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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 14, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Thimduy, Moy M, 1770 THE ICTHBRIDGE HERALD 29 mospliere Tense In Major Middle Violence Lies Only Just Beneath The Surface Of Normal Life By KC1NALD THOMSON Al' Correspondent H is midnight in four cities of the Middle East. In Cairo, aboard a floating nightclub on the Nile. Atouta the belly dancer beckons .a man in the audience to join te- on stage. Once he would have been a tourist, but now the willing victim is a Soviet "adviser" attached to Egypt's armed forces. In Tel Aviv, lights still blaze in Moshe Dayan's defence ministry as the after-movie crowds cram sidewalk cafes on Istael's most-lively boule- vard, Dizengoff. In Beirut, young Lebanese in the latest Western fashions stroll under the flashing neon signs of Hanwa Street. But in a small office not far from the bright lights, a group of men plot fresh blows against the Jewish state. In Amman, a student rattle of gunfire echoes over the seven hills of Jordan's capital. A Palestinian guerrilla fighter stiffens in the side street shadows and tightens his grip on ad automatic rifle. Violence, or the threat of it, lies only just beneath the sur- face of normal life in these four centres of Middle East turmoil. Martial overtones are most pronounced in Ihe Egyptian and Jordanian capitals, rivals in bitterness againsl Israel and ils "imperialist the United Slales. Troops by Ihe truckload move through Cairo's dimmed-out streets amid swirling traffic and the blare of automobile horns. Soldiers undergo training with assault boats on the Nile. Water-level nets prelect Ihe river bridges. Thai blonde young Russian who frolicked with Ihe belly dancer aboard the Omar Khayam nighlclub boat sym- bolizes what Ihe Egyptians be- Major Political Test Facing Brandt In June By BORIS K1DEL London Observer Service BONN West Germany's Chancellor Willy Brandt and his coalition Government face a major political test next month, when about 40 per cent of the West German electorate go to the polls to elect new state par- liaments in North Rhine-West- phalia, Lower Saxony and the Saar. For the Christian Democrats still filled with resent- ment about their loss of power after ruling West Germany for 20 years, these elections pro- vide the first serious opportun- ity to disrupt the coalition be- tween the Socialists (SPD) and the Free Democrats (FDP) in Bonn. Their theory is that heavy FDP losses could bring down Herr B r a n d t' s Government, whose survival depends on a mere 12 vote Parliamentary majority. CDU politicians like to assume that members of the FDP's right wing, who opposed partnership with the Socialists from the start, will stage an anti coalition revolt if their party, already battered in last autumn's general election, suf- fers further decline next month. The defection of no more than seven Free Democrat MPs would be sufficient to ensure the- collapse of Brandt's coali- tion. A number of recent events have persuaded CDU leaders that their hopes are no mere pipe dream. In last month's mu- nicipal elections in the state of Schleswig Holstein, the FDP vote dwindled from 9.8 per cent in 1966 to 5.7 per cent. Even more significantly, about 80 right wing FDP poli- ticians in North Rhine West- phalia recently gathered for a conclave near Dortmund to voice their misgivings about growing left wing influences in the party. One of their chief complaints was that the Gov- ernment appeared far too will- ing to make concessions to the Communist nations. Among the participants' at this meeting were Erich Mende, a former Vice Chancellor, and Siegfried Zoglmann, until re- cently the party's deputy chair- man in North Rhine Westpha- lia. Both had passionately fought against coalition with the Socialists last year. So far the right wingers have not at- tempted to create their own or- ganization inside the Party, but their conference was indicative of the mounting discontent among FDP conservatives. Other signs of dissatisfaction the Coalition e from Bavaria, where the local party chairman openly criti- cized the Government's eastern policy. The whiff of revolt has even spread to Parliament. To the d e 1 i g h t oi the Christian Democrats, one of the leading FDP foreign affairs experts, Knut von Kuehlmann Stumm, did not hesitate to indicate his reservations about Brandt's ef- forts for better understanding with the East in a recent par- liamentary debale. MAIN DIFFICULTY One .of the main difficulties facing the FDP is that its lead- er, Walter Scheel, has failed to perform convincingly as For- eign Minister. It is not entirely his own fault. He finds himself conslanlly overshadowed by the Chancellor, who keeps tight con- trol over all main foreign pol- cy issues. Current negotiations vith the Soviet Union and Po- and have been entirely super- vised by the Chancellery, with the Foreign Minister merely re- ceiving copies of Ihe instruc- ions despatched to the Ger- man delegations in Moscow and Warsaw, At least on one occa- sion Scheel was left completely in Ihe dark. He suffered his most humilia- ting experience last month, when nobody bothered to in- form him about a letter the Chancellor had sent to Ihe Pol- ish Communist leader, Wladis- law Gbmulka. Quite innocenlly, Scheel denied Ihe existence of such a letter when he was be- mf questioned by the Parlia mentary Foreign Affairs Com mittee. In fact, that very same morning Scheel's own state sec- retary, Georg Ferdinand Duck- witz, had delivered Brandt's message in Warsaw. This incident, which Govern- ment spokesmen tried to mini- mize as a mere breakdown in co ordination, of Scheel's seconc Government. He to build up prestige for himself COMBAT BOOT "Pan- ama" sole lias been accepted by the U.S. Army for use on tropical combat boots. New- sline sole offers advantages of more positive traction, lighter weight and less (rapping of mud between special cleats. mze a co ordination, was indicative of Scheel's secondary role in the Government. He has done little In Parliament he has disap- pointed wilh speeches which suggested insufficient .grasp of Ihe problems under debate. He has also harmed himself by try- ing to act as patron to friends tainted with N'azi records. It was a major error of judg- ment to propose that .Ernst Achenbach, an FDP MP, who during the Second World Wai served as a Nazi diplomat in Paris, should become one of the Common Market Commission ers. Scheel had erred once be fore by suggesting a similarly unsuitable choice for a key pos! at the Foreign Ministry. Scheel found himself in sen ous trouble over the murder o the West German Ambassador to Guatemala, Count Karl von Spreti. It was regarded as a shocking lack of concern tna Scheel remained on holiday u Austria after the Ambassador had been kidnapped by left wing extremists. Critics charg ed that he failed to exhaust si Ihe means at the Government's disposal to prevent the Ambas sador's murder. MANY SETBACKS So many setbacks have pilec up during recent weeks that the mass circulation tabloid BILE ZEITUNG appeared Ihe othe day with the damning headlini "The unfortunate Herr Scheel.' That Scheel has charm anc ability is recognized even by hi opponents but so far he has no revealed the political stature re quired of a Foreign Mimste who is supposed to be Numbe: Two in the Government. Evei his own party executive has cri ticized his somewhat lackadais ical style. A little belatedly Brandt ha realized lhal he is endangerinf his coalilion Gov ernmenlbj failing lo let Scheel exercis fully his function as Foreigi Minister. Inevitably, his hum ble status as junior partne makes il difficult for Scheel t convince voters that the FDP is not merely a subsidiary o the Socialist Party. To strengthen Scheel's ini age, the Chancellor is now pre pr-ed lo reduce his own for eign policy role and to give th FDP leader a freer hand. Try- ing to avert FDP losses in next month's elections, the Socialists have also agreed lo let their coalition partners campaign with an independent program. One of Ihe chief goals during the coming weeks will be lo es- tablish a clearer differentiation bclwcen Ihe two parties. To survive in the Ihree slate parliaments, the FDP must per- suade the voters lhat it offers Iternatives to SPD and CDU policies. TOUGH STRUGGLE II will be a tough struggle or the FDP to emerge unscath- ed from the three elections. An- ;ered by the turn to the Left aken under Scheel's leadership, conservative supporters have leserted the party. So far the 'DP has failed to compensate or these losses by winning new .upporters. The chief handicap s that most liberal minded oters in Germany are now con- vinced that their views will be more effectively represented by Jie Socialists. The threat of a right wing revolt comes mainly from party officials who fear that Scheel's onlicy will lead to the disinte- gration of the FDP. However, .hey know that the party's rank and file today overwhelmingly supports partnership with the Socialists and refuses a return shift to the Right. The men around Scheel hope that lack of real support inside he party will finally discour- age the right wingers from challenging the alliance with the Socialists. But it will be fai more difficult to avert the de fection of individual Free Dem ocrat MPs who reach Ihe con elusion lhat they can secure their re election only by de feeling to the Christian Demo- crats. Brandt's coalition Gov ernment will be safe only if th( FDP does not suffer major set backs next month licve is their emergence from a winter of gloom. The audience cheering his antics were all fellow counlry- men, some of the estimated Soviel advisers commit- ted lo raising the standard of Egypl's military performance against the Israelis. SEEK RED HELP The reported introduction of Russia's highly-advanced def- ence system hss done some- thing to lift Egyptians out of Ihe despondency Ihey felt ear- lier this year as Israeli jets roamed apparently at will over their capital and coun- Iryside. Amman, Jordan's capital and only a desert village 20 years ago, is like an armed camp. Bearded terrorists by the Israelis and freedom fighters by the Pales- tinian singly or in pairs through the streets with sub-machine-guns under their arms. King Hussein's army and government seem powerless to exert authority over the 10 different .guerrilla organiza- tions will) headquarters in Amman, a jumping-off point for raids into Israeli-held ter- ritory along the Jordan River. One of the smaller groups is the Action Organizalion for the Liberation of Palestine. Dr. Issam Saratawe gave up a career in surgery to become its commander. WANTS FIGHTING SON The commander, a strong- fealured young man with thick, grey hair, sips a desk littered with docu- ments. His camp bed is along- side. He picks up the graph of a chuckling infant, and says genially: "This is my son. Do you know what I want him to be when he grows up? I want him to be the best bazooka soldier in Palestine. "This is perhaps the curse of Palestine, thai we must have it back, no matter how long it takes." Beirut, Lebanon's capital, with .its spectacular natural harbor set against a back- ground of snow-capped moun- tains, is the playground of the Arab world. Tourists sip their drinks on sun-bathed hotel terraces and watch speedboats towing water skiers across the spar- kling walers of SI. George Bay. The city abounds with movie theatres and disco- l h e q u e s, restaurants and nightclubs. The war seems far away. 'But to Ghassan Kanafani and his colleagues it is never out of mind. EDITS NEWSPAPER Kanafairi is editor of the weekly newspaper Al Hadaf, organ of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Pales- tine, another guerrilla organi- zation. He sits in his office be- neath wall photographs of Che Guevara, Lenin, Ho Chi Minh and Karl Marx. "We have already achieved Kanafani said in an interview. "We have stopped the Israelis from finishing off the Palestine people. "Tlie Arab armies cannot beat the Israelis for at least 10 years, but in the meantime our commandos will continue to hit the enemy, to destroy his security, unlil final victory comes." In confident, bustling Tel Aviv the threat takes on the limpness of familiarity. "Just Arab says Ihe long-haired student trying to avoid the waiter's eye in the Cafe Kassit, where intel- lectuals gather to talk politics and philosophy. Kassit and scores of other sidewalk cafes lend a rakish air to Dizengoff Street, the pulse of Israel's largest city. CAREFREE ATTITUDE Visitors are struck by the carefree atmosphere, by the accent on youth, by the sheer exuberance of life in Tel Aviv. And yet the feeling of war is always close to the Israeli. Airliners arriving at Airport are subjected to the biggest security check of any airfield in the Middle East. Soldiers with machine-guns range over the terminal build- ing and searchlights blaze over the airport .tarmac. Visitors leaving Ihe airfield are almosl immediately stopped by Israeli army pa- trols who shine brilliant lights into all vehicles, checking that no obvious other words an aboard any vehicle headed into the Jewish state. These police blocks exist mainly on the roads from Je- rusalem and from the airport to Tel Aviv and tend lo build up major traffic blocks. But the Israelis say checks on all possible infiltrators must be maintained, even at Ihe cost of traffic delays. Calvert Double Distilled Whisky: How the West was won. DOUBLE DISTILLED Westerners arc being won over every day lo Calverl Double Dislillcd Whisky. That's because Double Distilled is the finest value in the West and because Double Distilled doesn't lose robustness when we make it smooth. Anyway, one sip and you'll be won over loo. Calvert Double Distilled is made right here in the west. Calvert Double Distilled Calvert of Canada Ltd. Gimli, Manitoba REVELSTOKE CARPET DIVISION NICE 'N EASY INDOOR.OUTDOOR CARPET FOAM OR AU WEATHER CUSHION ONE PRICE 3.99 SQ. YD. BIG RUG VALUES! 100% NYION AM 2 lone green. Reg. 6.95 Sole, Sq. Yd. 100% NYLON A'49 2 lone gold. Reg. 6.95 Sale, Sq. Yd. "T LEISURE TURF Plusn InHM, door Q-99 Green part roll Reg 795 Sale Sq. Yd. W OZITE CAROL COURT K-79 2 tolor- end rolls Reg 7 95 Sole, Sq. Yd. W 1 poil rolls, blue-green Sale, Sq. Yd. t.99 I ff Part roll while Reg. 11.95 Sale, Sq. Yd. V ODDS 'N' ENDS VINYL ASBESTOS TILE Sole, Sq. Fl. I V f'Jk SAVE MANY ROLL END SPECIALS! 12'xl3' WHITE ACRYLIC Reg. 212.50 Sale 136.00 12'xl9' GREEN PLUSH Reg. 234.00. Sale 130.00 12'x21' 501 NYLON AVOCADO Reg. 280.00 5ale 168.00 12'x9: ACRYLIC TWEED Reg. 108.00 Sale 69.99 12'x8'3" GREEN SHAG Reg. 121.00 Sale 88.00 12'x6'5" BEIGE 2-TONE Reg. 92.00------Sale 43.00 12'x5'5" GOLD CARPET Reg. 56.0G Sale 29.00 12'x7'5" BLUE TWEED Reg. 92.00 .....Sale 43.00 12'x6'9" RED ACRYLIC Reg. 96.00 Sale 59.95 12'x5'8" CASTLE TWIST, BEIGE Reg. 95.00 Sale 48.00 12'x9' ACRYLIC, RUST Reg. 108.00 Sale 69.99 12'x5' ACRYLIC, GREEN Reg. 84.00 Sal. 39.00 12'x25'10" TWEED, GREEN Reg. 340.00 Sole 228.00 PLUS MANY MORE-WHILE THEY LAST REVELSTOKE Corner 3rd Ave. and 7th St. S. BUILDING MATERIALS LTD. Phone 327-5777 ;