Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 15, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tuesday, May 15, 1973 THJE UTHMJDGE HEKAIJ) _ sraelis struggle for lost ideals By Eric Silver, London Observer JERUSALEM Israel is an act of will. Its founding fathers landed at Jaffa with a mani- festo in their bundles. They were returning to a strange and arid Palestine not just to make a new life, but to create a Jewish homeland. After 18 centuries of exile the Jews would again be master of their own fate. Zionist migration was ed by a nationalist and a social- ist vision, twin legacies of 19th- century Europe and Jewish Messianism. It was an exercise in emancipation which would.at once perpetuate and refine the Jew's identity, whether or not he settled in the land of Israel. Twenty-five years after Da- vid Ben-Gurion proclaimed the State in the Tel Aviv museum, Israel can withstand many tests. It is a developing coun- try that has attained rare pros- BERRY'S WORLD perity. The economy is grow- ing at an average of nine per cent a year. It is a post-colonial state with a vigorous multi- party democracy, nationally, locally and in the trade unions. Its Jewish majority of is as diverse as the United Na- tions General Assembly, yet for all the tensions it has avoided communal strife. In 25 years, Israel has three times demolished the collective might of its Arab neighbors. In 1948 the world was astonish- ed. By 1967 even the Pentagon computer could sit back and take Israeli victory for granted. Yet for all these entries on the credit side of the ledger, Israel expects to be assessed by its own aspirations, the articu- late prospectu of its pioneers. By this test, the record is con- flicting and inconclusive. Its leaders acknowledge the gap. 1973 by NEA, I "The board decided that we had been a friendly bank long enough, so we have gone back to being our old If Israel has not evolved as its prophets assumed, the main reasons are the pattern of mi- gration and the absence of peace. The mass of Western Jews, the natural heirs to the Zionist tradition, stayed in Eur- ope and the United States. Only now are the Jews of the Soviet Union being allowed to come, and their contribution to the texture of Israeli life is still un- certain. Instead, within two years of the establishment of the state Jews began arriving by the tens of thousand from the Arabic- speaking countries of Asia and North Africa. The Jewish pop- ulation cf Israel doubled be- tween 1948 and 1951. Almost half of the newcomers were Or- iental Jews. Most of those from the West were survivors of the Nazi holocaust. Western migration never again reached the same pro- portion, whereas fresh waves cf Oriental Jews arrived in the mid-fifties and the early sixties. Ectween 1948 and 1970 more thrn 700.000 Jews of African or Asian origin bad to be absorb- ed. They came neither as pion- eers, nor as ideologues. Many were refugees who had to leave their property and money be- hind. Israel's resources were over- whelmed. The immigrants were shunted into tenements and development towns that were branded from the start as instant slums. The egalitarian Jewish society cf peasants, workers and intelligentsia had acquired an involuntary pro- letariat. Ths inequality persists, sus- tained by big families, bad hyjsin.tr. linftcd educational cp- The result is that a society has been superimposed en the ghetto of Israel. It has the strengths and weaknesses of both, the drives and the neur- ones. The new Israeli, by now into a second generation, is deter- mined to prove himself. He is assertive, acquisitive and am- bitious. He wants to pass his examinations. He wants to make money. If that means cuttina corners he will cut them. If it means trampling the competition he will tram- ple. Cheating is common in schools and universities. One reason for the rigid bureau- racy is that people cannot take each other on trust. You must bring your identity card, sub- mit two pictures and fill in the name of your father. If you enter your child for a state school with a good reputation you must bring documentary proof that you really do live in the catchment area. Jews steal from Jews, Jews sell their bodies to Jews, Jews extort from Jews. It took a de- tachment of tough border police- men, transferred from the Gaza strip, to stem the crime wave in Tel Aviv. More mundanely, the level of everyday competence is low and uneven. Every craftsman wants to be his own boss. He improvises, he learns at his customers' expense. The econ- omy, and consumer expecta- tions, are growing so rapidly that he has more work than he can handle. He turns nothing away, he just does not come. The incentive is strong. Is- raelis want middle-class stand- ards, conspicuously and quick- ly. Housing in the main towns reaches London prices. Rent- ed flats are almost unknown. Loans come at 18 per cent in- terest and have to be repaid ever 10 years. Duty of 100 per cent is levied on imported goods. High taxation starts at a low level of income. A pro- fessional irtan earns about half the salary of his British coun- terpart. All this in a chronic state of war and girding for war. Is- rael's domestic development is hamstrung by the need to spend 30 per cent of its budget oa de- fence. Young men still go straight from school to three years' military service, young women to 20 months. Fathers of families are still summoned to a month's reserve duty a year. Israel is not a militaristic so- ciety. It has no military caste. Haim Bar-Lev, who went from ehief of staff into Mrs. Heir's cabinet, behaves more like a If you're! a car loan the Royal and we'll pay your plates! It's very simple. We have in crisp new bills to put in your hand the moment we put through a Termplan Personal Loan for you, for or more of new money, before June 29th. No catches, no strings. No change in our interest rate. Plus: life-insurance at no extra cost. You don't even have to be a Royal Bank customer. It's a good good that you may wonder what's in it for us. Well, personal lending is a very important part of our business. We know that there are many people in the market for money this spring, and we want to increase our share of the business. So, we're offering you the best incentive we know thing we know We haven't changed our interest rates, and there are no hidden charges. We hope to make the money back from the increase in volume. And you, the borrower, can reap the benefit now, with the assurance that the Royal Bank will never knowingly let you get in over your head. doesn't matter whether you bank with us or not, and the only account you'll need to open is a chequing account for the loan repayments. This offer applies to anybody who can qualify for a loan. Just talk to your local Royal Bank manager before June 29. be in a better position to make the best deal if you know you've got the money. So arrange your loan before you shop for the car. Or, if you need a loan for something else, we'll still give you cash. Something else we can give 40 page book called "Your Money with lots of sound advice on managing your finances. It's just one of the many helpful services you'll find at your Royal Bank branch. Do something nice for yourself at the ROYAL BAN K politician than most of the poli- ticians. But the marks of a mil- itary culture are everywtare the ubiquity of guns, the in- trusion into civilian life of the peculiarly Israeli military vir- tures. People here are living on their nerves. They are hyper- sensitive. They flex their mus- cles. They still have to plac- ate the Gentila, if only because he makes the kind of fighter- bomibers no small state can make for itself. But no one will be alloA-ed to make their sacri- fices for them, or to choose their concessions. Israel remains none the less an intimate place. People at op- posite ends of the land know each other. They talk to their neighbors. They are eager to help or to mourn. Eighty-two per cent of the population live in towns, but they teach their children to know and love the countryside. The pervasiveness of protek- tsia (knowing the right man, having access to the right strings) is the dark side of this spirit of community. So on a grander scale is the spectacu- lar inefficiency and occasional comration revealed by the state comptroller in recent reports on public enterprises. In the end, Israel's achieve- ment is that it is there. Per- secuted Jews have a champ- ion, whether they are in Iraq or the Soviet Union. Drifting Jews have an anchor, though Israelis seem more interested in their money and their influ- ence than with any real dia- logue. After 25 years even its enemies acquiesce in the exist- ence of Jewish stale. The act of will has imposed itself, if not >ct its dreams, on an un- friend'y world. Books in brief "Playing the Shots at Both Ends, The Story of Ken and Dave Dryden" by Murray Dry den with Jim Hunt. (Mc- Graw-Hill Ryerson Ltd., 155 frages, The major portion of this book, written by the father of the only two brothers to ever tend goal in the National Hoc- key League, deals with the younger of the two boys, Ken. Ken of course is the Conn Smythe and Vezina trophy win- ning goaltender for the Mont- real Canadiens. A father's pride is evident throughout the book and especially towards Ken, and rightly so. Both boys come across as real down-to-earth people, hard working and honest; as com- pared to the star-struck Derek Sanderson types. Quite unex- pectantly, on my part at least, I found this to be a warm, sin- cere book by a father apprecia- tive of his sons' hockey and scholastic achievements. Edu- cation is stressed throughcvt the book, being number one in the order of things at all times in the Dryden household. As to sibling rivalry well Dave says he did entertain feel- ings of envy towards Ken, but he now takes his younger broth- er's success in his stride. Dave shouldn't feel too bad, for even though he's not as good as Ken neither are the 28-30 other goal- tenders in the league. GARRY ALLISON "Face-off at the Summit" by Ken Dryden with Mark Mulvoy (Little Brown and Company, 209 The famous 1972 hockey ser- ies bstwesn Canada and the Soviet Union aroused such in- tense interest that even another book, added to those already in print, will likely get an avid reading. This one comes from the daily diary kept by goalie Ken Dryden. Anyone familiar with the style of Mark Mulvoy in his hcckey stories in Sports Illus- trafed will soon realize that he only edited what Ken Dryden had to say about the series the writing is articulate but not entertaining. Dryden has includ- ed a lot about his own feelings and is rather hard on himself while being generous with his team-mates on the whole. All the big moments are re- viewed and the controversial things are discussed. The bad press in Sweden was unwar- ranted; Al Eagleson deserved praise not vilification; the de- serters from Team Canada dis- graced themselves; Canadian editorial writers were unjusti- fied in most of their early criti- cal comments about the team. Lovers of hockey lore will en- joy the pictures and will appre- ciate the completa summaries of all games played by Team Canada. DOUG WALKER Smoking no simple problem By Reg Turner, Lethbridge Public School Board The editorial, No need to tolerate smok- ing (May was a reason-able and fair analysis of the smoking prablsm in schools. However, it did not provide full coverage of the problem nor answer the question: What should be done about it? As a member of the public school board I should like to make some comments. First; re the legal aspects: the law is being broken, not only by the by the merchants who sell the tobacco, and any adult who supplies tobacco to those under age. It concerns all membsrs of the public, including teachers, that the law is being broken. But our society deals harshly with those who report other people's mis- demeanors, and people are simply not go- ing to report juveniles who smoke and then give evidence against them. Second: The proper group to carry out legal action in this area is the police force, and they will not get much help from the public in fact they will more likely get criticism and abuse. Most citizens, includ- ing me, believe our police officers are doing an excellent job, and they have our full support in the low key approach which has resulted in our city's fine record as a law abiding community. The lest thing the police should do is to clamp down on young people for doing things that the adults who live with them condone. I therefore consider that the statement, 'And if teachers or custodians cannot (or won't) enforce such a ban, then boards should be prepared to hire someone who can, or require the police to do to bs no answer. Teachsrs and custodians have no more to do with law enforcement than any citizen who happens to be in a school when an offence is committed. If circum- stances warrant, they can call the police, but they are not stcol pigeons for minor misdemeanors any more than any other citizen. Teachers are counsellors and instructors, and if they act as stool pigeons they will so disturb the professional client rela- tionship that the learning process will ba seriously impaired. As a board member I want teachers to have a high level profes- sional image and I would not want teach- ers making physical attacks on a student's body, or verbal attacks on his behavior or personality so extreme as to cause acute distress. Furthermore, school districts get thing like a year from the province for each student. Would it make sense to dake this money and then kick a child out of school for even a few days, for la'.ing a city or provincial law? Who needs school the most a law-abiding young citizen, or a young offender? If teachers do their jobs, they are prouder of the way- ward youngster who improves and COEJ- pletes twelve years of school successfully, than of a naturally bright child who breezes through school with A's in every subject. Third: Schools are there to serve the student ACCORDING TO HIS NEEDS Young offenders have a greater need than others. So don't ask the schools to do police work for which they lack training or experience. The police are more skilled in their work than any other section of the population and can handle the smoking prcbJ.cn if the public wants it solved (which some may doubt) and if the right people give them some help. The right people are: (a) The prrents, who should start by quitting smoking themselves and refusing to supply money for tobacco, and continue by giving cr getting some competent person to give their children a close look at what tobacco does to the human body. (b) Society, that must stop selling to- bacco to minors, advertising it on TV, and promoting it in moviss, and must see that every child is properly informed about tobacco. (Teachers ar.d school boards would, of course, ass.it.) Society should elso sea Mist jourg smokers are identified, and the cft'd ar.d family counselled and a-sis'.ed by rvofctiic-r.alJy competent peo- p'e. in a program cf reform. Punishment is not the answer. A wise parent may be to make use of a type and degree of punishment that will pro- duce reformed behavior without aliena- tion end resentment, but no public agency can do this. Some individuals working in church or recreational groups may do as well as or better than natural parents for the child who needs help. But, to ask teach- ers in general to use punishment as a tool of the trade could destroy the teacher's role as a counsellor and guide. Report to readers Doug Walker The Herald reporters This column is in specific response to a reader's request for brief biographies of the reporters on The Herald staff. The emphasis, as suggested by the inquirer, is on the training and experience of the in- dividuals. In subsequent columns I prowose to in- troduce those who have responsibilities for handling ths news, those who work in special departments, and others related to the content of the paper. If someone's name is missing in one column it will ap- pear in another. umbia for 1970-71; joined The Trail Times as city editor and Chef, became managing editor for a year and a half; joined The Herald staff in January, 1973. Greg Mclutyre: born in Vancouver and attended schiol there; graduated from the University of British Columbia with a BA in English and anthropology; spent 13 monihs with The Kamloops Sentinel as a reporter and photographer; was two and a half years with the Prince George Citi- zen as a reporter; joined The Herald staff in December 1971. Warren Caragata: born in Regina; at- tended school in Edmonton and Regina; graduated from the University of Saskatch- ewan with a BA in political science having taken one year at the Saskatoon campus and three at the Regina campus; edited the university in Regina: spent a few weeks as entertainment and production editor of a TV weekly in Regina; was on the staff of the Cranbrook Daily Townsman for a few weeks as a reporter and photo- grapher; joined The Herald staff in Novem- ber 1972. Jim Maybie: born in Calgary and attend- ed school there; spent one and a half years working for Myers Oil News in Calgary; worked with his father at Wholesale Nov- elties in Calgary fcr a year; spent six years with The Lethbridge Herald as a re- porter; following 18 months of reporting in Victoria and Calgary he returned to The Lethbridge Herald six years ago as a re- porter. Jim Grant: born in Medicine Hat; at- tended school in Eaglesham, Alberta: took a two-year radio and TV arts course at toe Northern Alberta Institute of Technology; spent five years with CFRN in Edmonton doing TV news and radio production; join- ed The Herald staff in March 1973. Joanna Morgan: born in England; attend- ed school in Lethbridge; graduated from Carleton University in Ottawa with a BA in English with time out to work a few months with the Lethbridge Public Li- brary-; was on the staff of her university paper; joined The Herald staff in May 1973. Bcrnice Herle: born in Leader, Sask. and attended school there; took the two-year journalism course at the Lethbridge Com- munity College; worked last summer and did weekend duty at The Herald through the winter and is back for another summer at least. Andy Ogle: born in New Orleans; attend- ed school in Denver and in Calgary; work- ed one year ss a truck driver ar.d plumb- er's helper; graduated from Simcn Fraser University with a BA in English; spent a year as a reporter with The Edmonton Journal; travelled ar.d did odd jobs for two years; returned to The Journal for a yev ?nd a half; joined The Herald staff in March 1973. Herb Legg: born in Calgary; attended school in Creston, B.C.; spent two years wiUi The Calgary Herald as a reporter; three years with The Winnipeg Tribune as a reporter; two years as news editor of The Creston Review where he was named the best weekly news writer in British Ool- Ric Swihart: born in Medicine Hat; at- tended school in Fort Macleod; took a two- yaar journalism course at Mount Royal College in Calgary; graduated from Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa with a BA in journalism; joined The Herald staff in December 1939.