." No, nor in most minds of any nationality. Prayer: Grant. 0 God, that what I take in my contemplation 1 may pour out in love. -F. S. M. {YrTAWA - The department of northern affairs, in a major refinement of policy, has decided to set geographical limits on the ancient maxim that a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. North of '60, It has been repealed. In Winnipeg the other day Jean Chretien announced his four - point program for safeguarding the northern environment. This is to include a re- search scheme underta ken jointly by government scientists and conservationists and representatives of. the development industries. It has been thought wise, in this context, to proscribe the' Fischetti David Humphreys New Meaning For Royal Visit T ONDON: The unqualified success of the royal tour of Australia and New Zealand casts a new light on the tour of Manitoba and the Northwest Terrriories this summer. This year's 10-day Canadian tour might have been just another item in the royal routine, of undoubted if passing interest to the hosts. In Canada, it would have provided some bright color in the holiday news. Abroad, indifference or perhaps casual note. But now the visit of the Queen, Prince Philip, Prince Charles and Princess Anne has been elevated to a standard of signi-cance, ensured by the timing and by the success of the visit just completed. The measure of success will be set partly by the style of the Royal Family but more importantly by the way they are received in Canada. It would be silly to pretend that the future of the absentee monarch will depend on the rapport established during a few days between the Queen and a few of her subjects in a small part of her Canadian kingdom. But it would be fanciful not to look at the visit in terms of the future of the monarchical system as it now stands. For their part, the Royal Family will be doing their informal and relaxed best to make the tour a success. If their approach is similar to the one set in New Zealand and Australia, it will be something fairly new for Canadians in royal tours. The informal moments of the restricted Centennial tour were dress occasions compared to the style of this latest visit "down under." There ceremony was thrown to the wind for a series of 'walky-takies" as the Royal Family strolled and chatted among the crowds Princes Charles and Princess Anne, complete strangers to most Canadians, for the first time came into their own on a tour abroad, taking an active part in the social occasions and celebrations. Paradoxically one of the most complete tours, lasting two months in all, has been the most successful. British commentators are unanimous today in their praise, calling this tour one of the Queen's greatest triumphs and an unparalleled success. The future of royal tours at home and abroad, is being reconsidered. Generally, the Australian tour is seen as a watershed for tours abroad, meaning that the summer visit to Canada will be in the same style, perhaps with some distinct Canadian twists. While this "matey" walkabout style is applauded for the colonials the British aren't so sure about themselves. So the debate has been joined: should the monarch come down to the pavement at home, or stay on the Throne? Buckingham Palace agrees that the spirit will be carried to Manitoba when the royal aircraft touches down at Churchill on July 5. From that point it will be up to Manilobans and their reaction will be analyzed far beyond the province's borders. For sheer length this visit will be nothing to compare with the Australian visit which rather recalls the gruelling 45-day journey across Canada undertaken by the Queen and Prince Philip during the summer of 1959. That visit, notable for the opening of so many buildings and formal set speeches, was the last time many Canadians had an opportunity to see the Queen. The 1964 visit was marred by the icy reception in Quebec and like the Centennial visit, it was restricted to a small part of the country and was preempted by officialdom. Now, just when Candians had given up on these things as old-fashioned leftovers from a bygone age, the Australians prove that it isn't necessarily so. The program looked as formidable as any in the past, but there was that new determination on both sides to make this one very much different. Australia is not Canada and this fresh evidence that the system has a future there, doesn't necessarily prove anything in Canada. Prince Charles had lived in the country, attending school. A strong affection for the Crown prevailed. Like Canada, Australia has been appraising its role in the world, particularly its relations with other Asian powers. Sir Robert Menzies, the former prime minister, writing in The Round Table, noted that "A quarter of the population are estimated to want Australia to become a republic." A minority assumed that the monarchy was on the way out. No longer can they be so sure. In its observation, The Times of London said that the Queen "was able to unite her people there in a way that is not open either to her governor-general or Australian ministers to do." The Guardian said the visit's triumph will scuttle the more extreme nationalists. "Although the Australians may have adopted much of the American way of life in their new country," the paper said, "they still see the point of a formal monarchy in Britain - and see no convincing alternative in their own democratic system." Letters To The Editor The Australian view, as put by the Sydney Sunday Telegraph, was that "the Royals" have been put in a different light. "No more will they appear remote figures, removed from the realities which face ordinary men and women. They have been seen as warm and human, full of fun and laughter, and intensely interested in, and proud of, Australia." Maybe nothing the Royal Family does can alter Canada's destiny. Maybe the country cannot be held together as a constitutional monarchy. But judgments should be made on the status quo today. The Australian tour proves that, if the national government will give them an opportunity, the Royal Family will respond to the needs of a particular national situation. The family today must not be confused with the pattern set even a decade ago. The new generation is playing a full, vital role, with the Queen's approval. From a distance, it appears as though the voice of reason has spoken in Quebec, buying time for Canadians to resolve constitutional problems. They will have to consider whether the position of the monarchy is altogether central to the question, or whether constitutional problems can be resolved within the existing framework. Manitobans and northerners will be given the first opportunity to contribute to this process. Lacking any clear and agreed alternative, Canadians may yet decide that it is premature to cast "the royals" overboard. (Herald London Bureau) vulgar term "pollution." Instead, authorities will refer to "residual management," or, presumably, in the case of oil drums scattered across the landscape, to residual mismanagement. This is a salutary decision which should go far to banish the unfortunate image of the public servant as an unfeeling bureaucrat. Someone in Ottawa has recognized that the northern oil man, though perhaps somewhat rough and rugged in external appearances, is at heart sensitive and likely to be repelled by the sort of language commonly used, for example, in parliamentary debates or public discussions. There is no doubt that in the South, where linguistic license prevails, the word pollution is commonly used in  derogatory sense. As a glance at the letter columns of any newspaper will show, people do tend to react emotionally to evidence of residual mismanagement such as dead fish and the open sewers that flow past their homes. Suspicion, lurks that someone, somehow, for whatever reasons, has been guilty of anti - social behavior. This will not do in the true North, strong, free and as yet only moderately polluted, where all are resolved to be discriminating in the disposition of their residues. It is also encouraging that northern affairs has set its face against the depressing trend of our times. There has been, even by post - Victorian standards, a regrettable decline in public taste. The more successful writers concentrate on four-letter words and little else. For the more conspicuous of those who crowd our institutions of higher learning, the policeman has degenerated by degrees to cop, then fuzz and how fascist Pig- This should be a warning of what may happen if officials who must, in the course of their duty, mingle now with the citizenry, now with oil men and mining magnates, permit themselves in moments of indiscretion to stray from the safety of good, grey officialese into the danger zone of emotionally charged words likely to upset residual managers. It may be objected that the latest ukase, commendable though it is, will involve what amounts, indeed, to the old business of locking the stable door when the horse is out. For the fact is that the word pollution, apart from being the very keynote of the present parliamentary session, has undoubted official sanction even in the North. It was Mr. Chretien, presumably with the advice of experts in northern affairs, who introduced "an act to prevent pollution of areas of the Arctic waters adjacent to the mainland and islands of the Canadian Arctic." Fortunately, a distinction can be drawn on geographical lines. While the oil man offshore may be a potential polluter, his counterpart on the mainland is an earnest entrepreneur eager to co-operate with government in solving difficult problems of reskf u a 1 management. Further such residues as MAY, unhappily, result from his operations are emptied into fresh water as distinct from salt. Northern affairs is not responsible for the quirk of geography or physics which causes the fresh water in turn to empty into the salty ocean with results which need not be contemplated here. Any residual management prober who finds these distinctions elusive may (or may not) obtain clarification from ths deputy minister. According to a lingering opinion in southern Canada, ths 60th parallel is an imaginary line. How mistaken this notion is, readers may judge from ths latest resolute action by departmental officials. To ths north of it, pollution has been banished by a single, decisive terminological stroke. Among the oil men sitting over their tea cups at Atkinson point, the very word is unknown. In the unredeemed south, vulgarity persists and so does pollution. But the men about Mr. Chretien are realists. Having learned through hard experience that Heaven is not reached at a single bound. The North having set the example, the South in due time - and after some re-writing of the statute books - may follow. There must be many industrialists, surrounded by innumerable PH men, in the settled regions who would rejoice to be known in their communities as residual managers. The worse the pollution, the greater, one suspects, will be the enthusiasm of polluters for linguistic reform. While the re-education of ths oil men and industrialists may be expected to proceed at welcome speed, the mandarins would be unwise to anticipate a comparably swift respon s e from the general public. Alert citizens will be well aware from the exhortations of our political leaders that the best defence of our sovereignty is a stout stand against pollution. As noted above, this remains true in places. There has, however, been an unexpected amendment for elsewhere true patriotism consists in residual management. Such refinements, however statesmanlike, are not always readily grasped. Thus It is to be expected that for some time to come, perhaps even in the advancing North, the pollution probers will go on probing and outraged citizens will go on. Expressing themselves In language, often printable, but altogether unsuitable for official ears or the petroleum club, it may be difficult even for the CBC to keep up with the avant-garde. Ecologically speaking, polluted we are and polluted we are likely to remain until ths day when we overcome our linguistic inhibitions and emerge as residual managers. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Appointments To Public School System May I take up a point or two in the Wednesday edition concerning the appointment of outsiders to inside jobs in the public school system of this city. Indeed, the school board is cor- rect in discussing "the advisability of bringing in personnel from outside the city to fill local positions. And trustee, Doug McPher-son, may be assured that there A Welfare Population? Once again a sermon regarding humanity and morality seems necessary. One sentence in Ray Keitges' letter concerning the youth hostel requires elaboration.The other two sentences that completed the letter were too irrelevant to deem comment. The sentence in question "Truly this is the age of the freeloader and too many of our public figures and public officials are extremely generous with other people's money" is a statement that not only deserves but requires a reply. These people that we arc too generous with in using other people's money are either people on welfare or disabled persons. A person who receives welfare is one who cannot possibly support liimself or his family either because his salary is insufficient or because he is unable to secure employment. If you think that these people ai'e unable to find sufficient work due to a lack of ambition, think again. So They Say The question is no longer between guns and butter. The question today is between bigger guns and the internal health of our country. -Former ambassador W. Averell Harriman, saying arms alone cannot give the nation security. You tell me how you are going to find a job for a 45 year old woman with a grade VI education and four children to support, or a man over 60 or a woman over 55? Most applicants are too old to attempt any form of educational rehabilitation so unskilled labor is the only area of employment they can go after and unskilled labor is the most unavailable source of work in this present era of professionalism. When applying for financial assistance, these applicants are scrutinized very effectively, and if there is any reason why the applicant can work but won't, then their application for public welfare is denied. As far as receiving financial aid from the government for any disability, physical or mental, this is self-explanatoiy. Disabled persons are at the bottom of the ladder as far as employment selection goes. I used to share the view that the government was overly-generous until I was informed differently from the Department of Social Development situated in the Sun Life Building in Lethbridge. I suggest to anyone still ignorant of the present public welfare operations, that they get some facts from the above mentioned department first before spouting off. JOHN A. MARTINI. Lethbridge. are able men and women capable of functioning quite well at all levels of administration to be found within the city system as it is. That includes the su-perintendentship, too. Every teacher in the city agrees with him when he says that "bypassing local applicants has a debilitating effect on staff morale". This is true down to the last detail. Most teachers can't understand the statement attributed to Dr. Larson "that established board policy was followed in the selection of all new personnel". They are of the opin- ion that none of the established board policy was followed in amy of the selection of any of the new personnel. Is it possible that Dr. Cran-ley of the Separate School Board was correct in his recent statement? Has a rubber stamp, in fact, been created? What a galling possibility? Have we got a mockery for democracy as a recent editorial suggested? The public needs to know because it is their school system, which is being tampered with. "DEMORALIZED". Lethbridge. LOOKING BACKWARD THKOUGH THE HERALD l>20-The berth rate went up today. Now it will cost $2.25 for a lower to Calgary. According to the new rate for sleepers this is an increase of 75 cents including the war tax. 1930-One of the largest land deals for many years was the purchase of between 5,000 and 6,000 acres of land by the Hut-terites five miles south and west of Stirling. While the exact amount of the purchase was not revealed it was thought to have been in the neighborhood of $250,000. 1940-Brussels was threatened with German devastation irom the air, facing the fats that overtook Warsaw during the blitzkrieg in Poland. 1950 - The Commons have cleared from a crowded order paper a big legislation stumbling block - western oil and gas pipeline legislation. Ths bill now goes to the Senate. i960-Representing an outlay of approximately $1,000,000, construction is expected to begin immediately on the Canada Packers Ltd. beef killing and processing plant in the city. The lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905  1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clau Mill Registration Number 0012 Member of Tha Canadian Praia and tha Canadian Daily NniNHl Publishers' Aasocfatiaa and lb* Audit Bureau of Circulation* CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager ' JOE BALLA WILLIAM BAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manage* Editorial Pag* Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;