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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta -----------Solurdoy, May 13, 1972 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Margaret Liicklinrsl, People of the south 34 The future much better than the past A GREAT many changes have occurred in the past 100 years but few people live a sufficient span to look back on nearly all of them First hand. Arthur CritcMield, formerly ot Magralh and now living in a Cardslon senior citizens home, will be 100 years old in July. Spry, alert, and with a fantastic memory, he can reach back 95 years and perhaps a bit more and recall the flavor of tho 1800s and the frontier life of the United States and Canada. Rut he doesn't like lo dwell on tho past much. "That's all gone and dona he protested during a. re- cent interview, "what is impor- tant is today, and the we must prepare for the future and not worry about yesterday or last year or 75 years ago." However after some lively discussion Mr. CritcMield agreed that life 100 years ago might be of some interest to people loday and spun a gra- phic word picture of some of bis early experiences. "I was born on a small farm about four miles south of Glover's Gap, West Virginia, where my family lived in a small log house. But before I can remember much, we moved down off the hillside on the head water of a creek to a larger onoronmed log house. This house bad a largo fire- place in one end. That served as our heating system as well as for our cooking and baking and also it was the major source for lighting at night. We had extra light concocted fron an empty ink bottle filled with oil plus a bit of cloth for a wick. It gave off about the same amount of light as a small candle. My father died when I was about seven years old, leaving my mother to support the family. We didn't have too much in the way of resources but my mother was practically a genius in making things over and stretcliing what lillle mon- ey ive earned to cover our needs. I recall the time she got some old boots that were worn out. The tops were still in good shape so she took the tops and marie the three younger chil- dren shoes out of them. She did this by getting a piece of soft wood from trees that gew there and with an axe and a small knile she made lasts and stretched the leather over them. She made wooden pegs lo fasten the soles on with, then she made tliread from flax she had raised and processed her- self, and spun it on her spin- ning wheel. I'm sure the shoes were pretty crude but (hey served the purpose and kept our feet warm. I've often thought how wonderfully she made do with such small re- sources. Bul it was a mailer of having-to in those days. People had to look after themselves for there wasn't any welfare as we knoiv now, or hand-ouls from one source or another. Most people lived on a pretty slim budget and if you couldn't man- age somehow well, it was just too bad for you.'1 Mr. Crilchfield rcgrels that such circumstances put a re- striction on his schooling. Rut like many of the young lads of that era it was necessary to work in order to help out at home and keep body and soul together. And it wasn't always easy you took such work as you could get and didn't turn up your nose at honest toil. His first job on a farm earned him a monlb, but his older brolh- er made S15 a month and that combined total added a prince- ly sum to the slim coffers of the family. Eventually the family moved to Kansas where jobs a bit easier to' get and pay was a little bcllcr. But here young Arthur was stricken wilii ty- phoid fever which nearly took his life. Recovering from lhat look a long Lime bul soon he was back looking for work again, Ibis lime in Denver where he had relatives. He got a job carrying a hod which was heavy, bard work. But this wasn't to prove a permanent thing either. "There was a ler- rible depression in the early 1880s wliicli slopped all build- ing for several he re- called. "Thousands of men were thrown out of work. At that time there was no relief given except lor sor.ic assistance from Ihc churches. A good meal could be bad for 15 cents but many people didn't havn even lhal much .incl had In beg for money lo live on. This slack period la.slod about three years. I was luckier than some for f got a job at a paper mill, my wage was JI.40 for a 10 lo M hour, rlny." ;t was when he was at Iho. [viper mill lhat he made Ilia decision lo join the M o r in o n church, evenlually linking up wilb Ibe grnnp in Sail Lako city who were lo come lo Al- berta to build Hie irnga- tion canal. A few years previ- ous to this he bad married Let- Lie Conrcy, daughter ot another pioneer family. "About thirty Mormons wen; coming here to Mr. Crilchfield recall- ed, "so we were pleased lo bo Included in the group. Wo travelled on a mixed train from Great Falls in 11197. About three miles from the boundary lino the railroad tracks gave way. The car in front ot us loaded with horses and cattle went rolling down the embankment anil the car we were in tipped to quile an angle. We managed to get out but it was pouring rain and all our belongings got soaking wet. Some of us man- aged to salvage a tent which we put up so we had a bit of shelter. That first summer I asked myself lime after lima why in the world we were build- ing an irrigation canal; it rain- ed practically every day and we had more water around Ihen than we knew what to do with." At Afagrath the young cou- ple and their baby lived first in a make-shift tent made of two wagon covers. It was quite comfortable except when it rained, then their root leaked aaid the beds got wet. But the following winter they moved to a dugout which was dry and warm. "It was a pretty primi- tive type of life but one wo shared with many settlers at that time. We were very happy, jn fact we didn't have sense enough to. worry about any- thing." The men who worked on the canal were paid hah' in cash and half in laud. Arthur Critch- field, that first summer in Al- berta earned 40 acres of land. The next spring he herded sheep on the open prairie. "I used to start at four in the mor- ning from Magrath and go to Temple hill north of Raymond, then bead south and return to Magrath by 10 p.m. Tins was quite a long hike but there were no fences then so a shep- herd had quite an area to cover, if he had a mind to do 60." Eventually Arthur Crilchlield went into tho cai-penlering trade. "The lown of Magrath was growing then and needed a he explained. "Most houses cost about SI.500 th'en and were fairly easy to build as there was no plumbing for a number of years. I also helped build the Temple. We bad to saw 'I x -5s with a handsaw. Wo took two weeks to do the work we can do now in one day. I always had work but wages were not very good. We oftcu had to take produce from the farmers for pay, but we could always use it. Our family was growing you see we raised a family of Yi children, nine of whom are still living. My wife was a wonderful manager whicri was a great benefit to us all. She made most of our cloth- ing: overalls for the boys, dresses for the girls. She used to sew a great deal at nights, especially aflcr we got electric- ity in 1 used to help out with the children a lot I would get up at night if one ol them needed attention, and I quiUB enjoyed it." Fifty lo seventy-five years ago people relied on their own talents much more than they do today, Mr. CritcMield said. There were no in small towns so it was up to people to put on their own concerts and entertain themselves. "We had a greit lime getting up plays and putting on variety he said. "I produced and act- ed in many plays which V.G would take from one small lown to another. This lasted many years, but when radio and movies became popular the demand for home enter- tainment fell off. It's too bad in a way, because people can have good wholesome fun putting a concert together." Mr. Critchfield demonstrated his theatrical experience by tinging The Irish Jubilee, au amusing song full of Irish hu- mor and a bout sixty verses long. At a couple of monlhs .shy of 100 years of age how docs he remember all fho words? he replied, "I've sung thai for years all over southern Alberto, bow could 1 forget it, even if I live another hundred years." The Crilchficlds have always boon very ai'tive in theiv church. Mrs. Crilcbficld was a Relief Society teacher for morn than GO years and was honored fll. the Stake Union in Raymond in for her long and faithful work. Her death about (en years ago, created a break in a marriage which had been close and happy in spilo of heartbreak n n d problems, for over sixly years. Mr. Crilchfield has no ex- planalion for his longevity. Ho clnims he doesn't think in lenus of years. "1 laid oul a home for u man when I was cut out (he rafters and put on the roof, f helped shingle a roof when 1 was, oh about C9. But loday 1 don't do so much. I like to walk clown to the Temple ev- ery day, and I visit around town, but L don't go out if it's slippery. 1 don't want lo take ally chances." His mind is immensely keen. "I've been writing a book on Ihc cause and cure of he said. "Until war is cured man- kind will know no great pro- gress, in spite of all our fancy gadgets. I look upon life as a school it we ever get so per- fect we can't make any im- provements we'll die of social rot. And there's simply no good in asking the Lord to do lliings we should be doing for our- selves. Now I've talked enough about the past I don't like to do that you know! I'd rather look at the future, for it's going to be very exciting. I believe we won't have cities as wo know them loday. Architects will devise cities in the sky- houses, shopping centres, apartments, will all be devel- oped up there, leaving the crowded ground level tree for agriculture, transportation and so on. I firmly believe that man can overcome the threat of population explosion, pollu- tion and all the olher problems we are facing. I only wish I were going lo be around be- cause we're moving into a very Interesting and advanced age." To celebrate his centenary this summer Mr. Critchfield's children, g r a n d cliildrcn and great grandchildren, some strong, will come from all points of North America for a big birthday parly in Raymond. "If will be nice to sec every- the centenarian grinned, "although I don't expect I'll know all the great-greats." Will he sing the Irish Jubilee? "Oh maybe or perhaps The Face on the Barroom Floor, or Asleep at the Switch. It should be kind of fun lo recite those poems again do you think all the family would like Definitely, don't wait 'lo be asked! Pholo by Phil Fauldi ARTHUR CRITCHFIELD Book Reviews Fictionalized history of Friends "The Peaceable by Jan dc Ilarlog, (McClel- land and Stewart, S10, 677 JT look me a little while lo get into this novel but once I got into it it became a "sit up all night1' challenge. The Peaceable Kingdom con- tains Ibe first two parts of what is to be a four part series. The characlcrs are all based on ac- tual people the founders and early members of the 7 ciety of Friends, sometimes known as Quakers. Part one deals with the begin- ning of the movement in Lan- cashire, England and discloses the relationship between the or- iginator George Fox, and Mar- garet Fell. Part two finds the movement a century later in Pennsylvania where they had gone, "full of hope, the better to establish their way of life. Tlu's section deals with prob- lems the Friends have in apply- ing their doctrine to the prob- lems in the New World, one of which at that lime was slav- ery. They disapproved of Slav- Nude drama is crude "Paradise Collective Creation of Ihe Living Thr- alre written ilmvn Iiy Judilh and Julian Deck. (Vinlage Paperback, S-.35, 151 pases. Hardcover, Ran- dom House, judge ruled after riols at London's Haymarkot "IViat the public has the legal right to manifest (heir dislike of any play or ac- (or the judicature of Ihe pit has been acquiesced in time imiiH'iiiorial.'' Perhaps it is time the pit rase again from where it is being attacked, fondled and sweated over against the typo of pretentious put-on that is Living Theatre and something called "Paradise Now." Tho plot, we read, is The Revolu- tion, The Beautiful Non-Violent Anarchist Revolution, and it is (urlher rcvi'iilctl that the, writ- ing down of Paradise Now did not begin until six months afler Ihc premiere and read by the arfur.s- more a year lalor, I'Voni il may lie said thai the Theatre of Ihc Genitals, while II. has Ibe props badly needs a playwright. II may In1 assumed lhal var- ious auilir-nei's were privy lo tho. (leslalion period. Alas, what has been brought forth Is an abrasive group grope, redolent wilh four-letter words, quasi- religuin. noisr anil dity. Js this (ho shape of futuro drama? Will group therapy serve society as well as did Group Theatre? I Ihink not. There is one gratuitous ac- cent on humor; the list of il- lustrations concludes with Ibe information that no photo- graphs arc available for the Rite of New Possibilities anrl the Vi-ion of Lr.nding on Mars since they are played in Dark- ness. By Rile and. Rung that is where it leaves tlu's review- er. Now back (o Beckett' JOAN -WATERF1ELD cry (their views pre dated Lincoln's by 100 years) yet their philosophy had softened from Fox's tougher "eye for an eye." It had become "turn Ihe olher or as it was later known, (he art of Friendly Persuasion. Through the latter they hoped somehow to meld into the larger community and expand their following. Although the book is often gory, detailing killings on plan- tations, confrontations of good guys versus bad guys, plus the sexual luslings of young whites afler black beauties it doesn't detract too much from the Ihread of the story. One ques- tions if this stuff is added be- cause of popular appeal, but no mailer, it's there and il's addition be judged areord- ing to one's taste. Frankly I think the book would have been richer without it. but then I'm accused of Puritanical leanings. The author, himself a Friend, is more noted for sea slories Ihan religious Iracfs. However, ho docs know his subject inti- mately and has prese n t e d a sympathetic picture of an ad- mirable, seel. One wonders what the next volume mil be like. MARGARET LUCK11URST. Nixon speaks for self "An Evening AVHh Richard Nixon" by Gore Vidal (Ran- dom House, So.95, 157 CLEVERLY c o n s I r u ctcd, this book is a little too clever. Intended to discredit U.S. President. Richard Nixon, it might win him a litllc synr palhy instead. Thn public life of iVi.von is reviewed HP n sort, of flociiinon- wilh GCOI-RC Washington doinp Ihc commcnl.'iry aided Iiy Dwiphl Kiscnhowcr and .John F Kennedy as color men. Nixon flnshes on nnrl in the company of the various peoplo who have boon his viclors and victims, his friends and foes. Tn most instances Ihe material is which was aclually .spokon and is llnis parl of puhlJc record. Vidal uses dif- ferent type lo distinguish bc- Jiis own wnling and what people thempolvcs said. Thus Nixon dr.mns himself hut so, to a lesser decree, do the other presidents who arc partici- pant. Nixon piTsc-nls n fig- ure. Yet even Ihouph lie always seems lo hnvo said and dono Uio (Jciuf.s, f.'irf re- mains lhal he is now the proM- (li-iil of the I'nitcd Slates. If IIP could break frov, of his military advisors and move as hnldly in endine; the Vietnam war as hr has in fcckiiiR rletenlo wilh Ihc Peoples' Hepnhlic of China IIP mifilil. ypl become a proal man, Tfiow1 nrc. not offended by having famous men appear less Mian could he. rnliT- 1 allied reading this book. DOUG Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND A good day IN sum, today las been a good one lor the university, the people of the com- munity, and particularly the nearly 400 members of the graduating class. It has been a day that permitted the university to award honorary degrees to two distin- guished Albertans, Dr. Wilbam Swift, fho former chairman of the universities com- mission and a renowned provincial educa- tionist, and Dr. Chester Ronning of Cam- rose, the distinguished Canadian diplomat and United Nations and Geneva represen- tative. Of particular note also was the installa- tion by Justice Clement, ol Dr. James Oshiro of Coaldale as the university's sec- ond chancellor. By legislation included in the Universities Act a chancellor can re- main in office for only one four-year term and for this reason Chief Judge L. S. Tur- cotte's chancellorship ended this past March. The senate of the university repre- senting people from border lo border on three sides and to Calgary in (lie north, chose Dr. Oshiro to serve as formal hencl of the university and chairman of the sen- ale lor the next tour years. The new chan- cellor is a gentleman who has dedicated his life to the betterment of opportunities for people in this area as a medical doc- tor, as a school trustee, as a lown council- lor and as one interested in all aspects of the development of good community par- ticularly in southern Alberta. An excellent chcice for southern Alberta's university, Again it was one of those days that pro- vided a good deal of encouragement for the people supporting and working for the university. To be part of a gathering of close to people, packed into the Ex- hibition Pavilion for the formal degree- granting ceremonies, is certainly an ex- perience to provide proof lhat there are indeed a great many people in this area who are interested not simply in The Uni- versity of Lelhhridge, but that it should continue lo progress as a viable educa- tional institution. The lives of many thou- sands of people have been or will be af- fected by what went on loday. Certainly this will be noticed and weighed carefully elsewhere. Last week I pointed to the singular im- portance ot the actual degree-granting cer- emonies. Nearly -300 people of a wide va- riety of interests, ages and backgrounds preceded singly to the dais, to be ad- mitted lo comocation by the new chan- cellor. They are (he recipients of the uni- versity's two degrees the Bachelor o[ Education and the Bachelor of Arts. Al- though one normally receives a single degree at convocation a certain individual came forth to receive two degrees, having successfully completed the requirements of bolh faculties. Today also marked the first formal ap- pearance of Dr. P. Q. Quo in his new role as dean ot the faculty of arts and sci- ence. Following a distinguished career fa chairman of the department of political sci- ence at this university ural a 1970-7J stint as visiting professor at Princeton Univer- sity, Dr. Quo recently accepted the peti- tion as dean of the University of Leth- bridge's largest facully. Lieulenanl-Govcrnor Grant MacEwan, who fills the formal position as official vis- itor for each of Alberta's universities, most capably represented by Juslice Cle- ment who presided over the installation ot Dr. Oshiro. The ceremonies also included a report from the president, Dr. William Beckel and from a student body representative Mr. David Iwaasa, a distinguished member of the graduating class The details will doubt- less be typographically and photogra- phically portrayed for the many readers of this paper on Monday. While I did mention that this week's col- umn would likely begin a two or three part look at v.hat (he urivnvily moans lo var.-ou.s lO'J.'iy. ,-im going to postpone Iliat aaiijjnmeiil, for purely nostalgic reasons. Very simply, it occurred to me that to- day was the last convocation that I will lake part in as an employee of this uni- versity. My resignalion and departure in August wifl remove me from Ihis interest- ing community and from Ihe yearly high- light to me at least convocation, the time when everyone seems to get together and restore universal faith in what dedica- tion, sacrifice, and pride are all about (and the many other kinds ol personal traits that seem to evolve in the individ- ual's pursuit of Suffice it to say that even-thing associ- ated with today provided a very clear re- minder although the setting and many of the faces were different of that first convocation in 4968 when a gathering ol people loudly applauded Dr. Sam Smith and Judge L. S Turcotle fand others) and then continued a remarkable community display on behalf of the university, only a few months old at the time, by marching to Gall Gardens, many in academic regalia. It was all part of that tremendous sense of participation and interest which charac- terized the 1908 "site dispute" and the con- clusion thereof integrity and aulonomy as Ihe bumper sticker said. Maybe some of us, maybe a lot o( us, didn't realize precisely what we were con- Iribuling to lhat particular day. but we did know it was for something good and for something worthwhile, and if I read tho applause and ovations and enthusiasm cor- rectly today, there isn't really much doubt (hat the university continues lo develop a very positive influence on the lives of many people, and the positive nature of tilings such as convocation will ensure that lha continued community support required by the university will indeed prevail. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY The tragedy of the Jews WERNER KELLER wrote the most fas- cinating Ijook on (he Bible I have read, "The Bible as History." He has now written the most horrifying book I have ever read, "Diaspora, The Post-Biblical History of the Jews." That Cliristians since the day of Jesus should have inflicted the most appalling suffering on the Jews filled my mind with dreadful horror. Knowing history betlcr than most 1 still did not realize the world-wide savagery of Chris- lians to the In four hundred and ninety-three closely packed pages of his- tory the bestiality of the Nazis fills a mere nine pages. Removsely Keller carries you from cen- tury to century, country to country de- scribing the humiliation, torture and burn- ing alive of hundreds of thousands of Jews. Driven out of most occupations they sur- vived in many countries merely as ped- dlers and small pawnbrokers. Since the days of the Roman Empire Jews hsd been active in agriculture, commerce and crafts. They had enriched European culture beyond measure and wherever they had gone brought industry and prosperity. Their traders were world famous. Bul now they were driven even from agriculture and had lo abandon Ihe land. Excluded from Christian society they were forced to en- gage in the activities which Christians the- oretically despised, the lending of money at interest. No charge was loo insane (o bring against Ihe Jews, no horror loo fright- ful to inflict on them. From Ihe period of Pope Gregory the Grc.-.( Catholic Christianity feced Ihcm wilb implacable hoslibty. Martin Luther when a vuung man wrote of the Jews lol- erantly but ho changed lo terrible invec- livc accusing (hem of being "possessed of nil de.vils" and concluded "vVhnl should we Chrlslians do wilh (his ninlompliblo, damned people of Ihc 1 will give my true1, advice. thai their synagogues or schools be wl fire sec- ond, thai their houses be similarly raml and destroyed (hird, that, (here be taken from Ihem all prayer books and Talmudics fourth, thai Iheir rabbis forbidden In peril of their lives henceforth lo leach. Thai safe nmducl and (ho right of the roads enliroly Inkon from Iht'in that usury be forbidden them and all coins nncl precious things be taken from them." Tha full fury of Ihc Crusades and the Inquisi- tion lalcr fell on the Jews. One may criti- cize Cromwell and his Puritans but they did pursue an enlightened policy toward the Jews whom they viewed as the ancient people of God, permitting them freedom of worship and their own cemetery, and rec- ognizing their enormous value lo English commerce. Holand too provided a sanc- tuary for the Jews and was vastly reward- ed by Jewish trade, capital, and the found- ing of overseas companies. Diaspora is all the more dreadful since the lone is so ob- jective and unemotional. One realizes that this is what human na- ture is like, stupid, intolerant, and unspeak- ably brulal. It has happened before, rl can happen again. Tolerance and justice can never be taken for granted. During the la; I war I preached a sermon on the vast Iribulion the Jews had mr.dc lo Phone calls and letters of vituperation poured in. I have never wrilten an article or preached a sermon on the need for lol crance and justice in dealing with minority or religious groups without the bitterest criticism. At one time I preached a sp- ries of sermons, some of which were print- ed, on what I liked about different religious groups deliberately omitting the points of difference between us and I received and slill do receive letters from all over Iho irrelcni world of nngiy Diaspora is dedicated "lo all v l'.i> the truth at heart On the r. the prayer of Pope John XX111, a penitential prayer composed shortly before! his death, "We now acknowledge thai for many many centuries blindness has cover- ed our eyes so Hint we no longer sec the beauty of Thy chosen people and no longer recognize in its face (he fc.ilui'ps of ivir first-born brother. We acknowledge Hint I ho mark of Cain is upon our brow. For crn- Lurics Abel lay low in blood and lears be- cause we forgol Thy love. Forgive us tho curse thai wo wrongfully pronounced upon Uie name of Ihe Jews. Forgive us thai wo crucified Thcc in Ihc flesh for tho second time. For wo know not what we did." "niaspnrn. Tlie Pcisl-Iiiblic.-il ITislory ol Mil' .lows" by Worrier Keller.JlaiTnurl, Uracc. and World, ;