Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
12-THE LETHBRIDQE HI May Westmoreland reminisces Campaigning worse than combat S.C. Six years after he was relieved of his Vietnam retired Army Gen. William Westmoreland still finds it necessary to fight the old battle. Every now and then a commentator will or a publication will that Westmoreland was the loser in the Southeast Asian conflict. But the old soldier counters by did not or more am not a defeated He does not make his defense at least not in for fist pounding and hair pulling have never been his style. Nor does he suggest that or because he was a soldier too long to imagine Vietnam's confusion as anything resembling victory in a traditional sense. by protecting his own part in the he seems to be protecting the Army only. He is known to feel that a conventional triumph was made impossible by the interference of overwhelming civilian but as for the military's part he says it did what it was assigned to Defend South Vietnam from military takeover and provide it with the means to defend itself. The wrinkled nosed critic will argue that such defense cost America of her billion from her treasury and much of her international but as a soldier Westmoreland has never been in a position to argue the emotions. A former aide explains that the General's job was do what the commander in chief said to not count the dead or the dollars. His Vietnam mission carried with it an inescapable heavy loss of life and other degradations but he was too long in uniform and too much dedicated to escape that awful responsibility with a moral retreat. Westmoreland says he deplores the Vietnam waste as much as any critic of the conflict. Since his retirement last year as Army chief of and his civilian withdrawal to his home he has had the freedom to express himself somewhat more candidly on the subject. His expressions indicate melancholy but not outright bitterness. He obviously believes the loss of life and money need not have been as great as it the he was at least twofold. he the military was not allowed to take the bold action necessary to end the conflict sooner. From the beginning of his command his moves were scrutinized and often vetoed by then President Lyndon Johnson and Defence Secretary Robert McNamara. Johnson especially wanted it understood the war would be manipulated by plainclothesmen. During a 1966 meeting with the Alberta Wheat Pool PATRONAGE The Alberta Wheat Pool intends to operate for the crop year 1974-75 on a patronage dividend basis in keeping with the co operative principles on which the Pool was formed. The following notice is published in compliance with ihe provisions of the Income Tax Act 'As required by the Income Tax Act this will advise our members that it is our intention to make a payment in proportion to patronage in respect to the year ending July and we hereby hold forth the prospect of patronage payment accordingly ALBERTA WHEAT POOL ALBERTA WHEAT POOL ALBERTA President in Westmoreland remembers Johnson cautioning him not pull a MacArthur on a reference to the well known habit of the late Douglas MacArthur to ignore or circumvent higher orders. Westmoreland did suggest some MacArthur tactics if not his insubordination. At one point in the Westmoreland planned an amphibious hook into North a ploy he believed would demoralize the enemy command as well as put border straddling enemy troops between an allied vice. says was But perhaps an even greater interference into the conduct of the says the was that of the American war resisters. He does not dwell on the argument that anti-war efforts gave the communists staying rather he looks at what the situation did to the military itself. He says the large numbers of bright young people who dodged the or fled the or wangled school left the military with a seriously depleted reservoir from which to draw young leadership. The result was the Army had to accept larger numbers of substandard junior officers. says something like My Lai would not have happened if the anti- war forces didn't almost force it to happen. Galley killer of noncombatants Lt. William would not have been accepted into the service under normal As it Westmoreland the service had to fill thus an unfortunate number of those slots was filled with second choice young men who could neither lead nor control their forces. And as for that unpopular war now that Americans are physically out of Westmoreland still maintains the light at the end of the tunnel will not dim. He or at least does not want believe that a decade's presence of some 2.5 million U.S. soldiers over there was meaningless. Healthy and robust at age he is writing a book to give his side of the and obviously hopes to yet see the day when a more America deletes the adjective from the biography of its Vietnam general. Four-star General Westmoreland is now running for the Republican gubernatorial nomination in his home state and the stump can be a drag. By TOM TIEDE Newspaper Enterprise Association career can be a numbing experience for but for it must be like having society on his spitshine. Thirty-six years a 19 of them as a general he is now shorn of his rank by the political necessity of suddenly becoming one of the people. It he humbling Seeking votes in a drug store on main street is not the same as reviewing the troops at Fort Benning. But Westmoreland is nothing if not a trooper. When he retired from service last year he says he spent two months tennis and nearly going Withering at he took a posh job as director of something called the Governor's Task Force on Economic but even that was not enough activity. Now he's decided to grin and bear the agony of I think government is too important to be left to the hand outstretched. I'm General Westmoreland running for And not only is he a he's a thick-skinned one. He served in the Army establishment at a time when its image was almost and now enters a political profession held in equally low esteem. On top of the formerly nonpartisan general remain he didn't even vote before has registered as a Republican in the era of Watergate and in a state that hasn't had a Republican governor in 100 years. Some critics here charge that Westmoreland's political decisions have about them the quality of Vietnam jungle but the man himself says he is only following his own simple running for office because I think I can help this state. I'm running as a Republican because we need a viable two-party His reasoning as such is about as exciting as his early campaigning. Westmoreland is not at all a glib gladhander. He is given to militaristic sloganeering want you ladies to know how courageous you are and how proud I am of and at times decidedly boring. Addressing 40 members of the Walterboro Rotary Club he plowed through a list of seven state problem and paused only for a before anyone could applaud the long awaited the general incredulously and unabashedly continued with ten more points of solution. He is at the early stage of his little more appealing in the street. He approaches voters with a reserve that borders on diffidence. When an aide suggests he greet people with one hand and pass out bumper stickers with Westmoreland pass them Very at a barbecue or at a the general stands off to one hands in alone. But in fairness it must be said that Westmoreland's novice style has its appeal. He does not come on as the but as the self conscious major with and many citizens appreciate it. South Carolina is filled with silver tongued Foghorns soliciting votes with sweet but meaningless and the Westmoreland change is welcome. so says housewife Wanda I thought he'd be an old But besides being Westmoreland is also convinced that he can help his state in many ways. And there is no doubt the state needs help. A midwestern research organization recently named South Carolina as the worst in the Union in terms of living etc. Tanzania Bassal Dam Zambia Salisbury Rhodesia Bechuanaland South Africa IMarques A. African guerrilla groups making territorial gains Guerrilla movements in southeast Africa have made substantial territorial gains' in the last directly affecting the economic future of at least one where more whites are leaving than entering. Though guerrilla warfare is not new in the the movements have greater support from the African population than ever before. Typical hit-and-run tactics are still employed but attacks now are more concentrated and better armed. The map shows where guerrilla activity is taking including northeastern a few hours' drive from the capital Salisbury. This is farming country mostly occupied by whites. They have been instructed in how to fortify their farms against guerrillas of the Zimbabwe African National but whites are losing ground and their population is growing smaller. In neighboring a Portuguese the Mozambique Liberation Front has been operating in areas near the Kabora Bassa Dam. Some FRELIMO thrusts have been mounted from bases in Zambia and using Soviet and Chinese weaponry. The port of Beira has been attacked repeatedly. European settlers in Mozambique are also worried about the recent overthrow of the dictatorship in Portugal. Thousands of settlers recently convered on the Lourenco Marques city hall to urge the new military junta in Lisbon to continue policies of the deposed regime. Physicist plans space colony By WALTER SULLIVAN New York Times Service NEW YORK A conference of astronauts and space flight technologists discussed the likelihood and desirability of establishing self-sufficient human colonies in space last week. The conferees were invited to Princeton University by Dr. Gerard K. professor The book is called Most of it was written by or people like you Concerned Canadians who wanted us to know exactly what they thought about problems that affect their insurance Like what should be done about drunk drivers. The urgent need for safer highways and strict law enforcement The formidable challenges of inflation and large-scale theft solicited views because we want to know the problems you face so we can all work together to help keep insurance costs down We know this makes a lot of because like every industry working in the open marketplace the insurance industry has to its A lot of our work goes into clearing up much of the mystery that surroundi our business is just one we act as an effective sounding board on these and other important issues. The comments contained in range in tone from thoughtful to despairing to angry. We're not suggesting they represent the of every Canadian. But they arc honest views advanced by concerned utiicns We hope their concern will simulate and provide a measure against which to weigh your own thoughts The thousands of people who responded to our campaign will automatically receive a of you can receive simply by filling out the coupon below Because it's never too late to learn how we can all help keep insurance costs down How available at the most popular price Free. this coupon and send it to Insurance Central Room 70S Umpire Building. 10080 Jasper L-.dmomon Mlxrtu Vuiic _Prov met- The Insurance Bureau of Canada. Insurance Companies competing to serve you better The book thai has a lot of Canadians talking. of physics to discuss his proposals for such an effort and they expressed varying degrees of enthusiasm for the scheme. It was even suggested that a century from now most of humanity will be living in space. The initial goal would be construction of a colony of about people at a along the orbital path of the known as the L5 Libration Point. From the studies of the 18th century French mathematician Joseph Louis Lagrange it became evident that there are five points in space where the gravitation fields of the earth and moon balance one another. An object at one of these points would tend to remain there rather than falling toward the earth or moon. The two most stable such points are known as which lives ahead of the moon on the latter's orbital and L5 which lies behind it. Each is separated from the moon by a distance equal to that from the earth to the moon. The initial station would be using the space-shuttle and space-tug systems now under development and its cost would be comparable to that of the Apollo moon- landing program. It would take advantage of abundant building materials available on the moon and one of two novel cargo-launching systems to export such material from the moon. The initial colony would require the transport of tons of material from the earth and fabrication of a cylinder 200 meters in diameter and 100 meters long. The cylinder would rotate once every 20 generating sufficient centrifugal effect on its inner surface to simulate the gravity of earth. The long axis of the cylinder would be aimed at the sun and a sunlight collector at the end opposite the sun would generate electric power. Three mirrors would reflect sunlight into the cylinder to illuminate its inner making the raising of crops a possibility. The next step would be similar in general but would provide for people and require a half million tons of material. Such colonies could become increasingly self-sufficient. we wanted O'Neill an initial colony could be established within 15 to 20 years and by the middle of the next century most industries could be conducted off the using non- poliuting technology. The would have few permanent residents. It would be world-wide a beautiful place to visit for a the physicist said.