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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 14, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDCE HERALD Monday, May 14, i9, Benefits or hazards at James Bay By Bob Bull, Herald Quebec commentator University senates Minister of Advanced Education James Foster has outlined in a re- cently released position paper, his department's attitude towards those sections of the Worth Commission report on which no action has been taken to date. While for the most part the views expressed in the re- pcrl are endorsed, it will be noted with satisfaction that at least one of his ideas will not be accepted, the suggestion that university senates might as well be eliminated. Few people seem to realize why university senates are included in the educational structure, or what they are supposed to do. Further- more, with some exceptions, these august bodies have not functioned as the framers of early versions of Al- berta's University Act really intend- ed. Nevertheless, a senate is a neces- sary element in the apparatus of uni- versity governance under the Alber- ta system, and one that has the po- tential of being an extremely useful one. To the men who wrote the orig- inal University Act it was most im- portant that Alberta's university it is doubtful they thought there'd ever be more than one have the utmost freedom from political inter- ference, that it be able to develop in its own way, but that it be re- sponsive to the wishes of the people of Alberta. Accordingly, they de- vised a governing structure that is somewhat different from that of oth- er universities in North America, one that is quite possibly unique. Essentially it i s a system of checks and balances (to use the American constitutional term) with direct power being divided between a board of governors, a president and a general faculties council. Each has certain powers and re- sponsibilities, and each acts as a check on the others. Between them, they work to ensure that the institu- tion is free from political interfer- ence, while still subject to a reason- able measure of control by the elect- ed government. The remaining objective, that of ensuring an effective dialogue with the public, is the business of the senate. Its composition reflects that purpose; it has several ex officio members from the full time univer- sity staff, representatives from the student body, the alumni and the board of governors, a few members appointed by the government, but a solid majority elected from the pub- lic at large. The representative nature of the elected members is easily seen in the University of Lethbridge senate, which has members from every community in the part of Southern Alberta that is considered the uni- versity's constituency, from Calgary on the north to the U.S. border, and from one side of the province to the other. That university senates have not completely fulfilled the hopes of their authors is evident in the acknowledged communications gap between the universities and the public. But far from being a reason to abolish the senates, the existence of that gap pomts to a greater than ever need that they do and that they be allowed to do the job for which they were intended. New chemical warfare threat One of the relatively unpublicized features of the U.S. budget this year was an appropriation of 86 million for research into "binary" chemical wea- pons. This signals a new threat to life and peace of mind. Binary weapons contain two gases, either of which on its own is quite harmless. As the weapon wings its way towards a target the two chem- icals are mixed to produce a deadly gas. Development of binary weapons is attractive, militarily speaking, for two reasons. In the first place, they pose no risk in production, stockpiling or transport. Other chemical wea- pons always contained a threat to the possessor because of the possibi- lity of accidental leakage. Secondly, the cost factor would be greatly les- sened as a result of not having to take elaborate safety precautions and because the substances could be pro- duced in existing pesticide plants. The simplicity and relative in- expensiveness of the binary concept makes' chemical warfare something to be feared. Now that so many coun- tries have efficient air forces sup- plied by the arms salesmen of the major powers the delivery system for such weapons is at hand. There are already at least a couple of wild men at the head of states Avho could conceivably decide to use binary weapons. It is beginning to look depressingly clear that new weapons can be pro- duced quicker than agreements can be reached to ban the old ones. Talks on a treaty to ban chemical warfare of the old kind are now in their fifth year. ART BUCHWALD Richard the Third (With no apologies to Shakespeare) WASHINGTON The setting is the pal- ace at Key Biscayne where Richard III has retired to contemplate his next move. (Enter the Duke of Zeigler.) Ziegler: My Lord Richard: Good news or bad news that tliou com'st in so bluntly? Ziegler: Bad news, my Lord. Dean has fled to Maryland; Magruder sings in Vir- ginia, and the palace guard is confessing in chorus. Richard: Zounds! I cannot tell if to de- part in silence, or bitterly to speak in gross reproof. Yet so much is my poverty of spirit, so mighty and so many my Selects, that I would rather hide me from my great- ness. What say the citizens, dear Ziegler? Ziegler: The citizens are mum, my Lord, except for those who would impeach thy motives at the Watergate. Richard: They do me wrong and 1 will not endure it! Who is it that complains unto the king that I forsooth am stern and love them not? By the Holy Graham, they love his grace but lightly that fill his ears with such dissentious rumours. A plague upon them all! Ziegler: What shall I tell ths citizens, my Lord? Richard: Since you will buckle fortune on my back, to bear her burden, whe'r I will or no, I must have patience to endure the load; but if black scandal or foul- faced reproach attend the sequel of this sordid affair, your mere enforcement shall acquittance me from all tha impure blots and stains thereof. Ziegler: I will say, my Lord, you have no comment. (He exits.) (Enter Barcn Ehruchman and Baron Hal- deman, guarded by a lieutenant from tho tower.) Ehrliehman: My Lord, we must depart perfcrcc. Farewell. Haldeman: And to that end we wish your Lordship here t' avoid the censures of tho carping world. Richard: Well, your imprisonment shall not be long; I will deliver you or else lie for you. Meantime have patience. Now I'll strive with troubled thoughts to take a nap, lest leaden slumber peise me down tomor- row. Farewell, dear Haldeman and Ehrlich- man, you served ine well, though you cannot serve me last. (Erlichman and Haldeman exist. Rich- ard goes to sleep.) (Enter the ghost of the Earl of MusMe.) Ghost of Muskie: Let me sit heavy on thy soul. Think how thou stab'd'st me in the prime of my career, at Manchester and otherplaces too long to mention. Be cheerful, Richard, I shall forget you not. (Enter the Ghost of McGovern of Dakota.) Ghost of McGpvern: When I was mortal, by thee my anointed campaign was punch- ed full of deadly holes. Think of me, dear Richard, virtuous and. holy, when justice wields its blade. Live and flourish! (The ghosts vanish. Richard starts out of his dream.) Richard: Alas, I am a villain. Yet I lie I am not. My conscience hath a thousand several tongues and every tongue brings in a serveral tale. And every tale con- demns me for a villain. Perjury, perjury in the highest degree (Enter the Duke of Rebozo.) Richard: horse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse! Rebozo: Withdraw, my Lord. I will help you to a horse. Richard: Slave, I have set my life upon a cast, and I will stand the hazard of the die. I have slain six crises in the past. Today shall be my seventh. A horse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse (Enter a Messenger: My gracious Sovereign Richard: Out with it! What bad. news now? Messenger: The Duchess of Mitchell has called for your head. Richard: Zouds' By the Holy Mother Richard: Zounds! By the Holy Mother MONTREAL Robert A. Boyd is rather upset at all those people in Ontario and western Canada who have been criticizing the James Bay pro- iect. Mr. Boyd is a director of Hydro Quebec and president of the James Bay Energy Cor- poration and he noted in an in- terview Friday that much of the criticism of the project comes from English Canada; "It's all very well for people in Ontario and British Columbia to criticize he said. "They've already developed most of their hydro electric energy resources. "But relative to those two provinces, Quebec is under-de- veloped. We need power to at- tract industries here. We need jobs. Being less well-developed, we cannot afford the of not using our resources." He pulled over a desk-map of Quebec. "For hundreds of he said, "we Quebecers have been living here, along the St. Law- rence River valley." A hand sweeps to the top of the map as he says, "Look. With this project, we are finally moving north. "Here we will put a highway. Not just a road but a highway." The finger jabs. "Here will be a seaport. And airports. "This is not just a hydro pro- ject. It means new mines, for- estry exploitation, tourism. And it makes good economic sense." Developing countries go in for hydro projects in a big way. They seem to be a token of progress. The creation of Hydro-Quebec in the early 1960's and the building of dams in the Ma- nicouagan-Outardes project be- came a visible symbol of the success of the quiet revolution in this 'province. The Manix dams entered pop- ular Quebec culture with one of the best of the songs of cban- sonnier Georges Dor, a song ex- pressing the strength, yearning and loneliness of a man work- ing on the project. Premier Robert Bourassa's announcement just two years ago of the James Bay project was made within this frame- work. The old magic can still be seen today in stories in French- language newspapers about the tough men driving trucks over temporary roads to the far north to bring in supplies to project construction camps or about a woman reporter visiting all those men. As it stands now, the project calls for four dams on the Grande River, which flows into James Bay about 600 miles north of here. Water will be diverted into the Grande from the Cania- piseau, (which flows into Ung- ava Bay about miles north of here) and from the Great Whale and Opinaca Rivers. The project is due to be fin- ished on a very tight schedule by 1984. Preliminary work has already started. It will have a production capacity of 8.3 mil- lion kilowatts and should cost billion. At its peak period of construction, it may employ directly or indirectly It has changed in scope since Premier Bourassa first an- nounced a billion project har- nessing five rivers, producing 10 million kilowatts and employ- ing people. The power will go to Quebec, Mr. Boyd says. This is borne out in a federal study released in January and summarized by The Montreal Star. It says that if the James Bay energy production is limited to that from the Grande River scheme there will be barely enough to meet provincial needs in the early 1980's. This is also different from suggestions made when the pro- "Frankly I just can't see them going for this outfit." Nixon's plan angers Latin Americans By James Nielson, London commentator BUENOS AIRES President Nixon's decision to unload over million worth of raw ma- terials onto the world market has sent a shiver of fear up the spines of the leaders of several Latin American countries whose economies are likely to be af- fected by the move. The raw materials in question, Including copper, lead, silver, tin and zinc, form part of the United States strategic stock- piles, which have been built up over 35 years to enable the country to meet any military emergency. Under the law of 1938 which created the stock- piles, the president can dispose of up to million worth of the metals involved on his own initiative. Last month Nixon asked Congress to let him sell another million worth. The strategic stockpiles have hung like the sword of Da- mocles over the heads of the producing nations ever since the Second World War. Three Latin American nations in par- ticular stand to lose tens of mil- lions of dollars they can ill af- ford. Two of them, Chile and Bolivia, are almost totally de- pendent on the sale of metals for their foreign exchange; the other, Peru, derives much of its income from mining although it also boasts a large and profit- able fishing industry. Chile's copper mines provide it with 83 per cent of its for- eign earnings. Despite the rise in world prices following a steep decline the industry has been in the doldrums ever since the Marxist government of Salvador Allende began na- tionalizing the formerly U.S.- owned mines in 1971. Much of the trouble stems from ineffi- cient administration and a ser- ies of costly rtrikes by the cop- per workers, who regard them- selves as the aristocrats of Chilean labor. But the problems of Chile's copper industry have been com- pounded by the rearguard ac- tion of the expropriated U.S. cop- per companies, who are still fighting a complex legal battle to prevent Chile marketing the copper abroad until they re- ceive what they regard as ade- quate compensation. Govern- ment level talks Chile Letters to the editor Low in spirituality The article in The Herald that Lethbridge has the highest rate of divorce per capita, leads me to believe that this city ranks correspondingly low in spiritu- ality for the greatest factor in making a marriage work is spirituality. Since it was God who gave us the institution of marriage in the first place we must look to Him for direction. Love and marriage are products of true spirituality. Virtually every di- vorce has resulted from a vio- laton of the commands of God by one party in the marriage or the other. If couples will bring the gos- pel into the home, and live the laws of God, including that which says we must do unto others as we would be done by, there would be little trouble in any marriage. MRS. 0. JAQUES. Magrath Clarification I must clarify a letter which I wrote recently concerning the abortion issue. The list of gov- ernment funded birth control centres which provide abortion counseling does not include the AssociatiC' for the Repeal on Canadian Abortion Laws I sincerely regret any em- barrassment caused either to ARCAL or the federal govern- ment. (MRS.) JESSICA TICHENOR Pttawa. and the U.S. have completely failed to break the deadlock and Chile, referring to an all but forgotten bilateral treaty countries signed in 1914, has now proclaimed its intention of unilaterally calMng an interna- tional tribunal to mediate. The Chileans hope this will "mobil- ize world opinion" against the copper firms. The country which stands to lose most is Bolivia, which, paradoxically, has a staunchly pro-American government. The right-wing regime of Colonel Hugo Branzer relies on U.S. sup- port to stay afloat on a tumul- tuous sea of troubles ranging from a drastic fall in the stand- ard of living that followed the devaluation of its currency, to the steady attrition of support by left-wingers funded and en- couraged by Chile and Cuba, and frequently trained abroad. Bolivia's protest to the U.S. when it was informed of the strategic stockpile decision was all the more bitter as it feels itself betrayed. The government has accused the U.S. of econ- omic aggression. As the mining minister said: "A 10 per cent drop in the price of tin means six million dollars less each year." Within a day of the initial an- nouncement the price of tin on world markets dropped by near- ly 20 cents, and Bolivia depends utterly on tin for foreign ex- change to buy the basic staples for its population. Bolivia al- ready has the second lowest standard of living in the West- ern hemisphere, after Haiti, and the loss in revenue could mean the difference between undernourished survival and genuine starvation for millions of peasants and workers. The Chilean and Peruvian re- action to the announcement, which is expected to go into ef- fect in June, was immediate and predictable. Peru present- ed a resolution condemning the U.S. move at the April meeting of the Organization of Ameri- can States. The U.S. reply was not promising. After pointing out that the U.S. had a perfect right to dispose of its resources as it sees fit. one U.S. Official commented: "They cry out be- fore they feel the pain." Chile has already attributed the decision to an imperialist plot against the Allende govern- ment, and high-ranking mining officials have publicly accused Washington of trying to put pressure on Allende. The Per- uvian military regime is involv- ed in an equally bitter feud with the U.S. and since Nixon's announcement has stepped up its noisy campaign to bring Cuba back into the hemisphere community. The. U.S. move could hardly have come at a worse moment as far as its relations with Latin American are concerned. The manifest fact that it stems from Washington's very real concern about a growing short- age of raw materials, which is already affecting the U.S. econ- omy and could drastically alter its entire forign policy, is being deliberately ignored fay govern- ments which have made hos- tility towards the U.S. one of their raisons d'etre. The long-festering Latin Am- erican resentment against U.S. dominance in the region and the major role the U.S. plays in the world economy which many Latin Americans see as a greater threat to their inde- pendence than any designs the Soviert Union might have has erupted into the open. The unloading of the stockpiles can only add fuel to the flames of enmity sweep- ing the area, and contribute to the destruction of American hopes for a mature and balanc- ed relationship. ject was announced by Mr. Bourassa who intimated that power from the development would be sold to the United States. Mr. Boyd said Quebec has ragged to supply New York City with power in the summer in return for power from that place in the winter becausa Quebec's greatest need for elec- tricity occurs in winter, New York's in the summer. This ar- rangement, however, must yet be approved by Ottawa, New York and the United States. Hydro Quebec has based its forecast of future power needs on Quebec experience during the last 40 years and has de- cided that consumption of elec- tricity will continue to grow by between seven and eight per cent per year. To meet the demand, other projects besides James Bay being organized, including a nu- clear plant being constructed with federal help at Gentilly on the St. Lawrence River near Trois-Rivieres. "But if we don't have James Bay, we're just Mr. Boyd said. "Our problem is tha same as that of any other power utility. Power demands are increasing and we have to meet them somehow." At the present time, money for the project is coming from Hydro-Quebec and any decision about special fund raising should be made in the next two years. The federal document quoted earlier says, "a properly time- phased James Bay development would on the whole be an in- tegral part of our economy of the '70's and thus would not be the cause of major inflationary concerns." Most of the criticism of tha project conies from people dis- tressed by its effects on the na- tive people living in the region, the Indians and Eskimos. They have requested an in- junction halting the project and because the matter is before the courts Mr. Boyd would not comment. But much opposition also comes from those concerned about the effects of the largest project of its type in North America on the delicately-bal- anced northern ecology. It will flood square miles. Engineering studies of the area began as long ago as 1964, but ecological studies were started only after the project was announced. Results to date have been unclear and contra- dictory, aside from acknowl- edging the fact that the project will have a definite effect on the environment. "I think we have been negli- gent in this area in the Mr. Boyd said. "But I think that now the pendulum is swing- ing the other way. "Aside from the million federal-provincial study on the region's ecology now being carried out, the energy corpora- tion has its own environment section with a million-dollar budget. Its job is to tell us the effects on nature of what we are doing and tell us what we can do about the bad effects. It reports directly to me. "The development program we have organised is tiie most economic alternative we could find and it has positive side-ef- fects for Quebec and Canada. "Hydro power is available here cheaply and is less subject to inflation than either alterna- tive. Nuclear power is depen- dent on uranium, a finite re- source. Thermal plants need oil which is subject to the whims and fancies of the Arabs and the government of Alberta. Wa- ter is free. It doesn't cost us anything." 'Crazy Capers' Nurse Simmons used to be waitress. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisten Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 001! Member of The Canadian Press ana the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Allocation and the Audit Bureau of CLEO w MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DOM PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS, K. Advertising Manager editorial Editor THE HERALD SiRVES THE ;