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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 15, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 14-THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD May 1974 Rancher-settler conflict was vicious but range war didn't erupt By MICHAEL ROGERS Herald Staff Writer The Northwest Mounted Police might have been disbanded 90 years ago had not a new problem begun to plague the a conference dealing with the history of the force was told Tuesday. The NWMP had solved the problems in -the West that prompted its establishment the wild lawless whisky traders and hostile Indians and there was talk in Ottawa there was no longer any need for the force. Its job was done. But the rapid growth of the cattle industry in the with threats of cattle rustling and smuggling cattle across the gave the NWMP the task of protecting the ranchers. Prof. D. H. of the University of British told the conference at the University of Lethbridge. arrival of the police from the East at the time the ranchers were approaching from the United States proved to be of critical importance in determining the manner in which the industry would develop on the Canadian side of the He said the presence of the police accelerated the northward thrust of the cttle industry and brought ranchers into the territory faster than if the region had been left without law enforcement. The he provided the two essentials that the development of a stock raising industry required a market and security. was particularly the nature of the security provided by the that was of far reaching importance in the evolving character of the Canadian cattle Prof. Breen said. The professor said cattle represented almost all the ranchers investment and they needed protection on a day-to- day basis. The industry grew rapidly and one thing that contributed to the growth was the three- year enlistment contracts of the police. of those taking their discharge had elected to remain in the foothill country and commence ranching the professor said. he as the industry grew more and more people came from Eastern Canada to invest in the cattle industry. The newcomers weren't part of an advancing frontier 5 PIECE Porcelain Enamel Cast Iron COOKWARE Set consists 3 qt. Saucepan 1V2 qt. Dutch Oven with covers Skillet with long wooden handle Special 34 95 Call Houwwares 327-5767 Downtown that had moved slowly instead they were representatives of the metropolitan culture of the East. because of the relationship between the police and ranchers there was a degree of stability in the Canadian West that was not characteristic of most frontier societies. cattlemen were lacking in the security and stability found in Canada so they formed stockmen's associations and frequently interpreted and administered the law as they saw Prof. Breen said. He said cattlemen's associations were formed in Canada but from the outset their activities were more prescribed. an effective and efficient federal police force at hand to enforce criminal justice and protect the rights of rangers were confined to the role of petitioners and lobbyists in defending the interests of their the professor said. While the cattlemen relied heavily upon the force to provide a day-to-day protective security for their herds -and also upon the police to lend their support for desired they also called on the NWMP to assist in an even more vital dimension of their industry's defence. x struggle between rancher and the as he was uncharitably known to the began in the mid-80s with the stockmen solidly entrenched behind legal barricades and firmly in control of the grazing Prof. Breen said. He said the task of assisting the cattlemen in their resistance to settling farmers was the most difficult one faced by the police in their lone and close association with the ranching community. While the American rangers were involved from time to time in range this situation only came close to developing in Canada. Canadian Prof. Breen were determined to protect their holdings and many farmers refused to be driven off their land. he when they came found most of the good land to be in the hands of the ranchers who had leased the property from the federal government for grazing. Many settlers were apparently illegally using ranchers' land and were evicted as a job that unfortunately fell on the shoulders of the the professor said. 1886 it was apparent to the federal government the growing clamor against the lease system required some accommodation. department of the interior cancelled a number of the unstocked speculative leases in the Calgary area and announced that leases granted in the future would not contain the no-settlement he said. But he said since the new lease policy left the original leases in force wherever legitimate ranching operations were under the cancellation of a few holdings brought only brief tranquility to the Canadian range. Prof. Breen said for the next five years the Bow River Valley remained in a state of constant turmoil and the department of the interior received threats and counterthreats from ranchers and settlers. settlers were faced with the threat of legal action and they knew their claims could not be sustained in court so they said they would stand by each other and defend themselves with their he said. It was not long before the federal government realized that even the restrictive lease system had become politically untenable. Prof. Breen said in 1891 Ottawa announced that ail of the old closed leases would be terminated in four years and in the interval the cattlemen would have the opportunity to select and purchase one-tenth of their former lease-holds. But this didn't seem to help matters as the cattlemen were able to negotiate a system of public water reserves throughout the grazing country from which settlements would be restricted. in the department of the interior were along with the that the region was too dry to warrant encouraging farm Prof. Breen said. He said the next rash of squatter evictions were from water reservations rather outside The group od students and their Bruce from Hamilton Junior High who have become authorities on the trek that brought the North- west Mounted Police west 100 years have set up their caravan at the University of Lethbridge. Their display runs in conjunction with the conference at the university dealing with the history of the force. Conference delegates pause here to peruse the cara- van's some of which is being sold to finance further research by the students. Trustees rap ASTA seminars The Alberta School Trustees Association seems to hold seminars for the sake of holding a public school trustee claimed Tuesday. During discussion on whether the school board CtrtHtad Dental Mechanic CUFF BLACK DENTAL LAB MEDICAL DENTAL BIN. PHONE 327-2132 should send representatives to the ASTA 30th annual school business short course and trustees seminar in Banff June 6 to Doug Card told trustees the speakers at such seminars often get at the subject The trustees agreed to send Trustee Carl Johnson to the seminar on the condition that he report back on the value of the seminar so they can express their concerns to the SERVICE LTD. REGULAR EVENING AUCTION it the WAREHOUSE 1920 2nd Avenue South May 16th Tims Cttft ftrtt Lovely walnut bedroom suite with double chest of drawers and complete bed with good box spring and 2 door apartment size dinette green leatherette complete Frigidaire Tappan counter propane 2 bar small chest of Moffat gas Coronado wringer brown 9 x 10 good selection of Pr. shower twin rinse Hoover washer-spin wash Pr. metal bi-fold counter doors and 4 portable electric record extension old box springs and arm gas and electric 2 pipe single pipe pipe bird cage and good 1 ton chain gas large pressure small metal typing golf cart and kids car portable sewing Yamaha 250cc Honda SOcc Philips color TV. 1952 FORD ft 1M1 OLDSMOBILE 1959 1057 1951 WILLYS JEEP WITH FORD VS. HURLBURT AUCTION SERVICE LTD. PHONE 326-470S 11202nd AVE. S. LETHBRIDQE TEDNEWBY AUCTIONEERS KEITH EHRMANN LIC.0102M-41 Lie. 01211I-4M MIKE HANZEL wmr For Evtry Pair 371-7th Street South BERGMAN'S Floor Coverings SALES AND INSTALLATIONS By DON BEHUMAN Open Thursday Evening till 9 p.m. PHONE 326-0372 2716 12th S. ASTA about its if the Banff seminar falls into the category of worthlessness as outlined by Mr. Card. The public school board agreed Tuesday to spend about a year over the next five years for an annual appraisal of the value of its school buildings and their contents. The inflationary increases of replacement cost values of the buildings and contents were cited as the reason for the annual revision. Replacement cost values of Lethbridge public schools and contents increased by million over listed values of a year ago. A proposal that outlines the needs and the ways and means of providing diagnostic and assessment procedures to students who have learning difficulties received the verbal support in April of most superintendents in Southwestern the school board was informed Tuesday. The public school board in December initiated the formation of proposal and the consultation with school districts in the areas surrounding Lethbridge in an effort to establish adequate programs and the proper placement of students who have learning difficulties. The superintendents will meet again to discuss the proposal and explore possible government support that might be available for such a program. No definite action on the implementation of such a program is expected before the next school year is in the trustees were informed. The final public school board meeting of the 1973-74 school year will be held on June 4 instead of May the regularly scheduled date for the meeting. Trustees decided to change the date because it conflicts with a meeting of the Canadian School Trustees Association. Gov't draws bead on skunks Now is the time to consider AIR CONDITIONING from your 'Air Conditioning Centre of the South' CHARLTON t HILL LTD. 1262- 2nd Avt. South Phont 328-3388 The province has started a search for skunks in the Burdett Grassy Lake Bow Island area to check the SMILEY'S PLUMBING BATHROOMS REMODELLING Ptww 3M-2176 ART DIETRICH DENTURE CLINIC DENTAL MECHANIC SchmrtilUc.222SttiSt.S. Phont 328-4095 spread of rabies. skunks diagnosed rabid were found in the area in April. A skunk depopulation program carried out in the Grassy Lake region turned up 12 all diagnosed free of rabies. Ross fieldman for the plant industry division of the Alberta department of agriculture in said one man has been assigned to make spot checks of skunks during this week. Any skunks trapped will be killed and sent to the federal Animal Diseases Research Institute in Lethbridge to be checked for rabies. than from the closed leases. The bitterness in some quarters between rangers and would-be settlers was perpetuated. The professor said the campaign against squatters came to a halt in 1896. The new Liberal government of Wilfred Laurier was more disposed to the farm interests. even though Clifford the first Liberal minister of the was not disposed to countenance a policy of restricted he was prepared to recognize what his department had long deemed to be' the grazing country's distinct qualities. was prepared to maintain a somewhat reduced system of water reservations to sustain the cattle Prof. Breen said. He said Siftons' successor in Frank an MP from had no sympathy for the special region argument. ''He had long viewed the cattlemen as a landed and reactionary establishment standing in the way of settlement and progress. Within months of his taking office the first lot of former water reservations were up for he said. Prof. Breen said Oliver's appointment symbolized the fact the farmer had risen in the southwest by 1905 and the once dominant cattlemen were now in retreat. one sees repeated in the Canadian range country that familiar struggle earlier waged between rancher and farmer in the American West. there is one obvious difference. Though the contest was at times vicious and on occasion even violence and range war did not erupt in the Canadian Early Alberta police outposts being studied A project to gather historical information on Northwest Mounted Police outposts in Alberta has reached the half-way a conference at the University of Lethbridge on the Mounted Police was told Tuesday. The under the Alberta RCMP Century Celebrations Committee and funded by the is being conducted by Prof. Brian Colin Poole and Ian all from the University of Calgary. Mr. Poole said the project has three major to gather information on each to gain a data base as a reference source for future research and to decide from the information gathered which areas are in danger or destroyed and their historical value. areas that are in danger of being lost will be recommended for immediate Mr. Poole said. Mr. Poole said the project began last November with archival gathering pictures and documents. haven't had time yet to study all the data he said. The three men are the finding the outposts that were in use from 1874 to 1904 and studying the building construction and layout of the outposts. the time the project was initiated there were few recorded descriptions of NWMP outpost locations as far as we no detailed descriptions of the physical remains at any of the sites they he said. Mr. Poole said since many of the sites have been and still are being destroyed by relic various types of land development and by natural a comprehensive program of protection and preservation is needed. such a program most of the outposts will soon be he said. Mr. Poole said the study area was restricted to Southern Alberta with some research reaching as far north as Red Deer and the general location of ail 89 outposts has been found. this time it seems inappropriate to state any concluding remarks since the research for this project is only half finished but we hope when the work is completed it will establish a basis to determine both the historical and archaeological worth of the sites. a comprehensive program of preservation and excavation can be Mr. Poole said. Warner hotelman buys 5 lots for WARNER Walter Oakley of owner of the New Dayton Monday purchased five more 25-foot lots in the village for a total price of The Warner County council approved a bylaw authorizing the sale of lots at each. Mr. Oakley now owns nine two of which sold for each. These are across from the hotel and are used by the hotel manager for a residence site. Coun. Leif Trockstad of New Dayton he doesn't like it he can come back and The councillor said the hotel owner recently installed a glass-washer and now requires additional land to install a septic tank field. Coun. Trockstad said Mr. Oakley would for any recommendation we recommend to so council decided to suggest the new hotel owner acquire another owned so he could make up a block. At the same time council agreed that if the Alberta Ammonia fertilizer plant is sited at lots at New Dayton could become much more valuable. workers come into a tremendous number of them will be down at New said Coun. Trockstad. Council agreed to offer three 50-foot lots to another prospective buyer for a total price of The man offered each for the lots but council's consensus was that the offer was too low. Coun. Trockstad will negotiate further. Coal seekers vow to pay for damage WARNER CanPac Minerals of Lethbridge Tuesday agreed to accept the responsibility for any damage that might be caused to lands in the Warner County when the firm explores for coal this summer. The county council Tuesday learned Canpac plans to drill test holes for coal in townships three and four in range south of the Ridge Reservoir. The company plans to drill the test holes in late July. Health unit salaries worry councillor WARNER sure sets an awful strong said Coun. Ed Pittman Tuesday when the Warner County was informed of salary increases granted employees of the County of Warner Health Unit. Salaries were increased effective April 1 as Dorothy Hirsche. increase to Cathleen increase to Ann increase to Julia to and D. M. to Minutes of the Warner unit board meeting was moved by Terry Michaelis that the two nurses be paid in accordance with the Lethbridge Health Unit schedule and that the steno technicians and the secretary be granted an 11-per-cent Coun. Murray Holt's motion to the health unit board that grant the nurses and the steno technicians four weeks holidays with pay after five years of was also approved by the unit board. He told the county council health officer D. A. A. Byrne recommended the Warner unit follow the Lethbridge pattern. JethbjUdae FOX DENTUREtLINIC Est. 1922 PHONE 327-6S85 E. S. P. FOX. C.D.M. FOX LETHBRINE DENTAL LAB 204 MEDICAL DENTAL BLDQ. FURRIERS Fur Coat Storage Time The Lethbridge Furriers PHONE 327-2209 Hurry While We Still Have A Very Good Selection 1-doz. only MARQUIS FLOWER SHOP 4th A vt. and 7th St. S. Phont 327-1515 ;